Last visit was: 14 Sep 2024, 07:10 It is currently 14 Sep 2024, 07:10
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

# Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Current Student
Joined: 03 Aug 2006
Posts: 59
Own Kudos [?]: 722 [44]
Given Kudos: 3
Director
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 770
Own Kudos [?]: 4802 [17]
Given Kudos: 1
Q49  V35
Manager
Joined: 04 Dec 2008
Posts: 55
Own Kudos [?]: 1144 [7]
Given Kudos: 2
General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 02 May 2011
Status:GMAT BATTLE - WIN OR DIE
Posts: 84
Own Kudos [?]: 238 [0]
Given Kudos: 13
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GMAT Date: 12-22-2011
GPA: 3.81
WE:General Management (Hospitality and Tourism)
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
D is right because it use correct idiom "between X and Y"
Intern
Joined: 30 Jun 2014
Posts: 13
Own Kudos [?]: 11 [4]
Given Kudos: 3
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
2
Kudos
2
Bookmarks
IMO - D
First Split : What was introduced by Italian merchants ? Answer : Life Insurance so A,B,C out
Second Split : Between 'individual underwriters with their clients' : wrong idiom. Correct idiom is between. Hence E out.
D remains and hence should be the correct answer.
RC & DI Moderator
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Status:Math and DI Expert
Posts: 11510
Own Kudos [?]: 36006 [0]
Given Kudos: 333
souvik101990
Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteenth century, in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being ship owners, overseas merchants, or professional moneylenders.

A in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being

B in England life insurance had remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were

C until the end of the seventeenth century life insurance in England had remained a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically

D life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically

E life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were

hi,
when we check the Q on two issues , we can find the right answer..
1) modifier:-
the first sentence starts with "introduced by..", what could be introduced 'life insurance'.. so only D and E are left..
2) the correct idiom is between ... and ...
this leaves only D as correct answer
Intern
Joined: 24 Jul 2016
Posts: 10
Own Kudos [?]: 7 [0]
Given Kudos: 59
chetan2u
souvik101990
Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteenth century, in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being ship owners, overseas merchants, or professional moneylenders.

A in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being

B in England life insurance had remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were

C until the end of the seventeenth century life insurance in England had remained a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically

D life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically

E life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were

hi,
when we check the Q on two issues , we can find the right answer..
1) modifier:-
the first sentence starts with "introduced by..", what could be introduced 'life insurance'.. so only D and E are left..
2) the correct idiom is between ... and ...
this leaves only D as correct answer

Hi expert,

I fall into the trap of the word "typically" because I thought it is adverb so it can not modify the nouns after that. Therefore I crossed out C and D, including the correct answer.
But I remember in other SC, the answer choice C is eliminated because this error: "compare to the previously \$7 per year"
SVP
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2401
Own Kudos [?]: 15348 [4]
Given Kudos: 26
Location: Germany
Schools:
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE:Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
3
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
ThangLe
chetan2u
souvik101990
Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteenth century, in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being ship owners, overseas merchants, or professional moneylenders.

A in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being

B in England life insurance had remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were

C until the end of the seventeenth century life insurance in England had remained a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically

D life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically

E life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were

hi,
when we check the Q on two issues , we can find the right answer..
1) modifier:-
the first sentence starts with "introduced by..", what could be introduced 'life insurance'.. so only D and E are left..
2) the correct idiom is between ... and ...
this leaves only D as correct answer

Hi expert,

I fall into the trap of the word "typically" because I thought it is adverb so it can not modify the nouns after that. Therefore I crossed out C and D, including the correct answer.
But I remember in other SC, the answer choice C is eliminated because this error: "compare to the previously \$7 per year"

"Typically" is an adverb and modifies the verb "remained". ... The underlying structure is: ..remained a contract typically between X and Y.

In the other example "previously" is an adverb and modifies the verb/ participle "paid" / "required". Using an adverb without a verb (or participle) is wrong - in "previously \$7 per year", "previously" does not have a verb or adverb to refer to.
Intern
Joined: 24 Jul 2016
Posts: 10
Own Kudos [?]: 7 [0]
Given Kudos: 59
sayantanc2k
ThangLe
chetan2u
[quote="souvi by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteenth century, in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being ship owners, overseas merchants, or professional moneylenders.

