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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens

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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Oct 2017, 08:19
8
50
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

56% (00:36) correct 44% (00:29) wrong based on 1881 sessions

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 158
Page: 677

With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.

(A) With
(B) As
(C) Being
(D) Despite having
(E) Although accounting for

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Originally posted by bigoyal on 07 Jul 2009, 10:57.
Last edited by hazelnut on 03 Oct 2017, 08:19, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2011, 09:25
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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.

(A) With ---- with means that the US citizens are having 5% of the world population

(B) As – As without a verb means ‘in the role of’ – So the US citizens seems to play the role of 5% of the World population

(C) Being – As a thumb rule, ‘being’ used as a modifier is wrong in GMAT

(D) Despite having --- having means possessing. Wrong meaning

(E) Although accounting for--- best choice.

Now, for the question whether the subordinate conjunction although doesn’t entail a verb, the answer is that although when used at the beginning of a sentence, can be used as part of a modifier phrase without a verb. On the contrary when although is used at the end of the sentence, it can only be used in a clause.
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 00:30
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E it is.

Contrast required.
5% population ==> but high consumption

so only D and E left (despite and although)

Despite having is modifying the US not it's citizens so wrong
E is correct as modifying US citizens.
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 09:05
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E

read it as - US citizens "with/as/being/having/accounting for" 5% of the world's population...

In addition, the sentense needs to contrast US citizens with other citizens. Thus "although accounting for" is more logically sound.
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for..  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2009, 01:38
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I think the answer is E.

The subject is "United States citizens". If we flip the sentence around it might help.

United States citizens "with" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> wrong
United States citizens "as" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> seems a bit wrong
United States citizens "being" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> strange sentence construction
United States citizens "despite having" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> this would be correct if it was united states instead of citizens
United States citizens "although accounting for" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> citizens can account for 5% so this seems right to me.

What is the OA?
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Re: With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2011, 09:49
I have my doubts about E.

"Although" cannot be followed by a noun phrase; it needs a clause.
Thoughts?
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New post 20 Jun 2011, 10:48
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metallicafan wrote:
I have my doubts about E.

"Although" cannot be followed by a noun phrase; it needs a clause.
Thoughts?


Good point here, I remember reading something like this in the Idioms chapter and it made me scan through the MG SC guide again. What's stated there is 'Although' should 'generally' be followed by a clause. Since this is not out and out a strict rule, in the absence of a better answer choice we could ignore this rule. The following statement has been marked 'suspect' in SC guide and not 'wrong': "Although a frequent napper, I study effectively"

I voted for E because the statement needed a contrast, but I still can't figure out why 'As' is wrong. Just like "As a child, I thought I could fly" is correct, why is "As X, United States citizens...." wrong? Can't we use 'As' as a preposition here and isn't X = "Only 5% of the world's population" a noun phrase? I guess I'm missing something silly here...

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New post 06 Jan 2016, 18:14
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Maybe. But not in E alone, in all choices. You see, the citizens part is not even underlined. But I think the point of this question is whether the modifiers fit in logically with what they seek to modify.
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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2016, 01:22
The best choices are obviously C & E. But Why should I choose E over C. Even C is perfectly alright from grammatical point of view
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for..  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2017, 04:15
Dear mikemcgarry sir,
How are you?
Would you please help me with this question?

"although accounting for" is correct answer, Why not "although accounted for"? What's the difference between these two?
I think C (being) is wrong, but i can't understand why...

Thanks in advance...
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for..  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2017, 15:35
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nahid78 wrote:
Dear mikemcgarry sir,
How are you?
Would you please help me with this question?

"although accounting for" is correct answer, Why not "although accounted for"? What's the difference between these two?
I think C (being) is wrong, but i can't understand why...

Thanks in advance...

Dear nahid78,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, with all due respect, you really need to develop a habit of reading. So many of your questions, such as this one, give evidence of your lack of experience with the subtleties of the English language. They are evidence of a mind that has a large knowledge of abstract rules rather than access to direct experience. Rules simply will not get you to SC mastery. This is very important to appreciate. Again, I will recommend:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

The short answer to your question is the substitution that you propose makes absolutely no sense.

What we have here is a structure of [subordinating conjunction] + [participle]. Since subordinating conjunctions have to be followed by a full [noun] + [verb] clause, there always has to be an implied pronoun and auxiliary verb as part of this structure. Thus, if we included the omitted text, the OA would be:
Although [they are] accounting for only 5 percent of the world’s population, United States citizens consume . . .
This makes perfect sense. The present participle (the -ing form) is an active participle. This is appropriate, as the US citizens are the ones who "account" for this percent of the planet.
The past participle (the -ed form) is a passive participle. Right away, that's problematic with this verb. The object of the verb structure "to account for" is always a percent or count or number. In the passive structure, this percent, "5% of the world population" would have to be the subject. Having the same subject when we change the verb from active to passive produces nonsense.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2017, 06:54
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merajul wrote:
The best choices are obviously C & E. But Why should I choose E over C. Even C is perfectly alright from grammatical point of view


The US citizens themselves ARE (verb "to be") not 5% of the population - citizens cannot BE population, they CONSTITUTE or ACCOUNT FOR 5% of the population. Hence verb "being" (in option C) is wrong.

In country X, women ARE 50% of the population... wrong.
In country X, women CONSTITUTE / ACCOUNT FOR 50% of the population... correct.
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for..  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 01:42
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. &nbs [#permalink] 11 Sep 2018, 01:42
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