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# Found only in the Western Hemisphere

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Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2015, 02:30
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OG16 SC126
Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.

(A) Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends
(B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending
(C) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, with their range extending
(D) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, their range extends
(E) Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by amatya on 11 Sep 2015, 08:55, edited 1 time in total.
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11 Sep 2015, 02:31
My main doubt in this question was why C is incorrect because I was confused in B and C only
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2015, 03:33
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B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending
(C) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, with their range extending

Where is the verb in C? It's a fragment
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2015, 04:56
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amatya wrote:
Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.

(A) Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends
(B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending
(C) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, with their range extending
(D) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, their range extends
(E) Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends

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Hummingbird's range - noun in pocessive form can't be antecedent of "Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate"
Cross out A

Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, their range extends
Remove highlighted modifer, sentence is not making any sense.
Cross out D

Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends
Ungrammatical
Cross out E

Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, with their range extending
"With" changin the meaning.

Only Plausible - B
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2015, 10:26
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(A) Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends
HBird's range is not found in.. and is not surviving the extremes. Kick this option out.
(B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending
Don't see any problem with this one
(C) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, with their range extending
HBirds with their range..not logical. Kick this option out.
(D) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, their range extends
It's an illogical construction - HBirds, modifier, <pronoun> <noun><verb> . Kick this option out.
(E) Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends
The third in the list (i.e. 'their range extends') is not parallel with the rest two. Kick this option out.

Option B is the right option.

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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2015, 13:44
Is this really 700+ level question? I would say that 600-700
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2016, 11:01
everything is obviously wrong except B and E.

B is correct because it hides permissible "_ing" verb as 3rd word after opening clause, duping you into dismissing B as violation of parallelism, when in reality E is the actual violation of parallelism

good OG 16 question, might push people to the ~2:30+ mark which is costly for SC.
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2016, 20:30
amatya wrote:
Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.

(A) Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends
the opening modifier should modify the hummingbirds and not their range. incorrect.

(B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending
looks good. noun+noun modifier used correctly.

(C) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, with their range extending
birds with their range ... no bonafide verb. so out.
found only - is a noun modifier, and not a verb.

(D) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, their range extends
subject, modifier, subject - double subject error here. out.

(E) Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends
survive through extremes of climate - looks like a verb, but not properly connected. thus, E is out.

took me 40 seconds.
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 01:50
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Hi daagh / chetan2u

I am able to eliminate Option A,C and D
Between B and E, I don't find a good option either

Option E-
Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends

2 reasons to eliminate-
1) Highlighted portion seems to modify Western Hemisphere instead of Hummingbird.
2) Parallelism error--> are found , survive , their range

Option B-
Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending

Green Part is a modifier so we can eliminate it.
The word EXTENDING in the end is---> End modifier introduced with present participle ( EXTENDING ) without separated by comma

According to me

Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet

First highlighted portion is modifying--> Humming bird
Second highlighted portion is modifying--> Range
So, in the end the only sentence remains is

hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range ---> which is incomplete.

Can you please explain what's wrong in my reasoning.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 02:09
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RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi daagh / chetan2u

I am able to eliminate Option A,C and D
Between B and E, I don't find a good option either

Option E-
Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends

2 reasons to eliminate-
1) Highlighted portion seems to modify Western Hemisphere instead of Hummingbird.
2) Parallelism error--> are found , survive , their range

Option B-
Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending

Green Part is a modifier so we can eliminate it.
The word EXTENDING in the end is---> End modifier introduced with present participle ( EXTENDING ) without separated by comma

According to me

Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet

First highlighted portion is modifying--> Humming bird
Second highlighted portion is modifying--> Range
So, in the end the only sentence remains is

hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range ---> which is incomplete.

Can you please explain what's wrong in my reasoning.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar

Hi,

you have done a good analysis of the statement....
however a few points from my side..
E.Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends..
the way E is written, we take all three items mentioned as parallel, but that is not correct..
'are found and survive could have acted parallely and the remaining one as independent clause, with a construction like under..
E. Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere and survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends...
this construction could have been a correct choice..

now choice B..
Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending..
you are correct that Found only in the Western Hemisphere modifies hummingbirds..
but their range extending.. modifies the entier clause prior to it-hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate..
Due to this capability to survive in extreme climates, their range extends in varities of location..

Hope this helps
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 02:26
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Hi chetan2u,

I really appreciate you for such a quick response.

So, you mean "their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet" is modifying ---> Complete clause ( hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate)

I have learnt that we can modify a complete sentence using abstract noun.
For eg--
Government plans to introduce ABC technique, an strategy which can BLAH BLAH BLAH....
Here "an strategy which can BLAH BLAH BLAH"... is modifying the complete sentence.

But in this question we are using THEIR which is a pronoun stands for hummingbirds.
Sentence structure-

Subject + Predicate , Pronoun + Noun (Range) + modifier

How can we modify preceding sentence using a pronoun in the following sentence.
Can you please give few more examples..??

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 02:39
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RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi chetan2u,

I really appreciate you for such a quick response.

