It is currently 13 Dec 2017, 22:37

Decision(s) Day!:

CHAT Rooms | Ross R1 | Kellogg R1 | Darden R1 | Tepper R1


Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

3 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Oct 2007
Posts: 116

Kudos [?]: 93 [3], given: 0

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Apr 2008, 10:28
3
This post received
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (00:59) correct 29% (01:10) wrong based on 656 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 258
Page: 694

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humurous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she earned as director of adult education for London.

(A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning
(B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning
(C) that there was an elephant giving rides to the children at the Whipsnade Zoo, and it earned
(D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning
(E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 93 [3], given: 0

4 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 01 Mar 2008
Posts: 39

Kudos [?]: 7 [4], given: 0

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Apr 2008, 08:50
4
This post received
KUDOS
Is "A" the correct answer? It looks like it to me. The original wording of the sentence is awkward, to be sure. But B through E all look even less correct.

One of the things I do with long phrases like this is to shorten them as much as possible. For this one, in my mind I eliminate "The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as" and "as director of adult education for London" to shorten the part of the sentence in question to:

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

This lets me focus on the only part that matters. It doesn't matter that Barbara's last name is Wootton or that she's a British sociologist and activist. It also doesn't matter that her former job was director of adult education for London. All of those extra words just make things more confusing, so I get rid of them.

Using the shortened, easier version of the sentence, we come up with the following when we plug in choices B through E:

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade zoo, and it earned annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

Does looking at it this way help any?

Kudos [?]: 7 [4], given: 0

CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2945

Kudos [?]: 677 [0], given: 210

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Apr 2008, 22:56
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A - can't see anything wrong with it. But all the others have at least one error.
namurad wrote:
The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humorous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London.

A. that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning

B. that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning

C. that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade zoo, and it earned

D. the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning

E. the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned

Kudos [?]: 677 [0], given: 210

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Oct 2007
Posts: 116

Kudos [?]: 93 [1], given: 0

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Apr 2008, 23:42
1
This post received
KUDOS
ParrotHead wrote:
Is "A" the correct answer? It looks like it to me. The original wording of the sentence is awkward, to be sure. But B through E all look even less correct.

One of the things I do with long phrases like this is to shorten them as much as possible. For this one, in my mind I eliminate "The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as" and "as director of adult education for London" to shorten the part of the sentence in question to:

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

This lets me focus on the only part that matters. It doesn't matter that Barbara's last name is Wootton or that she's a British sociologist and activist. It also doesn't matter that her former job was director of adult education for London. All of those extra words just make things more confusing, so I get rid of them.

Using the shortened, easier version of the sentence, we come up with the following when we plug in choices B through E:

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade zoo, and it earned annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

Does looking at it this way help any?


Thanks ParrotHead for that approach. I will surely keep it in mind next time when i come across a long SC. btw, whats wrong with B? isn't it better for ||ism? In fact i rejected A just for ||ism. I thought "was earning" is not || to "earned".

Last edited by namurad on 28 Apr 2008, 09:18, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 93 [1], given: 0

CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2945

Kudos [?]: 677 [0], given: 210

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Apr 2008, 23:44
+1 to parrothead for an awesome explanation :)

Kudos [?]: 677 [0], given: 210

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Jan 2010
Posts: 53

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 4

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Apr 2010, 15:25
A looks the better of the given options
However, I am not fully satisfied with A because "earned" and "was earning" are not parallel here....

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 4

1 KUDOS received
BSchool Thread Master
avatar
Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 390

Kudos [?]: 205 [1], given: 76

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 May 2010, 00:33
1
This post received
KUDOS
manoharpln wrote:
A looks the better of the given options
However, I am not fully satisfied with A because "earned" and "was earning" are not parallel here....


I think that there is no problem of parallelism here. Both verbs are in the past, and since the sentence is quoting what she said, then we need the phrase "she then earned", meaning what her salary was at the time she made the comparison.

Kudos [?]: 205 [1], given: 76

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1481

Kudos [?]: 1520 [0], given: 2

Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Aug 2010, 07:32
whats the diferrence between A and D?
thanks
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit


GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 1520 [0], given: 2

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Aug 2008
Posts: 181

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 11

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Aug 2010, 09:16
noboru wrote:
whats the diferrence between A and D?
thanks

If we consider D as an answer, the sentence becomes :
The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humorous example of income maldistribution
the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London.

there are two relative clauses
1.that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo
2. was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London.

and Barbara noted the elephant not its earning was exactly her earning which is wrong.

She actually noted that the elephant's earning was exactly her earning.

I think that clarifies your question.

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 11

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1481

Kudos [?]: 1520 [0], given: 2

Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Nov 2010, 05:32
OA is A.
Could anybody explain why A is better than D?
Thanks.
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit


GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 1520 [0], given: 2

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Jul 2010
Posts: 190

Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 15

Location: Prague
Schools: University of Economics Prague
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Nov 2010, 06:21
Se noted about sth that sth .... she noted that Elephant earned ... she couldn't note the elephant (make a notice to elephant). Therefore D is wrong.

noboru wrote:
OA is A.
Could anybody explain why A is better than D?
Thanks.

