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# Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa

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Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 09 Oct 2018, 20:03
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Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt.

A. Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt

B. Unlike alligators' tongues, salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues, making crocodiles better than alligators at tolerating high salinity

C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through those on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity

D. Unlike alligators, crocodiles can expel salt through the glands on their tongues; crocodiles are thus more tolerant of high salinity than are alligators

E. Compared with alligators, crocodiles are better at tolerating high salinity, because they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot

MGMAT

Originally posted by KAS1 on 23 May 2012, 17:09.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Oct 2018, 20:03, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 18:08
This was interesting and I was able to zero in on C and D as possible answers.

However I picked C (even though C sounds awkward) over D for the following reason:

Clauses separated by a semi-colon should be able to stand on their own.

In option D the second clause after the semi-colon uses the word "thus" implying there had to be a cause/reason preceding it. Hence, the second clause on itself, though grammatically correct, would not make meaning.

In option C, the two clauses are independent and can stand on their own. Therefore I chose C over D.

Are there reasons to eliminate C? Please teach me.

Thanks!
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 18:11
gomennassai wrote:
This was interesting and I was able to zero in on C and D as possible answers.

However I picked C (even though C sounds awkward) over D for the following reason:

Clauses separated by a semi-colon should be able to stand on their own.

In option D the second clause after the semi-colon uses the word "thus" implying there had to be a cause/reason preceding it. Hence, the second clause on itself, though grammatically correct, would not make meaning.

In option C, the two clauses are independent and can stand on their own. Therefore I chose C over D.

Are there reasons to eliminate C? Please teach me.

Thanks!

Aha!!! I read C again -- "compared to alligators crocodiles are MORE tolerant of high salinity". Correct form should be -- "compared to alligators crocodiles are tolerant of salinity.". That should rule out C. And based on elimination I would pick D. But, still if someone can throw light on the semi-colon issue, that will be fantastic.....

learning it, one step at a time.
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 18:23
1
I got it wrong too. I searched the forum but couldn't find this SC anywhere so I'm hoping someone can help me too.
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 20:52
C has to be incorrect because "...and not through those" raises a flag. "those" is ambiguously placed followed by two possible plural references- "glands" and "tongues" and it's not entirely clear which of the two it is referring to. Choice D however leaves no such doubts; it is clear and concise. Remember that GMAT asks that we pick not just the right answer but the best answer. This means there could be potentially be 5 grammatically correct choices, yet we have to pick the "best" of that bunch.
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 21:32
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I do not think that there is ambiguity about those in C. Logic demands that we choose glands over tongues in this choice. To verify this, let us put the word tongues replacing those and see.

C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through the tongues on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity--- tongues on allegators’ tongues --- does it stand reason? Therefore, C is not ruled out due to ambiguity.

IMO, the reason why C is not preferred is that the first sentence does not bring out the contrast that the passage intends. though implicitly. It simply uses and for the conjunction between crocodiles' tongues and the alligator’s tongues, which is a corroborative signal rather than a contrast. We must rather use but to distinguish between the glands on the tongue of the crocodiles and the glands on the tongues of alligators. Hence C is not as much acceptable as D.
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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24 May 2012, 00:24
1
Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt.

A. Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because,
Quote:
unlike alligators,
the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt- Alligators Vs Tongues not acceptable
B. Unlike alligators' tongues, salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues, making crocodiles better than alligators at tolerating high salinity-Tongues Vs Salt comparison
C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through those on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity-Redundant long sentence and passive voice-rejected
D. Unlike alligators, crocodiles can expel salt through the glands on [quot Logical[/quote]tongues; crocodiles are thus more tolerant of high salinity than are [b]alligators-Logical Comparison- Accepted
[/b]E. Compared with alligators, crocodiles are better at tolerating high salinity, because they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2012, 17:00
Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt.

A. Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt - Incorrect comparison.
B. Unlike alligators' tongues, salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues, making crocodiles better than alligators at tolerating high salinity - Incorrect comparison.
C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through those on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity - Change the meaning.
D. Unlike alligators, crocodiles can expel salt through the glands on their tongues; crocodiles are thus more tolerant of high salinity than are alligators - Awesome.
E. Compared with alligators, crocodiles are better at tolerating high salinity, because they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot - compare to/compare with are generally used with quantities/statistics.
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2012, 05:09
daagh wrote:
I do not think that there is ambiguity about those in C. Logic demands that we choose glands over tongues in this choice. To verify this, let us put the word tongues replacing those and see.

C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through the tongues on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity--- tongues on allegators’ tongues --- does it stand reason? Therefore, C is not ruled out due to ambiguity.

IMO, the reason why C is not preferred is that the first sentence does not bring out the contrast that the passage intends. though implicitly. It simply uses and for the conjunction between crocodiles' tongues and the alligator’s tongues, which is a corroborative signal rather than a contrast. We must rather use but to distinguish between the glands on the tongue of the crocodiles and the glands on the tongues of alligators. Hence C is not as much acceptable as D.

