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Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for

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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 05:55
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udaymathapati wrote:
Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for $1.00 each and copies of Newspaper B for $1.25 each, and the store sold no other newspapers that day. If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A and if p percent of the newspapers that the store sold were copies of newspaper A, which of the following expresses r in terms of p?

A. 100p/(125 – p)
B. 150p/(250 – p)
C. 300p/(375 – p)
D. 400p/(500 – p)
E. 500p/(625 – p)


If you're not sure how to proceed with this question, or if you're behind on time and you want to catch up, you can give yourself a 50-50 chance in about 15 seconds.

To do so, we'll see what happens when we use an EXTREME value for p.
Say p = 100
In other words, 100% of the newspapers sold were Newspaper A.
This means that 100% of the revenue is from Newspaper A.
In other words, when p = 100, then r = 100

At this point, we'll plug in 100 for p and see which one yields a value of 100.
Only answer choices B and D work.
B) 150(100)/(250-100) = 100 PERFECT
D) 400(100)/(500-100) = 100 PERFECT

Now take a guess (B or D) and move on.

Cheers,
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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 06:18
for percent problem, pick a specific number which is 100

suppose there are 100 newspaper. p percent mean p/100 so the number of newspaper A is

100*p/100= p

the number of newspaper B will be 100-p

doing this way will make our calculation simpler much.
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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2016, 19:51
pikachu wrote:
udaymathapati wrote:
Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for $1.00 each and copies of Newspaper B for $1.25 each, and the store sold no other newspapers that day. If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A and if p percent of the newspapers that the store sold were copies of newspaper A, which of the following expresses r in terms of p?

A. 100p / (125 – p)
B. 150p / (250 – p)
C. 300p / (375 – p)
D. 400p / (500 – p)
E. 500p / (625 – p)


This problem can be easily solved by picking numbers. The explanation given in the OG can be very laborious.

Lets say the number of newspaper A sold = 20, so revenue from A = 20 and the number of newspaper sold from B = 80, so revenue from B = 100. Now total revenue =120 out of which 20 came from A. So

r (A) = 20/120 = 1/6 = 16.7% and p (A) = 20/100 *100 = 20

A) 100*20/(125-20) -> Incorrect
B) 150*20/(250-20) -> Incorrect
C) 300*20/(375-20) -> Incorrect
D) 400*20/(500-20) = 8/48 = 1/6*100 = 16.7% - > Correct
E) 500*20/(625-20) -> Incorrect

So Ans D



Thanks for providing the solution. Great, number picking is always the best approach in these types of hard problem. Just popped up a query: may be a lame one- In terms of picking numbers, where it is not mentioned A or B which one is greater/lesser. In this case, picking the value of A as lesser/greater than B can be an issue to reach the right answer?

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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2017, 13:32
the question mentions news papers of A and (copies) of newspapers of A , where do we count B? i got really confused with this question please help

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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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stampap wrote:
the question mentions news papers of A and (copies) of newspapers of A , where do we count B? i got really confused with this question please help


Note what the question says:

"If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A and if p percent of the newspapers that the store sold were copies of newspaper A, which of the following expresses r in terms of p?"

r% of the revenue is from A
p% of the papers sold are A

There is no conflict here. It is possible that say 50% (p%) of the papers sold were A and that accounted for 80% (r%) of the revenue (because A is more expensive).

Now check out the solutions here:
last-sunday-a-certain-store-sold-copies-of-newspaper-a-for-101739.html
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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2017, 06:46
Bunuel wrote:
udaymathapati wrote:
Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for $1.00 each and copies of Newspaper B for $1.25 each, and the store sold no other newspapers that day. If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A and if p percent of the newspapers that the store sold were copies of newspaper A, which of the following expresses r in terms of p?
A. 100p / (125 – p)
B. 150p / (250 – p)
C. 300p / (375 – p)
D. 400p / (500 – p)
E. 500p / (625 – p)


This question can be solved by number plugging: just try some numbers for # of newspaper A sold and the # of newspaper B sold.

Below is algebraic approach:

Let the # of newspaper A sold be \(a\) and the # of newspaper B sold be \(b\).

Then:
\(r=\frac{a}{a + 1.25b}*100\) and \(p=\frac{a}{a+b}*100\) --> \(b=\frac{a}{p}*100-a=\frac{a(100-p)}{p}\) --> \(r=\frac{a}{a + 1.25*\frac{a(100-p)}{p}}*100\) --> reduce by \(a\) and simplify --> \(r=\frac{100p}{p+125-1.25p}=\frac{100p}{125-0.25p}\) --> multiply by 4/4 --> \(r=\frac{100p}{125-0.25p}=\frac{400p}{500-p}\).

Answer: D.



Hi Bunuel,

Can you please post some more questions to practice wherein we are supposed to express one item in terms of another.

