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Re: Which of the following statements must be true about the average (arit
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20 Jun 2018, 01:29

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Bunuel wrote:

Which of the following statements must be true about the average (arithmetic mean) and the median of 5 consecutive integers?

I. The average is one of the integers. II. The median is one of the integers. III. The median equals the average.

A. I only

B. II only

C. III only

D. I and II only

E. I, II, and III

NEW question from GMAT® Official Guide 2019

(PS00984)

Ans is E.

It is the property of consecutive number : For every n consecutive integer, when n is an odd integer a) The average & median is always an integer. b) The median always equals the average.

Re: Which of the following statements must be true about the average (arit
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27 Jun 2018, 05:07

Top Contributor

Bunuel wrote:

Which of the following statements must be true about the average (arithmetic mean) and the median of 5 consecutive integers?

I. The average is one of the integers. II. The median is one of the integers. III. The median equals the average.

A. I only

B. II only

C. III only

D. I and II only

E. I, II, and III

There's a nice rule that says, "In a set where the numbers are equally spaced, the mean will equal the median." For example, in each of the following sets, the mean and median are equal: {7, 9, 11, 13, 15} {-1, 4, 9, 14} {3, 4, 5, 6}

Since consecutive integers are equally spaced, the average (mean) of this set of 5 integers will equals its median. So, statement III is true Check the answer choices.....ELIMINATE A, B and D

Also, since the set has an ODD number of values, the median will be the middle value (when the numbers are arranged in ascending order). Since the set consists of INTEGERS only, and since the median equals the middle value, the median must be an integer So, statement II is true Check the answer choices.....ELIMINATE C

By the process of elimination, the correct answer must be E