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# Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the

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Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2008, 00:52
1
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Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by carcass on 03 Mar 2014, 12:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2013, 05:55
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D is wrong because of tense error.

Many of monasteries were chiseled from solid rock centuries ago. - OK

Many of monasteries are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago. - Not Good

He was hit by a car a week ago. - OK

He is hit by a car a week ago. - Not Good
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Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2016, 03:01
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Expert's post
hatemnag wrote:
I think It is a modifier issue. look at Many of them , modifies the monasteries directly. you can review Manhattan . SC book chapter 'Advanced modifiers'. please note that Many of them without helping verb be which is right.
thanks

Yes. The subgroup modifier topic is explained nicely in the Manahatatn SC guide. However please note that as per that explanation, both D and E would be correct.

Following is an excerpt from the Manhattan guide:
Right: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF WHICH WERE only recently discovered.
Right: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF THEM only recently discovered.

Compare the above with the following answer choices:

(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, MANY OF WHICH ARE chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, MANY OF THEM chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

Thus both D and E are apparently correct.

Nonetheless the verb "ARE" is wrong in option D.......should be "WERE". Hence we can eliminate option D (although the modifier construction is right).
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18 Aug 2008, 01:05
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prateek11587 wrote:
hibloom wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.-MODIFYING ERROR
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.-MODIFYING ERROR
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.-TENSE ERROR
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

IMO E

Why not D?
Can "them" mean the mountains in E? I know it (chiseled) should refer to the monasteries. What is OA?
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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2014, 05:28
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b2bt wrote:
hibloom wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

A.) and B.) say that the mountainous regions are chiseled from rock which is incorrect
C.) Hundred of monasteries, many of ...., are dotting ---> monasteries are not dotting that's incorrect. they form like dots

Still not sure why D.) is wrong
Is it because of "which" ? Any Explanations?

Hi b2bt,
Let me give a try.

Quote:
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
Incorrect. Here "many of which are chiseled.." means some one went to these regions, chiseled and thus changes the intended meaning of "naturally getting chiseled"

Quote:
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago
Correct. Here "many of them chiseled.." means the chiseling happened spontaneously and not because of someone's interruption. The original meaning (in option A) is retained.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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05 May 2017, 09:23
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Top Contributor
The source of this topic seems to be the condemned 1000 series. Notwithstanding that, let's see whether we can have any take away from that, especially because MGMAT is has been cited in the discussions on the principles of modification
Following is an excerpt from the Manhattan guide:

1. Right: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF WHICH WERE only recently discovered.--

The question is whether the second part of this sentence is an IC or just a modifier clause. IMO, \it is an IC since we have a solid subject in 'many of which' and a solid verb in 'were'. The result is that this is rather a comma splice. In addition, the verb 'were' seems to be out of place here, since the first part is in the present tense and a present perfect such as 'have been' would have been better. However, tense may or may not a critical issue here. .

2. Right: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF THEM only recently discovered.

This seems to be correct since, the second part is a verbless phrase, simply modifying the touching noun 'particles'.

To extrapolate this to the issue at hand,

(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, MANY OF WHICH ARE chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, MANY OF THEM chiseled from solid rock centuries ago

In this also, the choice D is wrong more because D is a comma splice. Of course, whether they are chiseled or were chiseled may not the prima-facie fact.
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17 Aug 2008, 04:07
E. I don't think that mountainous regions could be chiseled. Monastries could be chiseled.
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18 Aug 2008, 02:23
leonidas wrote:
prateek11587 wrote:
hibloom wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.-MODIFYING ERROR
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.-MODIFYING ERROR
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.-TENSE ERROR
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

IMO E

Why not D?
Can "them" mean the mountains in E? I know it (chiseled) should refer to the monasteries. What is OA?

NO,IT CLEARLY REFERS TO THE MONASTRIES
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18 Aug 2008, 02:41
What is the difference between C and E? Does C change meaning or "is dotting" is not appropriate in C?
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18 Aug 2008, 03:03
scthakur wrote:
What is the difference between C and E? Does C change meaning or "is dotting" is not appropriate in C?

"are dotted with" is much better than "are dotting"
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19 Aug 2008, 21:35
OA is E
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26 Apr 2010, 23:20
Both C and E are in present tense. I marked C because E is in passive form.

Any new reassons?
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08 Sep 2010, 00:51
ykaiim wrote:
Both C and E are in present tense. I marked C because E is in passive form.

Any new reassons?

Well, read this "Hundreds of monasteries are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia." -well I see this as a continuous process, something like you look at mountains and monastiries continiuosly are dotting the mountains, those dots appear and dissapear continiously.Well it may seem funny but it is unlogical.

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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2013, 07:12
Hi ... Can anyone tell me what is wrong with D?
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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2013, 11:55
Agree with E. Got it wrong though in 63 seconds.
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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2014, 12:58
Simply because it has no sense. completely.

In E the meaning is the following: the regions (X) has a lot of things, many of them bla bla bla

In C Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.

nonsensical.

hope this helps
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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2014, 20:38
Option E.
It was the 'monasteries' and not the 'mountainous regions' which were chiseled.A and B suggest the opposite.
In C and D,'are dotting' and 'are chiseled' resp. Are wrong.

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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2014, 10:33
My problem with "E" was the word "them". It doesn't go very well to describe "Monastries". I think monastries should be described using "Which"
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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2014, 02:15
hibloom wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

A.) and B.) say that the mountainous regions are chiseled from rock which is incorrect
C.) Hundred of monasteries, many of ...., are dotting ---> monasteries are not dotting that's incorrect. they form like dots

Still not sure why D.) is wrong
Is it because of "which" ? Any Explanations?
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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2014, 08:12
riskietech wrote:
b2bt wrote:
hibloom wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chisemmmm.

A.) and B.) say that the mountainous regions are chiseled from rock which is incorrect
C.) Hundred of monasteries, many of ...., are dotting ---> monasteries are not dotting that's incorrect. they form like dots

Still not sure why D.) is wrong
Is it because of "which" ? Any Explanations?

Hi b2bt,
Let me give a try.

Quote:
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
Incorrect. Here "many of which are chiseled.." means some one went to these regions, chiseled and thus changes the intended meaning of "naturally getting chiseled"

Quote:
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago
Correct. Here "many of them chiseled.." means the chiseling happened spontaneously and not because of someone's interruption. The original meaning (in option A) is retained.

Hope this helps!

Sounds reasonable to me
Thanks for helping out !
Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2014, 08:12

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