Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 500,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

If 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert,what percent of guest ordered coffee?

1)60%of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee.

2)90%of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert.

If 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert, what percent of guest ordered coffee?

Assume there were 100 guests on the banquet. So we have that 75 of them ordered dessert.

(1) 60% of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee --> 0.6*75=45 guests ordered both dessert AND coffee, but we still don't know how many guests ordered coffee. Not sufficient.

(2) 90% of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert --> 0.9*(coffee) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) From (1) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee is 45 and from (2) 0.9*(coffee)=45 --> (coffee)=50. Sufficient.

and 60% of 75 = 60/100 * 75 = 45 guests ordered coffee also, but there could be other people from remainig 25 who didn't order dessert (they might or might not have ordered dessert)

So (1) is not suff

Let x guests order coffee, 0.9x ordered dessert too, but we don't know x, so (2) is not sufficient

However, taking (1) and (2) together, 45 = 0.9x, so the answer is C.
_________________

Formula of Life -> Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant)

Let x be the number of people who chose dessert. Let y be the number of people who chose coffee Let z be the number of people who chose neither dessert nor coffee

Given: x=0.75T T = x+y+z

Stmt 1) 0.6x chose coffee. But nothing is known about y or z. INSUFF

Stmt 2) 0.9y chose dessert. But nothing is given about x or z. INSUFF

Combining (1) and (2) 0.6x=0.9y Thus 0.6*0.75T = 0.9y Which gives us y=0.5T Or y=50%. SUFF

Re: IF 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert,what [#permalink]

Show Tags

01 Jul 2012, 17:56

Hey Bunuel,

What mistake am I making?

A- # of people who order desert B- # of people who order coffee AnB - # of people who order both dessert and coffe

Given: A=75 Statement 1: AnB=.6*70=45 Given that we know AuB=A+B-AnB

100=75+B-45 ----> B=75. Hence statement 1 should be sufficient.

What am I doing wrong here!!!?? So confused? Please help. Thank you!

When I solve this problem by using the 2x2 grid, its obvious that there is not enough information. But when I try to just use the formula it gives me suffient info.

A- # of people who order desert B- # of people who order coffee AnB - # of people who order both dessert and coffe

Given: A=75 Statement 1: AnB=.6*70=45 Given that we know AuB=A+B-AnB

100=75+B-45 ----> B=75. Hence statement 1 should be sufficient.

What am I doing wrong here!!!?? So confused? Please help. Thank you!

When I solve this problem by using the 2x2 grid, its obvious that there is not enough information. But when I try to just use the formula it gives me suffient info.

Do you know how many ordered neither? We cannot say that AuB = 100.
_________________

Re: IF 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert, what [#permalink]

Show Tags

03 Jul 2012, 08:28

Let D be the event that somebody order the dessert, let C be the event that somebody ordered coffee. From Bayes' Theorem, P(C|D)= P(C)*P(D|C)/P(D) and so P(C)= P(C|D)*P(D) / P(D|C). P(D)=.75 is given.

1. "60%of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee." => P(C|D)=.6. Not sufficient. 2. "90%of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert." => P(D|C)=.9. Not sufficient. 1 and 2: P(C)= P(C|D)*P(D) / P(D|C) = .6*.75/.9 = .5. Sufficient.

What if there were certain guests who ordered neither coffee nor dessert ? Would the answer be E in that case?

We have already taken into account that there could be some people who ordered neither. In fact, if you see the answer you get, 75% ordered dessert, 50% ordered coffee and 45% ordered both. This means that 75 + 50 - 45 = 80% people ordered at least one of dessert and coffee. The rest of the 20% people ordered neither dessert nor coffee. They could have ordered something else or nothing - it doesn't matter to us. The answer remains (C). From both the statements, we see that 45% of all = 90% of C which means C is half of all. Hence C = 50%. Our questions asks the % of all who ordered coffee. We get that as 50%. We are not concerned about the remaining people.
_________________

IF 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert,what percent of guest ordered coffee?

1)60%of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee.

2)90%of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert.

IF 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert, what percent of guest ordered coffee?

Assume there were 100 guests on the banquet. So we have that 75 of them ordered dessert.

(1) 60% of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee --> 0.45*75=45 guests ordered both dessert AND coffee, but we still don't know how many guests ordered coffee. Not sufficient.

(2) 90% of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert --> 0.9*(coffee) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) From (1) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee is 45 and from (2) 0.9*(coffee)=45 --> (coffee)=50. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hi

Just to clear a major fundamental misunderstanding I have here - why didn't we use the formula method to solve this problem?So:

Total guests=Coffee + Dessert - Both --(a)

Let guests be 100. Hence dessert =75. From (1), Both = 45

Hence from equation (a) Coffee should = 30..

I know this is wrong, but I need someone to pinpoint why my approach is wrong here

IF 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert,what percent of guest ordered coffee?

1)60%of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee.

2)90%of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert.

IF 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert, what percent of guest ordered coffee?

Assume there were 100 guests on the banquet. So we have that 75 of them ordered dessert.