I am facing real difficulty in solving such problems and they also get time consuming. I want to solidify my grasp on this topic. Thanks!
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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2017, 12:26
pikachu wrote:
udaymathapati wrote:
Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for $1.00 each and copies of Newspaper B for $1.25 each, and the store sold no other newspapers that day. If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A and if p percent of the newspapers that the store sold were copies of newspaper A, which of the following expresses r in terms of p?

A. 100p / (125 – p)
B. 150p / (250 – p)
C. 300p / (375 – p)
D. 400p / (500 – p)
E. 500p / (625 – p)


This problem can be easily solved by picking numbers. The explanation given in the OG can be very laborious.

Lets say the number of newspaper A sold = 20, so revenue from A = 20 and the number of newspaper sold from B = 80, so revenue from B = 100. Now total revenue =120 out of which 20 came from A. So

r (A) = 20/120 = 1/6 = 16.7% and p (A) = 20/100 *100 = 20

A) 100*20/(125-20) -> Incorrect
B) 150*20/(250-20) -> Incorrect
C) 300*20/(375-20) -> Incorrect
D) 400*20/(500-20) = 8/48 = 1/6*100 = 16.7% - > Correct
E) 500*20/(625-20) -> Incorrect

So Ans D




This problem was definitely something to work on. I was able to understand it with Pikachu’s help, although, the calculations were not very clear (substitution of P in % and in Number).

So, I am going to try and put it in my own vision of explanation, using number pickings as suggested, since algebraic calculations is really long and seems very confusing to me. Please correct my mistakes.

So what we have here is:
Newspapers A sold – $1/piece
Newspaper B sold – $1.25/piece

r - % of revenue generated from A newspapers sales
p - % of A newspapers sold.

Let’s use a and b as numbers of A & B np sold.
a + b = a total number of newspapers sold.

% of something = (part/whole)*100%. => p = (a/(a+b))*100%

now r % = (Revenue of A/Revenue A + Revenue B)*100% =>
R(total) = RevenueA +RevenueB. (revenue = price * number of pieces sold)
Having price np A sold and 1$/piece and np B sold 1.25$/piece the formula is as follows:

R(total) =1$*a + 1.25$b or = a + 1.25b
r = (a/(a+1.25b))*100%

Now let’s use numbers:
20 np A sold
80 np B sold.

Total np sold = 100.
p (% of np A sold) = 20%
Total revenue R = (1$*20 + 1.25$*80) = 20 + 100 = 120$
r (% of revenue A sold) = (20$/120$)*100% = 16.7%

Now lest try and plug in the numbers. We are looking for r = 16.7%, the final result is to be multiplied to 100%. Also in numerator we will be p in % as 0.2, and denominator – we are using p – as a number – 20 (number of A newspapers sold in pieces and not in %)

(a) (100(pieces)*0.2)/(125(pieces) – 20(pieces)) = (20/105)*100 = 19% - incorrect
(b) (150*0.2)/(250 – 20) = 30/230 = 3/23 = 13% => incorrect
(c) (300*0.2)/(375 – 20) = 12/71 = 16,9 % (we are looking for 16,7%) => incorrect
(d) (400*0.2)/(500-20) = 1/6 = 16.7% - correct.
(e) (500*0.2)/(635 – 20) = 100/615 = 50/123 = 40%. => incorrect

Now let’s check it and pick other numbers:
40 np A sold
60 np B sold

Total np sold are 100. R total = 115$
p = 40%, 40 in $
r = 34.7% or ~ 35%.

(a) 100*0.4/(125 – 40) = 8/17= 47% => incorrect
(b) 150*0.4/(250 – 40) = 6/21 = 29% => incorrect
(c) 300*0.4/(375 – 40) = 24/17 ~ 36% (again close but incorrect)
(d) 400*0.4/(500 – 40) = 8/23 = 34.7% correct
(e) 500*0.4/(625 – 40) = 40/117 = 34%

Seems like D is a correct answer for both. Please correct me if I am making any errors in understanding the concept of how to approach this problem, since, the way I see it – it is a key to solving it in 2 minutes.

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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2017, 08:30
udaymathapati wrote:
Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for $1.00 each and copies of Newspaper B for $1.25 each, and the store sold no other newspapers that day. If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A and if p percent of the newspapers that the store sold were copies of newspaper A, which of the following expresses r in terms of p?

A. 100p/(125 – p)
B. 150p/(250 – p)
C. 300p/(375 – p)
D. 400p/(500 – p)
E. 500p/(625 – p)


This Q no doubt will take around 3 mins IF YOU KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING!
Anyway here's my approach -

Say there are total of 100 copies of A and B
Lets pick a nice number for p [Remember to check the options - all are multiples of 25] p = 50%.

