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Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and

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Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 03:35
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Question Stats:

69% (01:39) correct 31% (00:48) wrong based on 133 sessions

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Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and spyware, the consultant has urged Infotech to upgrade its protection software, institute new policies for exchanging sensitive information, assembling a special team of information technology specialists to manage network security protocols.

A. assembling a special team of information technology specialists to manage
B. assembling a special team of information technology specialists for managing
C. assembling a special team of information technology specialists that manages
D. and assemble a special team of information technology specialists for managing
E. and assemble a special team of information technology specialists to manage
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 03:55
I am confused between D and E
Chose E
Can anyone explain difference between to manage and for managing.
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Re: Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 04:14
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IMO (E)
As per my understanding-
(Part 1) : 'Urge to' is the correct usage not 'Urge for'.

Consultant has urged Infotech ........... to manage network security (correct)
Consultant has urged Infotech........... for managing security (incorrect)
(2) parallelism regard 'to'- to upgrade, to institute, and to assemble.




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Re: Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 09:16
nguyendinhtuong wrote:
Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and spyware, the consultant has urged Infotech to upgrade its protection software, institute new policies for exchanging sensitive information, assembling a special team of information technology specialists to manage network security protocols.

A. assembling a special team of information technology specialists to manage
B. assembling a special team of information technology specialists for managing
C. assembling a special team of information technology specialists that manages
D. and assemble a special team of information technology specialists for managing
E. and assemble a special team of information technology specialists to manage


With (E) for the highlighted errors in other options...
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Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 20:50
GMATNinja : Can you please explain why D is incorrect?

I picked D(for managing) over E(to manage) as it continued parallel structure.

for exchanging sensitive information
for managing
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Re: Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 23:32
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nickrocks wrote:
GMATNinja : Can you please explain why D is incorrect?

I picked D(for managing) over E(to manage) as it continued parallel structure.

for exchanging sensitive information
for managing



Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and spyware, the consultant has urged Infotech to upgrade its protection software, institute new policies for exchanging sensitive information, assembling a special team of information technology specialists to manage network security protocols.

A. assembling a special team of information technology specialists to manage
B. assembling a special team of information technology specialists for managing
C. assembling a special team of information technology specialists that manages
D. and assemble a special team of information technology specialists for managing
E. and assemble a special team of information technology specialists to manage

Okay here is the breakdown. E is correct and parallel - and makes sense in meaning

D - would read as : the consultant has urged A) Infotech (correct idiom To + verb) to upgrade its protection software, B) (to already given earlier) institute new policies for exchanging sensitive information, AND assemble a special team of information technology specialists for managing[/color] - 'for managing'? = present continuous - managing who? has it already started ? No, it has yet to begin - that means - the BEFORE being present the team is already managing something. Also, FOR is wrong - you always have a team TO manage. Ex: a) She is there to RUN in the marathon or b) the carpenters came to manage the paints (:/) and (to is already included) (to) make chairs

E - has the hidden to MANAGE and hence is parallel
Hope this made it more logical.
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Re: Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 14:15
If you have to select between D and E, just remember that to+VERB form is always preferred over for+VERBing form. It is not really an issue of parallelism here.
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Re: Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 23:31
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When to use the gerund (for - verb+ing) and when to use the infinitive (to + verb)

1. For verbing( for conducting) is used in indicative and declarative sentences, where one just states a fact, which might happen in the ordinary business of life routinely, incidentally, coincidentally or even unwittingly.

2. The infinitive (to conduct) is a purposed action. There is an element of imperativeness in its focus.

Ex: the consultant has urged Infotech to upgrade its protection software, institute new policies for exchanging sensitive information, assembling a special team of information technology specialists to manage network security protocols.

(http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/part_1.htm)

As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund and an infinitive. In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive

However, in the given is an open and shut case. Since the other two items in the list are in the infinitive, one cannot afford to miss the parallelism by using a gerund for the third item.

To depend upon GMAT's preference is a risky affair, as GMAT has changed its preferences in many instances.
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Re: Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 11:50
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Quote:
GMATNinja : Can you please explain why D is incorrect?

I picked D(for managing) over E(to manage) as it continued parallel structure.

for exchanging sensitive information
for managing

The choice between "for managing" and "to manage" has absolutely nothing to do with parallelism here. Parallelism is only relevant if you have some sort of trigger that indicates a list (of verbs, nouns, modifiers, etc.). "And" and "or" are the most common parallelism triggers.

In this case, "and" is the parallelism trigger. Here's (D), inserted into the original sentence:

    Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and spyware, the consultant has urged Infotech to upgrade its protection software, institute new policies for exchanging sensitive information, and assemble a special team of information technology specialists for managing network security protocols.

"And" indicates the end of a list of three verbs: "upgrade," "institute", and "assemble." And then the list is over. The stuff that comes after the word "assemble" has nothing to do with the parallel structure. So in this case, both (D) and (E) are 100% fine in terms of the parallelism.

The difference between "for managing" and "to manage" is just an idiom thing, as others here have mentioned. "To manage" is correct here, but I wouldn't lose too much sleep over that particular idiom: you're unlikely to see it again as a deciding factor. Please always keep in mind that this one is NOT an official question... and there are something like 25,000 idioms in English, so memorizing every single one is a tough thing to do. :)

We'll also post a Topic of the Week on parallelism at some point in the next month or two...
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Re: Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 12:58
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Thanks for elaborating GMATNinja. You gave confirmation to my thoughts. :)
Re: Noting that the company's network is vulnerable to viruses and   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2017, 12:58
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