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According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir

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According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

(A) while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(B) there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(C) in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home

(D) even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000

(E) with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2009, 05:31
C looks like the best choice among all.What is the OA?
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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hasham222 wrote:
ritjn2003 wrote:
According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home. - subject verb agreement error.

B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home - meaning changed, modifier error

C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked
outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers
were employed outside the home - the best answer among others

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with
young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 - meaning changed, modifier error

E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were
employed outside the home in 2000 answer - - Meaning changed, use of 'With' creates ambiguity.




ur explainations seems convincing.. but i was stuck between C and E, can u explain more on how 'With' creates ambiguity in option E
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 03:37
One more vote for C

amod243 wrote:
ur explainations seems convincing.. but i was stuck between C and E, can u explain more on how 'With' creates ambiguity in option E


E has incorrect placement of modifier "working outside the home". It sounds as if children are working outside.
"one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975"
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 05:14
Please underline the question, really difficult to read.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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amod243 wrote:
hasham222 wrote:
ritjn2003 wrote:
According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home. - subject verb agreement error.

B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home - meaning changed, modifier error

C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked
outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers
were employed outside the home - the best answer among others

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with
young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 - meaning changed, modifier error

E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were
employed outside the home in 2000 answer - - Meaning changed, use of 'With' creates ambiguity.




ur explainations seems convincing.. but i was stuck between C and E, can u explain more on how 'With' creates ambiguity in option E


Lets try to look at it this way ---- with 100 men joining the air force, 50 of them have preferred to be pilots. (actions indicated at same point of time)

the problem with option E is that it indicates two points of time, the first one is in 1975 and the other in 2000.

I hope this helps. Others, please correct if am wrong.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 19:11
Kudos to all.. very helpful explanations...
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 20:02
OA is C
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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Maulikgmat wrote:
Kudos to all.. very helpful explanations...

just verbal kudos ....buddy you may like to click on kudos button as well :wink:
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2015, 00:46
Good question from gmat prep. bumping up
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2015, 09:17
"According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home."

The sentence sounds that it needs a contrasting word (e.g. while, whereas, even though etc.). I eliminated options B,C and E because of this. Shouldn't we have a need of contrast word over here?
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home. - Incorrect - Subject Verb Agreement error - 'mothers' is plural. So 'there were' is the correct usage.

B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home - Incorrect - Meaning error - 'who' should refer to mothers and not children

C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home - Correct

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 - Incorrect - Same error as B

E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 - Incorrect - Meaning error

Answer: C
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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I had one issue with answer choice C.

From my knowledge a semicolon is used to separate two independent clauses, which can stand alone.

In choice C however after the semi colon the words 'two-thirds of such mothers' is relating this clause back to the first clause and therefore is not independent.

Could someone please explain the gap in my understanding.

Thanks in advance !!
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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DevS93 wrote:
I had one issue with answer choice C.

From my knowledge a semicolon is used to separate two independent clauses, which can stand alone.

In choice C however after the semi colon the words 'two-thirds of such mothers' is relating this clause back to the first clause and therefore is not independent.

Could someone please explain the gap in my understanding.

Thanks in advance !!


In 2000, almost two-thirds of mothers with young children worked were employed outside the home. --> The second clause can stand on its own and conveys the meaning without any dependency on the first clause. Also, if there are 2 independent clauses a pronoun in the 2nd independent clause can refer back to the noun in the first independent clause. Similarly, the usage of 'such mothers' refers back to 'mothers with young children'.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

Issue: Construction

Analysis:
1. The sentence presents two data points without trying to establish any causal relationship between them. Hence, the use of "while..", "even though..." and "with..." is incorrect.
2. Also, pay close attentions to various modifiers that changes the meaning of the sentence in one way or another.


A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.
- "while" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "was" does not agree with plural subject "mothers"
- "those mothers" nonsensically refers mothers in 1975 as against mothers with children


B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home
- "those mothers" nonsensically refers mothers in 1975 as against mothers with children
- "young children who worked outside" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home
- Concise sentence with comparable structure; structure "in 1975, about 1/3rd mothers worked outside; in 2000, almost 2/3rd mothers were employed outside";

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000
- "even though" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "young children who worked" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 answer
- "with" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "young children working outside" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


Answer: C.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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anox wrote:
According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

Issue: Construction

Analysis:
1. The sentence presents two data points without trying to establish any causal relationship between them. Hence, the use of "while..", "even though..." and "with..." is incorrect.
2. Also, pay close attentions to various modifiers that changes the meaning of the sentence in one way or another.


A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.
- "while" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "was" does not agree with plural subject "mothers"
- "those mothers" nonsensically refers mothers in 1975 as against mothers with children


B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home
- "those mothers" nonsensically refers mothers in 1975 as against mothers with children
- "young children who worked outside" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home
- Concise sentence with comparable structure; structure "in 1975, about 1/3rd mothers worked outside; in 2000, almost 2/3rd mothers were employed outside";

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000
- "even though" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "young children who worked" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 answer
- "with" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "young children working outside" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


Answer: C.


You always give perfect explanations, and a very good question.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2017, 07:32
Hi Experts,

Am I correct in pointing out that
in 1975 and
in 2000 phrases
are absolutely parallel only in option C?
Here is sentence structure in brief:
in 1975 X worked outside home
in 2000 different ratio of X worked outside home.
None of other answer options have similar structure.

But my query is: do not we need while (which functions as two simultaneous actions or a contrast) here to be used to show below contrast:
different ratio of mother with young children were working in year 1975 and in year 2000.

Let me know gaps in my understanding.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 00:34
According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home.

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000.

E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 answer.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 01:05
"C" is the correct choice - The two pieces of data are presented in parallel independent clauses, joined by a semicolon, allowing the reader to note the numerical difference.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2017, 01:05

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