A in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being

B in England life insurance had remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were

C until the end of the seventeenth century life insurance in England had remained a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically

D life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically

E life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were[/q

hi,
when we check the Q on two issues , we can find the right answer..
1) modifier:-
the first sentence starts with "introduced by..", what could be introduced 'life insurance'.. so only D and E are left..
2) the correct idiom is between ... and ...
this leaves only D as correct answer

Hi expert,

I fall into the trap of the word "typically" because I thought it is adverb so it can not modify the nouns after that. Therefore I crossed out C and D, including the correct answer.
But I remember in other SC, the answer choice C is eliminated because this error: "compare to the previously \$7 per year"

"Typically" is an adverb and modifies the verb "remained". ... The underlying structure is: ..remained a contract typically between X and Y.

In the other example "previously" is an adverb and modifies the verb/ participle "paid" / "required". Using an adverb without a verb (or participle) is wrong - in "previously \$7 per year", "previously" does not have a verb or adverb to refer to.

Hi,

Could you please elaborate how "typically" modifies "remained" when it places too far from the verb and seems to be unrelate to the verb.
Sorry for that question, because I am just familiar with adv+adj or adv+verb. Eg: extremely dangerous, fully understand...
Intern
Joined: 05 Mar 2014
Posts: 3
Own Kudos [?]: 6 [5]
Given Kudos: 33
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
4
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
nookway
Source: GMATPrep Test 1
I would recommend not to attempt this if you have not taken the GMAT Prep Test 1 as familiarity with the questions may inflate your score when you actually take the test.

Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteenth century, in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being ship owners, overseas merchants, or professional moneylenders.

A. in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being
B. in England life insurance had remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were
C. until the end of the seventeenth century life insurance in England had remained a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically
D. life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically
E. life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were

Please do not respond by just saying the answer is __. Please try to provide a reason why a given choice is correct or incorrect.

In the five cases the subject is life insurances, I think that is not a misplaced modified error.

This is my analysis:
A. in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being - Being is avoided by gmat
B. in England life insurance had remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were - the correct structure is Between X and Y
C. until the end of the seventeenth century life insurance in England had remained a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically - The error is the past perfect
D. life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically - correct
E. life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were - the correct structure is Between X and Y
SVP
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2401
Own Kudos [?]: 15348 [1]
Given Kudos: 26
Location: Germany
Schools:
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE:Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
1
Kudos
ThangLe
sayantanc2k
ThangLe

Hi expert,

I fall into the trap of the word "typically" because I thought it is adverb so it can not modify the nouns after that. Therefore I crossed out C and D, including the correct answer.
But I remember in other SC, the answer choice C is eliminated because this error: "compare to the previously \$7 per year"

"Typically" is an adverb and modifies the verb "remained". ... The underlying structure is: ..remained a contract typically between X and Y.

In the other example "previously" is an adverb and modifies the verb/ participle "paid" / "required". Using an adverb without a verb (or participle) is wrong - in "previously \$7 per year", "previously" does not have a verb or adverb to refer to.

Hi,

Could you please elaborate how "typically" modifies "remained" when it places too far from the verb and seems to be unrelate to the verb.
Sorry for that question, because I am just familiar with adv+adj or adv+verb. Eg: extremely dangerous, fully understand...
Yes, in general verb and adverbs are placed next to each other but in some cases they may be apart - consider the following:

I would like to go to Delhi, preferably by a train.
I would like to go to Delhi by a train, preferably the Rajdhani express.

In both examples "preferably" is modifying "go" - it is comparatively easier to understand this in the first example than in the second because of the proximity of the adverb to the verb. The second one is a bit more difficult to identify, but the usage is alright whatsoever. Option D is a similar case, only that the adverb is even further placed - nonetheless it resembles the second example given above. Another set of simpler sentences could be helpful:
A contract is signed typically between X and Y. ( adjacent verb and adverb)
Life Insurance remained a contract typically between X and Y. (slightly away)

Another way of looking at this structure is as follows:
Consider the part after the comma an adverbial phrase modifying the whole preceding clause (precisely the verb of the preceding clause - similar to a present participle modifier).
Manager
Joined: 25 Jun 2016
Posts: 58
Own Kudos [?]: 564 [0]
Given Kudos: 4
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
The phrase leading up to the comma is a modifying phrase. When you open a sentence with a modifying phrase, the word after the comma should be whatever is being modified. Here, the modifying phrase is modifying something that was "Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteenth century." So after the comma we need a thing (a noun or a noun-phrase) that could have been introduced to England in the 16th century.

The only answer choices that have a reasonable noun directly after the comma are D and E. (more on the all important modifier-at-the-beginning-of-a-sentence pattern below.

