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First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-

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First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Oct 2018, 02:31
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A
B
C
D
E

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First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.


(A) found in the Philippines and that resembles

(B) found in the Philippines and that, resembling

(C) found in the Philippines and resembling

(D) that is found in the Philippines and it resembles

(E) that is found in the Philippines, resembling


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 6: Sentence Correction


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https://www.nytimes.com/1997/01/21/science/new-species-of-bird-is-discovered-or-rediscovered-in-philippines.html

THE tiny sunbirds, with their dazzling colors and long pointed bills for sipping nectar from flowers in tropical forests, are in many ways the Old World counterparts of the hummingbirds of the Americas. Sunbirds are found from Africa, where they are especially abundant, to the islands of Southeast Asia; like the hummingbirds, there is a large number of known species: 126 to be exact with the discovery, being announced today, of a new sunbird on the southern Philippine island of Mindanao.

Lina's sunbird is a four-and-a-half-inch-long avian jewel that Dr. Robert S. Kennedy, a researcher at the Cincinnati Museum of Natural History and Science, described as generally green above and yellow below, with shimmering metallic colors on the head, wings and tail; a brilliant orange patch in the center of the breast, bordered on the sides by scarlet tufts; and ''a blood-red eye that enhances the overall beauty of this rare sunbird.''

Originally posted by joesamson on 28 Sep 2012, 12:41.
Last edited by Bunuel on 15 Oct 2018, 02:31, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 08:13
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Quote:
(A) found in the Philippines and that resembles
(B) found in the Philippines and that, resembling

We can ditch (A) and (B) pretty quickly: "and" is followed by a phrase beginning with "that" -- and there's nothing earlier in the sentence that could possibly be parallel to the phrase beginning with "that."

Quote:
(C) found in the Philippines and resembling

(C) doesn't SOUND parallel, but it is!

"Found" is just an adjective that modifies the animal, and so is "resembling." Sure, they don't sound the same, but they're both adjectives, so we're all good here. Let's keep (C).

(And for more on parallelism and "-ing" words, check out this article: https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... 39780.html).

Quote:
(D) that is found in the Philippines and it resembles

The parallelism isn't quite right in (D), either. The phrase that follows "and" is a brand-new clause: "it resembles a hummingbird." And that can't possibly be correct here, since "it resembles a hummingbird" isn't parallel to "that is found in the Philippines". Besides, the underlined portion is part of a modifier, and I have no idea why we would stick a full, independent clause inside that modifier. So (D) is gone.

So we're down to (C) and (E). Here's the sentence again, with (E) punched in:
Quote:
(E) First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippines, resembling a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head...

The trouble here is that we have a messy (and unnecessary) "double modifier": "that is found in the Philippines" modifies the animal, and so does the phrase "resembling a hummingbird." Notice that (C) puts these two modifiers in a nice, parallel structure, with an "and" separating the two modifiers ("found..." and "resembling..."). That isn't happening in (E) -- it's almost as if "resembling a hummingbird" is trying to modify the other modifier, "that is found in the Philippines," and that just doesn't make any sense.

(C) is much clearer, and it's our winner.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2012, 12:51
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the two comparable elements of the original sentence are "found" and "that resembles". As originally expressed, these elements are not structured similarly - for "that resembles" to be correct, the earlier parallel element of the sentence would have to state "that is found." Eliminate A.

b. Parallel elements: "found" and "that, resembling" - Not parallel = Eliminate
c. Parallel elements: "found" and "resembling" - Parallel = Keep
d. Parallel elements: "that is found" and "it resembles" - Not parallel = Eliminate
e. Parallel elements: "that is found" and "resembling" - Not parallel = Eliminate

Hence C :lol:
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Jun 2013, 23:35
2
2
First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and
that resembles
a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with
red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
C. found in the Philippines and resembling
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling


This question primarily concerns parallel construction: the two comparable elements of the original sentence are
"found" and "that resembles". As originally expressed, these elements are not structured similarly - for "that
resembles" to be correct, the earlier parallel element of the sentence would have to state "that is found." Since the
original sentence contains a provable error, eliminate answer choice A and ANY OTHERS ANSWER CHOICES THAT
REPEAT THE ORIGINAL ERROR.

