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Police captain: The chief of police has indicated

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Police captain: The chief of police has indicated  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 08:54
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

64% (01:51) correct 36% (02:05) wrong based on 163 sessions

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Police captain: The chief of police has indicated that gifts of cash or objects valued at more than $100 count as graft. However, I know with certainty that no officer in my precinct has ever taken such gifts, so the recent accusations of graft in my precinct are unfounded
The reasoning in the police captain's argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument

(A) bases a rebuttal of accusations of graft on knowledge about only a limited sample of officers
(B) fails to consider that there may be other instances of graft besides those indicated by the chief of police
(C) bases a claim about the actions of individuals on an appeal to the character of those individuals
(D) takes for granted that if the accusations of graft are unfounded, so is any accusation of corruption
(E) relies on a premise that contradicts the conclusion drawn in the argument
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Re: Police captain: The chief of police has indicated  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 10:01
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aurobindomahanty wrote:
Police captain: The chief of police has indicated that gifts of cash or objects valued at more than $100 count as graft. However, I know with certainty that no officer in my precinct has ever taken such gifts, so the recent accusations of graft in my precinct are unfounded
The reasoning in the police captain's argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument

(A) bases a rebuttal of accusations of graft on knowledge about only a limited sample of officers
(B) fails to consider that there may be other instances of graft besides those indicated by the chief of police
(C) bases a claim about the actions of individuals on an appeal to the character of those individuals
(D) takes for granted that if the accusations of graft are unfounded, so is any accusation of corruption
(E) relies on a premise that contradicts the conclusion drawn in the argument


BY POE it is B ..
A-- no where it is mentioned, study is based on limited sample of officers
B-hold
C-no where the character of any officer is pointed ..
D-"corruption "--no comparison as such.
E-..premise is not contradicting the conclusion .conclusion is based on premise.
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Re: Police captain: The chief of police has indicated  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 11:55
C is a trap; there is a common pattern that "appeal to authority/ expert".
In this question, B shows that pattern.
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Re: Police captain: The chief of police has indicated  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 14:25
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In B how do we assume that accusations were from the Chief of Police?
In the premise, Police Captain claims that with certainty that no officers involved in graft (through gifts that is) -- this should include all cases those accused and otherwise. Can we take this claim as a fact?


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Re: Police captain: The chief of police has indicated  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 17:07
sevenplusplus wrote:
In B how do we assume that accusations were from the Chief of Police?
In the premise, Police Captain claims that with certainty that no officers involved in graft (through gifts that is) -- this should include all cases those accused and otherwise. Can we take this claim as a fact?


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This error is very common. When you hear some one says:
The scientists say that.....
I have a book that says......
I read a newspaper that says......
I saw on TV.........
From my own experience, I think.......

Here is one gmat question showing the similar pattern, https://gmatclub.com/forum/brunhilda-ec ... 54629.html
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Re: Police captain: The chief of police has indicated  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 15:26
Police captain: The chief of police has indicated that gifts of cash or objects valued at more than $100 count as graft. However, I know with certainty that no officer in my precinct has ever taken such gifts, so the recent accusations of graft in my precinct are unfounded
The reasoning in the police captain's argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument

(A) bases a rebuttal of accusations of graft on knowledge about only a limited sample of officers the officer would kow how many officers work under him and the rebuttal must be based on the exact numbers and not just on some sample.
(B) fails to consider that there may be other instances of graft besides those indicated by the chief of police Correct answer
(C) bases a claim about the actions of individuals on an appeal to the character of those individuals the character of individuals is out of scope.
(D) takes for granted that if the accusations of graft are unfounded, so is any accusation of corruption Corruption comparison is out of scope.
(E) relies on a premise that contradicts the conclusion drawn in the argument
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Re: Police captain: The chief of police has indicated  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 10:48
I always struggle in question like this .
Please suggest how to tackle question like this .
I have seen many more questions of such kind on the forum .
Thanks in advance .
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Re: Police captain: The chief of police has indicated   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2017, 10:48
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