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Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing

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Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Guys, can we sort out the above question?
I have no clue at this stage; would appreciate explanations.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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Casinoking wrote:
papillon86 wrote:
251. Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.
(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists- Verb agreement
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water


Pls explain.....


Ans not 'A' because LITTLE doesnt go with SERVICES, because SERVICES are countable.

Ans not 'B' because of the same reason as above.

Not 'C' because EXISTS is Singular which doesnt tie in with Water and Services. The sentence basically doesnt sound ok with option 'C'

Not 'D' for the same reason as why not A.

'E' is perfect.

Does this make sense?

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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251. Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.
(A) little water or services exist --> Should be "and" coz of meaning/ water is uncount and services is count so can't use little for both/ S-V agreement
(B) little water or services exists --> same as (A) except S-V
(C) few services and little water exists--> S-V agreement
(D) there is little water or services available--> little/or
(E) there are few services and little available water --> seem perfect

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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I won't be able to pick any of the answers from this list, but if I had to guess, I would go with E.

(A) little water or services exist --- in this form, little applies to both water and services. since services are countable, you can not use little (i.e. little services - even sounds awkward).
(B) little water or services exists -- singular exists does not agree with plural water
(C) few services and little water exists -- changes meaning of sentence -- and/or
(D) there is little water or services available -- same explanation as A (i.e. little services)
(E) there are few services and little available water -- correct use of few and little, but changes or to and.

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2011, 04:59
(E)

(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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It is a general principle that whenever –or is found in a collection of choices, each of the choices will be taken as singular and the verb also will be singular , while, if – and – is found, both the subject and the verb will be plural

(A) little water or services exist …… services matched the verb exist but little water does not.

(B) little water or services exists … reverse of A; little water tallies with exists, while services does not

(C) few services and little water exists ------ few services and little water is plural; does not tally with exists.

(D) there is little water or services available --- There is little water is okay; but there is services available is not okay.

(E) there are few services and little available water ---- The plural subject --- few services and little available- tallies with the plural verb are ; correct choice
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2012, 03:48
daagh wrote:
It is a general principle that whenever –or is found in a collection of choices, each of the choices will be taken as singular and the verb also will be singular , while, if – and – is found, both the subject and the verb will be plural

(A) little water or services exist …… services matched the verb exist but little water does not.

(B) little water or services exists … reverse of A; little water tallies with exists, while services does not

(C) few services and little water exists ------ few services and little water is plural; does not tally with exists.

(D) there is little water or services available --- There is little water is okay; but there is services available is not okay.

(E) there are few services and little available water ---- The plural subject --- few services and little available- tallies with the plural verb are ; correct choice




Do we always consider water as a singular quantity? or can there be a scenario where water acts as plural.
Kindly explain.
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2012, 04:36
I do not think that in the ordinary sense , water can be plural. But somebody might know some weird case of water being plural and it will be interesting to know such cases. Water is generally taken to be generic and therefore singular. Buit one might argue that - every ocean has its own water - is not as good as - all oceans have their own waters -.
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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vishalrastogi wrote:
what is wrong with A here ?

as per my understanding when the subject is joined by "or/nor", the verb need to agree with the subject closest to the verb, which is services in A. so it should be exist, which is what is given.

I am confused here, can someone help me out please ?


Hi vishalrastogi.

I'm happy to help.

Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

(A) little water or services exist
Wrong. Little (X or Y) = Little X or Little Y. But services is countable --> can't use little

(B) little water or services exists
Wrong. Same as A.

(C) few services and little water exists
Wrong. [X and Y] --> compound noun --> plural --> "exists" is wrong.

(D) there is little water or services available
Wrong. Same as A. Little X or Y = Little X or Little Y. But services is countable --> can't use little

(E) there are few services and little available water
Correct. Only E uses correct grammar. (few services + little water)

Hope it helps.
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2013, 02:19
seofah wrote:
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water

Guys, can we sort out the above question?
I have no clue at this stage; would appreciate explanations.

(A) little water or services existIncorrect as services cannot be "little".Its not a quantity..its a number
(B) little water or services existsIncorrect as services cannot be "little".Its not a quantity..its a number.Also it cannot be"exists".. They "exist"
(C) few services and little water existsFor plural we use exist
(D) there is little water or services availableincorrect- as services are plural so is should not be there
(E) there are few services and little available water- Grammatically correct
My Doubt- Here "or" is replaced by "and" -it has changed the meaning of the sentence.How can this be the correct option?