_________________

You want somethin', go get it. Period!

Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 15

Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4321

Kudos [?]: 8330 [0], given: 366

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Nov 2010, 10:36
D misses the important introducing phrase of the subordinate clause namely ' that' and hence is wrong
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8330 [0], given: 366

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 13 Jul 2010
Posts: 162

Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 7

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Nov 2010, 14:56
noboru wrote:
OA is A.
Could anybody explain why A is better than D?
Thanks.


D is incorrect because it is missing the "that" which is required because this was noted as an example. When That is omitted you have an awkward construction with no real setup for the example Barbara sets out to cite.

Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 7

2 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4321

Kudos [?]: 8330 [2], given: 366

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Nov 2010, 08:54
2
This post received
KUDOS
Looking from another angle IMO, the simple clue here is that the use of ‘giving’ is utterly wrong because it gives a notion that the elephant is at the moment giving rides. There is no escape from using the phrase “that gave rides” to describe the elephant since the whole setting is in the past tense. Hence, let us kick out B, C and E, leaving just A and D. On the face of it, D is wrong because it is missing the 'that' after the conjunction ‘and’ thus missing parallelism. You are left with just A which avoids the parallelism issue by dropping the conjunction 'and' converting the two clauses into one relative clause. Have a happy ride on A

Mine is just an extension to ParrotHead’s thoughts.

Parrothead: You deserve my kudos
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8330 [2], given: 366

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1481

Kudos [?]: 1520 [0], given: 2

Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Dec 2010, 12:27
daagh wrote:
Looking from another angle IMO, the simple clue here is that the use of ‘giving’ is utterly wrong because it gives a notion that the elephant is at the moment giving rides. There is no escape from using the phrase “that gave rides” to describe the elephant since the whole setting is in the past tense. Hence, let us kick out B, C and E, leaving just A and D. On the face of it, D is wrong because it is missing the 'that' after the conjunction ‘and’ thus missing parallelism. You are left with just A which avoids the parallelism issue by dropping the conjunction 'and' converting the two clauses into one relative clause. Have a happy ride on A

Mine is just an extension to ParrotHead’s thoughts.

Parrothead: You deserve my kudos


I think that the second that in D is actually not needed, so for me there is no lack of ||.
So you are saying that if D were: the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that was earning
you would put your money with D?

Please elaborate.
thanks in advance.
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit


GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 1520 [0], given: 2

2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2010
Posts: 620

Kudos [?]: 286 [2], given: 51

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2011, 23:19
2
This post received
KUDOS
10
This post was
BOOKMARKED
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 258
Page: 694

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humurous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she earned as director of adult education for London.

(A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning
(B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning
(C) that there was an elephant giving rides to the children at the Whipsnade Zoo, and it earned
(D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning
(E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned
_________________

What is of supreme importance in war is to attack the enemy's strategy.

Kudos [?]: 286 [2], given: 51

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Jan 2011
Posts: 59

Kudos [?]: 23 [1], given: 20

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2011, 23:57
1
This post received
KUDOS
option B - unncessary use of past perfect
C - passive voive
Use of and in D and E distorts meaning, the first part of the snetence is related to the 2nd part.

A does this clearly
_________________

The only place where success comes before work is in the dictionary.

If my post made you think, KUDO it. Its easy :D

Kudos [?]: 23 [1], given: 20

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2010
Posts: 620

Kudos [?]: 286 [0], given: 51

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Mar 2011, 05:32
can anyone please explain why 'was earning' is correct and had been earning is incorrect. i was confused between a and b.
_________________

What is of supreme importance in war is to attack the enemy's strategy.

Kudos [?]: 286 [0], given: 51

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Jul 2010
Posts: 253

Kudos [?]: 103 [1], given: 9

GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Mar 2011, 06:11
1
This post received
KUDOS
I beleive had been earning is incorrect because we cannot comment if he earned same in past and now. Director earned (simple past) so we shoul maintain same tense.

I felt was earning was wrong. I was trying to get 'earned' in right answer choice. Can someone exaplin how 'was earning is correct'
_________________

If you like my post, consider giving me some KUDOS !!!!! Like you I need them

Kudos [?]: 103 [1], given: 9

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Jan 2011
Posts: 59

Kudos [?]: 23 [1], given: 20

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Mar 2011, 07:46
1
This post received
KUDOS
if past perfect had to be used here, it shud have been of the form had + past participle (not had been earning).
aslo when u look at b it is giving rdes..had been earning, when ideally both shud have happened at the same time, rides and earning?

this is my reasoning and im not an expert by any means, so please use ur discretion and let me knw if im missing anythng :D
garimavyas wrote:
can anyone please explain why 'was earning' is correct and had been earning is incorrect. i was confused between a and b.

_________________

The only place where success comes before work is in the dictionary.

If my post made you think, KUDO it. Its easy :D

Kudos [?]: 23 [1], given: 20

Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h   [#permalink] 02 Mar 2011, 07:46

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 56 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.