No. of copies of A = 50; B = 50
Rev from A = 1$ * 50 = 50$
Rev from B = 1.25$ * 50 = 62.5$
[you could also pick a total as 1000 and avoid decimals - whichever suits best]

Total rev = 50 + 62.5 = 112.5
So r = 50/112.5 = 4/9 [both numerator and denom are multiples of 25 - easy to simplify.]

I just plugged it in D coz the denom is 500- p that will give me 450 and thought maybe it will yield me a 9 in denom. :-D
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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2017, 12:03
if we try to express Rev ratio in terms of price*#, we get -
r / (100-r) = 1*p / 1.25*(100-p)
solving this for r gets the answer r=400p/(500-p)

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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 17:50
udaymathapati wrote:
Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for $1.00 each and copies of Newspaper B for $1.25 each, and the store sold no other newspapers that day. If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A and if p percent of the newspapers that the store sold were copies of newspaper A, which of the following expresses r in terms of p?

A. 100p/(125 – p)
B. 150p/(250 – p)
C. 300p/(375 – p)
D. 400p/(500 – p)
E. 500p/(625 – p)


Answer: Option D

Check solution attached
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Sol.jpg
Sol.jpg [ 117.24 KiB | Viewed 252 times ]


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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2017, 20:26
Quote:
Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for $1.00 each and copies of Newspaper B for $1.25 each, and the store sold no other newspapers that day. If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A and if p percent of the newspapers that the store sold were copies of newspaper A, which of the following expresses r in terms of p?

A. 100p/(125 – p)
B. 150p/(250 – p)
C. 300p/(375 – p)
D. 400p/(500 – p)
E. 500p/(625 – p)


Hi,

Thought process: There are two ways to calculate the revenue of the newspaper A: 1. Direct revenue calculation, and 2. Using total revenue.

Let the number of the newspaper sold = 100
Attachment:
OG_Newspaper.jpg
OG_Newspaper.jpg [ 16.7 KiB | Viewed 215 times ]


Revenue from A = p --- (1)

If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A => \(\frac{(125 - 0.25p)*r}{100}\) --- (2)

From (1) and (2) we have following:

\(\frac{(125 - 0.25p)*r}{100} = p \Rightarrow r = \frac{100p}{125 - 0.25p} = \frac{400p}{500 - p}\)

Thanks.

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Re: Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2017, 06:57
for percent problem, try to pick a specific number, which is 100

suppose there is 100 coppies, so, there is p copies from A
there is 100-p copies from b
revenue from A is
1. p
revernue from B is
1.25 x (100-p)

r/100= p/ p+ 1.25(100-p)

very fast

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Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 09:13
You can use smart numbers here.

Because P is a percentage it is best to pick 100 for the total number of hypothetical newspaper sales. This allows us to transform the percentages into real numbers.

Let's make p =20 for ease. if p =20 then 1-p =80

Now let's apply the prices for newspapers A and B:
$1*20 + $1.25*80 = $20 + $100 = $120 this is the total revenue

p = Revenue A/ Total Revenue*100 = $20/$120*100 = 100/6

Looking at the answer choices we want a resulting denominator that is divisible by 6. Answer choices (A), (C) and (E) can be eliminated straightaway because they all have units digits of 5 which can never be divisible by 6. So we are down to (B) and (D). Looking at the denominator of (B) 250-20 =230 this is not divisible by 6! So the correct answer must be (D).

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Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2017, 21:47
udaymathapati wrote:
Last Sunday a certain store sold copies of Newspaper A for $1.00 each and copies of Newspaper B for $1.25 each, and the store sold no other newspapers that day. If r percent of the store’s revenues from newspaper sales was from Newspaper A and if p percent of the newspapers that the store sold were copies of newspaper A, which of the following expresses r in terms of p?


A. \(\frac{100p}{(125 – p)}\)

B. \(\frac{150p}{(250 – p)}\)

C. \(\frac{300p}{(375 – p)}\)

D. \(\frac{400p}{(500 – p)}\)

E. \(\frac{500p}{(625 – p)}\)



This problem is definitely confusing and can screw one up, especially at the beginning of the exam. The best way to solve is to plug in numbers and if one is rushing, the best answer would be D, i.e it contains multiples of \(4, 5 & 100.\)

Now, if we assume that\(r:p = 1:1\) then \(r=p=50\)
Then, B =\(\frac{125}{(125+100)}*100\) = \(\frac{500}{9}\) and \(A = \frac{400}{9}\)
Plug in this in the options and only D would suffice.
As I said earlier I would try D first as it contains similar numbers as derived above.
Plugging in B in D would give 50, hence D is the answer.

i.e \(\frac{400p}{(500 – p)}\) = \(400*\frac{500}{9}\) * \(\frac{9}{4000}\)
\(=50\)

Likewise plugging in 50 in D would give us \(A\), the contribution of \(r\), i.e \(\frac{400*50}{500-50}\)\(\)
\(=\frac{400}{9}\)

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