GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 18 Oct 2019, 16:38

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 237
Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Apr 2012, 14:07
3
27
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (02:20) correct 40% (02:21) wrong based on 282 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track of length 60m from the same point simultaneously in the same direction at speeds of 3 m/s, 5 m/s and 9 m/s respectively. When will they meet for the first time after they started moving?

A. 30 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 15 seconds
D. 10 seconds
E. 25 seconds
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9706
Location: Pune, India
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Apr 2012, 19:25
6
4
Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track of length 60m from the same point simultaneously in the same direction at speeds of 3 m/s, 5 m/s and 9 m/s respectively. When will they meet for the first time after they started moving?

A. 30 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 15 seconds
D. 10 seconds
E. 25 seconds

A - 3 m/s, B - 5 m/s, C - 9 m/s

When will they meet if they are moving in the same direction?
When B covers one (or multiple) complete circle more than A and C also covers one (or multiple) complete circle more than A.

B's speed is 2 m/s more than A so he will take 60/2 = 30 s to complete one full circle more than A. In 60 secs he will cover 2 circles more than A and so on...

C's speed is 6 m/s more than A so he will take 60/6 = 10 s to complete one full circle more than A. In 20 secs he will cover 2 circles more than A and in 30 sec he will cover 3 circles more than A.

So in 30 s, all A, B and C will be at the same point. Answer A
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Manager
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 63
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Asset Management (Manufacturing)
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Aug 2012, 08:34
13
8
Speed of A,B and C are 3, 5, 9 m/s respectively.
Considering A&B:
Speed of B is (5-3)=2 m/s more than that of A. So with this relative speed it will take 60/2= 30 sec to cover the full length.

Considering B&C:
Relative speed is (9-5)=4 m/s. So, B&C will meet after every 60/4=15 sec.

Considering A&C:
Relative speed is (9-3)=6 m/s. So, A&C will meet after every 60/6=10 sec.

The time when all three will meet together is the LCM of values 30, 15 and 10.
That is 30. Because
30=30*1 ( So A,B meet)
30=15*2 (So, B,C meet)
30=10*3 (So, A,C meet)

So, after 30 sec they will meet again.

A Follow-up Question: When will A,B and C meet together at the start point?
_________________
My mantra for cracking GMAT:
Everyone has inborn talent, however those who complement it with hard work we call them 'talented'.

+1 Kudos = Thank You Dear
Are you saying thank you?
General Discussion
Intern
Joined: 22 Jan 2012
Posts: 29
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Apr 2012, 15:07
2
For this question , we will start with the body who is the slowest i.e. 3m/sec.

Since the questions asks us when all the three bodies are going to meet , so assume the time t is reqduired to do this
Distance travelled by I body: 3t
Distance travelled by II body: 5t
Distance travelled by III body: 9t

the distances should be equal to meet , and that is possible because of a circular track , length of the track: 60m

Keep this is mind , for circular track
The point on the circular track = n * length of the track + remaining distance
where n is a positive integer

Like if someone travels from point Z on the track 200 m then actually he is far from point Z by 20m .
As ,200 = 3*60 +20

Now i inserted the values :
A: 30 secs
I=3*30=90 = one length of track +30 ;
II=5*30=150 = 2 lenth of track + 30;
III= 9*30 =270 = 4 lenth of track +30;

so everyone is at 30 m after 30 secs.
Manager
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 237
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Apr 2012, 18:45
thanks , probably this is the quickest way for this , but any algebric way to handle this?
Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Aug 2009
Posts: 445
Schools: Harvard, Columbia, Stern, Booth, LSB,
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

25 Aug 2012, 11:37
2
Hi Karishma,

After calculating Relative speed of B & C over A. We can take LCM of time taken to complete one round by B & C to find out when all three will meet.
This shortcut is preferred once anyone has mastered the logic as suggested by karishma
_________________
If you like my Question/Explanation or the contribution, Kindly appreciate by pressing KUDOS.
Kudos always maximizes GMATCLUB worth
-Game Theory

If you have any question regarding my post, kindly pm me or else I won't be able to reply
Director
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 588
WE: Science (Education)
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

25 Aug 2012, 12:23
4
1
Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track of length 60m from the same point simultaneously in the same direction at speeds of 3 m/s, 5 m/s and 9 m/s respectively. When will they meet for the first time after they started moving?

A. 30 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 15 seconds
D. 10 seconds
E. 25 seconds

If they all meet after T seconds, it means they covered the distances 3T, 5T, and 9T respectively.
Since they all arrive to the same spot, it means that the differences taken pairwise between the distances must be positive integer multiples of the length of the track, which is 60m. So, 2T, 4T, and 6T must all be multiples of 60. 2T multiple of 60 means T multiple of 30. The smallest T with this property is 30 and is on the list of answers.