One key difference between D and E is the and in D vs the with in E. These words are connected to the between that precedes them. It's idiomatic in standard written English to say 'between X and Y' (not between X with Y). In fact, it seems I unintentionally included that idiom at the beginning of this paragraph (one key difference between D and E...).

So E is gone. D is our answer.

But again, the highest point-yield pattern here is the modifying phrase at the beginning. So a bit more on that:

Many modifying phrases are participial phrases (phrases built around -ed, and -ing verb participles). Some examples:

Published in Chicago,____
Discovered in London,___
Hoping to influence voters,____

In each of these cases, the thing after the comma needs to be whatever is described before the comma. So, for practice, for each of the examples above, choose one of the two options for what follows the comma.

Published in Chicago,____ (the journalist... / the newspaper....)
Discovered in a lab at Imperial College in London,___ (Penicillin... / Alexander Fleming...)
Hoping to influence voters,____ (the politician gave an impassioned speech / an impassioned speech was given by the politition)

And:

Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteenth century,____ (life insurance... / in England...)

[Answers: the newspaper, Penicillin, the politician, life insurance]
Intern
Joined: 29 Oct 2016
Posts: 20
Own Kudos [?]: 6 [0]
Given Kudos: 19
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
I understood that the answer was "D" and not "E" since E had "between..x.with..y.." and not "between x...and...y" but I'm wondering if "who typically were" is still wrong in E?
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Status: enjoying
Posts: 5264
Own Kudos [?]: 42171 [1]
Given Kudos: 422
Location: India
WE:Education (Education)
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Top Contributor
E. life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were
Quote:
infinitemac wrote
Quote:
I understood that the answer was "D" and not "E" since E had "between..x. with..y.." and not "between x...and...y" but I'm wondering if "who typically were" is still wrong in E?
There is nothing wrong with 'who typically were' in E except that it is a little wordier than 'typically" in D.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Status:Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Posts: 2082
Own Kudos [?]: 9105 [0]
Given Kudos: 171
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE:Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteenth century, in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being ship owners, overseas merchants, or professional moneylenders.

A. in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being - Initial modifier error - in the case of an initial subject-less modifier in front of a comma, the modifier should always be followed IMMEDIATELY by the noun / noun phrase that's being modified
B. in England life insurance had remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were - same as A
C. until the end of the seventeenth century life insurance in England had remained a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically - same as A
D. life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically - Correct
E. life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were- Idiom error - between X and Y

Intern
Joined: 18 Jan 2017
Posts: 20
Own Kudos [?]: 19 [0]
Given Kudos: 171
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
nookway
Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteenth century, in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being ship owners, overseas merchants, or professional moneylenders.

A. in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being
B. in England life insurance had remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were
C. until the end of the seventeenth century life insurance in England had remained a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically
D. life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically
E. life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were

Looking for the correct idiom and modifier in this question. The correct idiom that is being tested here is Between X and Y.
A. in England life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically being
In England is not the correct modifier- needs to insurance, being is incorrect
B. in England life insurance had remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were- same modifier issue as above and idiom is incorrect
C. until the end of the seventeenth century life insurance in England had remained a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically- correct idiom but wrong verb tense
D. life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically- correct modifier and idiom used
E. life insurance remained until the end of the seventeenth century in England a specialized contract between individual underwriters with their clients, who typically were- idiom is incorrect and the sentence is wordy in comparison to D
Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2017
Posts: 66
Own Kudos [?]: 31 [0]
Given Kudos: 70
Location: India
GMAT 1: 590 Q47 V25
GMAT 2: 660 Q50 V29
GPA: 3.56
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
D. life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically ship owners, overseas merchants, or professional moneylenders

Is this highlighted part a phrase ?
daagh, plz help.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Status: enjoying
Posts: 5264
Own Kudos [?]: 42171 [1]
Given Kudos: 422
Location: India
WE:Education (Education)
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Top Contributor
yes. You can see that there is no verb in the highlighted portion. So it is just a list of three items and an appositive that modifies the noun before 'clients'
Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2017
Posts: 685
Own Kudos [?]: 433 [0]
Given Kudos: 778
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
D is best among given 5 choices, but I see some vagueness in this option too. Does a comma after century not required?

D. life insurance in England remained until the end of the seventeenth century a specialized contract between individual underwriters and their clients, typically
Intern
Joined: 08 Jan 2019
Posts: 40
Own Kudos [?]: 40 [0]
Given Kudos: 3
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
Agree with the X and Y but then there's a modifier missing before typically in D

Such cases - how to choose?
Re: Introduced by Italian merchants resident in London during the sixteent [#permalink]
1   2
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
7056 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
234 posts