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Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some

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Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2012, 09:26
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Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?
The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.
The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.
The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.
The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.
The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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15 Apr 2012, 19:02
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Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?
A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.
--> FIRST PART IS WRONG

B)The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.
--> CORRECT

C)The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the
argument.
--> BOTH WRONG

D)The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.
--> SECOND WRONG

E)The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.
--> FIRST PART WRONG

Hope this helps..!!
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16 Apr 2012, 06:05
I think its B. I was contemplating between B and C and finally choose B. The first bold face undermines the alternate proposal. The second supports the claim
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17 Apr 2012, 02:06
The main cliam of the argument is "A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere"

The second part supports the claim. The first part undermines the alternative proposal.

IMO B
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2013, 06:37
(1) PROPOSAL/MAIN POINT: A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. - As you can see, the proposal and the main point are not the bolded sentences... Eliminate A , D, and E

(2) Both bolded sentences work together and are not against each other. - Eliminate C

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?
The first is the main pointof the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.
The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.
The first is a premise that contradictsthe main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.
The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.
The first is a conclusionthat the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.[/quote]

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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2013, 04:30
Only one doubt in (B).However, it is the best option.

These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere.

How the portion in red undermines the alternative to analyst's proposal.

IMHO, it only undermines past proposals and not the alternative plans.

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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2013, 16:01
Hello,

Let us analyze you statement "IMHO, it only undermines past proposals and not the alternative plans" part by part. Let us first see whether the statement in red in undermining past proposals.

Note the words "the government proposes". This implies that the government is proposing or these plans. However, the writer suggests that these plans that are being currently proposed have been tried before and failed at that time. By giving this reference to the past, the writer is undermining the present proposal of the government. Hence, the past proposals are not being undermined. Instead the present proposals are being undermined by using the examples from past.

This proposal is different when compared to the analyst's proposals and hence can be said to be an alternative proposal too.

Hope this clears your doubts. Let me know in case of any issues/concerns.

targetgmatchotu wrote:
Only one doubt in (B).However, it is the best option.

These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere.

How the portion in red undermines the alternative to analyst's proposal.

IMHO, it only undermines past proposals and not the alternative plans.

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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2016, 05:59
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some   [#permalink] 30 Nov 2016, 05:59
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