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Intern  Joined: 18 Jul 2009
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Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 59% (02:19) correct 41% (02:52) wrong based on 891 sessions

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Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A. 54
B. 432
C. 2,160
D. 2,916
E. 148,824

Originally posted by hrish88 on 09 Jan 2010, 04:50.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Jul 2013, 00:17, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question and added the OA
Math Expert V
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Posts: 60480

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hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A.54

B.432

C.2160

D.2916

E.148,824

i ve got it right.but this problem is very time consuming.can anyone suggest shorter method

We have the rectangle with dimensions 9*6 (9 horizontal dots and 6 vertical). AB is parallel to y-axis and AC is parallel to x-axis.

Choose the (x,y) coordinates for vertex A: 9C1*6C1;
Choose the x coordinate for vertex C (as y coordinate is fixed by A): 8C1, (9-1=8 as 1 horizontal dot is already occupied by A);
Choose the y coordinate for vertex B (as x coordinate is fixed by A): 5C1, (6-1=5 as 1 vertical dot is already occupied by A).

9C1*6C*8C1*5C1=2160.

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Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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7
Slightly different way of thinking:

On the 9x6 grid of possibilities, I can imagine a bunch of rectangles (with sides parallel to x and y axes). Each of these rectangles contains 4 triangles that fit the description of the question stem.

therefore:

Answer = ( # of Rectangles I can make on the grid) x 4

To create the rectangle, I need to pick 2 points on the x direction, and 2 points on the y direction. Therefore:

Answer = C(9,2) * C(6,2) * 4 = 36 * 15 * 4 = 2160 (OPTION C)
##### General Discussion
Intern  Joined: 18 Jul 2009
Posts: 26

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Bunuel wrote:
hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A.54

B.432

C.2160

D.2916

E.148,824

i ve got it right.but this problem is very time consuming.can anyone suggest shorter method

We have the square with dimensions 9*6(9 horizontal dots and 6 vertical). AB is parallel to y-axis and AC is parallel to x-axis.

Choose the (x,y) coordinates for vertex A: 9C1*6C1;
Choose the x coordinate for vertex C (as y coordinate is fixed by A): 8C1, (9-1=8 as 1 horizontal dot is already occupied by A);
Choose the y coordinate for vertex B (as x coordinate is fixed by A): 5C1, (6-1=5 as 1 vertical dot is already occupied by A).

9C1*6C*8C1*5C1=2160.

OA is C.very nice explanation.you rock man as always.
Manager  Joined: 07 Aug 2010
Posts: 50

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Bunuel wrote:
hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A.54

B.432

C.2160

D.2916

E.148,824

i ve got it right.but this problem is very time consuming.can anyone suggest shorter method

We have the rectangle with dimensions 9*6 (9 horizontal dots and 6 vertical). AB is parallel to y-axis and AC is parallel to x-axis.

Choose the (x,y) coordinates for vertex A: 9C1*6C1;
Choose the x coordinate for vertex C (as y coordinate is fixed by A): 8C1, (9-1=8 as 1 horizontal dot is already occupied by A);
Choose the y coordinate for vertex B (as x coordinate is fixed by A): 5C1, (6-1=5 as 1 vertical dot is already occupied by A).

9C1*6C*8C1*5C1=2160.

Good one. +1 for it. Hope I didn't mess it up.

so what about the triangles that look like the mirror images of the ones above? - think, switching the co-ords of A and C along x axis and switching A and B along y axis....
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 60480

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BlitzHN wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A.54

B.432

C.2160

D.2916

E.148,824

i ve got it right.but this problem is very time consuming.can anyone suggest shorter method

We have the rectangle with dimensions 9*6 (9 horizontal dots and 6 vertical). AB is parallel to y-axis and AC is parallel to x-axis.

Choose the (x,y) coordinates for vertex A: 9C1*6C1;
Choose the x coordinate for vertex C (as y coordinate is fixed by A): 8C1, (9-1=8 as 1 horizontal dot is already occupied by A);
Choose the y coordinate for vertex B (as x coordinate is fixed by A): 5C1, (6-1=5 as 1 vertical dot is already occupied by A).

9C1*6C*8C1*5C1=2160.

so what about the triangles that look like the mirror images of the ones above? - think, switching the co-ords of A and C along x axis and switching A and B along y axis....

