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Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand

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Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2013, 14:37
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Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand during the summer, professional clammers work year-round, using all-weather instruments such as the hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake

A. work year-round, using all-weather instruments such as the hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake

B. work year-round by using all-weather instruments like hydraulic dredge or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake

C. working year-round and using all-weather instruments such as a hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake

D. working year-round use all-weather instruments like hydraulic dredges or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake

E. work year-round using all-weather instruments, for example, a hydraulic dredge or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand durin [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2013, 14:45
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nave81 wrote:
Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand during the summer, professional clammers work year-round, using all-weather instruments such as the hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake

A. work year-round, using all-weather instruments such as the hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake

B. work year-round by using all-weather instruments like hydraulic dredge or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake

C. working year-round and using all-weather instruments such as a hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake

D. working year-round use all-weather instruments like hydraulic dredges or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake

E. work year-round using all-weather instruments, for example, a hydraulic dredge or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake

IMHO, the answer should be option A -

Options D & E can be eliminated rightaway because of the incorrect plural noun (20 foot long implements such as bull rake - correct version should be'bull rakes') .
Option C is out because its wierd, it does not conclude the statement and seems to end abrubtly.

Between A & B, its clearer in option A. Option B seems to imply that they need those instruments to work all-year round (changing the meaning..). So thats it! Option A.

Hope it helps! :)
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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand durin [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2013, 14:48
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Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand during the summer, professional clammers work year-round, using all-weather instruments such as the hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake

First split: work VS working. "Work" is a verb, "working" is a modifier. Consider C and D:

C. working year-round and using all-weather instruments such as a hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake
This sentence has no verb. Cannot be right
D. working year-round use all-weather instruments like hydraulic dredges or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake
This sentence has a structure issue. The overall sentence is not clear : "Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig during the summer professional clammers use all-weather instruments ". Moreover "like" should be replaced by "such as", as we want to give examples

We are left with A B and E:

A. work year-round, using all-weather instruments such as the hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake
B. work year-round by using all-weather instruments like hydraulic dredge or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake
E. work year-round using all-weather instruments, for example, a hydraulic dredge or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake

All those use work correctly. But they differ in the usage of "using". What is the sentence trying to express?
The structure should be "they work, HOW they work", the construct COMMA + ING expresses this idea correctly.
In E "using" is used without the comma and modifes the preceding noun, does not express how they work.

BTW, there are also other reasons to pick A over B and E (implement VS implements for example or such as VS like)
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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand durin [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2013, 15:34
I think it's "A". It should be in simple present tense.
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Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2014, 22:52
C and D are out because working is not a verb. The correct verb form is work(Plural).

Among A B and C, such as is the best to compare example and is better than 'like' and 'for example'.

Participial Phrase is correctly used with a comma, modifying the preceding clause. A is direct, sleek idiomatically correct and therefore the best answer choice.
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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2014, 07:56
what is the difference between "by doing " and "comma doing" when they follow the main clause, pls, explain
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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2014, 08:02
vietmoi999 wrote:
what is the difference between "by doing " and "comma doing" when they follow the main clause, pls, explain


Verb+ing(example: being, having, using) modifier with comma modifies preceding clause and without comma modifies preceding noun.
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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2016, 03:42
Zarrolou wrote:
Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand during the summer, professional clammers work year-round, using all-weather instruments such as the hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake

First split: work VS working. "Work" is a verb, "working" is a modifier. Consider C and D:

C. working year-round and using all-weather instruments such as a hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake
This sentence has no verb. Cannot be right
D. working year-round use all-weather instruments like hydraulic dredges or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake
This sentence has a structure issue. The overall sentence is not clear : "Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig during the summer professional clammers use all-weather instruments ". Moreover "like" should be replaced by "such as", as we want to give examples

We are left with A B and E:

A. work year-round, using all-weather instruments such as the hydraulic dredge or a 20-foot-long implement known as a bull rake
B. work year-round by using all-weather instruments like hydraulic dredge or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake
E. work year-round using all-weather instruments, for example, a hydraulic dredge or 20-foot-long implements known as a bull rake

All those use work correctly. But they differ in the usage of "using". What is the sentence trying to express?
The structure should be "they work, HOW they work", the construct COMMA + ING expresses this idea correctly.
In E "using" is used without the comma and modifes the preceding noun, does not express how they work.

BTW, there are also other reasons to pick A over B and E (implement VS implements for example or such as VS like)
in
but in E, there is no noun preceed "using( without comma)". what does it modify in this case?

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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 05:50
Hi all,

I am not clear about the difference between "comma + Ving" and "by Ving". Why, in this case, "comma + Ving" is better than "by Ving". How does "by Ving" distort the meaning of this sentence.

Anyone can help. Thanks.

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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 10:40
Hi thingocanhnguyen

work year-round using all-weather instruments - using without comma modifies the previous noun which is year-round
work year-round, using all-weather instruments - where as (,+ Ving ) modifies the previous clause which is how the work was done it was done using all the weather instruments.
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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 22:07
aim730 wrote:
Hi thingocanhnguyen

work year-round using all-weather instruments - using without comma modifies the previous noun which is year-round
work year-round, using all-weather instruments - where as (,+ Ving ) modifies the previous clause which is how the work was done it was done using all the weather instruments.


Hi aim730,

Thanks for your explanation. However, my question is: there is any difference in meaning or grammatically structure between "work year-round by using all-weather instruments..." and "working year-round, using all-weather instruments..."

Thanks.

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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand [#permalink]

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thingocanhnguyen wrote:
Hi all,

I am not clear about the difference between "comma + Ving" and "by Ving". Why, in this case, "comma + Ving" is better than "by Ving". How does "by Ving" distort the meaning of this sentence.

Anyone can help. Thanks.




Hello thingocanhnguyen,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

The comma + verb-ing modifier placed after a clause modifies the preceding action in the preceding clause. In modifying the preceding action, the comma _ verb-ing modifier performs one of the two functions:

1. It presents the HOW aspect of the modified clause. For example: Paul dug the hole, using a spade.

How did Paul dig the hole? By using a spade.


2. It presents the RESULT of the modified action. For example: Paul invested wisely in the stock market, earning huge profits.

The sentence says that because Paul invested wisely in the stock market, he earned huge profits as a result.


Now let's talk about the official sentence at hand. In this sentence, the context makes it very clear that comma + verb-ing modifier using... presents the HOW aspect of the modified action work.

How do the professional clammers work year-round? They do so by using all-weather instrument.

So yes, we can use both the expressions - comma + using... and by using..., to present the HOW aspect of the action work.

However, option B suffers from other flaws. It is not incorrect for the usage of by using....


To learn more about the correct usage of comma + verb-ing and the verb-ing modifiers (not preceded by a comma), please click on the following link:
https://e-gmat.com/secure/mod/lti/view.php?id=3709

To access the link, you just need to log on to e-gmat.com and register free of cost.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Unlike amateur clammers, who usually dig clams by hand   [#permalink] 28 Dec 2017, 00:20
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