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# Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f

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Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2012, 09:26
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56% (02:18) correct 44% (02:18) wrong based on 995 sessions

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Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?

(A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.

(B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.

(C) The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.

(D) The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.

(E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.

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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2015, 00:03
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country’s governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country’s wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?

A. The first is the main point of the analyst’s argument; the second is a premise that supports the first.

B. The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst’s proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst’s main claim.

C. The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.

D. The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.

E. The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 Sep 2017, 01:42
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8
Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?

(A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.

(B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.

(C) The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.

(D) The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.

(E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.

Originally posted by qtrip on 22 Apr 2012, 10:25.
Last edited by hazelnut on 17 Sep 2017, 01:42, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
##### General Discussion
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2012, 19:02
2
1
Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?
A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.
--> FIRST PART IS WRONG

B)The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.
--> CORRECT

C)The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the
argument.
--> BOTH WRONG

D)The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.
--> SECOND WRONG

E)The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.
--> FIRST PART WRONG

Hope this helps..!!
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2012, 06:05
I think its B. I was contemplating between B and C and finally choose B. The first bold face undermines the alternate proposal. The second supports the claim
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2012, 02:06
The main cliam of the argument is "A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere"

The second part supports the claim. The first part undermines the alternative proposal.

IMO B
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 10:34
2
Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?

A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.

B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.
Correct: I'll go with this one. The premise is that the previous plan was not effective. The analyst's proposal is the population sharing in wealth and decisions. The alternative to the analyst's proposal is wide range financial incentives, but the premise of them being tried before and being ineffective undermines the government's plan to try again.

C) The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.

D) The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 10:40
IMO B by POE.
The second BL is a premise supporting the conclusion or the main solution/claim,which is "A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere". Thus to save time, we need not to even check about the first BL.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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08 May 2012, 13:03
Hi, I am still confused can you please explain why its not E...
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 03:11
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B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim. - Correct Option

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.

The passage speaks about two different plan of actions. First one bombed which led the author to state that the measures been tried but to little avail.
Second plan (A better Plan) is an alternative provided by the author which is sure to bring in the desired effect.
First bold statement is not a conclusion but premise that takes neutral stand to the actual conclusion.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 04:30
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Trying to stay focuse on

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.

The first is NOT a conclusion because the passage says : These are positive measures, (doing financial incentives, investments and so on) BUT but they have been tried before, to little avail
so this is not a conclusion but something that going in a counter direction, in contrast with something said before. The plan before has tried to do something but has failed

The conclusion: A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. The following sentence starts with: If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result.

This statement is NOT against conclusion, but support the main claim of the argument that says to improve country's governance.

You have to stay on the look out of key words.

Hope is useful my explanation.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 10:08
B is what i got..
First bold face undermines the author's statement as it says that the strategy was earlier applied but failed.
Second bold face suggests an alternative to fulfill the objective.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 11:29
Tough one and I cannot determine the conclusion of the argument. However, after reading Swoosh617's reasoning, I found how to approach to choice B that is correct.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 14:34
Swoosh617 wrote:
Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?

A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.

B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.
Correct: I'll go with this one. The premise is that the previous plan was not effective. The analyst's proposal is the population sharing in wealth and decisions. The alternative to the analyst's proposal is wide range financial incentives, but the premise of them being tried before and being ineffective undermines the government's plan to try again.

C) The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.

D) The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.

This is a pretty good breakdown. One thing I would encourage test-takers to do is build a very good understanding of the passage before considering the answers. Swoosh617's explanation about Point B is a great way of doing that.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 02:54
May visit the below mentioned link for further clarification:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/pol ... 10823.html
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2012, 06:46
Hey All,

Would anyone agree that this line is the overall conclusion of the paragraph?

A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2012, 06:25
surely cmcaboy . .thats the conclusion . second premise for this conclusion
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2013, 06:37
(1) PROPOSAL/MAIN POINT: A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. - As you can see, the proposal and the main point are not the bolded sentences... Eliminate A , D, and E

(2) Both bolded sentences work together and are not against each other. - Eliminate C

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?
The first is the main pointof the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.
The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.
The first is a premise that contradictsthe main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.
The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.
The first is a conclusionthat the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.[/quote]

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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2013, 04:30
Only one doubt in (B).However, it is the best option.

These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere.

How the portion in red undermines the alternative to analyst's proposal.

IMHO, it only undermines past proposals and not the alternative plans.

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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f  [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2013, 16:01
Hello,

Let us analyze you statement "IMHO, it only undermines past proposals and not the alternative plans" part by part. Let us first see whether the statement in red in undermining past proposals.

Note the words "the government proposes". This implies that the government is proposing or these plans. However, the writer suggests that these plans that are being currently proposed have been tried before and failed at that time. By giving this reference to the past, the writer is undermining the present proposal of the government. Hence, the past proposals are not being undermined. Instead the present proposals are being undermined by using the examples from past.

This proposal is different when compared to the analyst's proposals and hence can be said to be an alternative proposal too.

Hope this clears your doubts. Let me know in case of any issues/concerns.

targetgmatchotu wrote:
Only one doubt in (B).However, it is the best option.

These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere.

How the portion in red undermines the alternative to analyst's proposal.

IMHO, it only undermines past proposals and not the alternative plans.

Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that f   [#permalink] 02 Mar 2013, 16:01

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