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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the

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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

(A) Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win

(B) She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in 1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won

(C) Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning

(D) A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win

(E) As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 26 Oct 2017, 04:07, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2008, 10:59
scthakur wrote:
A for me.

All the other options include "turned away" for "turning away" in the modifier of the original sentence, which seems wrong.

Also, in A, the modifier is correctly placed before the subject.


i think A is incorrect.

Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf

the comma should be immediately followed by Selma Lagerlöf.

IMO C IS THE ANSWER.
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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spriya wrote:
Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win

B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in 1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won

C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning

D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win

E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won

explanations welcome



yeah, I came up with D as my answer. Here's my explanation:

(A) The sentence started with "Turning" in present participle, so you know that present participle always either modify the subject or the action made by the subject. Either way, because the present participle begins the sentence, you know that it's going to modify subject because its structure in the sentence suggest a modifying phrase. So what comes right after the comma? "in 1909" can not be the subject that is doing the turning....so wrong

(B) She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in 1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won

The "that" in option B suggests that there is another "first Swedish writer" who didn't win the Nobel Prize for Literature? doesn't make sense

(C) "in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer"....so she became the first women??? well, that's good to know....notice that there is no main verb following this...she became the first women in what??? The "winning" is not a verb, so the main structure of the sentence ends in "in addition to the first Swedish write." doesn't complete the actual thought of the sentence.

(D) Correct....we have the modifier followed by the appropriate subject "Selma Lagerlöf." Then we have the main verb "win" following "the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to." So this option completes the structure and the thought of the sentence.

(E) "in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won."

"in 1909" became the first women?? so now calendar years can be either males or females??? heheh....

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2009, 20:17
I eliminated options B, C and E because 'to win' best fits the transition into the rest of the sentence. They are also very poorly structured. E.g. option B introduces a "she" long before mentioning who she is. Option E is a sentence fragment --> "...Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 becoming the first woman"

I was left with options A and D.

There are a few problems with option A but to me the biggest giveaway is when it momentarily makes it sound like Selma Lagerlöf physically "became the first woman" by breaking up "first woman" and "Swedish writer" with "was also"

My choice:

D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about
the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in
1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2009, 16:05
close call between C and D, choose D...in C, the and/parallelism structure is incorrectly used...

not A because what is turning away describing?

not B because who is she referring to in the first section...

not E because becoming...incorrect usage i think...

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life
and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who
became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

This answer choice presents two problems.
First "Selma Lagerlof" has to be after the comma because the modifier Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden refers to her.

Second who became the first woman is not parallel to was also the first Swedish

B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the
peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in
1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won the Nobel Prize for Literature

that cannot refer to people.
In addition in coordination a pronoun in the first clause cannot have cataphoric reference to a noun phrase in the second clause; However I'm not sure whether GMAT tests this problem.
I don't like the parallelism either

C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in
1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning the Nobel Prize for Literature

not parallelism with the clause who.
winning the Nobel Prize for Literature sounds really awkward. I'm not sure whether this is unidiomatic

D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about
the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in
1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

I don't see any problems with this one. Correct.

E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909
becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won

I think this generates a run-on/fragment sentence because we don't have either a subordinator or coordinator to join both clauses

[Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden]
and
[in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won]

Also that cannot refer to people

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2009, 00:10
I got D too..but i could do it in a mins time... pls comment on the my thinking?


That won seems akward to me ....it shuld be whu won... so eliminate b, e

Winning and in addition to in C is not idiomatic....

between A and D ...A has improper structure...

Modifier in the starting not modifying the noun rather modifying IN 1990....

IMO D

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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mikeCoolBoy wrote:
A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life
and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who
became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

This answer choice presents two problems.
First "Selma Lagerlof" has to be after the comma because the modifier Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden refers to her.

