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# While the immune system helps the human body's trying to

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Manager
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While the immune system helps the human body's trying to [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 04:48
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35% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (01:58) correct 38% (01:07) wrong based on 464 sessions

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38. While the immune system helps the human body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it, certain immunodeficiency disorders like AIDS attack the immune system itself and disable its healing mechanisms.
(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it
(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it

OA will be posted later.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by fameatop on 08 Sep 2013, 00:51, edited 1 time in total.
OA not Provided
If you have any questions
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While the immune system helps the human body's trying to [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2016, 05:55
4
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For Kaplan OE Immunodeficiency disorders
[Reveal] Spoiler:
From the outset, you can focus on fixing the human body's trying, an unattractive phrase on all counts. Eliminate (A), and you can take out (B) as well for making the phrase no better. Focusing on the final verb, you have that is harming or that harm. Since the subject is singular, eliminate (C) for containing the plural harm. When comparing (D) and (E), you can see that (D) adds an extra verb. The addition of to attempt is wordy and redundant; there's nothing expressed by to attempt that isn't already expressed by to try. That leaves (E).

Last edited by Pronz on 22 Jan 2016, 05:00, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 12:26
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(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it -
virus or disease. so that harms it not that harm it

(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it - wordy -try means to attemt

(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it - Correct
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 06:40
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Should be body instead of body's. I think E?
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 22:24
1
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Official Explanation

From the outset, you can focus on fixing the human body's trying, an unattractive phrase on all counts. Eliminate (A), and you can take out (B) as well for making the phrase no better. Focusing on the final verb, you have that is harming or that harm. Since the subject is singular, eliminate (C) for containing the plural harm. When comparing (D) and (E), you can see that (D) adds an extra verb. The addition of to attempt is wordy and redundant; there's nothing expressed by to attempt that isn't already expressed by to try. That leaves (E).
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 07:07
DenisSh wrote:
38. While the immune system helps the human body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it, certain immunodeficiency disorders like AIDS attack the immune system itself and disable its healing mechanisms.
(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it[to try to defend]--->awkward
(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it[to aatempt to try to defend]-->wordy
(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it[to try to defend]

OA will be posted later.

I will try this one .....this SC is really a tricky one

Between A and B ... I will go with A ( "trying to defend" more idiomatic)

In B " body's trial to defend itself " would be better"
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 11:10
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DenisSh wrote:
38. While the immune system helps the human body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it, certain immunodeficiency disorders like AIDS attack the immune system itself and disable its healing mechanisms.
(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it
(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it

OA will be posted later.

Help somebody/something to do something or with doing something is correct. We shouldn't use possessive forms (body's trying, body's tries) after 'help'.
A- body's trying sounds awkward
B - body's tries - also an incorrect form
C - correct
D - to attempt to try - wordy
E - present continous tense "is harming" is not appropriate
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 12:16
apoorvasrivastva wrote:
DenisSh wrote:
38. While the immune system helps the human body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it, certain immunodeficiency disorders like AIDS attack the immune system itself and disable its healing mechanisms.
(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it[to try to defend]--->awkward
(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it[to aatempt to try to defend]-->wordy
(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it[to try to defend]

OA will be posted later.

I will try this one .....this SC is really a tricky one

Between A and B ... I will go with A ( "trying to defend" more idiomatic)

In B " body's trial to defend itself " would be better"

body's trying is a gerund noun.. so i think A could be the answer.. but what does "it" in A refer to??
"it" can not refer to body...
If "it" can not be assigned to anything then i'll select C for this question..
i mean it is not clear to me what to select at this point..i will select C in the test on the basis of unambiguous usage of "it" in A..
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 12:36
atomy wrote:
apoorvasrivastva wrote:
DenisSh wrote:
38. While the immune system helps the human body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it, certain immunodeficiency disorders like AIDS attack the immune system itself and disable its healing mechanisms.
(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it[to try to defend]--->awkward
(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it[to aatempt to try to defend]-->wordy
(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it[to try to defend]

OA will be posted later.

