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# With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States

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20 Jun 2011, 12:48
E.

The beginning of the sentence is trying to set up a contrast. Although sets it up properly.
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20 Jun 2011, 14:57
It is E, most definitely.

The "only" indicates that there is a contrast to the following statements, so we know it should be a despite or although type sentence. It is saying although the citizens make up a small amount, they consume a lot.

(A) With This could technically work as contrast, bu it does not as much as the other choices.
(B) As This could technically work as contrast, but it does not as much as the other choices.
(C) Being Not enough contrast comparatively again and also a pretty bland word against the other choices
(D) Despite having This is tricky; this first clause matches with "United States citizens", so this is effectively reading as "Despite having only 5 percent...United States citizens". United States citizens do not have the population, the country does.
(E) Although accounting for This is correct. It matches up by correctly pairing "citizens" with a logical statement of "Although accounting for only 5 percent...United States citizens".

I hope this is at least somewhat helpful.

About the noun phrase question: I believe although is a subordinate conjunction, so it works in this sentence in that the dependent clause comes first. Even if it is a noun phrase, putting the comma in after the clause is indicating that the clause/phrase is dependent, and therefore legal as long as it is followed by an independent clause. Although is the same type of word as because.
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24 Jun 2011, 20:35
E only because the tone of the sentence is one of disapproval where it clears states that although only 5% you consume more.
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28 Jun 2011, 11:37
E it is.

Contrast required.
5% population ==> but high consumption

so only D and E left (despite and although)

Despite having is modifying the US not it's citizens so wrong
E is correct as modifying US citizens.
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2012, 17:46
true E is the best of the worst . but the question is " can we use although ,which is sub-ordinate conjunction " without having subject and verb (although needs clause) ???
bt here there is no subject .....so it might be wrong then
i think it would not be frm renown branded sources rather it wud downside our grammar knowledge ...
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2012, 21:17
Ok by now everybody should have narrowed this problem down to A, D and E.

A is ambiguous because when you use with, what it really means is that "With the help of". e.g. With 100 soldiers in the army, the opposition cruised to victory.
D is wrong because despite having can't be used in the cases of numbers. The contexts I have seen people using despite having goes something like this: Despite having early success in his career, George couldn't capitalize to move up the career ladder.

I guess this the reason
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2012, 05:04
IMO E. Needs a contrast. If not A would've been ok too..
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2012, 11:41
Despite having .... --> the question is what/who has ? its the USA not US citizen who has 5% of the world population
Although accounting for ... -> the questions is who accounts for ? it is the US citizens who account for 5 % of the world population
therefore the correct answer is E
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2012, 07:00
The US citizen account for the 5 percent of world population and they consume much more when compared to world's population. So there must be a contrast here . Therefore A,B and C out.

Despite having percent of world population, US citizens

It is understood that the US constitute the 5 percent of world population. However the intending meaning is US citizens.

Therefore E
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2013, 01:56
This sentence requires contrast, hence only D & E are contenders.

(D) Despite having
--"Despite having" incorrectly refers to "United states Citizens". It should refer to "United States" only.
(E) Although accounting for
-- This is correct

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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2013, 07:37
Though I chose E here, I am not happy with the option. Isn't "Although accounting for" a phrase?

My understanding is that "Although" is a subordinating conjunction and hence needs independent clauses to make them dependent. However, in the given question it is definitely not the case. So I conclude that my understanding is completely wrong. Can you please help?

The basis for my understanding was

OG 13 SC-74 Option E was eliminated stating "Although is a conjunction and should be followed by a finite clause with a subject, not by a participle. In addition....<snip>...optimal"

Another example:
OG 13 SC-132. The heirlooms question. Option A.

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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2013, 08:27
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Hi - Again here we find ourself in the realms of the 'most correct' answer.

Your point has specifically been dealt with previously:

Quote:
Good point here, I remember reading something like this in the Idioms chapter and it made me scan through the MG SC guide again. What's stated there is 'Although' should 'generally' be followed by a clause. Since this is not out and out a strict rule, in the absence of a better answer choice we could ignore this rule. The following statement has been marked 'suspect' in SC guide and not 'wrong': "Although a frequent napper, I study effectively"

In general, it is clear that E is the most correct answer - so don't fret about the details and move on.

James
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2013, 16:06
plumber250 wrote:
Hi - Again here we find ourself in the realms of the 'most correct' answer.

Your point has specifically been dealt with previously:

Quote:
Good point here, I remember reading something like this in the Idioms chapter and it made me scan through the MG SC guide again. What's stated there is 'Although' should 'generally' be followed by a clause. Since this is not out and out a strict rule, in the absence of a better answer choice we could ignore this rule. The following statement has been marked 'suspect' in SC guide and not 'wrong': "Although a frequent napper, I study effectively"

In general, it is clear that E is the most correct answer - so don't fret about the details and move on.

James

Hi James.

Do you think E has problem? I think the correct structure is [although + clause]. Please advise.
Thanks.

pqhai
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2013, 11:22

With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.

(A) With - With modifies citizens incorrectly
(B) As - Wrong usage
(C) Being - Incorrectly used
(D) Despite having - Wrongly modifies citizens again
(E) Although accounting for - Correct! - modifies citizens best out of all of the solutions.
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2013, 23:43
With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.

(A) With ---- DOES NOT MODIFY Citizens
(B) As ---DOES NOT MODIFY Citizens
(C) Being ---DOES NOT MODIFY Citizens
(D) Despite having ----DOES NOT MODIFY Citizens
(E) Although accounting for --clearly citizens are accounting for 5% of the population --- Also this sentence requires contrast between 5% and 28% which is achieved by E
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 02:40
The answer can not be E as "although" requires a clause and "Although accounting for ...' lacks a main verb to form a clause.

None of the answers fit correctly. To me, this appears to be bogus question. What is the source?
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2014, 17:37
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2016, 04:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2016, 07:23
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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.

(A) With ---- with means that the US citizens are having 5% of the world population

(B) As – As without a verb means ‘in the role of’ – So the US citizens seems to play the role of 5% of the World population

(C) Being – As a thumb rule, ‘being’ used as a modifier is wrong in GMAT

(D) Despite having --- having means possessing. Wrong meaning
(E) Although accounting for--- best choice.

Now, for the question whether the subordinate conjunction although doesn’t entail a verb, the answer is that although when used at the beginning of a sentence, can be used as part of a modifier phrase without a verb. On the contrary when although is used at the end of the sentence, it can only be used in a clause. Please look in to the following OG question

with-only-5-percent-of-the-world-s-population-united-states-118739.html?fl=similar
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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2016, 15:43
daagh wrote:
With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.

(A) With ---- with means that the US citizens are having 5% of the world population

(B) As – As without a verb means ‘in the role of’ – So the US citizens seems to play the role of 5% of the World population

(C) Being – As a thumb rule, ‘being’ used as a modifier is wrong in GMAT

(D) Despite having --- having means possessing. Wrong meaning
(E) Although accounting for--- best choice.

Now, for the question whether the subordinate conjunction although doesn’t entail a verb, the answer is that although when used at the beginning of a sentence, can be used as part of a modifier phrase without a verb. On the contrary when although is used at the end of the sentence, it can only be used in a clause. Please look in to the following OG question

with-only-5-percent-of-the-world-s-population-united-states-118739.html?fl=similar

Hi Daagh,

I had this strange doubt that as option E acts as modifier , and is modifying US citizens then shouldn't united states's citizens better construction than united states citizens.

I may be acting a bit skeptical

With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2016, 15:43

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