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2014, 17:34
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goodyear2013 wrote:
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.
(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water.

Dear goodyear2013,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

"water" is uncountable, so we use "little water."
"services" are countable, so we use "few services."
See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... -vs-fewer/
The choices with "little water or services" are completely wrong. This eliminates (A) & (B) & (D).

As a subject, "little water" is singular, and by itself would take a singular verb.
As a subject, "few services" is plural, and by itself would take a plural verb.
As a compound subject, "few services and little available" is definitely plural, and demands a plural verb.
This blog discusses related issues:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-sente ... agreement/
The choices with singular verbs, (B) & (C) & (D), are incorrect.

These splits eliminate everything except (E). Choice (E) is grammatically correct, not ideal, but acceptable, and it is the best possible answer.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2014, 20:49
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.
(A) little water or services exist
Services does not go with little, fewer should be used for services
(B) little water or services exists
Services does not go with little, fewer should be used for services, also exists is the wrong usage.
(C) few services and little water exists
It should be exist in place of exists as we are talking about more than one thing.
(D) there is little water or services available
it should be there are little water or serivces
(E) there are few services and little available water.
Correct
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2015, 03:58
Consider these two structures:

There are/is few services or little water here

There are/is little water or few services here

Question: What verb should we use in each case?

Notice that there is 'or' between two items.

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2015, 23:14
Also, few services ...... exists makes the choice C wrong
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2015, 07:37
Hello

I agree that E suits the most but one thing - by replacing "or" structure of the sentence by "and" aren't we compromising on the meaning of the sentence?

bmwhype2 wrote:
botirvoy wrote:
Guys, can we sort out the below question?
I have no clue at this stage; would appreciate explanations.

251. Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.
(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water

well, few refers to countable things such as cars. 1 car, 2 cars, 3 cars

few services. 1 service, 2 services, 3....
that leaves C and E.

little refers to size. water cannot be big or little.

Therefore E.

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New post 24 Nov 2015, 09:03
vay wrote:
answer is C

fewer services and little water exists


exists is wrong. It should have been exist. Hence, E.

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2016, 20:04
This question is an excellent candidate to illustrate the benefits of vertical splits, considering the correct choice may be regarded as wordy.

Split 1 : S-V agreement : B & C out.
Split 2 : Countable vs uncountable : cannot use little with services. A & D out.

Left with E, though wordy, is correct.

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2016, 00:10
seofah wrote:
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.


(A) little water or services exist
Little (water or services) - it means little water or little services. We cannot use little for services because services are countable. If you do not get this in a go then scanning or POE of choices would make you think about “few” Vs “little”.

(B) little water or services exists
Same as A.

(C) few services and little water exists
This corrects the problem in A and B but introduces S-V error. A AND B existS.

(D) there is little water or services available
same as A. little is used for services.

(E) there are few services and little available water
correct.
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2016, 02:56
papillon86 wrote:
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water


Hi,
Lets get few things first:
1. Either ... or and Subject verb agreement:
- the verb should match the closest noun
- Example 1: Either Danny or his friends were talking yesterday while X happened.
- Example 2: Either Danny's friends or Danny was yesterday while X happened.
2. Using qualifiers:
- we notice 2 kinds of nouns: countable and uncountable
- water - uncountable -> needs little
- services - countable - needs few

X - (A) little water or services exist
- little (for uncountable) + services is wrong.

X - (B) little water or services exists
- little (for uncountable) + services is wrong.
- the verb exists is wrong

X - (C) few services and little water exists
- exists does not convey the intended meaning regarding services.
- the fact a service exist, does not mean it is available.
- in addition, the use of and creates a "plural subject", and so the use of a singular verb "exists" is wrong.

X - (D) there is little water or services available
- the use of "or" indicates parallelism between "little water" and "services"
- notice that the verb "is" wrongly applies for both of the elements in the parallelism.

V - (E) there are few services and little available water
- we identify the parallelism marker "and" - "services" and "water" are 2 nouns and so the parallelism stands.
- the use of "and" creates a plural noun, and so the use of the verb "are" is correct.
This option is correct.

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2016, 02:56

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