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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2012, 04:03
A. The opening phrase should modify Selma Lagerlof - Incorrect
B. A conjuction 'and' is not required and the sentence on either side is a clause, which is not required - Incorrect
C. 'In addition to' splits the sentence in to 2 parts, changing the intended meaning of the sentence. Also, 'to win', instead of 'winning', should be used as it is idiomatically correct - Incorrect
D. Correct
E. Placement of 1909 is wrong and 'that' should not be used to refer to people. - Incorrect

Just my line of thought. Please feel free to point out my mistakes.

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2012, 22:10
Marcab wrote:
What's the problem if C uses "in addition to"?
Moreover is the phrase in D, ".....became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish...."correct? I feel its ambigous.

Please correct me if I am wrong.


Hi Marcab,

C) Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden,
and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning

Here both seems not to be parallel to each other.


D)A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerl öf became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win

Here novelist modifies Selma Lager

As you mentioned me too felt "and also" bit awkward and ambiguous.
But no other choice seems to be equally correct.

share ur views too buddy... :)
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2013, 13:58
Marcab wrote:
What's the problem if C uses "in addition to"?
Moreover is the phrase in D, ".....became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish...."correct? I feel its ambigous.

Please correct me if I am wrong.



As per my understanding -

"in addition to" , by itself serves the same purpose as "and " or "and also".

But in this context , it treats the two sentences as different . Cant quiet frame it well , but consider below. It reads something like -

She
Became the first women (somewhere.. god knows where)
in addition to
first Swedish writer winning Nobel prize.


Doesnt make sense.

The "in addition to" here is an issue because you are using winning . If you use "to win" here instead of winning , "in addition to" would not be an issue.

HTH
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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ritjn2003 wrote:
Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and
landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the
first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.
A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life
and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who
became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win
B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the
peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in
1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won
C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in
1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning
D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about
the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in
1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win
E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909
becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won


A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win

Misplaced modifier . "Selma Lagerlof" should come right after the comma.

I am also a little skeptical about the parallelism , in the below , cos of the inclusion of was in the second sentence which makes "was the novelist" and "was the first swedish writer" parallel, when it is intended to mean that " first women and first swedish writer to win..."

Selma Lagerlöf
was the novelist who became the first woman ( this sentence doesnt make sense ... She became the first women ? )
and
was also the first Swedish writer to win


B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in 1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won

---- "that" should be "who" . "that" cannot be used to refer to people.
The "and" creates two independent clause and in this case , it sounds like "She" is not referring to "Selma" , but someone else.
He directed the movie , and actor ABC acted in it. ( He and , the actor ABC are two different people. Same with option B too) .


C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning[i][/i]

---"Winning" should be replaces with "to win"
Also "was a novelist" implies past tense and that she is no more a novelist.
"Selma WAS A NOVELIST , and in 1909 she BECAME <something > ". implies that she was a novelist and in 1909 she stopped being a novelist and became something else.

D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win
Corect

E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won

Incorrect usage of "that". same as B
also there is a slight meaning change , or rather change in focus of the sentence from the intended meaning.
Intends to say ( see the original option A) - Turning away from <Something> , in 1909 she became ...." .
But option E says - "Selma , turned away from <> , becoming <this> " .

The focus is on the point that "she BECAME the first women to win Nobel " , But E focuses on point thta " she TURNED away from <> "
I guess it is too subtle .

HTH
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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic storiesabout the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.
A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic storiesabout the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win
B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in 1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won
C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning
D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win
E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 becoming thefirst woman and also the first Swedish writer that won
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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic [#permalink]

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At the beginning of your stint with your postings in the forum, let me give you a small hint. Please do cultivate the habit of underlining the required portions. Otherwise it is extremely difficult to follow. Even if you forgot to underline, a common error among all of us, please rectify it on the first reading;

This is a thumb rule and must be adhered please.
I have now underlined it
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic [#permalink]

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A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlof was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win -----In 1909, after the comma leads to wrong modification Selma should come there instead


