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# In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through t

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In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through t  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 Sep 2019, 03:36
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 137, Date : 10-APR-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details

In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through the use of simple primers depicting the middle-class non-adventures of “Dick and Jane.” Rudolph Fletch’s bestselling 1955 book Why Johnny Can’t Read attacked these primers, calling them “horrible, stupid, insipid, … tasteless little readers” and asserting that such boring stories gave no incentive for children to read on their own and learn to “sound out” each word phonetically. Fletch also bemoaned the fact that there was not a single book in bookstores that first and second graders could read by themselves.

In response, a publisher commissioned Theodore Geisel, who wrote children’s books under the pen name “Dr. Seuss,” to write a book that “a first grader can’t put down.” Geisel was given a list of a few hundred words considered important and asked to make a book out of them. Nine months later, Geisel, using only 220 different words, delivered The Cat in the Hat, a whimsical story about two bored children left at home with their talking fish who are suddenly visited by a havoc-creating six-foot-tall talking cat. In addition, Geisel wrote the entire book in a rhyming verse, making it fun to read aloud. The Cat in the Hat was a tremendous success and vaulted Geisel into instant celebrity. Another publisher bet Geisel that he could not write an entire book using only 50 different words. Geisel won the bet by publishing the classic Green Eggs and Ham.

The Dr. Seuss books revolutionized the children’s book industry by proving that it was possible to create engaging books with a limited vocabulary. Geisel has been credited with killing off “Dick and Jane,” replacing them with clever rhymes, plot twists and rebellious heroes who do the unexpected. Now one in four American children receives a Dr. Seuss title as his or her first book.
1.The main function of the first paragraph is

A. to introduce Fletch’s approach to writing children’s books
B. to describe the “Dick and Jane” primers used in most school
C. to advocate the increase of children’s books in bookstores
D. to establish the premise that the status quo in the early 1950s was not satisfactory for teaching children how to read
E. to praise Fletch’s 1955 book Why Johnny Can’t Read

2.The author provides a brief synopsis of the plot of The Cat in the Hat primarily in order to

A. introduce the reader to the various characters in the book
B. contrast the story of The Cat in the Hat with those of the “boring” primers of the era
C. demonstrate how bizarre the plot of the book is
D. assert that talking cats and fish exist
E. warn parents that leaving children home alone can be dangerous

3. The primary purpose of this passage is to

A. describe how Geisel changed the children’s book industry
B. support the conclusions of Fletch
C. compare and contrast the philosophies of Fletch and Geisel
D. demonstrate the popularity of Geisel’s books
E. summarize the state of the children’s book industry

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Originally posted by Skywalker18 on 06 Sep 2016, 02:51.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 02 Sep 2019, 03:36, edited 3 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (366).
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Re: In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through t  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2019, 18:48
3
1.The main function of the first paragraph is

A. to introduce Fletch’s approach to writing children’s books - out of scope
B. to describe the “Dick and Jane” primers used in most school - out of scope
C. to advocate the increase of children’s books in bookstores - out of scope
D. to establish the premise that the status quo in the early 1950s was not satisfactory for teaching children how to read- this the main idea of the First para
E. to praise Fletch’s 1955 book Why Johnny Can’t Read - out of scope

2.The author provides a brief synopsis of the plot of The Cat in the Hat primarily in order to

A. introduce the reader to the various characters in the book - out of scope
B. contrast the story of The Cat in the Hat with those of the “boring” primers of the era - the 2nd para explains the same.
C. demonstrate how bizarre the plot of the book is - Inconsistent
D. assert that talking cats and fish exist - out of scope
E. warn parents that leaving children home alone can be dangerous - out of scope