Does GMAT test conjunction usages like and & but?
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2012, 09:41
welcome to gmatword yes it does
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2012, 00:02
welcome to gmatword yes it does

Thanks but I don't quite think so . This is the only Question I have come across so far in my preparation that tests conjunctions.

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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2018, 21:02
I had shortlisted C and D. After that, since I could not find any grammatical errors in both, I started looking for the difference in meaning and concision. The reason that I eliminated C was because C was using passive voice which made the action sound intentional. It makes it sound like expelling salt is an action that crocodiles can do as their wish, which should not be the case. I did not find any such issue with option D.

Though the official answer states that option C should be eliminated because of the usage of 'and' instead of but. Also using 'compared to' and 'more' in the same statement is redundant.
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2018, 18:47
3
KAS1 wrote:
Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt.

A. Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt

B. Unlike alligators' tongues, salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues, making crocodiles better than alligators at tolerating high salinity

C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through those on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity

D. Unlike alligators, crocodiles can expel salt through the glands on their tongues; crocodiles are thus more tolerant of high salinity than are alligators

E. Compared with alligators, crocodiles are better at tolerating high salinity, because they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot

MGMAT
Can someone help me understand the problem with option "E" here ?
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2018, 23:11
KAS1 wrote:
Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt.

A. Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt

B. Unlike alligators' tongues, salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues, making crocodiles better than alligators at tolerating high salinity

C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through those on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity

D. Unlike alligators, crocodiles can expel salt through the glands on their tongues; crocodiles are thus more tolerant of high salinity than are alligators

E. Compared with alligators, crocodiles are better at tolerating high salinity, because they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot

MGMAT

In option D:- someone please explain, why is Semi colon used when the presence of "thus" makes the latter dependent on the first part?
What are the points one needs to follow in order to figure out whether two clauses are independent, or not?
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2018, 03:50
1
Arpitkumar wrote:
KAS1 wrote:
Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt.

A. Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt

B. Unlike alligators' tongues, salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues, making crocodiles better than alligators at tolerating high salinity

C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through those on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity

D. Unlike alligators, crocodiles can expel salt through the glands on their tongues; crocodiles are thus more tolerant of high salinity than are alligators

E. Compared with alligators, crocodiles are better at tolerating high salinity, because they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot

MGMAT
Can someone help me understand the problem with option "E" here ?

Arpitkumar

In option E, " they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot", the comparison is incorrect and neither does it make sense logically when you read the italicized portion.
The option is saying - crocodiles can expel salt.... while alligators' tongues cannot. Not the right comparison.
Hope I was clear.
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2018, 19:59
1
KAS1 wrote:
Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt.

A. Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt

B. Unlike alligators' tongues, salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues, making crocodiles better than alligators at tolerating high salinity

C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through those on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity

D. Unlike alligators, crocodiles can expel salt through the glands on their tongues; crocodiles are thus more tolerant of high salinity than are alligators

E. Compared with alligators, crocodiles are better at tolerating high salinity, because they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot

MGMAT

Hi Bunuel

Please underline the Question, it will look better.

Thanks
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2018, 20:04
KAS1 wrote:
Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt.

A. Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt

B. Unlike alligators' tongues, salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues, making crocodiles better than alligators at tolerating high salinity

C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through those on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity

D. Unlike alligators, crocodiles can expel salt through the glands on their tongues; crocodiles are thus more tolerant of high salinity than are alligators

E. Compared with alligators, crocodiles are better at tolerating high salinity, because they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot

MGMAT

Hi Bunuel

Please underline the Question, it will look better.

Thanks

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Done. Thank you.
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2020, 22:36
Keep on eye on the parallelism, people!
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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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29 Feb 2020, 05:09
1
COMPARISONS, PRONOUNS

A. Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high salinity, because, unlike alligators, the glands on crocodiles' tongues can expel salt ----------- second comparison is not parallel: "unlike alligators" is incorrectly being compared to "the glands".

B. Unlike alligators' tongues, salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues, making crocodiles better than alligators at tolerating high salinity ---------- wrong comparisons: "alligator's tongues" is being compared to "salt".

C. Salt can be expelled through the glands on crocodiles' tongues and not through those on alligators' tongues; therefore, compared to alligators, crocodiles are more tolerant of high salinity ---------- Pronoun "those" is ambiguous, as it could refer either to "glands" or to "tongues".

D. Unlike alligators, crocodiles can expel salt through the glands on their tongues; crocodiles are thus more tolerant of high salinity than are alligators ------ CORRECT

E. Compared with alligators, crocodiles are better at tolerating high salinity, because they can expel salt through the glands on their tongues while alligators' tongues cannot -------- Pronoun "they" is ambiguous, as it could refer either to "alligators" or to "crocodiles".

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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa  [#permalink]

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29 Feb 2020, 05:31
Option D

Tolerant of or Tolerant to ?

Idiomatically ?

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Re: Compared to alligators, crocodiles are better able to tolerate high sa   [#permalink] 29 Feb 2020, 05:31

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