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It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually

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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2017, 12:35
victory47 wrote:
ChrisLele wrote:
I received a PM on this one, so I am replying (though it is a good one and I would have replied anyways had I seen it first :)).

In the original sentence, 'Earth' should not be modified by a phrase that is clearly intended to modify the Caspian Sea (I mean lake :)). Thus, we can get rid of (A) and (B). Get rid of 'E' because of the wordy 'being.'

Now, I can tackle the original question addressed in the PM: the difference between (C) and (D).

(C) is awkward because of the 'but it.' This awkwardness can also be attributed to the fact that we are separating 'though called a sea' and the Caspian by an intervening phrase that is itself awkward.

(D) on the other is succinct. What is commonly called a sea? The Caspian, which follows, 'though called a sea.' We no longer have the unnecessary 'it'. Typically, when an answer choice adds an 'it' this should clue you in that the answer choice is becoming less succinct, and thus likely to be favored on the GMAT.

Hope that helps :).


whay A and B are wrong?

"which relative clause " can modify slightly far noun. e gmat write an article on this point. so, A and B are correct

for the article


the use of 'which clause" is legitimate but is NOT PREFERED.

is that right? pls


Many people had pointed out that the usage of which is wrong in option A & B, however, they all didn't have a convincing reason for it.

After doing several researches online, the word "which" in option A & B do not necessary refer to Earth, they can refer to lake as well which would have been correct.

(here I'm quoting Ron from Manhattan Gmat the usage of "which": which can modify 1.the noun that precedes the comma and 2. the noun+prepositional phrase immediately precedes the comma. Therefore in the case "...largest lake on earth, which..." on earth is a prep phrase and lake is a noun, "which" can modify either earth or lake+on earth.)

Noted that the explanation OG gives for A is that "the usage of which is unclear". What that means is that the usage of which CAN BE CORRECT, however, since which can refer to earth as well as lake, we don't know exactly what which refers to.

This is the reason why the word "which" is wrong in option A & B. IT IS NOT JUST BECAUSE THAT "which refers to earth thus its wrong".

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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2017, 22:16
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brightandamen wrote:
Can somebody explain why we use "covering" instead of "covers"?

Hi brightandamen, are you referring to option C?

In option C, if covers had been used, at the very least there should have been an and before covers. So, the structure of C in that case would have been:

the landlocked Caspian is.... and covers...

Parallelism is between two verbs: is and covers. While this would have been a grammatically correct sentence, it would have suggested that landlocked Caspian has two distinct properties (1. landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth. 2. landlocked Caspian covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size).

However, the ideal meaning is represented by option C. The fact that landlocked Caspian covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, is actually a description/manifestation of the fact that the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth.

In such cases, present participles (covering....) are an ideal usage.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Present participles, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2017, 23:26
Hi Ashish, thank you for your detailed explanations. Kudos to you!

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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2017, 09:18
ashdah wrote:
It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

A. It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers
B. Although it is called a sea, actually the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth, which covers
C. Though called a sea, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering
D. Though called a sea but it actually is the largest lake on Earth, the landlocked Caspian covers
E. Despite being called a sea, the largest lake on Earth is actually the landlocked Caspian, covering


Please explain C & D along with the preference with reasons thanks in advance


A "Which" modifies either "Earth" or "lake," but in this case it should modify "Caspian."
B "Which" modifies either "Earth" or "lake," but in this case it should modify "Caspian."
C Correct.
D An independent clause cannot be the opening modifier of a sentence. A correct version would read, "Though called a sea but actually the largest lake on Earth..."
E "The largest lake" is not "being called a sea"; the "Caspian" is.

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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 11:20
ChrisLele wrote:
I received a PM on this one, so I am replying (though it is a good one and I would have replied anyways had I seen it first :)).

In the original sentence, 'Earth' should not be modified by a phrase that is clearly intended to modify the Caspian Sea (I mean lake :)). Thus, we can get rid of (A) and (B). Get rid of 'E' because of the wordy 'being.'

Now, I can tackle the original question addressed in the PM: the difference between (C) and (D).

(C) is awkward because of the 'but it.' This awkwardness can also be attributed to the fact that we are separating 'though called a sea' and the Caspian by an intervening phrase that is itself awkward.

(D) on the other is succinct. What is commonly called a sea? The Caspian, which follows, 'though called a sea.' We no longer have the unnecessary 'it'. Typically, when an answer choice adds an 'it' this should clue you in that the answer choice is becoming less succinct, and thus likely to be favored on the GMAT.

Hope that helps :).


It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

A. It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers
B. Although it is called a sea, actually the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth, which covers
C. Though called a sea, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering
D. Though called a sea but it actually is the largest lake on Earth, the landlocked Caspian covers
E. Despite being called a sea, the largest lake on Earth is actually the landlocked Caspian, covering


In options A and B, doesn't 'which' correctly modify 'the largest lake' since 'on Earth' is a vital noun modifier?
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2017, 03:51
It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

A. It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers - "which" incorrectly refers to "Earth"
B. Although it is called a sea, actually the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth, which covers - "which" incorrectly refers to "Earth" + sounds a mess
C. Though called a sea, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering - CORRECT, importantly "covering" is verb+ing that modifies the full clause preceding it + "landlocked caspian" placed correct after "called a sea"
D. Though called a sea but it actually is the largest lake on Earth, the landlocked Caspian covers - "though" and "but" cannot be used together as they mean the same & therefore redundancy + "it" is referring to sea based on where it is placed, however "it" should refer to "the landlocked Caspian" + "landlocked caspian" should be placed right after "called a sea" as in Option C + 2 independent clauses separated by a comma is of course incorrect (lot going wrong here but a good learning)
E. Despite being called a sea, the largest lake on Earth is actually the landlocked Caspian, covering - "landlocked caspian" should be after "called a sea" + sounds very awkward & "being" almost always is in the wrong sentence
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NOTE: I am not an expert, therefore my analysis answering the questions may be incorrect and may not be relied upon. However I will appreciate if you can correct the mistakes I may have made in my analysis.

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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 14:53
Wouldn't it be possible for "Covering" to be incorrectly modifying earth as well?

tks!

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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 08:19
zzarur wrote:
Wouldn't it be possible for "Covering" to be incorrectly modifying earth as well?

tks!


Hello zzarur - "Covering" here cannot refer to "Earth" and the reason is the previous clause has a primary noun as "Caspian" also most importantly this clause is separated by a "Comma". Hence, the word "covering" can only modify "Caspian" here.

Hope this is clear
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 10:09
Hello friends of GMAT CLUB,
I can't understand why C is correct: I know that the ",+ verb-ing" clause is used to express "result" or "how the thing in the preceding clause was done" and it's not the case... can you please help me?

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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2017, 10:09

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