So, you mean "their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet" is modifying ---> Complete clause ( hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate)

I have learnt that we can modify a complete sentence using abstract noun.
For eg--
Government plans to introduce ABC technique, an strategy which can BLAH BLAH BLAH....
Here "an strategy which can BLAH BLAH BLAH"... is modifying the complete sentence.

But in this question we are using THEIR which is a pronoun stands for hummingbirds.
Sentence structure-

Subject + Predicate , Pronoun + Noun (Range) + modifier

How can we modify preceding sentence using a pronoun in the following sentence.
Can you please give few more examples..??

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar

Hi,
in very simple terms..
there are verious modifier and their role depends on the structure of the sentence...
extend is a verb and by adding -ing, a modifier is formed..
comma verb-ing modifier does two jobs...
(1) simultaneous actions or
(2) a result of the actions of previous clause..

here it does (2)... their range is the result of their ability to adapt to various extreme climates..

......, their range extending from... to..., from... to...
will mean the same as..
......, extending their range from... to ...., from...to...
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Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 02:53
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RAHKARP27071989
Hi
The problem in your analysis is that you have tried to split a modifier phrase into its components and left out something because as per rule, a modifier can be dispensed with. Nope. We can dispense with a modifier only when the modifier is non-essential and is set off with a comma.
That is why we cannot separate their range and extending. The modifier extending is an essential one. You see it is not set off from noun their range.
Let’s look at a simple example.
Jack and Jill went down the hill, jack falling first and Jill following—In this sentence, can we afford to drop ‘falling first’ because it is a modifying Jack and drop ‘following’ because, it is modifying Jill.
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Last edited by daagh on 30 Jul 2016, 12:49, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 04:58
Hi chetan2u / daagh

Thanks alot for sharing your thoughts with me and that too very frequently which really helped me to clear concepts.
I really appreciate you..

chetan2u,

As said by you..

......, their range extending from... to..., from... to...
will mean the same as..
......, extending their range from... to ...., from...to...

Its completely new to me, will make a note of it for future references as well.
Because if it was written in a manner ...(, extending their range from... to ...., from...to...) then I would not have any issues in this question.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 05:17
RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi chetan2u / daagh

Thanks alot for sharing your thoughts with me and that too very frequently which really helped me to clear concepts.
I really appreciate you..

chetan2u,

As said by you..

......, their range extending from... to..., from... to...
will mean the same as..
......, extending their range from... to ...., from...to...

Its completely new to me, will make a note of it for future references as well.
Because if it was written in a manner ...(, extending their range from... to ...., from...to...) then I would not have any issues in this question.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar

Hi RAHKARP27071989,
I do not exactly mean that the two would mean the same every time ...
I just gave you a way it could have also worked and that the usage is absolutely correct.
meanings would depend on the structure of sentence..
there are various type of modifiers, which might not look like one otherwise..
example of something I saw 2-3 days back..
His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful, Sir Joseph Lister lent his name to the company that developed Listerine, the first antibacterial liquid.
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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17 May 2016, 05:08
Though I could easily see how the misplaced modifier was corrected in B, I demurred at "their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet."
Is that an absolute phrase? It always sounds like 'a fragment' to me. Can you pls help me understand this type of construction? What is its purpose and what alternatives writers have over it? This will help me train myself to spot it. What else I should do to train my ear to get comfortable with it?

Thanks
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Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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18 May 2016, 12:21
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NoHalfMeasures wrote:
Though I could easily see how the misplaced modifier was corrected in B, I demurred at "their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet."
Is that an absolute phrase? It always sounds like 'a fragment' to me. Can you pls help me understand this type of construction? What is its purpose and what alternatives writers have over it? This will help me train myself to spot it. What else I should do to train my ear to get comfortable with it?

Thanks

You identified correctly - it is indeed an absolute phrase. An absolute phrase consists of a noun and a noun modifier. Here:
noun: their range
noun modifier (present participle) : extending......

Another simpler example (from Manhattan SC guide):

His head held high, Owen walked out of the store.

An alternative way would be to convert it into a main clause and separate by a conjunction or a semicolon. But absolute phrases are stylistically better.
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2016, 01:47
i got B a right answer however I have doubt in non under lined portion of the of the sentence.

from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.

from x to y , from x to y and z. It does not seems to be parallel list. please help
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Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2016, 12:51
mbaprep2016 wrote:
i got B a right answer however I have doubt in non under lined portion of the of the sentence.

from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.

from x to y , from x to y and z. It does not seems to be parallel list. please help

The construction is as follows:

from x to y, from z to p (in which p = a and b).

Thus parallelism is maintained.
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Can sum1 plz help with this ques ? [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2016, 10:06
Found only in the western hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds's range extends from Alaska to Tierra el Fuego,from sea- level rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.
A) Found only in the western hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds's range extends
B) Found only in the western hemisphere, humingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending
C.) Hummingbirds, found only in the western hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate , with their range extending
D.) Hummingbirds, found only in he western hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate,their range extending from
E.) Hummingbirds are found only in the western hemisphere , survive through extremes of climate ,and their range extends

Can sum1 plz help with this ques ?   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2016, 10:06

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