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The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2009, 14:12

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The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humorous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London. (A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning (B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning (C) that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, and it earned (D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning (E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned A _________________

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humorous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London. (A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning (B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning (C) that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, and it earned (D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning (E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned A

Using POE, I am going to go with B.

Alternatively, you can rearrange the sentence also to see what makes sense. The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London as a humorous example of income maldistribution.

I think we will need to use simple past tense since both the activities happened at the same time in the past. And we will need to use that to introduce a sub clause. So I think its A. What is OA?

I vote for 'A'. 'B' is incorrect because, "...that the elephant, giving ride (present continuous) to children at the Wipsnade zoo, had been earning (past perfect continuous)...", problem of the tenses. the other options can be eliminated easily.
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I vote for 'A'. 'B' is incorrect because, "...that the elephant, giving ride (present continuous) to children at the Wipsnade zoo, had been earning (past perfect continuous)...", problem of the tenses. the other options can be eliminated easily.

aknine, I don't think this should be a reason for elimination of option B.

The time frame of the incident is set by had been earning. If you rephrase, you will get a sentence that says something like The elephant earned more... by giving rides. This is perfectly right. The only problem with the option B is the usage of 'had'

My rephrased sentence should have read something like The elephant had earned more... by giving rides

That's the flaw! If a sentence is constructed to convey that two incidents occurred in the past, to make sure that the sentence conveys the chronological order of the occurrence, had is used. In this SC, had is clearly unnecessary
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The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humorous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London. (A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning (B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning (C) that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, and it earned (D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning (E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned A

clear A. you need 'that' after 'elephant' to make it restricted clause.

Well, paneer, what I meant was, the reason 'B' is not the correct answer is because of the way it is framed. It says- "...that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning..." which conveys that, either the elephant has now retired and is not giving any rides to children anymore or, his income is now less than that of activist. which is not what is being implied, just an example is being stated here that, at some point in time, the elephant at the zoo was earning what she earned as a director in London ('A' clearly states that)

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humorous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London. (A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning (B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning (C) that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, and it earned (D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning (E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned A

I choose A. The problem with option B is that way how "giving rides to children at the the Whipsnade Zoo was earning...." between the commas suggests that it is talking about ALL ELEPHANTS! Barbara is talking about a particular elephant, so you need to add "that" in order to specify a specific elephant. Option A remains

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humorous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London. (A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning (B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning (C) that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, and it earned (D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning (E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned A

clear A. you need 'that' after 'elephant' to make it restricted clause.

I do have a question though: doesn't the article "the" before elephant already indicates a specific elephant? Otherwise, the author could have said "an elephant that....." would you just explain why "the" isn't enough? thanks

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humorous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London. (A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning (B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning (C) that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, and it earned (D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning (E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned A

clear A. you need 'that' after 'elephant' to make it restricted clause.

IMO: A. Same reason. + noted .... that
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============================================== Do not answer without sharing the reasoning behind ur choice ----------------------------------------------------------- Working on my weakness : GMAT Verbal ------------------------------------------------------------ Ask: Why, What, How, When, Where, Who ==============================================