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Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizen

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Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizen [#permalink]

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Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizens, are not allowed to communicate what we are ready to communicate at our own expense or if other citizens are not permitted access to our communications at their own expense. Public unwillingness to provide funds for certain kinds of scientific, scholarly, or artistic activities cannot, therefore, be described as censorship.

The flawed reasoning in the admin executive's argument is most parallel to that in which one of the following?

(A) All actions that cause unnecessary harm to others are unjust: so if a just action causes harm to others, that action must be necessary.

(B) Since there is more to good manners than simply using polite forms of address, it is not possible to say on first meeting a person whether or not that person has good manners.

(C) Acrophobia, usually defined as a morbid fear of heights, can also mean a morbid fear of sharp objects. Since both fears have the same origin.

(D) There is no doubt that a deed is heroic if the doer risks his or her own life to benefit another person. Thus an action is not heroic if only thing it endangers is the reputation of the doer.

(E) Perception of beauty in an object is determined by past and present influences on the mind of the beholder. Thus on object can be called beautiful, since not everyone will see beauty in it.

Source : LSAT PrepTest 10 - February 1994 - LSAT
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Last edited by hazelnut on 13 Oct 2017, 20:31, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizen [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2015, 12:01
IMO D is correct.

Stimulus says R ---> C where R= ready to communicate at our own expense; C = censorship
then U ---> C U = Public unwillingness to provide funds for certain kinds of scientific, scholarly, or artistic activities

Only choice D states: L ---> H where L= doer risks his or her own life; H = deed is heroic
thus Rep ---> H where Rep= only thing it endangers is the reputation of the doer

Other choices doesn't look promising to me.

~Binit.

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Re: Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizen [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2017, 20:34
gmt1 wrote:
Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizens, are not allowed to communicate what we are ready to communicate at our own expense or if other citizens are not permitted access to our communications at their own expense. Public unwillingness to provide funds for certain kinds of scientific, scholarly, or artistic activities cannot, therefore, be described as censorship.

The flawed reasoning in the admin executive's argument is most parallel to that in which one of the following?

(A) All actions that cause unnecessary harm to others are unjust: so if a just action causes harm to others, that action must be necessary.

(B) Since there is more to good manners than simply using polite forms of address, it is not possible to say on first meeting a person whether or not that person has good manners.

(C) Acrophobia, usually defined as a morbid fear of heights, can also mean a morbid fear of sharp objects. Since both fears have the same origin.

(D) There is no doubt that a deed is heroic if the doer risks his or her own life to benefit another person. Thus an action is not heroic if only thing it endangers is the reputation of the doer.

(E) Perception of beauty in an object is determined by past and present influences on the mind of the beholder. Thus on object can be called beautiful, since not everyone will see beauty in it.

Source : LSAT PrepTest 10 - February 1994 - LSAT


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION FROM POWERSCORE


Complete Question Explanation

Parallel Flaw. The correct answer choice is (D)
The stimulus contains flawed reasoning in the form of a mistaken negation.

Citizens Allowed to Communicate
..... OR ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... →..... Censorship
Citizens Permitted Access

Therefore,

Citizens Allowed to Communicate
..... AND ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... → ..... Censorship
Citizens Permitted Access
(if the public itself is unwilling to provide funds)

Since we are seeking an answer which parallels this reasoning, we should look for the choice that contains a mistaken negation.

Answer choice (A): This is not the correct answer since it is a proper contrapositive:

Actions that cause Unnecessary Harm ..... → ..... Just Action

Therefore,

Just Action ..... → ..... Actions that cause Unnecessary Harm

If a just action causes harm, then, it must be necessary since just actions never cause unnecessary harm. This is a valid reasoning, and is not the correct answer.

Answer choice (B): This answer choice does not contain a mistaken negation. The conclusion also does not match that of the stimulus.

Answer choice (C): This choice does not contain a mistaken negation. The conclusion also does not match that of the stimulus.

Answer choice (D): This is the correct answer choice. It is a mistaken negation which parallels that found in the stimulus.

Doer Risks Life to Benefit Another ..... → ..... Heroic

Therefore,

Doer Risks Life to Benefit Another (if the only thing the doer risks is his reputation) ..... → ..... Heroic

It contains a mistaken negation just as the stimulus does.

Answer choice (E): This answer choice doe not reflect a mistaken negation.
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Re: Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizen [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 05:25
I'm unable to understand the logic in the question here. Help, please?
Also, I'm following the Manhattan GMAT Prep guides but they haven't mentioned anything about similar reasoning or flawed reasoning anywhere in their CR guide. Does GMAT currently include questions from this topic? If yes, which is the best resource to learn more about this area under CR?

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Re: Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizen [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 11:22
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AC07 wrote:
I'm unable to understand the logic in the question here. Help, please?
Also, I'm following the Manhattan GMAT Prep guides but they haven't mentioned anything about similar reasoning or flawed reasoning anywhere in their CR guide. Does GMAT currently include questions from this topic? If yes, which is the best resource to learn more about this area under CR?

These questions don't show up on the GMAT, so I woudn't lose much sleep over this one! Still, they are worth practicing because they force you to pay close attention to the structure of the argument and the author's language choice. For more general CR tips, check out the Ultimate CR Guide for Beginners.
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Kudos [?]: 96 [1], given: 48

Re: Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizen   [#permalink] 25 Oct 2017, 11:22
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Administrative executive: Clearly, censorship exists if we, as citizen

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