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The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h

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The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2008, 11:28
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 258
Page: 694

The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humurous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she earned as director of adult education for London.

(A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning
(B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning
(C) that there was an elephant giving rides to the children at the Whipsnade Zoo, and it earned
(D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning
(E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2008, 09:50
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Is "A" the correct answer? It looks like it to me. The original wording of the sentence is awkward, to be sure. But B through E all look even less correct.

One of the things I do with long phrases like this is to shorten them as much as possible. For this one, in my mind I eliminate "The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as" and "as director of adult education for London" to shorten the part of the sentence in question to:

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

This lets me focus on the only part that matters. It doesn't matter that Barbara's last name is Wootton or that she's a British sociologist and activist. It also doesn't matter that her former job was director of adult education for London. All of those extra words just make things more confusing, so I get rid of them.

Using the shortened, easier version of the sentence, we come up with the following when we plug in choices B through E:

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade zoo, and it earned annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was earning annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

"A humorous example of income maldistribution [was] the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it earned annually exactly what [Barbara] then earned."

Does looking at it this way help any?
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Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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Looking from another angle IMO, the simple clue here is that the use of ‘giving’ is utterly wrong because it gives a notion that the elephant is at the moment giving rides. There is no escape from using the phrase “that gave rides” to describe the elephant since the whole setting is in the past tense. Hence, let us kick out B, C and E, leaving just A and D. On the face of it, D is wrong because it is missing the 'that' after the conjunction ‘and’ thus missing parallelism. You are left with just A which avoids the parallelism issue by dropping the conjunction 'and' converting the two clauses into one relative clause. Have a happy ride on A

Mine is just an extension to ParrotHead’s thoughts.

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Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2013, 02:57
What are the errors in B? Its between A and B
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Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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fozzzy wrote:
What are the errors in B? Its between A and B


The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a humorous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she then earned as director of adult education for London.


B. that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had been earning:::
putting a comma before giving rides to children....==>makes it a non essential modifier...but according to meaning BARBARA is comparing his income with income of of ONLY those elephants THAT gave ride to children....and not with other types of elephants income....so use of THAT is necessary to make it essential modifier.

moreover use of HAD BEEN is wrong...PAST PERFECT TENSE IS USED TO DIFFERENTIATE the time difference.
now when BARBARA NOTED......that time elephant was earning Income....so both action was happening same time...hence use of simple past is correct and not past perfec
t

hope it helps
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Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2014, 11:23
We need "that" to start the underline: Wootton noted (the fact) that something is true. Eliminate D and E.

C is passive and separates the two clauses by an "and" when we are actually trying to draw a connection there. Eliminate.

B has a tense problem (had been earning - this should be the simple past like the other verbs in the sentence). In addition, the "giving rides" modifier implies something going on while it's giving rides, but that's not the correct meaning.

The correct meaning is exhibited by A: "the elephant that gave rides" - which elephant? The one that gave rides to kids.

A is correct.
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Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2016, 05:55
can someone explain why it should not be earned
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Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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achintsodhi wrote:
can someone explain why it should not be earned


Suppose an action (action1) took place at a particular time in the past. Suppose another action ( action 2) was happening in the background when action 1 took place, i.e. action 2 started before action 1 took place, action 2 was simultaneously happening when action 1 took place and action 2 continued to happen for some time after action 1 took place.

In such case, action 1 is depicted by simple past and action 2 is depicted by past continuous. e.g.:

The cat jumped from the wall when it was raining.

In the subject question

Action 1: noted
Action 2: was earning

The earning started before the noting took place, earning was occurring simultaneously when noting took place, and earning continued to happen for some time after noting took place. Therefore past continuous is better than simple past to depict earning.
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Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2016, 11:10
Not clear why had been is wrong .. :?
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Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2016, 01:43
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shonakshi wrote:
Not clear why had been is wrong .. :?


The use of past perfect continuous " had been earning" would indicate that the "earning" of the elephant was hapenning BEFORE the "earning" of Barbara Wootton, which is not the case.
Re: The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a h   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2016, 01:43
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