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According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir

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According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

(A) while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(B) there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(C) in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home

(D) even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000

(E) with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000

SC04732

https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/books/first/s/schlosser-fast.html?mcubz=3

The extraordinary growth of the fast food industry has been driven by fundamental changes in American society. Adjusted for inflation, the hourly wage of the average U.S. worker peaked in 1973 and then steadily declined for the next twenty-five years. During that period, women entered the workforce in record numbers, often motivated less by a feminist perspective than by a need to pay the bills. In 1975, about one-third of American mothers with young children worked outside the home; today almost two-thirds of such mothers are employed. As the sociologists Cameron Lynne Macdonald and Carmen Sirianni have noted, the entry of so many women into the workforce has greatly increased demand for the types of services that housewives traditionally perform: cooking, cleaning, and child care. A generation ago, three-quarters of the money used to buy food in the United States was spent to prepare meals at home. Today about half of the money used to buy food is spent at restaurants - mainly at fast food restaurants.
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According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

If you are steadfast in your thinking, that ' working outside the home' should modify the mothers and not the children, and then you are good to the last.


(A) while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home -- working outside modifies children

(B) there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home -- young children who worked outside - is wrong

(C) in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home-- Only in C worked is the main verb for the mothers.-- correct choice.

(D) even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 - young children who worked - wrong modification as in B.

(E) with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 ---- 'young children working outside' is wrong as in A.

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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

Issue: Construction

Analysis:
1. The sentence presents two data points without trying to establish any causal relationship between them. Hence, the use of "while..", "even though..." and "with..." is incorrect.
2. Also, pay close attentions to various modifiers that changes the meaning of the sentence in one way or another.


A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.
- "while" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "was" does not agree with plural subject "mothers"
- "those mothers" nonsensically refers mothers in 1975 as against mothers with children


B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home
- "those mothers" nonsensically refers mothers in 1975 as against mothers with children
- "young children who worked outside" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home
- Concise sentence with comparable structure; structure "in 1975, about 1/3rd mothers worked outside; in 2000, almost 2/3rd mothers were employed outside";

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000
- "even though" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "young children who worked" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 answer
- "with" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "young children working outside" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


Answer: C.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 02:34
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hasham222 wrote:
ritjn2003 wrote:
According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home. - subject verb agreement error.

B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home - meaning changed, modifier error

C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked
outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers
were employed outside the home - the best answer among others

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with
young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 - meaning changed, modifier error

E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were
employed outside the home in 2000 answer - - Meaning changed, use of 'With' creates ambiguity.




ur explainations seems convincing.. but i was stuck between C and E, can u explain more on how 'With' creates ambiguity in option E
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 03:37
One more vote for C

amod243 wrote:
ur explainations seems convincing.. but i was stuck between C and E, can u explain more on how 'With' creates ambiguity in option E


E has incorrect placement of modifier "working outside the home". It sounds as if children are working outside.
"one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975"
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2016, 04:51
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A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home. - Incorrect - Subject Verb Agreement error - 'mothers' is plural. So 'there were' is the correct usage.

B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home - Incorrect - Meaning error - 'who' should refer to mothers and not children

C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home - Correct

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 - Incorrect - Same error as B

E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 - Incorrect - Meaning error

Answer: C
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2016, 03:30
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I had one issue with answer choice C.

From my knowledge a semicolon is used to separate two independent clauses, which can stand alone.

In choice C however after the semi colon the words 'two-thirds of such mothers' is relating this clause back to the first clause and therefore is not independent.

Could someone please explain the gap in my understanding.

Thanks in advance !!
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New post 15 Jul 2016, 05:06
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DevS93 wrote:
I had one issue with answer choice C.

From my knowledge a semicolon is used to separate two independent clauses, which can stand alone.

In choice C however after the semi colon the words 'two-thirds of such mothers' is relating this clause back to the first clause and therefore is not independent.

Could someone please explain the gap in my understanding.

Thanks in advance !!


In 2000, almost two-thirds of mothers with young children worked were employed outside the home. --> The second clause can stand on its own and conveys the meaning without any dependency on the first clause. Also, if there are 2 independent clauses a pronoun in the 2nd independent clause can refer back to the noun in the first independent clause. Similarly, the usage of 'such mothers' refers back to 'mothers with young children'.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2018, 03:57
E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 answer
- "
- "young children working outside" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


Doesn't Statement E refer to working mothers only? I am confused :dazed



anox wrote:
According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

Issue: Construction

Analysis:
1. The sentence presents two data points without trying to establish any causal relationship between them. Hence, the use of "while..", "even though..." and "with..." is incorrect.
2. Also, pay close attentions to various modifiers that changes the meaning of the sentence in one way or another.


A. while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.
- "while" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "was" does not agree with plural subject "mothers"
- "those mothers" nonsensically refers mothers in 1975 as against mothers with children


B. there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home
- "those mothers" nonsensically refers mothers in 1975 as against mothers with children
- "young children who worked outside" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


C. in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home
- Concise sentence with comparable structure; structure "in 1975, about 1/3rd mothers worked outside; in 2000, almost 2/3rd mothers were employed outside";

D. even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000
- "even though" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "young children who worked" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


E. with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000 answer
- "with" unnecessarily tries to establish relationship between two facts
- "young children working outside" incorrectly suggests that children were working outside rather than their mothers


Answer: C.

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According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 27 Feb 2020, 03:07
ritjn2003 wrote:
According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

(A) while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(B) there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(C) in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home

(D) even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000

(E) with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000


regarding choice B and C.
if we see "there is+who/which clause " and simple clause, normally "there is...+which/that" is wrong. read choice B grammatically and literally. choice B means
there is one third of mother X.
this is nonsensical. this is one error. another error is that this meaning is not parallel or in contrast with the last clause.
the third error is that
because the phrase "mother with children who work" appear, "those mother" refers to "mother with children who work" illogically. "those mother" can not be the subject of the second clause logically.
the forth error is
"in 1975" is not in a position which is parallel with the position of "in 2000".

so, choice B contain 4 errors.