Second who became the first woman is not parallel to was also the first Swedish

B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the
peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in
1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won the Nobel Prize for Literature

that cannot refer to people.
In addition in coordination a pronoun in the first clause cannot have cataphoric reference to a noun phrase in the second clause; However I'm not sure whether GMAT tests this problem.
I don't like the parallelism either

C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in
1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning the Nobel Prize for Literature

not parallelism with the clause who.
winning the Nobel Prize for Literature sounds really awkward. I'm not sure whether this is unidiomatic

D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about
the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in
1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

I don't see any problems with this one. Correct.

E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909
becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won

I think this generates a run-on/fragment sentence because we don't have either a subordinator or coordinator to join both clauses

[Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden]
and
[in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won]

Also that cannot refer to people


Nice explanation!! +1 for you!! :)

It needs to be explained though!!
[/quote]In addition in coordination a pronoun in the first clause cannot have cataphoric reference to a noun phrase in the second clause; However I'm not sure whether GMAT tests this problem. [/quote]
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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Hussain15

In coordination (and, but, or), you shouldn't use a cataphoric reference.
Consider this example

She felt ill, but my mother said nothing.

In principle she cannot refer to mother here, whereas in subordination this is possible.

Although she felt ill, my mother said nothing.

IMO you can forget about this since I don't think is tested on GMAT

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Turning away from literary realism... [#permalink]

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As I managed to understand, this question tests idiom 'turned from X to Y', though I thought that it must be in form 'turned away from realism to writing'. Am I right?
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Re: Turning away from literary realism... [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2009, 21:28
basically testing Modifier
good Q
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A is wordy and awkward
D is concise and the only other sentence that uses the modifier correctly

Hence D

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Re: Turning away from literary realism... [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2009, 10:19
Turning away..... , Selma... (thats what the question is testing.. the use of the modifier)

D is grammatically correct as well as the most well constructed option.
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2010, 11:23
By POE, D is the answer
A> Modifier Problem
B>I don't like the construction:
Quote:
novelist Selma Lagerlöf in 1909 became the first woman
--> awkward
C> The following part is wrong
Quote:
and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning

E>
Quote:
and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning
--> Not correct

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2010, 07:09
Everything in D sounds good to me besides the beginning:

A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win

How can the sentence start with "A novelist..."? In my opinion we have no connection with the sentence starting with "Selma Lagerlöf".

Sounds totally awkward to me!

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2011, 22:10
A: I found "Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman" a bit awkward here. "Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist" should have been conveyed in the initial part of the sentence
B: I eliminated it mainly because of wordy arrangement of " as
well as the first Swedish writer that won"
C: Same, wordy "the first woman in addition to"
D: I didn't confirmed it as an answer but choose it by elimination
E: "As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away" arrangement here is also awkward. As a novelist she turned away not in any other sense? I mean she only turned away as a novelist and personally or perhaps professionally didn't??

My explanations could be weird but this is how I choose the answer

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2012, 23:57
I am going with D. It was a close call between A and D.
The problem with A was the second clause started with "In 1909". This made it wrong. The modifier should be closest to what it modifies, which in this case the swedish lady. Other than that, " In 1909 <swedish name> was " is awkwards phrasing. I would ask the author: So, you mean to say that in 1910 she wasn't the novelist who won the award? So, this idea is not clearly explained in A.

Likewise B, C and E also distort the meanings.

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2012, 02:00
What a horrible sentence.

The answer must be D. I used POE; I'm a huge fan of commas and "in 1909" isn't a parenthetical clause in any of the options which annoys me a little. Fortunately, the answer choices are not equally awkward so I picked the least awkward one.
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerof was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.
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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the [#permalink]

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Who was turning away should come directly after the opening modifier -> A is out.
She and SL seems to refer to different people -> B is out.
in addition to is incorrect , it seems to imply somebody else is 1st Swedish writer -> C is out.
multiple problems with E , ex - that won is incorrect , it should be who. Also the modifier in becoming XYZ is awkward at best.

D wins.

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Re: Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2012, 09:58

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