Originally posted by honchos on 19 Jun 2013, 23:01.
Last edited by Zarrolou on 19 Jun 2013, 23:35, edited 2 times in total.
Merging similar topics.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2013, 01:26
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The answer can as well be given in a little more complex way: This problem is a perfect example of: Participles.
Small Review:
A participle is a verbal (verb form) which is used as an adjective.
Generally,there are three participles that are commonly used as adjective:
1. the present participle(active voice); the past participle (passive voice) and the perfect participle (active voice). * The present participle always ends in ing *
2. The past participle usually ends in ed, d, t, n, or en.
3. The past participle of some of the verbs do not have distinctive endings: swum, gone, sung etc. *The perfect participle is always formed by prefixing the word having to the past participle: having sung, having driven, having seen etc

In the given sentence, we can clearly see that for the 1st participial phrase, the action of "found" happened in the past because Lina's sunbird was found more than 30 years ago. Further Lina's sunbird did not do any finding instead they were found by X not mentioned in the sentence so passive voice is right.

The second participial phrase starting with "resembling" implies that the "Lina's sunbird" is still resembling in the present (a present condition), so the use of present participle is better. We cannot say that the Lina's sunbird "resembled" because then this would illogically mean that they no longer resemble the humming bird.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2013, 04:42
What's the sentence structure for this sentence? Can someone comment?

Is it something like this for the correct answer choice...

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal

1) found in the Philippines
2) and resembling a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2013, 05:18
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fozzzy wrote:
What's the sentence structure for this sentence? Can someone comment?

Is it something like this for the correct answer choice...

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal

1) found in the Philippines
2) and resembling a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head


First discovered more than 30 years ago, (-modifier-) Lina's sunbird (-subject-), a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird (-modifier-),has(-verb-) shimmering metallic colors on its head ;a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye. (-list of things-)

You are asked to complete the second modifier:

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
Not parallel : "found" (modifier) "resembles" (verb)
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
Not parallel, and moreover in a parallel list like this one, if the subject is the same, repeating the subject (and IT resembles) is considered redundant.

B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling
Those are not parallel as well "found/is found" and "resembling". ( and the comma + ing modifier is not used correctly)

C is parallel, and reminds us that the GMAT considers those modifiers perfectly parallel:
found in the Philippines and resembling
Another Official Question about this concept: scientists-have-recently-discovered-what-could-be-the-9394.html
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
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First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
C. found in the Philippines and resembling
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling






IMO the answer should be A, because the correct idiom is 'found that'. the verb 'resembles' is correctly stated in simple present tense.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2014, 05:37
Yash12345 wrote:
IMO the answer should be A, because the correct idiom is 'found that'. the verb 'resembles' is correctly stated in simple present tense.

Perhaps you might be getting confused with a structure such as:

Yash found that the verb "found" should be followed by conjunction "that".
- This sentence correctly uses found that, because found in found that is a verb.

However, in the sentence under consideration, believe it or not, found is not used as a verb here; it is used as past participle.

Another easy way to eliminate A is that whenever the structure is and that, there is almost always another matching that structure before the and. So, for example, following would have been correct:

....a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird.....

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses a simple 2-step framework of how to differentiate between participles and verbs, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail you the corresponding section.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2015, 23:25
Zarrolou wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
What's the sentence structure for this sentence? Can someone comment?

Is it something like this for the correct answer choice...

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal

1) found in the Philippines
2) and resembling a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head


First discovered more than 30 years ago, (-modifier-) Lina's sunbird (-subject-), a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird (-modifier-),has(-verb-) shimmering metallic colors on its head ;a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye. (-list of things-)

You are asked to complete the second modifier:

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
Not parallel : "found" (modifier) "resembles" (verb)
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
Not parallel, and moreover in a parallel list like this one, if the subject is the same, repeating the subject (and IT resembles) is considered redundant.

B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling
Those are not parallel as well "found/is found" and "resembling". ( and the comma + ing modifier is not used correctly)

C is parallel, and reminds us that the GMAT considers those modifiers perfectly parallel:
found in the Philippines and resembling
Another Official Question about this concept: scientists-have-recently-discovered-what-could-be-the-9394.html



Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal

"a four-and-a-half-inch animal" is modifying 'lina's sunbird' but isn't the part 'animal' ...found....and that resembles ...act as subject for 'found (modifier)' and resembles (verb).
Why do we have to discard option A on the pretext that "found" and that resembles' not parallel. Why do they have to be parallel in the first place if 'animal' acts as a subject?
ANyone, please help here.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2015, 05:18
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earnit wrote:
Why do we have to discard option A on the pretext that "found" and that resembles' not parallel

Hi! This is because found in the Philippines is a phrase, while that resembles... is a clause.

From a parallelism perspective, a phrase is not grammatically similar to a clause.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2015, 05:01
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6
Quote:
(1) Noun: When we use the verb+ing as a noun this is called a "gerund".
"Swimming is a great way to stay in shape."

(2) Verb: To be an actual verb, the present participle needs a helping verb such as is/are/was/were/will be/etc.
"We were swimming at the beach all day."

(3) Adjective (Noun Modifier): When the present participle is acting as an adjective, we attach it to the noun with NO COMMA (it can appear EITHER before OR after the noun).
"The fish swimming in the pond are beautiful." - we are describing the fish (they are the ones swimming)
"The swimming pool is a great place to cool off in the summer." - we are describing the pool (it is the swimming one)

(4) Adverb (Adverbial Modifier): When the present participle is acting as an adverb (modifying clauses or verbs), we attach it to the noun WITH A COMMA.
"We had a great day at the beach, swimming in the water and building sandcastles." - now we are describing the great day we had at the beach (it is telling more about the action), and both swimming and building are parallel.

Now, let's compare these to the answer choices.

(a) "resembles" is a verb and part of the "that" clause. This is NOT parallel to the noun modifier "found"(which animal? the one found..."). By the way, "found" is a past participle and can do basically the same jobs as a present participle.

(b) ", resembling" is an adverb, so it must modify the clause or phrase preceding it (that...has shining metallic colors) - so the resembling describes how it has a shining metallic color on its head. This is strange, but more importantly isn't really in line with the meaning of the sentence.

(c) "and resembling" is a noun modifier and is correctly parallel to the noun modifier "found". (which animal? the one resembling a hummingbird.)

(d) "and it resembles" is a main verb and IS parallel to "is found" BUT the presence of the "it" breaks the overall parallelism within the "that" clause. (I should be able to switch the items in a list...THAT X AND Y....So would we say: "That it resembles and is found"? NO the "it" doesn't work!

(e) ", resembling" is an adverb, so it must modify the clause or phrase preceding it (that is found in the Philippines"), so now saying "resembling a hummingbird" is telling us more about how it was found in the Philippines, which doesn't make any sense.


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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 09:08
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First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
"found in...and that resembles a..." is not parallel
One is verb-ed modifier and other is a verb


B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
"resembling" tags the preceding verb/action which alters the meaning

C. found in the Philippines and resembling
NOTE: Verb-ed and Verb-ing modifiers are parallel to each other. Hence both "found" & "resembling" correctly modify Lina's sunbird and are parallel hence RIGHT ANSWER choice

D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
"found" & "resembles" not parallel

E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling
"resembling" incorrectly used modifier. It modifies the preceding verb which is not correct
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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 Jun 2017, 06:21
GMATNinja wrote:
We can ditch (A) and (B) pretty quickly: "and" is followed by a phrase beginning with "that" -- and there's nothing earlier in the sentence that could possibly be parallel to the phrase beginning with "that."

(C) doesn't sound parallel, but it is. "Found" is just an adjective that modifies the animal, and so is "resembling." Sure, they don't sound the same, but they're both adjectives, so we're all good here. Let's keep (C).

(For more on parallelism and "-ing" words, check out this week's Verbal Experts' Topic of the Week: https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... 39780.html).

The parallelism isn't quite right in (D), either. The phrase that follows "and" is a brand-new clause: "it resembles a hummingbird." And that can't possibly be correct here, since "it resembles a hummingbird" isn't parallel to "that is found in the Philippines". Besides, the underlined portion is part of a modifier, and I have no idea why we would stick a full, independent clause inside that modifier. So (D) is gone.

So we're down to (C) and (E). Here's (E) again:
Quote:
(E) First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippines, resembling a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head...


The trouble here is that we have a messy (and unnecessary) "double modifier": "that is found in the Philippines" modifies the animal, and so does the phrase "resembling a hummingbird." Notice that (C) puts these two modifiers in a nice, parallel structure. That isn't happening in (E) -- it's almost as if "resembling a hummingbird" is trying to modify the other modifier, "that is found in the Philippines," and that just doesn't make any sense. (C) is much clearer, and it's our winner.


Hi GMATNinja
I am totally confused with modifiers in option C/D, I am unable to get to OA: C
I selected option D with below understanding:
a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippine is my first independent clause with that as a subject and is found as verb
Moving on
and it resembles it correctly refers to 4.5 inch animal (no pronoun ambiguity here) and with it as subject and resembles as verb, this also forms
another independent clause (IC)
Both ICs are correctly joined by AND as connector since there are only two elements in this list. I feel meaning wise and grammatically this option sounds good.
Further as you mentioned in your post the underlined portion is part of a modifier, and I have no idea why we would stick a full, independent clause inside that modifier
are you considering that is found in the Philippines as modifier? Further in option C, can found act as verb-ed modifier which modifies Lisa's sunbird by jumping over animal? Note here there is no helping verb associated with found
WR,
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Originally posted by adkikani on 15 May 2017, 10:04.
Last edited by adkikani on 28 Jun 2017, 06:21, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2017, 21:37
adkikani wrote:
I selected option D with below understanding:
a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippine is my first independent clause with that as a subject and is found as verb

Hi Arpit, perhaps this was the reason for confusion. Following is just a phrase (and not a clause):

a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippines

This basically comprises a phrase (a four-and-a-half-inch animal) + a Dependent clause (that is found in the Philippines).

Such structures always function as phrases in English grammar.

Quote:
Moving on
and it resembles it correctly refers to 4.5 inch animal (no pronoun ambiguity here) and with it as subject and resembles as verb, this also forms
another independent clause (IC)

Correct.

Quote:
Further in option C, can found act as verb-ed modifier which modifies Lisa's sunbird by jumping over animal?

found is indeed a past participle here, modifying four-and-a-half-inch animal.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Clauses (Independent and Dependent), their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2017, 22:25
EducationAisle wrote:
adkikani wrote:
I selected option D with below understanding:
a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippine is my first independent clause with that as a subject and is found as verb

Hi Arpit, perhaps this was the reason for confusion. Following is just a phrase (and not a clause):

a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippines

This basically comprises a phrase (a four-and-a-half-inch animal) + a Dependent clause (that is found in the Philippines).

Such structures always function as phrases in English grammar.

Quote:
Moving on
and it resembles it correctly refers to 4.5 inch animal (no pronoun ambiguity here) and with it as subject and resembles as verb, this also forms
another independent clause (IC)

Correct.

Quote:
Further in option C, can found act as verb-ed modifier which modifies Lisa's sunbird by jumping over animal?

found is indeed a past participle here, modifying four-and-a-half-inch animal.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Clauses (Independent and Dependent), their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.



a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippines is a phrase not a clause since in spite of having a subject and verb, it communicates partial meaning.
Am I interpreting you correctly?
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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 08:27
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adkikani wrote:
Hi GMATNinja
I am totally confused with modifiers in option C/D, I am unable to get to OA: C
I selected option D with below understanding:
a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippine is my first independent clause with that as a subject and is found as verb
Moving on
and it resembles it correctly refers to 4.5 inch animal (no pronoun ambiguity here) and with it as subject and resembles as verb, this also forms
another independent clause (IC)
Both ICs are correctly joined by AND as connector since there are only two elements in this list. I feel meaning wise and grammatically this option sounds good.
Further as you mentioned in your post the underlined portion is part of a modifier, and I have no idea why we would stick a full, independent clause inside that modifier
are you considering that is found in the Philippines as modifier? Further in option C, can found act as verb-ed modifier which modifies Lisa's sunbird by jumping over animal? Note here there is no helping verb associated with found
WR,
Arpit



Hello adkikani /Arpit,

Thank you for the query. This is in response to your PM. :)

Let's begin from the beginning. The meaning of the sentence is pretty clear and easy to understand. The sentence presents a lot of information about this bird named Lina's sunbird.

Let's take a look at the structure of this sentence:

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal
    found in the Philippines and
    that resembles a hummingbird,

has
    shimmering metallic colors on its head;
    a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast;
    and a red eye.



As you can see, there are two SV pairs in the sentence. The SV pair Lina's sunbird has makes the IC and the SV pair that resembles makes the DC.

Since found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird modify a four-and-a-half-inch animal = Lina's sunbird, they form a parallel list, evident by the connector and. But this list is not grammatically parallel because found in the Philippines is verb-ed modifier while that resembles a hummingbird is a clause. They both have the same function in the sentence, i. e., they both modify the same noun entity. But a phrase modifier cannot be parallel to a clause modifier. Hence, the original sentence is incorrect.

Now, let's take a look at the sentence with the correct answer choice C:

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal
    found in the Philippines and
    resembling a hummingbird,
has
    shimmering metallic colors on its head;
    a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and
    a red eye.


Per this choice, both the modifiers found in the Philippines and resembling a hummingbird form the perfect list. Both the modifiers are phrases.

It is true that found in the Philippines is a verb-ed modifier and resembling a hummingbird is a verb-ing modifier and hence, they do not look similar. But "looks" do not matter. Both the modifiers perform the same function in this sentence, i. e., they both modify the same noun entity and appear as phrases. Therefore, these two noun modifiers are perfectly parallel.

You can perform the same analysis with all the other answer choices to spot the errors with the remaining three answer choices.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 17:30
Hi egmat

Let me know if my understanding is correct for option D:

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal (Clause 1)
that is found in the Philippines (pronoun that is modifying animal)
and it resembles a hummingbird, (and suggests parallelism with it refers back to animal and is found and resembles are verbs for subject - animal) . Hope pronoun is not ambiguous here
has
shimmering[/color] metallic colors on its head,
a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts,
in the center of its breast; and a red eye. (cont. of clause 1)

The only issue I found in D is usage of AND since AND only is advised to use before last element in parallel list, i.e, before has
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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 18:31
adkikani wrote:
Let me know if my understanding is correct for option D:

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal (Clause 1)
that is found in the Philippines (pronoun that is modifying animal)
and it resembles a hummingbird, (and suggests parallelism with it refers back to animal and is found and resembles are verbs for subject - animal) . Hope pronoun is not ambiguous here
has
shimmering[/color] metallic colors on its head,
a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts,
in the center of its breast; and a red eye. (cont. of clause 1)

The only issue I found in D is usage of AND since AND only is advised to use before last element in parallel list, i.e, before has

Hi adkikani, in D, following elements are supposed to be parallel:

(a) that is found in the Philippines and
(b) it resembles a hummingbird

However, they are not parallel because (a) is a Dependent clause while (b) is an Independent clause.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses parallelism with clauses, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Ashish
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Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 18:35
adkikani wrote:
a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippines is a phrase not a clause since in spite of having a subject and verb, it communicates partial meaning.
Am I interpreting you correctly?

Hi adkikani, basically following structure always functions as a phrase:

Phrase + a Dependent clause

Some examples:

i) Car that is red
ii) Pencil, which is broken
iii) Students who are in the class
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Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

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Re: QOTD: First discovered more than 30 years ago &nbs [#permalink] 29 Jun 2017, 18:35

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