_________________
PhD in Applied Mathematics
Love GMAT Quant questions and running.
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9706
Location: Pune, India
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Aug 2012, 22:41
fameatop wrote:
Hi Karishma,

After calculating Relative speed of B & C over A. We can take LCM of time taken to complete one round by B & C to find out when all three will meet.
This shortcut is preferred once anyone has mastered the logic as suggested by karishma

Yes, you are right. You get that the time taken by B to complete one extra circle is 30 secs and time taken by C to complete one extra circle is 10 secs.
You take their LCM which is 30 secs. The theory explains why you should take the LCM.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Manager
Joined: 26 Feb 2012
Posts: 88
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Aug 2013, 01:34
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track of length 60m from the same point simultaneously in the same direction at speeds of 3 m/s, 5 m/s and 9 m/s respectively. When will they meet for the first time after they started moving?

A. 30 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 15 seconds
D. 10 seconds
E. 25 seconds

A - 3 m/s, B - 5 m/s, C - 9 m/s

When will they meet if they are moving in the same direction?
When B covers one (or multiple) complete circle more than A and C also covers one (or multiple) complete circle more than A.

B's speed is 2 m/s more than A so he will take 60/2 = 30 s to complete one full circle more than A. In 60 secs he will cover 2 circles more than A and so on...

C's speed is 6 m/s more than A so he will take 60/6 = 10 s to complete one full circle more than A. In 20 secs he will cover 2 circles more than A and in 30 sec he will cover 3 circles more than A.

So in 30 s, all A, B and C will be at the same point. Answer A

Hi Karishma

I have lost control over my understanding though u mentioned very clearly.
Requesting you to again depicts the same for me.

Also the theory behind the logic and any other question of similar kind.

Rgds
Prasannajeet
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Jul 2013
Posts: 289
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Aug 2013, 03:11
Bluelagoon wrote:
Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track of length 60m from the same point simultaneously in the same direction at speeds of 3 m/s, 5 m/s and 9 m/s respectively. When will they meet for the first time after they started moving?

A. 30 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 15 seconds
D. 10 seconds
E. 25 seconds

i like to back solve it: (it takes at most 40 seconds) i explained my way below:
For circular distance of 60 meter, 60,120,180,240 all end in the same point

for body A , 30 * 3 = 90 m = 60 + 30 m (so 30m ahead from the starting point)
for body, B, 30 * 5 = 150 m = 120 + 30 m (so 30m ahead from the starting point)
for body C, 30 * 9 = 270 m = 240 + 30 m (so 30m ahead from the starting point)
Everyone 30m ahead of the starting point after 30 sec.

i am lucky enough that the 1st answer satisfies my findings.
_________________
Asif vai.....
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9706
Location: Pune, India
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 Aug 2013, 05:12
prasannajeet wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track of length 60m from the same point simultaneously in the same direction at speeds of 3 m/s, 5 m/s and 9 m/s respectively. When will they meet for the first time after they started moving?

A. 30 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 15 seconds
D. 10 seconds
E. 25 seconds

A - 3 m/s, B - 5 m/s, C - 9 m/s

When will they meet if they are moving in the same direction?
When B covers one (or multiple) complete circle more than A and C also covers one (or multiple) complete circle more than A.

B's speed is 2 m/s more than A so he will take 60/2 = 30 s to complete one full circle more than A. In 60 secs he will cover 2 circles more than A and so on...

C's speed is 6 m/s more than A so he will take 60/6 = 10 s to complete one full circle more than A. In 20 secs he will cover 2 circles more than A and in 30 sec he will cover 3 circles more than A.

So in 30 s, all A, B and C will be at the same point. Answer A

Hi Karishma

I have lost control over my understanding though u mentioned very clearly.
Requesting you to again depicts the same for me.

Also the theory behind the logic and any other question of similar kind.

Rgds
Prasannajeet

Check out this post on circular motion: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2012/08 ... n-circles/
See if this helps else I will try to explain more in detail.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Senior Manager
Joined: 13 May 2013
Posts: 399
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 Aug 2013, 14:01
1
Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track of length 60m from the same point simultaneously in the same direction at speeds of 3 m/s, 5 m/s and 9 m/s respectively. When will they meet for the first time after they started moving?

A. 30 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 15 seconds
D. 10 seconds
E. 25 seconds

From the onset I kind of figured you could solve with LCM's but I wasn't entirely sure why. I tried solving by figuring out how long it would take each of them to make one complete revolution and keep counting until their times aligned but I think that is incorrect because we're trying to figure out how long it takes for them to "meet up" we cannot solve that way. Is this correct?

If that is the case, then we need to figure out their relative speeds to determine when each body (let's call them A, B, C for the slow, medium and fast objects respectively) reaches the other.

B's relative rate to A is 5-3 = 2m/second so it takes B 30 seconds to move 60 meters away from A. In other words, at the 30 second mark, A and B are next to one another. A has traveled 90 meters and B has traveled 150 meters.

