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The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hou

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The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hou  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Sep 2019, 11:10
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The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hours each week, the fewer sick days they take. Even employees who exercise only once a week during working hours take less sick time than those who do not exercise. Therefore, if companies started fitness programs, the absentee rate in those companies would decrease significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Employees who exercise during working hours occasionally fall asleep for short periods of time after they exercise.

(B) Employees who are frequently absent are the least likely to cooperate with or join a cooperate fitness program.

(C) Employees who exercise only once a week in their company's fitness program usually also exercise after work.

(D) Employees who exercise in their company's fitness program use their working time no more productively than those who do not exercise.

(E) Employees who exercise during working hour take slightly longer lunch breaks than employees who do not exercise.

CR13661.01

Originally posted by fozzzy on 14 Jul 2013, 07:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 22 Sep 2019, 11:10, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hou  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2013, 08:11
fozzzy wrote:
The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hours each week, the fewer sick days they take. Even employees who exercise only once a week during working hours take less sick time than those who do not exercise. Therefore, if companies started fitness programs, the absentee rate in those companies would decrease significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Employees who excercise during working hours occasionally fall asleep for short periods of time after they exercise.
B. Employees who are frequently absent are the least likely to cooperate with or join a coooperate fitness program.
C. Employees who exercise only once a week in their company's fitness program usually also exercise after work.
D. Employees who exercise in their company's fitness program use their working time no more productively than those who do not exercise.
E. Employees who exercise during working hour take slightly longer lunch breaks than employees who do not exercise.


Can someone please provide a detailed analysis on this question. Thanks


hi,

conclusion: if companies started fitness programs, the absentee rate in those companies would decrease significantly.

we have to weaken ..hence we can show....the decrease if there any ..will not be SIGNIFICANT.

A. Employees who excercise during working hours occasionally fall asleep for short periods of time after they exercise.==>
falling asleep in after exercise==>doesnt affect absent rate.

B. Employees who are frequently absent are the least likely to cooperate with or join a coooperate fitness program.
now this weakens==>to have a significant change ==>we have to improve this group health..but it is told that they are not going to co-operate...hence whatever change if any in absentees rate will not going to be significant...===>correct

C. Employees who exercise only once a week in their company's fitness program usually also exercise after work.==>we are not concerned about only one group of employess...we are concerned about the whole group absent rate.==>so this doesnt weakens.

D. Employees who exercise in their company's fitness program use their working time no more productively than those who do not exercise.==>we are not concerned about the productivity here...we are concerned only about ABSENTEE rate.==>hence incorrect

E. Employees who exercise during working hour take slightly longer lunch breaks than employees who do not exercise.===>lunch breaks doesnt affect absentee rate...out of scope==>incorrect.

hope it helps..
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Re: The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hou  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2013, 12:09
This is a weaken question so you first have to determine the conclusion of the argument. In this case of this argument, the conclusion is that if they start a program, absentee rate will decrease. The premise is that exercise reduces absentee time. The assumption of this argument is similar to many arguments and is one that assumes if you offer something, people will accept your offer. In order to weaken this type of assumption, you would need an answer that tends to prove that people will not likely accept the offer.

fozzzy wrote:

A. Employees who excercise during working hours occasionally fall asleep for short periods of time after they exercise. This answer speaks about sleep, which is not relevant to whether people will make use of the excercise class
B. Employees who are frequently absent are the least likely to cooperate with or join a coooperate fitness program.This answer tends to show that the group the company is trying to affect is not likely to use the program, and thus weakens them
C. Employees who exercise only once a week in their company's fitness program usually also exercise after work. This does not show whether employees would use the program
D. Employees who exercise in their company's fitness program use their working time no more productively than those who do not exercise. The question only discusses absentee rate, not productivity so this is irrelevant.
E. Employees who exercise during working hour take slightly longer lunch breaks than employees who do not exercise. [color=#ff0000]Similar to D, lunch breaks are irrelevant to whether people will use the program[/color]


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Re: The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hou  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2016, 09:45
B.
For A i held it after i read it first time.after reading B i thought had 2 contenders (b more weakening)

rest c,d and e i could easily eliminate.

After going to these choices again B seemed more hurting to the argument.It says employees are not going to join fitness programs who are are more frequently absent.
So this shows the rate of absentees is going to be same as before.
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Re: The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hou  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 19:08
The argument is that if companies started fitness programs, then the absentee rate in those companies would decrease significantly.
This is based on the fact that the more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hours each week, the fewer sick days they take; even if employees exercise only once a week during work hours.

However, the argument assumes that starting a fitness program would encourage participation in that program beyond the employees who already engage in physical activities on their on accord.

We are then asked to weaken the argument.
A - is incorrect as this is an after effect and it is irrelevant to the effectiveness of the program to reduce absenteeism
B - is correct as it underpins the flawed assumption made by the company. If existing absentee employees are also the least likely to cooperate/ join the program then the program won't be effective in reducing absenteeism
C - is incorrect because it is completely irrelevant.
D - is is irrelevant to whether the plan will reduce absenteeism
E - is irrelevant to whether the plan will reduce absenteeism
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Re: The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hou  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 11:11
fozzzy wrote:
The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hours each week, the fewer sick days they take. Even employees who exercise only once a week during working hours take less sick time than those who do not exercise. Therefore, if companies started fitness programs, the absentee rate in those companies would decrease significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Employees who exercise during working hours occasionally fall asleep for short periods of time after they exercise.

(B) Employees who are frequently absent are the least likely to cooperate with or join a cooperate fitness program.

(C) Employees who exercise only once a week in their company's fitness program usually also exercise after work.

(D) Employees who exercise in their company's fitness program use their working time no more productively than those who do not exercise.

(E) Employees who exercise during working hour take slightly longer lunch breaks than employees who do not exercise.

CR13661.01


Official Explanation

Argument Evaluation

The argument suggests that the greater the amount of time employees take to exercise during working hours, the fewer sick days these employees take. This is true even of employees who exercise just once a week during work hours.

Based on this evidence, the argument concludes that companies that start fitness programs will see a significant decrease in the absentee rate.

The question asks us to identify a serious weakness in the argument. The argument as stated does not address the following fundamental problem: the same employees who are frequently absent may also fail to make use of such a fitness program. If that is true, therefore, the evidence provided would give us little reason to believe that those who are currently frequently absent would be absent less often if such a program were implemented.

A. This answer choice may call into question the advisability of starting such a fitness program. That, however, is not what the argument's conclusion is about. The argument's conclusion states that company-run fitness programs will reduce absentee rates, but this choice tells us nothing about what effect, if any, such fitness programs would have on absentee rates.

B. Correct. The argument assumes that exercising during office hours will lead employees to be absent from work less frequently. However, this choice indicates that those who are frequently absent are the least likely to make use of a company fitness program. That could mean that these employees will use such fitness programs rarely, if at all. If so, we would have far less reason to believe that there would be a significant decline in the absentee rate if such a program were implemented.

C. This answer choice is outside the scope of the argument: we are not given any information about how exercise outside of work affects absentee rates.

D. This answer choice is outside the scope of the argument: the argument's conclusion is about absentee rates; the argument does not concern productivity.

E. This answer choice is outside the scope of the argument: there is no information to suggest any correlation between the length of lunch breaks and the use of fitness programs or the length of lunch breaks and rates of absence.

The correct answer is B.
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Re: The more frequently employees take time to exercise during working hou   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2019, 11:11
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