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# It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually

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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2017, 12:35
1
victory47 wrote:
ChrisLele wrote:
I received a PM on this one, so I am replying (though it is a good one and I would have replied anyways had I seen it first ).

In the original sentence, 'Earth' should not be modified by a phrase that is clearly intended to modify the Caspian Sea (I mean lake ). Thus, we can get rid of (A) and (B). Get rid of 'E' because of the wordy 'being.'

Now, I can tackle the original question addressed in the PM: the difference between (C) and (D).

(C) is awkward because of the 'but it.' This awkwardness can also be attributed to the fact that we are separating 'though called a sea' and the Caspian by an intervening phrase that is itself awkward.

(D) on the other is succinct. What is commonly called a sea? The Caspian, which follows, 'though called a sea.' We no longer have the unnecessary 'it'. Typically, when an answer choice adds an 'it' this should clue you in that the answer choice is becoming less succinct, and thus likely to be favored on the GMAT.

Hope that helps .

whay A and B are wrong?

"which relative clause " can modify slightly far noun. e gmat write an article on this point. so, A and B are correct

for the article

the use of 'which clause" is legitimate but is NOT PREFERED.

is that right? pls

Many people had pointed out that the usage of which is wrong in option A & B, however, they all didn't have a convincing reason for it.

After doing several researches online, the word "which" in option A & B do not necessary refer to Earth, they can refer to lake as well which would have been correct.

(here I'm quoting Ron from Manhattan Gmat the usage of "which": which can modify 1.the noun that precedes the comma and 2. the noun+prepositional phrase immediately precedes the comma. Therefore in the case "...largest lake on earth, which..." on earth is a prep phrase and lake is a noun, "which" can modify either earth or lake+on earth.)

Noted that the explanation OG gives for A is that "the usage of which is unclear". What that means is that the usage of which CAN BE CORRECT, however, since which can refer to earth as well as lake, we don't know exactly what which refers to.

This is the reason why the word "which" is wrong in option A & B. IT IS NOT JUST BECAUSE THAT "which refers to earth thus its wrong".
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2017, 23:26
Hi Ashish, thank you for your detailed explanations. Kudos to you!
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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19 May 2017, 09:18
ashdah wrote:
It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

A. It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers
B. Although it is called a sea, actually the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth, which covers
C. Though called a sea, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering
D. Though called a sea but it actually is the largest lake on Earth, the landlocked Caspian covers
E. Despite being called a sea, the largest lake on Earth is actually the landlocked Caspian, covering

Please explain C & D along with the preference with reasons thanks in advance

A "Which" modifies either "Earth" or "lake," but in this case it should modify "Caspian."
B "Which" modifies either "Earth" or "lake," but in this case it should modify "Caspian."
C Correct.
D An independent clause cannot be the opening modifier of a sentence. A correct version would read, "Though called a sea but actually the largest lake on Earth..."
E "The largest lake" is not "being called a sea"; the "Caspian" is.
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2017, 11:20
ChrisLele wrote:
I received a PM on this one, so I am replying (though it is a good one and I would have replied anyways had I seen it first ).

In the original sentence, 'Earth' should not be modified by a phrase that is clearly intended to modify the Caspian Sea (I mean lake ). Thus, we can get rid of (A) and (B). Get rid of 'E' because of the wordy 'being.'

Now, I can tackle the original question addressed in the PM: the difference between (C) and (D).

(C) is awkward because of the 'but it.' This awkwardness can also be attributed to the fact that we are separating 'though called a sea' and the Caspian by an intervening phrase that is itself awkward.

(D) on the other is succinct. What is commonly called a sea? The Caspian, which follows, 'though called a sea.' We no longer have the unnecessary 'it'. Typically, when an answer choice adds an 'it' this should clue you in that the answer choice is becoming less succinct, and thus likely to be favored on the GMAT.

Hope that helps .

It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

A. It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers
B. Although it is called a sea, actually the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth, which covers
C. Though called a sea, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering
D. Though called a sea but it actually is the largest lake on Earth, the landlocked Caspian covers
E. Despite being called a sea, the largest lake on Earth is actually the landlocked Caspian, covering

In options A and B, doesn't 'which' correctly modify 'the largest lake' since 'on Earth' is a vital noun modifier?
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2017, 03:51
It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

A. It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers - "which" incorrectly refers to "Earth"
B. Although it is called a sea, actually the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth, which covers - "which" incorrectly refers to "Earth" + sounds a mess
C. Though called a sea, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering - CORRECT, importantly "covering" is verb+ing that modifies the full clause preceding it + "landlocked caspian" placed correct after "called a sea"
D. Though called a sea but it actually is the largest lake on Earth, the landlocked Caspian covers - "though" and "but" cannot be used together as they mean the same & therefore redundancy + "it" is referring to sea based on where it is placed, however "it" should refer to "the landlocked Caspian" + "landlocked caspian" should be placed right after "called a sea" as in Option C + 2 independent clauses separated by a comma is of course incorrect (lot going wrong here but a good learning)
E. Despite being called a sea, the largest lake on Earth is actually the landlocked Caspian, covering - "landlocked caspian" should be after "called a sea" + sounds very awkward & "being" almost always is in the wrong sentence
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 14:53
Wouldn't it be possible for "Covering" to be incorrectly modifying earth as well?

tks!
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2017, 08:19
1
zzarur wrote:
Wouldn't it be possible for "Covering" to be incorrectly modifying earth as well?

tks!

Hello zzarur - "Covering" here cannot refer to "Earth" and the reason is the previous clause has a primary noun as "Caspian" also most importantly this clause is separated by a "Comma". Hence, the word "covering" can only modify "Caspian" here.

