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Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2017, 11:19
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

Issue: Subject-Verb Agreement | Modifier

Analysis:
1. In this sentence we see little being used to modify "services". Since "service" is countable, we need to use "few" to modify it.
2. Another thing to notice is subject-verb agreement issue for the verb being used for compound subject "few services and little water". We need to use a plural verb to refer to them.


(A) little water or services exist
- "little" incorrectly modifies services

(B) little water or services exists
- "little" incorrectly modifies services
- In case of two nouns separated by "or", the verb should agree with closer noun. However, in case this does not happen. "exists" does not agree with plural "services"


(C) few services and little water exists
- "exists" does not agree with plural subject "few services and little water"

(D) there is little water or services available
- "little" incorrectly modifies services
- "available" does not agree with singular subject "water or services"


(E) there are few services and little available water

Answer: (E)
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2017, 20:17
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

1st point- it has to be 'AND" not 'OR'
C, E

(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water
Correct.
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2017, 20:01
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

(A) little water or services exist

(B) little water or services exists

(C) few services and little water exists

(D) there is little water or services available

(E) there are few services and little available water
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2017, 15:39
seofah wrote:
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

(A) little water or (little) services exist
(B) little water or (little) services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or little services available
(E) there are few services and little available water Yes

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Guys, can we sort out the above question?
I have no clue at this stage; would appreciate explanations.


The first issue is the incorrect use of a plural verb. There needs to be a single verb because the conjunction "or" implies that you need only one of those conditions (little water/few services) to allow for more space. The second issue is in the phrasing "little water OR services exist" - this implies that there are little services- but services are something that are countable so the correct term is fewer.

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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 00:14
'E' is the correct choice - Posting OE as well

In this sentence, the adjective little correctly modifies the noun water because water is not a countable quantity. However, the noun services is a countable quantity and must be modified by few, not by little. Logically, the areas described would suffer from both little water and few services at the same time, so the correct conjunction is and, not or. This compound subject requires a plural verb.

A is out - Services should be modified by few, not little.
B is out because singular verb exists does not agree with the plural subject services.
C is out - When a compound subject consists of two distinct units joined by the conjunction and, the verb must be plural.
D is out - Little cannot modify services.

Correct 'E' - In this sentence, few correctly modifies services; and correctly joins services and water.
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 22:57
daagh mikemcgarry pqhai

Can you pls help me in understanding the meaning?

(E) there are few services and little available water

a) With replacement of or by and, are we not changing the meaning of the sentence.
b) available is modifying water. There is a meaning difference between available water and existing water
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 21:29
gaitbhu wrote:
daagh mikemcgarry pqhai

Can you pls help me in understanding the meaning?

(E) there are few services and little available water

a) With replacement of or by and, are we not changing the meaning of the sentence.
b) available is modifying water. There is a meaning difference between available water and existing water


Hi, the first underline option is not necessarily the meaning of the sentence. The sentence just has to have a reasonable meaning with the complementary underlined phrase/part. This answer ( E) just makes the best logical complement when compared to the others, in terms of parallelism and noun agreement. Hope this is helpful.
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 13:39
gaitbhu wrote:
Can you pls help me in understanding the meaning?

(E) there are few services and little available water

a) With replacement of or by and, are we not changing the meaning of the sentence.
b) available is modifying water. There is a meaning difference between available water and existing water

Dear gaitbhu,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

I will say a few things.

First of all, notice that the "or" appears only in the grammatically incorrect construction "little water or services," as if it were trying to make the word "little" apply to both words. When that structure was not used, the answer choices had "and." Thus, this is not a direct "and" vs. "or" choice, but a choice between that structure and other structures.

Second, "available water" and "existing water" mean exactly the same thing: the water that people have available to drink in a given situation.

Finally, your questions really indicate that you have a lot to learn about the English language. While it's great to ask questions about individual Verbal problems, what will most support your rapid progress is the habit of reading. See:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

Also, here are some free GMAT Idiom Flashcards that you may find helpful.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 02:16
seofah wrote:
Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Guys, can we sort out the above question?
I have no clue at this stage; would appreciate explanations.


I believe not a 700 level Question
Option A-little can go with water(uncountable) but not with services(countable). Need to use few for services
Option B-Exists verb is not going with subject and also one more error which i pointed in option A
option C-Should use exist as there are two things , so need to use plural verb exist
Option D-Again little is not matching with countable services.
Option E-Perfect
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2018, 13:06
Little vs few- water is not countable so little is correct but services is countable so it should be few services
(A) little water or services exist- missing few services
(B) little water or services exists- missing few services
(C) few services and little water exists- its plural should be exist
(D) there is little water or services available- missing few services
(E) there are few services and little available water
Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing   [#permalink] 28 Jan 2018, 13:06

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