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# Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a cru

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 61524
Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a cru  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2019, 06:09
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:13) correct 37% (01:13) wrong based on 172 sessions

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Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a crucial methodological error by failing to fully consider alternative ways of classifying their data.

(A) by failing to fully consider alternative ways of classifying their
(B) by failing fully to consider alternative ways of classifying their
(C) they failed to consider alternative ways to classify their
(D) by not fully considering alternative ways to classify the
(E) by not considering fully alternative ways of classifying his or her

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Joined: 12 Dec 2018
Posts: 128
GMAT 1: 720 Q48 V41
Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a cru  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2019, 09:38
Bunuel wrote:
Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a crucial methodological error by failing to fully consider alternative ways of classifying their data.

(A) by failing to fully consider alternative ways of classifying their

Redundancy & not quite as polished as answer choice (D)

"Everyone committed an error by failing to [...]"

You'd expect something along the lines of

"Everyone committed an error by doing/not doing XYZ"

(B) by failing fully to consider alternative ways of classifying their

Failing fully changes the intended meaning, and I'm not even sure how saying "Failing fully" makes much sense

(C) they failed to consider alternative ways to classify their

this is missing "by", which is needed for the sentence to make sense

(D) by not fully considering alternative ways to classify the

Looks o.k

(E) by not considering fully alternative ways of classifying his or her

"Fully alternative" doesn't make much sense & changes the meaning

I feel like I might be missing something with the pronoun "Their", but I'm not quite certain. Very interested in seeing the explanation for the question.
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Joined: 18 May 2019
Posts: 715
Re: Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a cru  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2019, 09:58
Bunuel wrote:
Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a crucial methodological error by failing to fully consider alternative ways of classifying their data.

(A) by failing to fully consider alternative ways of classifying their
(B) by failing fully to consider alternative ways of classifying their
(C) they failed to consider alternative ways to classify their
(D) by not fully considering alternative ways to classify the
(E) by not considering fully alternative ways of classifying his or her

The answer is E. The question tests for the correct form of the pronoun referring to the subject "everyone". The subject of the sentence is "everyone" and it is a singular indefinite pronoun. So it is the right antecedent for his or her in option E. All the other options have "their" as the pronoun referring to the singular subject "everyone".

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Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2019
Posts: 157
Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a cru  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2019, 10:51
IMO :D

A,b,c has their: Plural : Incorrect compared to everyone which is singular

E : his or her : is singular correct, but considering fully alternative ways : Meaning change
Manager
Joined: 20 Jul 2012
Posts: 116
GMAT 1: 650 Q47 V33
Re: Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a cru  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 02:04
Bunuel wrote:
Everyone participating in the early sociological study committed a crucial methodological error by failing to fully consider alternative ways of classifying their data.

(A) by failing to fully consider alternative ways of classifying their
(B) by failing fully to consider alternative ways of classifying their
(C) they failed to consider alternative ways to classify their
(D) by not fully considering alternative ways to classify the
(E) by not considering fully alternative ways of classifying his or her

Everyone is singular. So pronoun should be singular. A, B, C are eliminated.

Between D and E, in E fully alternative ways doesn't make sense.
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Posts: 8382
Re: Everyone participating in the early sociological study  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2019, 03:24
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Everyone participating in the early sociological study   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2019, 03:24
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