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# While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun

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Joined: 05 Mar 2017
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While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 02:51
6
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (00:54) correct 21% (01:07) wrong based on 264 sessions

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While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists found huge fossil bones from what appear to be the second most massive dinosaur to ever live.

(A) paleontologists found huge fossil bones from what appear to be the second most massive dinosaur to ever live

(B) paleontologists found huge fossil bones from what appear to be the second most massive dinosaur ever living

(C) paleontologists found huge fossil bones from what appears to be the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived

(D) huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from the second most massive dinosaur ever living

(E) huge fossil bones were found from what appear to paleontologists to be the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived

https://www.nytimes.com/2001/06/01/world/slumbering-in-the-egyptian-desert-a-titan-of-a-dinosaur.html

Digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists have found huge fossil bones of what they say appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.
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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 02:53
Confused between Appear vs. Appears, I selected 'A', which was wrong.
Kindly help narrowing down to right answer.
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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 03:01
I think c is right here what refers to second most massive dinasour which is singular ..so appears preferred..

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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 03:35
1
A,B,C - hold
D,E - Wrong due to modifier error.
A,B - Wrong, It is inverted sentence Dinosaur is the subject so verb should be singular appears.

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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 03:44
1
siddreal wrote:
Confused between Appear vs. Appears, I selected 'A', which was wrong.
Kindly help narrowing down to right answer.

My first trial I chose "B" and then realized that I mistakenly identify the subject of "Appear"
Ok let's take a look at original sentence
"While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists found huge fossil bones from what appear to be the second most massive dinosaur to ever live."

So here's the question what does "What" refers to??
logically if you look at the sentence, you can make simplify version as
"Paleontologists found bones from something"
Here you can use your common sense to answer where the bones are from??
Obviously they must be found from "the dinosaur" so the proper Verb for what should be singular V.

Or you can answer this question by typical question sentence struture
Let's say you want to change the sentence "The dinosaur appears to be most massive dinosaur."
How can we change it into question sentence form? Normally we do it in this structure "Wh. question word + V. + S."
So you can see that the real subject is behind V. that's why your answer should be "appears"
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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 04:21
siddreal wrote:
While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists found huge fossil bones from what appear to be the second most massive dinosaur to ever live.

(A) paleontologists found huge fossil bones from what appear to be the second most massive dinosaur to ever live
(B) paleontologists found huge fossil bones from what appear to be the second most massive dinosaur ever living
(C) paleontologists found huge fossil bones from what appears to be the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived
(D) huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from the second most massive dinosaur ever living
(E) huge fossil bones were found from what appear to paleontologists to be the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived

A) "what appear to be" should modify "massive dinosaur". Since dinosaur is singular, "appear" is incorrect usage
B) Same as A
C) Correct
D) "which" incorrectly refers paleontologists
E) too wordy and repeats the error of A
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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 06:01
D and E can be eliminated as huge fossil bones are not being modified. B can be eliminated as '' living'' is illogical.
Relative pronouns like who what which take singular verb if their antecendent is singular and take plural if antecedent is plural. Hence eliminate A and select C

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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 06:45
C is correct because the word "appears" is pointing to the singular subject Dinosaur rather than bones.
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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2019, 10:52
GMATNinja daagh SIRS

i think the contenders are ABC but i am not able to understand how the subject is the dinosaur

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While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2019, 12:10
Top Contributor
Saurab
Let's face it. If a dinosaur weren't the subject what could be? Neither the dead fossil bones nor the paleontologists could be described as the dinosaur that ever lived. The only animal to be stated in the thread is the dinosaur. The substitution by the singular dinosaur will also negate the desert or the oasis as the contenders. There is absolutely no way for any other subject to be the subject of the verb 'appears'.
The problem could be that you couldn't confidently fix it as the subject of the clause starting with 'what appears.. to be."
because it happens to be an inverted clause. Here 'what' is the pronoun that stands for the subject that comes later.

On this point, I suggest you go through the Free dictionary ( https://www.thefreedictionary.com/what), especially the usage notes, after which I don't think you will have any doubts about 'what'.
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While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2019, 16:43
This one is a "inverted sentence". In this types of sentence, the subject falls behind the verb.
We, normally, face "inverted sentence" types questions when we're going to cross high difficulty level question!
--------Stacey Koprince (Director of Online Community-ManhattanGMAT).
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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2019, 20:57
IMO C
Use of “appears” is correct as it eliminates the subject verb agreement error
“That ever lived” correctly modifies dinosaurs

So C is correct

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Re: While digging at an oasis in the Egyptian desert, paleontologists foun   [#permalink] 28 Jan 2019, 20:57
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