B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlof in 1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won ---- The first part and the second part are too independent of each other. The first subject She could be anybody, not necessarily Selma

C. Selma Lagerlof was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning --- In 1909, she became the first woman --- what was she before 1909? If she became the first women in 1909, what were the women before her; Please note that, in addition to doesn’t help the cause any better because it is simply a prepositional phrase; illogical word order


D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlof became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win ---
Putting the and after woman sounds more logical; the best choice


E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlof turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won--- that won is wrong pronoun usage

A beautiful question; Vani Kudos to you; and a small tip: When the source is as clear as GMAT PREP, if you mention it, it invites a lot more readers than the staid ‘others’. You will get responses and accolades from ace posters.
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2013, 13:08
SOURH7WK wrote:
Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerof was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Is there an explanation as to how a sentence can start with "A"?

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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FatRiverPuff wrote:
What a horrible sentence.

The answer must be D. I used POE; I'm a huge fan of commas and "in 1909" isn't a parenthetical clause in any of the options which annoys me a little. Fortunately, the answer choices are not equally awkward so I picked the least awkward one.

TGC wrote:
noboru wrote:
noboru wrote:
Does not sound "and also" in D a little bit redundant?
Thanks,

Could anybody answer this question please? I have seen many OE saying that and also is redundant.
Thanks,

Can anyone answer this?
Then 'And also' redundancy?

Dear TGC,
Thank you for sending me a private message about this. :-)

All the other users seem to have posted more than a year ago, so I don't know whether anyone on this thread is actively studying for the GMAT anymore. I will just say, as a general announcement to whoever happens to be reading: if you post a question that you would like answered, don't simply assume that an expert will see it. GMAT Club is a BIG place. If you post a question and want an answer to that question, please send an expert such as myself a private message with a link, directing that expert to that particular page. If you are not familiar with the experts on GMAT Club, you might want to start by searching for the "Members of the Month" post:
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As a general rule, folks with a large number of kudos typically are good at answering questions. (BTW, do not ask Bunuel to answer your Verbal questions: he is a genius, but strictly a math guy!)

This question is a high quality question. From what I can tell, it's a question from GMAT Prep. As a general rule, it doesn't make a user look good if the user calls a question from official material "horrible." The official material is uniformly of exceptionally high quality.

The phrasing "and also" is not redundant. It is used here for emphasis and clarity. Among other things, the two words are not redundant because we could not use "also" by itself in this context. We have to use "and," and "also" emphasizes something special about the conjunction.

Does all this make sense?
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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A-- Modifier error, Turning Away from.....Must refer to Selma ( Individual )
B--She Turned away ( No clear antecedent for She) and Novelist- It appears there are two subjects in the sentence
C--In Addition to-- Wrong Usage
D--Correct--Proper Use of Modifier
E-- As a Novelist--Meaning is Distorted--It sound like while she was a Novelist, she turned away...NOT The Intended meaning

OA : C

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 07:47
nutshell wrote:
A. The opening phrase should modify Selma Lagerlof - Incorrect
B. A conjuction 'and' is not required and the sentence on either side is a clause, which is not required - Incorrect
C. 'In addition to' splits the sentence in to 2 parts, changing the intended meaning of the sentence. Also, 'to win', instead of 'winning', should be used as it is idiomatically correct - Incorrect
D. Correct
E. Placement of 1909 is wrong and 'that' should not be used to refer to people. - Incorrect

Just my line of thought. Please feel free to point out my mistakes.


Correct me if i am wrong, but i think D made a double subject mistake, because we have "A novelist" as a subject and then Salma Lagerlof is another subject. Am i missing something?

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 14:30
tieuieutinh92 wrote:
nutshell wrote:
A. The opening phrase should modify Selma Lagerlof - Incorrect
B. A conjuction 'and' is not required and the sentence on either side is a clause, which is not required - Incorrect
C. 'In addition to' splits the sentence in to 2 parts, changing the intended meaning of the sentence. Also, 'to win', instead of 'winning', should be used as it is idiomatically correct - Incorrect
D. Correct
E. Placement of 1909 is wrong and 'that' should not be used to refer to people. - Incorrect

Just my line of thought. Please feel free to point out my mistakes.