3. The primary purpose of this passage is to

A. describe how Geisel changed the children’s book industry - how the writing of Geisel changed the book industry is the primary purpose of the passage
B. support the conclusions of Fletch - out of scope
C. compare and contrast the philosophies of Fletch and Geisel - out of scope
D. demonstrate the popularity of Geisel’s books - not the main idea
E. summarize the state of the children’s book industry - out of scope
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Re: In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through t  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2017, 18:59
1
Hey,
Can anyone please explain how the primary purpose of the passage(Q3) is A and not B, when Giesel was only introduced in second para of the passage and a passage main point must summarize all the paragraphs of the passage? Flench had concluded that the old primers are worthless and stupid. So, isn't the passage describing instances to support the conclusions of Flench by introducing Giesel and his books?? Where am I going wrong?
Thank you.
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Re: In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through t  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2017, 11:22
1
TaN1213

valid question but if you notice the shift in focus of the passage in second paragraph where author doesn't stop at talking about the response "In response, a publisher commissioned Theodore Geisel, who wrote children’s books under the pen name “Dr. Seuss,” to write a book that “a first grader can’t put down. "
and later goes on emphasizing on Geisel's work perfectly summarizing in the last paragraph "The Dr. Seuss books revolutionized the children’s book industry by proving that it was possible to create engaging books with a limited vocabulary" gives us the primary intent of the author which is to applaud how Giesel changed the industry.

Hope this helps.
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Re: In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through t  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2017, 18:53
1
GmatDM2016 wrote:
TaN1213

valid question but if you notice the shift in focus of the passage in second paragraph where author doesn't stop at talking about the response "In response, a publisher commissioned Theodore Geisel, who wrote children’s books under the pen name “Dr. Seuss,” to write a book that “a first grader can’t put down. "
and later goes on emphasizing on Geisel's work perfectly summarizing in the last paragraph "The Dr. Seuss books revolutionized the children’s book industry by proving that it was possible to create engaging books with a limited vocabulary" gives us the primary intent of the author which is to applaud how Giesel changed the industry.

Hope this helps.

Hello,
Thanks for highlighting the shift in the tone of the author where the author praises Geisel dramatically for rest of the paragraphs. I believe in such scenarios our answer should also 'dramatically' talk about the author's favorite.
A new learning approach indeed. Thanks
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Re: In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through t  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2019, 10:12
1
1.The main function of the first paragraph is

A.to introduce Fletch’s approach to writing children’s books
Fletch attack the primers, we do not know if his best seling book introduces an approaach
B. to describe the “Dick and Jane” primers used in most school
Not much is discussed about “Dick and Jane”
C. to advocate the increase of children’s books in bookstores
First para has nothing about book sales
D. to establish the premise that the status quo in the early 1950s was not satisfactory for teaching children how to read
The first paragraph speaks about how the existing books for children are “horrible, stupid, insipid, … tasteless little readers”
The last sentence is sums up the para "Fletch also bemoaned the fact that there was not a single book in bookstores that first and second graders could read by themselves."
Which is what D is basically telling you.
E. to praise Fletch’s 1955 book Why Johnny Can’t Read
The author does not praise fletchs book anywhere, the author does not give his opinion anywhere in the first, but rather only quotes from his books

2.The author provides a brief synopsis of the plot of The Cat in the Hat primarily in order to

A. introduce the reader to the various characters in the book
Although he does introduce various characters, that is not why the author provides a brief synopsis. Seems like a lot of extra trouble
B. contrast the story of The Cat in the Hat with those of the “boring” primers of the era
the author says Geisel's stories are whimsical, making it fun to read aloud, it is a contrast.

C and D is trying to sell the bizzare plot of the story and even though it make seem bizarre to few readers,the first fews lines of the second para says in response Dr Seuss to write a book that “a first grader can’t put down. Author was going to emphazise on Fun rather than bizzare

C. demonstrate how bizarre the plot of the book is
D. assert that talking cats and fish exist

E. warn parents that leaving children home alone can be dangerous
Its a childrens book, author would not write a childrens book to warn parents. Seems a bit comical.

3. The primary purpose of this passage is to
A. describe how Geisel changed the children’s book industry
There was a background Problem..in response Geisel solved it therby changing the industry... FIts
B. support the conclusions of Fletch
Fletch's conclusion isnt mentioned in any of the three paragraphs,
C. compare and contrast the philosophies of Fletch and Geisel
There is no comparison made between Fletch and Geisel in any of the three paragraphs
D. demonstrate the popularity of Geisel’s books
captures only the third paragraphs,
E. summarize the state of the children’s book industry
Although author talks about how Dr. Seuss books revolutionized the children’s book industry and talks about the industry before Dr Seuss, we do not know the anything else about the state of the book industry.
Re: In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through t   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2019, 10:12
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