Above solution counts all position:

AC and CA;

A
B
and
B
A;

For example point C with 8C1 can be placed to the right as well to the left of A and point B with 5C1 can be placed below as well as above of A. So all cases are covered.

More here: arithmetic-og-question-88380.html?hilit=dimensions

Hope it helps.
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C.

I am not sure if this approach is correct. I used Elimination. There can be only 5 possible values of C if we fix A. So the number of triangles possible has to be multiple of 5. The only answer that satisfies the criterion is C.
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Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A. 54
B. 432
C. 2,160
D. 2,916
E. 148,824

First, get the integer points available for x-axis: 2 - (-6) + 1 = 9
Second, get the interger points available for y-axis: 9-4+1 = 6

How many ways to select the location of line AB in the x-axis? 9
How many ways to select the location of point C in the x-axis? 8 (Note: we cannot select the location of line AB)
How many ways to select the location of the base? 2 (Is it BC or AB?)
How many ways to position line AB parallel to y axis? 6!/2!4! = 15

Multiple all that:$$9*8*2*15 = 2,160$$

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Bunuel wrote:
hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A.54

B.432

C.2160

D.2916

E.148,824

i ve got it right.but this problem is very time consuming.can anyone suggest shorter method

We have the rectangle with dimensions 9*6 (9 horizontal dots and 6 vertical). AB is parallel to y-axis and AC is parallel to x-axis.

Choose the (x,y) coordinates for vertex A: 9C1*6C1;
Choose the x coordinate for vertex C (as y coordinate is fixed by A): 8C1, (9-1=8 as 1 horizontal dot is already occupied by A);
Choose the y coordinate for vertex B (as x coordinate is fixed by A): 5C1, (6-1=5 as 1 vertical dot is already occupied by A).

9C1*6C*8C1*5C1=2160.

Hi Bunuel ,

That was a fantastic solution , but i have a small doubt . How do we ensure that by selecting points in this way the properties of a triangle are satisfied always . Could there be some points through which we cannot even form a triangle leave alone right angled triangle. I hope i am clear in my question .
Math Expert V
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venkat18290 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A.54

B.432

C.2160

D.2916

E.148,824

i ve got it right.but this problem is very time consuming.can anyone suggest shorter method

We have the rectangle with dimensions 9*6 (9 horizontal dots and 6 vertical). AB is parallel to y-axis and AC is parallel to x-axis.

Choose the (x,y) coordinates for vertex A: 9C1*6C1;
Choose the x coordinate for vertex C (as y coordinate is fixed by A): 8C1, (9-1=8 as 1 horizontal dot is already occupied by A);
Choose the y coordinate for vertex B (as x coordinate is fixed by A): 5C1, (6-1=5 as 1 vertical dot is already occupied by A).

9C1*6C*8C1*5C1=2160.

Hi Bunuel ,

That was a fantastic solution , but i have a small doubt . How do we ensure that by selecting points in this way the properties of a triangle are satisfied always . Could there be some points through which we cannot even form a triangle leave alone right angled triangle. I hope i am clear in my question .

ANY 3 non-collinear points on a plane form a triangle.
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Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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Bunuel... you're a freaking genius. Get a job with NASA already.
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Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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Another way of looking at the problem.
According to the given constraints, the co-ordinates have to be chosen this way :-
A(a,b) B(a,c) C(d,b) where a,b,c and d are arbitrary integers. If you check this satisfies the constraint that AB must be parallel to the Y-axis.
Drawing the triangle and rotating it will give you a rectangle whose sides will measure length= |b-c| and breadth= |a-d|.
This rectangle's area will be = |b-c| X |a-d|
Now after having realized this, you just have to choose values from the given ranges such that the area is always non-zero,
and this can be done in the following way,
!.
selecting a and d from the range [-6,2] which has 9 elements, derived as --> 2 - (-6) +1 = 9.

9C2 X 2 (2 because both a>d and d>a are permissible).

2. selecting b and c similarly
6C2 X 2.