Correct me if i am wrong, but i think D made a double subject mistake, because we have "A novelist" as a subject and then Salma Lagerlof is another subject. Am i missing something?


Hello.

Nope. "A novelist who...." is an absolutely phrase (or appositive phrase/modifier) that modifies the real subject "Salma Lagerlof". i.e. The Lion, the biggest animal of the cat family, always preys at night. "the biggest animal" is just modifier.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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Hello,

I have the same question as Maggie27; isn't 'and also' redundant? Could someone please clarify this?

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma LagerlÃf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma LagerlÃf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win -> She was not women previously
B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma LagerlÃf in 1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won -> She and Selma -> sounds two different people.
C. Selma LagerlÃf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning -> It sounds as if she along with somebody who is the first swedish writer won the Nobel prize
D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma LagerlÃf became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win -> Correct
E. As a novelist, Selma LagerlÃf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won
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maggie27 wrote:
But I somewhere read that the usage of "and also" is always redundant so eliminated D. Experts please suggest , is this a qualified assumption?

Rca wrote:
Hello,

I have the same question as Maggie27; isn't 'and also' redundant? Could someone please clarify this?

Thanks!
RCA


and also -> is used to emphasize the importance.Sometime depends on the context.
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2015, 11:56
A. Modifier error After sweden, Selma lagerlof should had followed
B.Again same error as A and is not necessary
C.Selma Lagerlod was a novelist" that is she is no more a novelist she was , Intended meaning is missing
D. Correct
E.and required bedore in 1909

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic [#permalink]

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic [#permalink]

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This is a great question. Adding some details from MGMAT for new users.

in general, idioms can be determined by MEANING as well as by strict convention -- in many cases, there will be different forms of an idiom that mean different things.

random example:
"determined by" and "determined from" are both legitimate idioms, but they have different meanings.
"X is/was determined by Y" means that Y actually causes/caused X.
"X is/was determined from Y" means that someone looks at evidence Y and, from that evidence, figures out X.

for instance:
your personality can be determined from your handwriting --> this sentence makes sense (people can look at your handwriting and deduce facts about your personality).
your personality can be determined by your handwriting --> this sentence doesn't make sense (it implies that the way you write actually causes your personality to be a certain way).
but...
some people think that your personality is determined by your genes --> this sentence makes sense (people to think that your genetic makeup causes you to have certain personality traits)
some people think that your personality is determined from your genes --> this doesn't make sense (it implies that people are looking at your genes and using them to guess what your personality is like).
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2016, 18:43
Hussain15 wrote:
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life
and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who
became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

This answer choice presents two problems.
First "Selma Lagerlof" has to be after the comma because the modifier Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden refers to her.

Second who became the first woman is not parallel to was also the first Swedish

B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the
peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in
1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won the Nobel Prize for Literature

that cannot refer to people.
In addition in coordination a pronoun in the first clause cannot have cataphoric reference to a noun phrase in the second clause; However I'm not sure whether GMAT tests this problem.
I don't like the parallelism either

C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in
1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning the Nobel Prize for Literature

not parallelism with the clause who.
winning the Nobel Prize for Literature sounds really awkward. I'm not sure whether this is unidiomatic

D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about
the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in
1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

I don't see any problems with this one. Correct.

E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909
becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won

I think this generates a run-on/fragment sentence because we don't have either a subordinator or coordinator to join both clauses

[Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden]
and
[in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won]

Also that cannot refer to people


Nice explanation!! +1 for you!! :)

It needs to be explained though!!
In addition in coordination a pronoun in the first clause cannot have cataphoric reference to a noun phrase in the second clause; However I'm not sure whether GMAT tests this problem. [/quote][/quote]

How can 'D' be the answer ?
Isn't 'and & also' redundant in the option D.

Kudos [?]: 58 [0], given: 127

Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2016, 18:43

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