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A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a

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A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Dec 2018, 03:36
4
17
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (01:31) correct 54% (01:33) wrong based on 487 sessions

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A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.


(A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.

(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a star’s mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

(D) Mass determines whether a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

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Originally posted by noboru on 17 Aug 2009, 10:38.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Dec 2018, 03:36, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2012, 19:35
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I choose D.

Its most clear and idiomatic.

(A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole
after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass. - depending on who's mass?

(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will
compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. - grammatically right, but awkward.

(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a star’s mass will determine if it
compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. - star's mass will not pass through the giant stage

(D) Mass determines whether a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will
compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. - correct

(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine
whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black
hole. - star's mass will not pass through the giant stage
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2012, 23:28
5
Capricorn369 wrote:
My answer is B and I dont see any probelm in that option.
Can anyone explain?


After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will
compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

I think the "its" is ambiguous because it can refer to either the "red giant stage" or "a star"
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2009, 05:37
1
noboru wrote:
31. A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.

(A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.
(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a star’s mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
(D) Mass determines whether a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

Mass determines what will be the star but in B it is in ,...., construction so it can be threw out from the sentence implying it is not important then we left with D
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2016, 05:43
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Hi All,

Lets follow a 3 step approach to solve this question:

Meaning Analysis:

A star compresses into a white dwarf , a neutron star, or a black hole. What is the deciding factor ?

Depending on the mass of the star, the final form is determined.

Error Analysis:

1. " after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass" --> "ing" verbs modify depending on the placement of the verb. There is a very neat article posted by egmat which explains the concept thoroughly- usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html

As mentioned in the article, if an "ing" modifier is preceded by a comma then it modifies the entire clause. Based on this concept we can infer ( reading the choice A) that the star passes through a red giant stage depending on the mass. This makes no sense.

Answers Analysis:


(A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass. --> Errors pointed out in the analysis
(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.--> Same modifier error. Read the error analysis
(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a star’s mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.--> This makes the reader believe that the star's mass passed through the red giant stage.
(D) Mass determines whether a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. --> This choice clearly mentions that the star passes through the red giant stage and this decision is determined by the mass of the star
(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.--> Same error as in choice C

Let me know if you found the explanation useful !

Regards,
Shradha
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 10:33
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puneetstud wrote:
can someone please shed some light on A also? I am looking for correct reasoning by which I could eliminate it.


A has a big ambiguity issue as pronoun "it" may refer to any of the nouns before.
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New post 17 Aug 2009, 10:59
IMO D uses 'mass' as the subject

The pronoun "its" has no clear referrent in B
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2010, 22:53
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Though D is passive i go with D. The emphasis is on mass in D which I think is correct!
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2012, 20:29
My answer is B and I dont see any probelm in that option.
Can anyone explain?
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 09:15
can someone please shed some light on A also? I am looking for correct reasoning by which I could eliminate it.
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A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Apr 2019, 06:17
noboru wrote:
A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.



(A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.

(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a star’s mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

(D) Mass determines whether a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.


D is clear without any ambiguity.
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Originally posted by AkshdeepS on 05 Jun 2018, 10:31.
Last edited by AkshdeepS on 03 Apr 2019, 06:17, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 04:48
(A) Modifier errors
(B) Modifier error
(C) This makes the reader believe that the star's mass passed through the red giant stage.
(D) This choice clearly mentions that the star passes through the red giant stage and this decision is determined by the mass of the star. This choice is correct.
(E) This makes the reader believe that the star's mass passed through the red giant stage. Same error as in choice C.Hence (d).
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A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2018, 20:07
Quote:
Answer Choice (D) Mass determines WHETHER a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.


My understanding was that "whether" is reserved for scenarios where there were only 2 potential outcomes (ie: going to the party or not going). In this case, there are 3 potential outcomes (compressing itself into a white dwarf, neutron star, or black hole). Is there an exception to this rule?
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2019, 01:59
SOME experts please answer and explain this question
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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 02:54
(A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.
not sure how about this one but I'll try. Here Verb+ing modifier 'depending' modifies Subject 'star' and the verb 'passes'. Hence implies that the star passes through a red giant stage depending on its mass. This changes the meaning.

(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
Here it is not clear whether 'its' refer to red giant stage or star.

(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a star’s mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
In this option, the antecedent for 'it' is star's mass. This gives us- star's mass will determine if star's mass compresses itself. Clearly wrong


(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
This sentence changes the meaning as it implies that the mass of a star will pass through the red giant stage.


We are left only with D

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Re: A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a   [#permalink] 13 Apr 2019, 02:54
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