I will try this one .....this SC is really a tricky one

Between A and B ... I will go with A ( "trying to defend" more idiomatic)

In B " body's trial to defend itself " would be better"

body's trying is a gerund noun.. so i think A could be the answer.. but what does "it" in A refer to??
"it" can not refer to body...
If "it" can not be assigned to anything then i'll select C for this question..
i mean it is not clear to me what to select at this point..i will select C in the test on the basis of unambiguous usage of "it" in A..

Well atomhy if u look closely all the answer choices have an ambiguous "it"
A seems to be the better of al
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 18:27
I would go with E between C and E, as i think C should be harms it. help ... to do ... sounds correct..
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2009, 19:46
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While the immune system helps the human body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it, certain immunodeficiency disorders like AIDS attack the immune system itself and disable its healing mechanisms.
(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it immune systems help the human body not its trying
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it immune system helps the "tries"... no it helps the human body not the tries
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it Incorrect- virus or disease singular, harm plural
(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it awkward infinitive construction
(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it CORRECT

IMO E. OA?
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2009, 01:28
immune system helps human body makes sense rather than immune system helps human body's trying
hence left with C, D & E
C has wrongly used "harm" ; "harms" is correct
D is wordy
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2009, 13:54
bipolarbear wrote:
While the immune system helps the human body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it, certain immunodeficiency disorders like AIDS attack the immune system itself and disable its healing mechanisms.
(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it immune systems help the human body not its trying
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it immune system helps the "tries"... no it helps the human body not the tries
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it Incorrect- virus or disease singular, harm plural
(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it awkward infinitive construction
(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it CORRECT

IMO E. OA?

thanks for pointing out the error in C .. I chose C but now I see the error.
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2009, 10:30
I go for E...

that clearly modify virus and disease. Verb is singular
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Re: While the immune system helps [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2009, 17:49
38. While the immune system helps the human body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it, certain immunodeficiency disorders like AIDS attack the immune system itself and disable its healing mechanisms.
(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it
(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it

E for me
A and B : it cannot refer to possessive pronoun
C : a virus or disease that harm - shouldn't it be harms?
D : redundant - attempt and try
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Re: While the immune system helps the human body's trying to [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2012, 04:36
DenisSh wrote:
38. While the immune system helps the human body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it, certain immunodeficiency disorders like AIDS attack the immune system itself and disable its healing mechanisms.
(A) body's trying to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(B) body's tries to defend itself from a virus or disease harming it
(C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it
(D) body to attempt to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it
(E) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that is harming it

Explanation:
A, B - the immune system helps the human body not tries. Thus, eliminate them.
C - "a virus or disease that harm it". SV errors, it must be "a virus or disease that harmS it. Eliminate.
D - "to attempt to try" - classic redundancy, eliminate.
E - is a good answer: Meaning - "helps body", SV - a virus or disease that is

Source: Kaplan 800 OA - E
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Re: While the immune system helps the human body's trying to [#permalink]

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06 May 2014, 03:16
If given more time to it, I would have got it right..
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Re: While the immune system helps the human body's trying to [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2015, 13:50
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Re: While the immune system helps the human body's trying to [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2015, 22:15
C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it
C’s problem stems from the plural verb ‘harm’ while the subject noun is singular ‘a virus’ or ‘disease’.

In E, how else can we call a factor that is at the moment causing problems? If you use a simple present, ‘that harms', it turns too general to denote a phenomenon currently being undergone
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Re: While the immune system helps the human body's trying to [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2015, 12:39
daagh wrote:
C) body to try to defend itself from a virus or disease that harm it
C’s problem stems from the plural verb ‘harm’ while the subject noun is singular ‘a virus’ or ‘disease’.

In E, how else can we call a factor that is at the moment causing problems? If you use a simple present, ‘that harms', it turns too general to denote a phenomenon currently being undergone

daagh
In 'C' if we replace 'harm' by 'harms' , will it be a correct construction?

Also, instead of 'virus or disease' , we put 'virus AND disease' , is option C correct?
Re: While the immune system helps the human body's trying to   [#permalink] 26 Dec 2015, 12:39

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