(1) 60% of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee --> 0.45*75=45 guests ordered both dessert AND coffee, but we still don't know how many guests ordered coffee. Not sufficient.

(2) 90% of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert --> 0.9*(coffee) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) From (1) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee is 45 and from (2) 0.9*(coffee)=45 --> (coffee)=50. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hi

Just to clear a major fundamental misunderstanding I have here - why didn't we use the formula method to solve this problem?So:

Total guests=Coffee + Dessert - Both --(a)

Let guests be 100. Hence dessert =75. From (1), Both = 45

Hence from equation (a) Coffee should = 30..

I know this is wrong, but I need someone to pinpoint why my approach is wrong here

Thanks guys

It should be {Total}={Coffee}+{Dessert}-{Both}+{Neither}. Since we don't know how many of the guests ordered neither coffee nor dessert we cannot calculate the number of guests who ordered coffee based on the info from (1).

IF 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert,what percent of guest ordered coffee?

1)60%of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee.

2)90%of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert.

In questions involving sets, venn diagrams can be used. They tend to make questions simple.

We need to find the % of total guests (G) who ordered coffee (C). So we want C in terms of G. Given D = 75% of G

1. 60% of D ordered coffee too

Attachment:

The attachment Ques1.jpg is no longer available

From the diagram, we see that we do not know what % people ordered only coffee.

2. 90% of C ordered Dessert too.

Attachment:

The attachment Ques2.jpg is no longer available

From the diagram, we see that we do not know what % people ordered only coffee.

Using both the statements, we see that 60% * 75% * G = 90% * C Since we get C in terms of G, this is sufficient. Answer (C)

But Karishma, if we assume that sample is 100(since finally we need to calculate only percentage), so dessert 75% = 75 and 60% of 75% = 45 Please check this image this is how Venn diagram will come out- download/file2.php?id=21119

Attachments

venn.png [ 14.16 KiB | Viewed 4170 times ]

_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos It is a Good manner. My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

IF 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert,what percent of guest ordered coffee?

1)60%of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee.

2)90%of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert.

In questions involving sets, venn diagrams can be used. They tend to make questions simple.

We need to find the % of total guests (G) who ordered coffee (C). So we want C in terms of G. Given D = 75% of G

1. 60% of D ordered coffee too

Attachment:

Ques1.jpg

From the diagram, we see that we do not know what % people ordered only coffee.

2. 90% of C ordered Dessert too.

Attachment:

Ques2.jpg

From the diagram, we see that we do not know what % people ordered only coffee.

Using both the statements, we see that 60% * 75% * G = 90% * C Since we get C in terms of G, this is sufficient. Answer (C)

But Karishma, if we assume that sample is 100(since finally we need to calculate only percentage), so dessert 75% = 75 and 60% of 75% = 45 Please check this image this is how Venn diagram will come out- download/file2.php?id=21119

Re: If 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert, what [#permalink]

Show Tags

01 Nov 2014, 01:50

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

Re: If 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert, what [#permalink]

Show Tags

20 Sep 2015, 08:19

1

This post received KUDOS

Bunuel wrote:

Baten80 wrote:

If 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert,what percent of guest ordered coffee?

1)60%of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee.

2)90%of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert.

If 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert, what percent of guest ordered coffee?

Assume there were 100 guests on the banquet. So we have that 75 of them ordered dessert.

(1) 60% of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee --> 0.45*75=45 guests ordered both dessert AND coffee, but we still don't know how many guests ordered coffee. Not sufficient.

(2) 90% of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert --> 0.9*(coffee) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) From (1) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee is 45 and from (2) 0.9*(coffee)=45 --> (coffee)=50. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hey Bunuel please check the bolded part in statement 1. This should be 0.6*75=45 not the original one. 0.45*75=33.75. Thanks!
_________________

If 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert,what percent of guest ordered coffee?

1)60%of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee.

2)90%of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert.

If 75% of guest at a certain banquet ordered dessert, what percent of guest ordered coffee?

Assume there were 100 guests on the banquet. So we have that 75 of them ordered dessert.

(1) 60% of the guest who ordered dessert also ordered coffee --> 0.45*75=45 guests ordered both dessert AND coffee, but we still don't know how many guests ordered coffee. Not sufficient.

(2) 90% of the guest who ordered coffee also ordered dessert --> 0.9*(coffee) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) From (1) # of guests who ordered both dessert AND coffee is 45 and from (2) 0.9*(coffee)=45 --> (coffee)=50. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hey Bunuel please check the bolded part in statement 1. This should be 0.6*75=45 not the original one. 0.45*75=33.75. Thanks!

There’s something in Pacific North West that you cannot find anywhere else. The atmosphere and scenic nature are next to none, with mountains on one side and ocean on...

This month I got selected by Stanford GSB to be included in “Best & Brightest, Class of 2017” by Poets & Quants. Besides feeling honored for being part of...

Joe Navarro is an ex FBI agent who was a founding member of the FBI’s Behavioural Analysis Program. He was a body language expert who he used his ability to successfully...