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# Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may

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Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2006, 22:21
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Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

(A) Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

(B) Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

(C) Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.

(D) When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.

(E) Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.
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11 Nov 2010, 20:00
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vibhutirs wrote:
Why not B?

"they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close."

because B implies that when they are viewed up close, they are composed of thousands of separate icy crystals. This is incorrect. They are composed of icy ringlets, no matter where you view them from. When you view up close, it only reveals their composition.
B has inaccurate meaning error.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 31 Dec 2013, 21:57
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Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

Prethinking: From a distance, Saturn's rings appear to be smooth and continuous. But when you view them closely, they appear as separate icy ringlets.

A. Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
Usage of though is wrong. 'Though' translates to 'inspite of the fact that' and, it must be followed by a noun/noun phrase.
Second issue. 'when' is acting as a conjunction which means 'at the time of' or 'in the event that'. So, the meaning is something like 'when you view up close, they are composed of thousands of icy ringlets. The fact is, irrespective of your viewing, Saturn's rings are always composed of icy ringlets.. Just that they appear different.

Consider,
1. 'if' you view them up close, they are composed of thousands of icy ringlets
2. 'when' you view them up close, they are composed of thousands of icy ringlets

3. 'when' you view them up close, they appear as composed of thousands of icy ringlets.

B. Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
Usage of though is fine. But the 'in fact ... when ... composed of' issue is not resolved.

C. Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
Has the issues present in A

D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
usage of 'but' to bring a contrast/opposing viewpoint, and the two standalone(independent) clauses properly connected by 'but', make this a good choice. Also, 'closer viewing reveals the rings to be composed of thousands of icy ringlets' is logically correct.

E. Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.
Has the issues present in A
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Originally posted by sivasanjeev on 31 Dec 2013, 03:16.
Last edited by sivasanjeev on 31 Dec 2013, 21:57, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2006, 22:41
Is it B?

parallelism and correct modifier
...appear smooth... when viewed from a distance
... composed of ....when viewed upclose

A - Incorrect modifier - seems like Saturn's rings viewed themselves
D - closer viewing ...them ... don't like the ing form and them
E - weird sentence.... if viewed upclose..

Not able to refute C, but somehow seems awkward.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2006, 03:02
cool_jonny009 wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

a) Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
b) Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
c) Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
d) When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
e) Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

A similiar problem is also stated in the document Dahiya provided. In B when is wrong since it is illogocal (red part).

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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2006, 20:39
b) Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close. -- refers to the icy ringlets viewed up close as opposed to the rings.

c) Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
-------------- though introducing a clause doesn't seem right.

cool_jonny009 wrote:
lhotseface,

you got it ...OA is D .

pls explain !!!
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2006, 07:45
lhotseface,

why u think that "though" is not right in C. As its a right "conjuction" and is connecting two phrases..

Also in D can you please explain why "but closer viewing" is right.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2006, 14:39
Whether you view them from distance or from close, fact will remain a fact and the fact is that the rings are composed of ...

B and C distort the above meaning. D communicates it clearly.
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10 Nov 2010, 04:14
@Reshma: From what it looks, the entire passage is to be underlined I suppose, in contrast to the part - underlining given in the text. This makes a significant difference to the concept of Sentence correction in GMAT, wherein we are supposed to take the non - underlined portion, per se, as correct.

Secondly the author’s reasoning that choice is A is not correct, because it repeats the original, is erroneous. A is not right because it has some error but not because of repetition. In fact aren’t all A choices invariably repeats of the original? But a good one-fifth of them may contain no error and hence will be the right answers. How did the original miss this?

However, this doesn’t in any way divert the debate on the usage of although vs. when or close viewing vs. viewed close up.

Am I right?
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10 Nov 2010, 20:01
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OA is D.

I chose B on the practice exam.

B: 'composed of thousands of icy ringlets when viewd up close' suggests that viewing up close changed the property of the Saturn's rings.