Originally posted by thangvietnam on 22 May 2018, 20:04.
Last edited by thangvietnam on 27 Feb 2020, 03:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Jun 2018, 02:48
Hi mikemcgarry, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja, MagooshExpert Carolyn,
sayantanc2
VeritasPrepKarishma

I hesitate the choice between C and D,
eventually, i picked up D, because i thought the subject "one-third of women" follows "according to the United States census date" is illogical, i thought some date or some studies are according to the United States census date, rather than people are according to the United States census data

OA is C, I thought i must miss something, would you please elaborate further what should follows "according to ..."

Further more, are the following two sentences correct?
Based on the accounts of ancient observers, historians have pieced together a reasonably accurate picture of the original Greek Olympic Games
according to the accounts of ancient observers, historians have pieced together a reasonably accurate picture of the original Greek Olympic Games


Thanks in advance

Have a nice day
>_~

Originally posted by zoezhuyan on 30 Jun 2018, 02:18.
Last edited by zoezhuyan on 30 Jun 2018, 02:48, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2018, 03:26
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According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

(A) while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(B) there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(C) in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home

(D) even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000

(E) with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2018, 13:08
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zoezhuyan wrote:
Further more, are the following two sentences correct?
Based on the accounts of ancient observers, historians have pieced together a reasonably accurate picture of the original Greek Olympic Games
according to the accounts of ancient observers, historians have pieced together a reasonably accurate picture of the original Greek Olympic Games


Neither of those is correct. The first one implies that the historians are "based on" the accounts. This is something that would pass in everyday usage--we know that the historians' work, rather than the historians themselves--is what is based on the accounts. But technically, "based on" needs to modify a noun, and there's no correct noun for it to modify in your version. We'd need something like "Based on the accounts of ancient observers, historians' current understanding of the situation is that . . . "

The second one implies that the ANCIENT ACCOUNTS are telling us what historians are doing NOW. "According to X, Y is true" means that I know Y because X says so. So anything that starts with "According to ancient observers" needs to follow by telling us what happened in the past, NOT what people now think happened. Contrast that with the original q, which says "According to US census data." All we need after that is what is true about the US.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 18:02
Could anyone justify the use of "two-thirds" instead of "two-third"?

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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 23:32
Could someone help me out with this?

Option C - "...one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home..". The participle "worked" seems to again modify the young children and not the mother. Why is this considered correct but on the contrary using "working" makes it incorrect.
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2018, 13:41
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Rahul0028 wrote:
Could someone help me out with this?

Option C - "...one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home..". The participle "worked" seems to again modify the young children and not the mother. Why is this considered correct but on the contrary using "working" makes it incorrect.

In (C) "worked" isn't a participle - it's the main verb of the clause. "In 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home." If we removed "worked" we clearly wouldn't have a complete sentence anymore. The "young children" are part of the prepositional phrase describing the mothers, and therefore cannot do double-duty as the subject of "worked" as well. (If you like jargon: the more technical way of saying this is that a noun cannot both be the object of a prepositional phrase and the main subject of the sentence.) It has to be the mothers who worked. So there's no ambiguity - or violation of child labor laws - here.

I hope that helps!
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 19:06
ritjn2003 wrote:
According to United States census data, while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home.

(A) while there was about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(B) there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home in 1975; in 2000, almost two-thirds of those mothers were employed outside the home

(C) in 1975 about one-third of mothers with young children worked outside the home; in 2000, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home

(D) even though in 1975 there were about one-third of mothers with young children who worked outside the home, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000

(E) with about one-third of mothers with young children working outside the home in 1975, almost two-thirds of such mothers were employed outside the home in 2000

SC04732


B and D lacks the parallelism in structure of 2 clauses
E has unnecessary and wrong usage of WITH
A is wrong because it uses 'was' for plural entity Mothers
Perfect answer: C
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2018, 18:39
choice D means
one third of women working outside home exist and I do not know about remaining two third of the women working outside home. this meaning is different from the intended meaning and is absurd.
choice D is gone.
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According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2018, 09:05
One additional reason why A, B, and D are out: use of word "there" without referring to a physical location. GMATNinja Is this actually a hard rule (=statement is definitely wrong) or more of a soft rule (=correct use sounds better, but can't reject statement without additional errors)? I feel its more like a soft rule. Thanks!
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2018, 21:23
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barryseal wrote:
One additional reason why A, B, and D are out: use of word "there" without referring to a physical location. GMATNinja Is this actually a hard rule (=statement is definitely wrong) or more of a soft rule (=correct use sounds better, but can't reject statement without additional errors)? I feel its more like a soft rule. Thanks!

For starters, there are very, very few "hard rules" that will ALWAYS apply on the GMAT. Subject-verb agreement is a "hard rule." I can't think of too many others -- most things presented online as "rules" have an exception of one sort or another.

In this particular case, the word "there" doesn't have to refer to a physical location at all. The phrase "there is" (or "there are" or "there were") just indicate that something exists. For example, if I say "there are several 11-month-olds who are capable of eating an entire avocado in a single sitting", I'm just saying that gluttonous 11-month-olds exist. (Not coincidentally, my 11-month-old is one of them. She makes dad proud with her epic appetite.) No physical location is needed or implied by the phrase "there is" or "there are."

For another example, check out this classic official question.

I hope this helps!
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Re: According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir   [#permalink] 20 Nov 2018, 21:23

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According to United States census data, while there was about one-thir

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