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According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud

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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2019, 02:40
egmat wrote:
Jagwant01 wrote:

According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth. which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking out a communications satellite.

(A) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking

(B) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked

(C) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking

(D) a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightened the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked

(E) a large storm in the magnetic field surrounding Earth was recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightening the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked

I feel in option C the word " brightening" is modifying earth which is wrong. Can someone please point out where i am going wrong, and also what is the function of brightening in that sentence.




Hello Jagwant01,

I am not sure if your doubt still persists. Here is the explanation nonetheless. :-)

In Choice C, both brightening... and knocking... are modifiers that are placed after a clause and are preceded by a comma. Hence, they are comma + verb-ing modifiers that modify the action in the preceding clause.

Per the context of the sentence, brightening... and knocking... correctly modify the preceding action triggered. The sentence intends to say that an expanding clause triggered a large storm. This action led to two events. It brightened the Northern Lights and probably knocked out a communication satellite.

Now, the verb-ing modifiers that are not preceded by a comma act as noun modifiers and modify the preceding noun.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hello Ma'am,

as per the context of the mentioned sentence, it is not the cloud, which both brightened the northern lights and knocked out the communication satellite, but the storm triggered by the cloud. As per the concept regarding the verb-ing modifier, the doer of the action in both the main clause and the ing- clause shall be the same. I think that choice C is incorrect in terms of meaning as the doer in both the clauses is the expanding cloud, which doesn't make any sense. I also understand the fact that option C is the only option with correct grammatical construction. However, I am still not convinced considering the meaning error that I just mentioned.

Kindly correct me if I'm wrong..
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2019, 02:43
egmat wrote:
Jagwant01 wrote:

According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth. which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking out a communications satellite.

(A) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking

(B) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked

(C) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking

(D) a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightened the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked

(E) a large storm in the magnetic field surrounding Earth was recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightening the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked

I feel in option C the word " brightening" is modifying earth which is wrong. Can someone please point out where i am going wrong, and also what is the function of brightening in that sentence.




Hello Jagwant01,

I am not sure if your doubt still persists. Here is the explanation nonetheless. :-)

In Choice C, both brightening... and knocking... are modifiers that are placed after a clause and are preceded by a comma. Hence, they are comma + verb-ing modifiers that modify the action in the preceding clause.

Per the context of the sentence, brightening... and knocking... correctly modify the preceding action triggered. The sentence intends to say that an expanding clause triggered a large storm. This action led to two events. It brightened the Northern Lights and probably knocked out a communication satellite.

Now, the verb-ing modifiers that are not preceded by a comma act as noun modifiers and modify the preceding noun.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hello Ma'am,

as per the context of the mentioned sentence, it is not the cloud, which both brightened the northern lights and knocked out the communication satellite, but the storm triggered by the cloud. As per the concept regarding the verb-ing modifier, the doer of the action in both the main clause and the ing- clause shall be the same. I think that choice C is incorrect in terms of meaning as the doer in both the clauses is the expanding cloud, which doesn't make any sense. I also understand the fact that option C is the only option with correct grammatical construction. However, I am still not convinced considering the meaning error that I just mentioned.

Kindly correct me if I'm wrong..
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 02:26
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, to find the correct choice! Before we dive in, here is the original question with any major differences between the options highlighted in orange:

According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking out a communications satellite.

(A) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking
(B) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked
(C) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking
(D) a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightened the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked
(E) a large storm in the magnetic field surrounding Earth was recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightening the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked

After a quick glance over the options, there are 2 main things we can focus on:

1. Modifiers (Are the scientists monitoring the cloud or the storm?)
2. Parallelism (brightened/brightening & knocked/knocking)


Let's start with #1 on our list: modifiers! We have to ask ourselves a couple questions to determine what order the modifiers should be in:

WHAT were the scientists monitoring?
and
WHAT brightened the Northern Lights and possibly knocked out a communications satellite?


We can tell by reading the sentence carefully that the scientists were monitoring THE CLOUD. This means the modifier "According to scientists who monitored its path" needs to come directly before the storm, which is what it's referring to! