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# For years, employers in the United States have counted on a

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For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2012, 20:18
2
This post was
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Discussed in detail at
passage-1-film-scholars-agree-that-hollywood-portrayals-of-145037.html

For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady flow of laborers from Mexico willing to accept low-skilled, low paying jobs. These workers, many of whom leave economically depressed villages in the Mexican interior, are often willing to work for wages well below both the U.S. minimum wage and the poverty line. A dramatic demographic shift currently taking place in Mexico, however, may alter the trend: the stream of workers migrating from Mexico to the United States might one day greatly diminish if not cease.
As a result of a decades-long family planning campaign, population growth, which had reached a peak of 3.5% in 1965, declined to just 1% by 2005. On average, Mexican women today are giving birth to fewer than half as many children as did their mothers. The campaign, organized around the slogan that “the small family lives better,” saw the Mexican government establish family-planning clinics and offer free contraception. For nearly three decades, the government’s message concerning population has not wavered. In fact, the Mexican Senate recently voted to expand public school sex education programs to kindergarten.
For two primary reasons, Mexico’s new demographics could greatly impact the number of Mexicans seeking work in the U.S. First, smaller families directly limit the pool of potential migrants. Second, the slowing of Mexico’s population growth has fostered hope that Mexico will develop a healthy middle class. Though the former of these factors is all but assured, the growth of a healthy middle class is far from a foregone conclusion. The critical challenge for Mexico is what it does with the next 20 years. Developing a stable middle class will require investments in education, job training, and infrastructure, as well as a social-security system to protect its aging population. Businesses will need to create more semi-skilled and skilled jobs in construction, manufacturing, and technology, as well as the associated “white collar” jobs that too many Mexican manufacturers currently locate outside of the country’s borders. It remains to be seen whether government and industry will answer these challenges as vigorously as the family-planning campaign answered the problem of population growth.

The passage indicates all of the following concerning Mexico’s current demographics EXCEPT:
Due to the government’s family-planning campaign, Mexico’s population is currently diminishing.
On average, Mexican women of a generation ago gave birth to more than twice as many children as do Mexican women today.
Many Mexicans still migrate to the United States in search of work.
As a result of declining birth rates, Mexico’s population is aging.
A healthy middle class in Mexico has not yet fully developed.
If you have any questions
New!
VP
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2012, 20:19
Can anyone suggest solution to above
This is 700 - 800 level question

I ll post OA after Discussion
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 05:08
6
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hey!
The answer to the question is A
Good, tricky question this is so thanks for a 2 min exercise!
All options here, apparently seem to be indicated in the passage.
I will post the option in RED and the indication in the passage in green

E. A healthy middle class in Mexico has not yet fully developed.
Though the former of these factors is all but assured, the growth of a healthy middle class is far from a foregone conclusion.

D. As a result of declining birth rates, Mexico’s population is aging.
Developing a stable middle class will require investments in education, job training, and infrastructure, as well as a social-security system to protect its aging population.

C. Many Mexicans still migrate to the United States in search of work.
the stream of workers migrating from Mexico to the United States might one day greatly diminish if not cease.

B. On average, Mexican women of a generation ago gave birth to more than twice as many children as do Mexican women today.
On average, Mexican women today are giving birth to fewer than half as many children as did their mothers.

A. Due to the government’s family-planning campaign, Mexico’s population is currently diminishing.
WE GOT NOTHING

This is a very commonly tested trap set by the GMAT for difficult RC and CR questions, in which it confuses with with percentage and absolute figures. The text here says the population growth is diminishing. However, nothing is mentioned about population as an absolute entity. Population may only decrease when more people die than those who are born. The passage, however, suggests that if previously population changed from 100 to 200, now it changed from 200 to 205. The absolute population is increasing, but its growth is diminishing.

Hope this helps
Souvik
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 19:23
HI Souvik
Your approach to the question was really nice , how did u go about do you make your notes and then review it in such question because for these question you need to go through the passage again and again, much time is lost.

Just wanted to know did u time urself, if yes than what was your approach notes or going thru again and again.
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 21:21
Hey,
I did not make any note(s), and I dd not go through the passage again and again.
Its just that with practice you get a hang of what gmat likes to test and confusing people with proportion and absolute values is one of its favorite.
And this is a type of detail question in which you have to refer to the passage.
But coming to think about it, if you have a mental map of the organization of the passage, it doesnt take that much of time!
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2013, 01:05
souvik101990 wrote:
Hey!
The answer to the question is A
Good, tricky question this is so thanks for a 2 min exercise!
All options here, apparently seem to be indicated in the passage.
I will post the option in RED and the indication in the passage in green

E. A healthy middle class in Mexico has not yet fully developed.
Though the former of these factors is all but assured, the growth of a healthy middle class is far from a foregone conclusion.

D. As a result of declining birth rates, Mexico’s population is aging.
Developing a stable middle class will require investments in education, job training, and infrastructure, as well as a social-security system to protect its aging population.

C. Many Mexicans still migrate to the United States in search of work.
the stream of workers migrating from Mexico to the United States might one day greatly diminish if not cease.

B. On average, Mexican women of a generation ago gave birth to more than twice as many children as do Mexican women today.
On average, Mexican women today are giving birth to fewer than half as many children as did their mothers.

A. Due to the government’s family-planning campaign, Mexico’s population is currently diminishing.
WE GOT NOTHING

This is a very commonly tested trap set by the GMAT for difficult RC and CR questions, in which it confuses with with percentage and absolute figures. The text here says the population growth is diminishing. However, nothing is mentioned about population as an absolute entity. Population may only decrease when more people die than those who are born. The passage, however, suggests that if previously population changed from 100 to 200, now it changed from 200 to 205. The absolute population is increasing, but its growth is diminishing.

Hope this helps
Souvik

The trap got me. Thanks for your explanation. I will remember that.
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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27 May 2013, 22:32

I don't think that D is explicitly stated.

Help needed!!!
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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28 May 2013, 10:59
Hi Amit,

No D is not 'explicitly' stated.

The first half is (birth rate declining), the second half (population aging) is a priori a conclusion to that.

As ever - just answer the question and move on. Don't worry about anything else. This question asks for 'indicates' - D is clearly indicated, so move on.

GMAT is hard enough as it is without worrying about hypotheticals.

James
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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17 May 2015, 21:58
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a [#permalink]

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21 May 2017, 03:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a   [#permalink] 21 May 2017, 03:44
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