Hope this is clear
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2017, 10:09
Hello friends of GMAT CLUB,
I can't understand why C is correct: I know that the ",+ verb-ing" clause is used to express "result" or "how the thing in the preceding clause was done" and it's not the case... can you please help me?
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2017, 14:50
MvArrow wrote:
Hello friends of GMAT CLUB,
I can't understand why C is correct: I know that the ",+ verb-ing" clause is used to express "result" or "how the thing in the preceding clause was done" and it's not the case... can you please help me?

Hello MvArrow - In this case, the verb-ing form covering ................ is modifying the word landlocked Caspian and this usage is correct here.

Cause and effect relationship is not applicable for this question. Hope this helps!
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2017, 17:54
can someone explain why "which" cannot modify "landlocked caspian"
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2017, 03:35
in A, can "on Earth" be a mission-critical modifier (so "which" can jump over "on Earth" to modify "lake") ?

Many thanks ^^
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2017, 13:49
santro789 wrote:
can someone explain why "which" cannot modify "landlocked caspian"

Hello santro789,

I analyze the original sentence in two ways:

1. We can rewrite the sentence as on Earth, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake. Hence, the modifier on Earth is an action modifier and modifies the verb is. It does not modify the noun the landlocked Caspian.

Hence, which cannot jump over this modifier to refer to the slightly far-away noun the landlocked Caspian.

2. The noun modifier which is followed by the singular verb covers that agrees in number with both the landlocked Caspian and on Earth. Hence, there is a slight scope of confusion whether which refers to singular Earth and the landlocked Caspian.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2018, 00:38
egmat wrote:
JarvisR wrote:
Hi,
I request the members to review below analysis and share their inputs.I appreciate the support on this.
Regards.

Question:
It is called a sea, but
the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth,
which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

I read the OG explanation for this but it's not very clear to me.

Q1) Is there any ambiguity in the usage of which in option A?
Here which link/modify Earth or the largest lake on Earth to compare it against "North America's Lake Superior".
IMO the latter, largest lake on Earth (which is Caspian), wld be the right choice as saying "Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's" wld be illogical.So usage of which is grammatically correct here without any ambiguity.

Now, if we look the argument we would see that it says "Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior."
So I believe an elegant/clean construction would be the one where "Caspian" is compared directly with NA's lake instead of the largest lake on earth.
1)the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth and covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.
OR,
2)the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

Q2)Also what's wrong with option B apart from which issue similar to A. Is usage of actually correct here?

Hi JarvisaR,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

I completely agree with you that "which" in Choice A and B "logically" CAN ONLY refer to "the largest lake on Earth" and not just "Earth". However, the problem that we face in these choices is that both these entities "the largest lake" and "Earth" are singular noun entities and agree in number with the singular verb "covers". hence, usage of "which" leaves that little room for grammatical ambiguity as to what does "which" refer to.

Choice C completely does away with that little possible grammatical ambiguity by using "comma + verb-ing modifier covering". Now, there is no doubt that "covering" refers to Caspian.

Now regarding the usage of "actually" in choice B, is it incorrect? IMHO, it is not, but it is certainly not needed in the sentence.

hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ

Ma'am
although/though/even though +clause is thr right syntax
but in option C,although+modifier,the landlocked caspian
hence i opted for option B
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 13:26
It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

A. It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers
B. Although it is called a sea, actually the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth, which covers
C. Though called a sea, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering
D. Though called a sea but it actually is the largest lake on Earth, the landlocked Caspian covers
E. Despite being called a sea, the largest lake on Earth is actually the landlocked Caspian, covering

Hello I have a question about the use of though
As I learned before, we use Though/ although/ even though with a clause (Subject + Verb).
1 – If I see though/even though/although, MUST they be followed by a Subject, a Verb, or a Subject and a verb (Both)?
2- In case we need both a Subject and a Verb. How is the form of the verb that you consider a clause? The verb should be conjugated? Not in the Ving or V3(participle)?
If this is the case that though/even though/although MUST be followed by a subject and a verb, and this verb must be conjugated (unconjugated forms such as participle or Ving are wrong), then, can anyone explain me why “Though called a sea” is correct? Because for me called is a participle form (V3) and no subject. I believe that if I had seen “although called a sea” probably it would have been incorrect and someone would have said that is missing the subject and a conjugated verb. So what is the rule for Though? As the answer choice C is correct, where can I find this rule for “though”?

Thank you
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 21:10
jdrury wrote:
I believe that if I had seen “although called a sea” probably it would have been incorrect and someone would have said that is missing the subject and a conjugated verb. So what is the rule for Though? As the answer choice C is correct, where can I find this rule for “though”?

Hi jdrury, you're correct. Though is a subordinating conjunction and marks the start of a Dependent clause.

Option C however, represents a case that many people refer to as verbless clause. Basically the verb is implied.

So, C actually implies: Though (the landlocked Caspian is) called a sea,....

where is is the verb.
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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 22:18
ashdah wrote:
It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America's Lake Superior.

A. It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers
B. Although it is called a sea, actually the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth, which covers
C. Though called a sea, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering
D. Though called a sea but it actually is the largest lake on Earth, the landlocked Caspian covers
E. Despite being called a sea, the largest lake on Earth is actually the landlocked Caspian, covering

Please explain C & D along with the preference with reasons thanks in advance

Hi,

C is the correct option.

D is incorrect because ' though ' is never followed or I should say does not require a ' but '. Thus, D is incorrect.

'but' is required only with 'although' . In option B 'but' is absent , thus, B is also incorrect.

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Re: It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2018, 22:18

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