D: I thought that 'reveals them to be composed of' was unnessary and wordy, but D conveys the meaning correctly and avoids appears 'to be'. Appear (o) vs Appears to be (x redundant)

A lot of 700+ questions seem to play with meaning rather than grammar.
These questions are absolutely devastating in a real exam as you have much less time to think.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 09:55
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cool_jonny009 wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

a) Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
b) Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
c) Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
d) When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
e) Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

i pick B here. as far i know though is followed by a clause. A is out. c is just convoluted and wordy. the intended meaning is just reversed in D. though and if are unnecessarily used in the same clause. please correct my reasoning. i will be glad to you
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 12:21
shailu22 wrote:
Whether you view them from distance or from close, fact will remain a fact and the fact is that the rings are composed of ...

B and C distort the above meaning. D communicates it clearly.

This is what I was thinking. "...they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close." implies logically that when not viewed up close they are not composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets. We can infer that this is not the intended meaning.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 13:08
After reading sentence, we can see that it's decent, but "when viewed up close" and "in fact" aren't both needed.

- So eliminate A
- Eliminate B for same reason
- Eliminate C for same reason
- Eliminate E for poor structure

:. D
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 16:35
Vineetk wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

A. Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
B. Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
C. Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
E. Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

I chose C but the answer shows D

Could anybody please elaborate on this one?

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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2013, 12:23
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sivasanjeev wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

Prethinking: From a distance, Saturn's rings appear to be smooth and continuous. But when you view them closely, you find that they are actually composed of separate icy ringlets.

A. Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
Usage of though is wrong. 'Though' translates to 'inspite of the fact that' and, it must be followed by a noun/noun phrase.
Second issue. 'they are in fact composed of icy ringlets when viewed up close' means that the saturn's rings are composed of icy ringlets, ONLY when they are viewed up close. Irrespective of your viewing, Saturn's rings are always composed of icy ringlets.

B. Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
Usage of though is fine. But the 'in fact ...' issue is not resolved.

C. Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
Has both the issues present in A & B

D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
Absence of 'in fact' (like the one present in above options), usage of 'but' to bring a contrast/opposing viewpoint, and the two standalone(independent) clauses properly connected by 'but', make this a good choice. Don't eliminate till we read E.

E. Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.
Usage of 'though' is still wrong. Usage of 'if' too is wrong.
Consider,
1. Only 'if' you view them up close, they are composed of thousands of icy ringlets?
2. Only 'when' you them it up close, they are appear as composed of thousands of icy ringlets.

Hi sivasanjeev,

Can you elaborate more on why B is wrong because of using "in fact"?

I agree D is fine enough to be the OA but I am not completely convinced with eliminating B.

Thanks.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2013, 21:14
cssk wrote:
Hi sivasanjeev,

Can you elaborate more on why B is wrong because of using "in fact"?

I agree D is fine enough to be the OA but I am not completely convinced with eliminating B.

Thanks.

Hello cssk

In option B,

Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

When is acting as a conjunction , the meaning of which translates to 'at the time' or 'in the event that'

So, the sentence would mean, 'at the time of viewing up close, the rings are composed of thousands of icy ringlets' and 'otherwise, the rings are smooth and continuous'
The actual fact is 'The rings are always composed of icy ringlets. But they only 'appear' so when viewed up close.

p.s. edited my explanation.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2014, 11:47
I think D is also not entirely correct.

D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.

Close viewing is awkward.

Reveals them is not idiomatically fine, even pronoun them is changing the meaning.
It implies that someone is revealing something to Saturn's ring, instead correct idiomatic structure suggests to use THAT after reveals to explain further information.

Even if we consider closer viewing correct, correct construction should be as following.
D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals that they are composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2014, 19:32
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Look at the meaning issue here. 'They are made of tiny ringlets' is a fact, and it will always stay a fact. But all the wrong options incorrectly suggest that 'they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close' i.e. they composed of of ringlets WHEN viewed up close.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2015, 12:01
I also chose B. The reason was that I thought the writer mostly wanted to point out how different the rings look according to the distance. Also, D seemed a bit more wordy to me, which made it sound a little bit akward.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2015, 22:54
I agree with many, the usage of closer viewing is very awkward. I doubt this question. Need some expert to look into this.

Vineetk wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

A. Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
B. Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
C. Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
E. Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2015, 22:54

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