C's relative rate to A is 9-3 = 6m/second so it takes C 10 seconds to move 60 meters away from A. Every 10 seconds, it moves 60 meters (one full revolution) away from A. In 30 seconds (the time it takes A and B to meet up) it is 3 full revolutions ahead of A but is also next to it on the circle.

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9706
Location: Pune, India
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

20 Aug 2013, 21:37
WholeLottaLove wrote:
Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track of length 60m from the same point simultaneously in the same direction at speeds of 3 m/s, 5 m/s and 9 m/s respectively. When will they meet for the first time after they started moving?

A. 30 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 15 seconds
D. 10 seconds
E. 25 seconds

From the onset I kind of figured you could solve with LCM's but I wasn't entirely sure why. I tried solving by figuring out how long it would take each of them to make one complete revolution and keep counting until their times aligned but I think that is incorrect because we're trying to figure out how long it takes for them to "meet up" we cannot solve that way. Is this correct?

If that is the case, then we need to figure out their relative speeds to determine when each body (let's call them A, B, C for the slow, medium and fast objects respectively) reaches the other.

B's relative rate to A is 5-3 = 2m/second so it takes B 30 seconds to move 60 meters away from A. In other words, at the 30 second mark, A and B are next to one another. A has traveled 90 meters and B has traveled 150 meters.

C's relative rate to A is 9-3 = 6m/second so it takes C 10 seconds to move 60 meters away from A. Every 10 seconds, it moves 60 meters (one full revolution) away from A. In 30 seconds (the time it takes A and B to meet up) it is 3 full revolutions ahead of A but is also next to it on the circle.

LCM of time works for a question of a different type:
When will they meet for the first time AT THE STARTING POINT after they started moving?

Time take by A to cover a circle = 60/3 = 20 sec
Time taken by B to cover a circle = 60/5 = 12 sec
Time taken by C to cover a circle = 60/9 sec

So every 20 sec, A will be at the starting point.
Every 12 secs B will be at the starting point.
Every 60/9 sec, C will be at the starting point.

Taking their LCM, we get 60. So every 60 sec, all three will be at the starting point. All meet for the first time at the starting point after they start moving after 60 sec.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Target Test Prep Representative
Status: Founder & CEO
Affiliations: Target Test Prep
Joined: 14 Oct 2015
Posts: 8104
Location: United States (CA)
Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track  [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Jul 2019, 12:23
Bluelagoon wrote:
Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track of length 60m from the same point simultaneously in the same direction at speeds of 3 m/s, 5 m/s and 9 m/s respectively. When will they meet for the first time after they started moving?

A. 30 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 15 seconds
D. 10 seconds
E. 25 seconds

Let’s analyze the answer choices from the smallest to the largest.

D) 10 seconds

After 10 seconds, A, B, and C have moved 30 m, 50 m, and 90 m, respectively. While A and B haven’t completed one lap, C has completed one lap and 30 m more. We see that A and C meet at the same place on the track, but B doesn’t meet them at that place .

C) 15 seconds

After 15 seconds, A, B, and C have moved 45 m, 75 m, and 135 m, respectively. While A hasn’t completed one lap, B has completed one lap and 15 m more, and C has completed two laps and 15 m more. We see that B and C meet at the same place on the track, but A doesn’t meet them at that place.

E) 25 seconds

After 25 seconds, A, B and C have moved 75 m, 125 m, and 225 m, respectively. We see that A has completed one lap and 15 m more, B has completed two laps and 5 m more, and C has completed three laps and 45 m more. We see that each person is at a different place on the track.

A) 30 seconds

After 30 seconds, A, B, and C have moved 90 m, 150 m, and 270 m, respectively. We see that A has completed one lap and 30 m more, B has completed two laps and 30 m more and C has completed four laps and 30 m more. We see that all of them are at the same place on the track.

Alternate Solution:

Suppose that they meet after t seconds for the first time. In t seconds, they have covered a distance of 3t, 5t and 9t meters, respectively. Notice that the distance between A and B is 5t - 3t = 2t, A and C is 9t - 3t = 6t and B and C is 9t - 5t = 4t. If they are at the same spot after t seconds, all of 2t, 6t and 4t must be multiples of 60; say 2t = 60k, 6t = 60s and 4t = 60p. Then, t = 30k = 10s = 15p. Since t is a multiple of 30, 10 and 15; the smallest value of t is given by the LCM of these numbers. Therefore, the smallest value of t is LCM(30, 10, 15) = 30.

_________________

Scott Woodbury-Stewart

Founder and CEO

Scott@TargetTestPrep.com
122 Reviews

5-star rated online GMAT quant
self study course

See why Target Test Prep is the top rated GMAT quant course on GMAT Club. Read Our Reviews

If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Kudos" button.

Re: Three bodies A, B and C start moving around a circular track   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2019, 12:23
Display posts from previous: Sort by