3. Multiplying the two terms :-
9C2 X 6C2 X 2 X 2 = 2160. Kudos if you liked it.
Do have a look at this approach Bunuel Intern  Joined: 22 Jun 2013
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Bunuel wrote:
hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A.54

B.432

C.2160

D.2916

E.148,824

i ve got it right.but this problem is very time consuming.can anyone suggest shorter method

We have the rectangle with dimensions 9*6 (9 horizontal dots and 6 vertical). AB is parallel to y-axis and AC is parallel to x-axis.

Choose the (x,y) coordinates for vertex A: 9C1*6C1;
Choose the x coordinate for vertex C (as y coordinate is fixed by A): 8C1, (9-1=8 as 1 horizontal dot is already occupied by A);
Choose the y coordinate for vertex B (as x coordinate is fixed by A): 5C1, (6-1=5 as 1 vertical dot is already occupied by A).

9C1*6C*8C1*5C1=2160.

Kudos Bunuel. Nice explanation.
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Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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Making a rough diagram for the axis helps.
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Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A. 54
B. 432
C. 2,160
D. 2,916
E. 148,824

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Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A.54

B.432

C.2160

D.2916

E.148,824

i ve got it right.but this problem is very time consuming.can anyone suggest shorter method

We have the rectangle with dimensions 9*6 (9 horizontal dots and 6 vertical). AB is parallel to y-axis and AC is parallel to x-axis.

Choose the (x,y) coordinates for vertex A: 9C1*6C1;
Choose the x coordinate for vertex C (as y coordinate is fixed by A): 8C1, (9-1=8 as 1 horizontal dot is already occupied by A);
Choose the y coordinate for vertex B (as x coordinate is fixed by A): 5C1, (6-1=5 as 1 vertical dot is already occupied by A).

9C1*6C*8C1*5C1=2160.

Hi @bunnel ,
I have a doubt.
If AB is parallel to Y-axis, how can we count X=0 as a possibility for vertex A?
If X=0, when vertex A lies of the Y-axis and therefore, AB can't be parallel to Y-axis..
With this in mind, I got 8*6 possibilities for vertex A.

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Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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ganeshvenugopal wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A.54

B.432

C.2160

D.2916

E.148,824

i ve got it right.but this problem is very time consuming.can anyone suggest shorter method

We have the rectangle with dimensions 9*6 (9 horizontal dots and 6 vertical). AB is parallel to y-axis and AC is parallel to x-axis.

Choose the (x,y) coordinates for vertex A: 9C1*6C1;
Choose the x coordinate for vertex C (as y coordinate is fixed by A): 8C1, (9-1=8 as 1 horizontal dot is already occupied by A);
Choose the y coordinate for vertex B (as x coordinate is fixed by A): 5C1, (6-1=5 as 1 vertical dot is already occupied by A).

9C1*6C*8C1*5C1=2160.

Hi @bunnel ,
I have a doubt.
If AB is parallel to Y-axis, how can we count X=0 as a possibility for vertex A?
If X=0, when vertex A lies of the Y-axis and therefore, AB can't be parallel to Y-axis..
With this in mind, I got 8*6 possibilities for vertex A.

One definition says that parallel lines are lines that never intersect but they lack mentioning the fact that the lines should lie in one plane for it to happen.

Here the line is parallel to Y axis and Y-Axis is a direction while origin is just a point of reference from where the Y direction may be referenced so I believe that X=0 may be taken for the line which is parallel to Y-Axis.
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Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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Bunuel

Thank you for your solution. I have a question: How can we ensure that the sum of any 2 sides of the triangle is greater than the third side and that the length is greater than the difference between the lengths of the other 2 sides? Thank you!
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Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that  [#permalink]

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hrish88 wrote:
Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at A and AB is parallel to the y-axis. If the x- and y-coordinates of A, B, and C are to be integers that are consistent with the inequalities -6 ≤ x ≤ 2 and 4 ≤ y ≤ 9 , then how many different triangles can be drawn that will meet these conditions?

A. 54
B. 432
C. 2,160
D. 2,916
E. 148,824

A very simple solution that you can solve in less than 30 seconds. If you look at the answer choices and the ranges for the Y-coordinates
4 ≤ y ≤ 9

This means that there are 6 integers, and each side of a triangle has to take 2 points.
C(6,2) = 15

Because 15 is a multiple of 5, the answer choice has to end with a 0 or 5.

Only C does so Re: Right triangle ABC is to be drawn in the xy-plane so that   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2019, 20:34
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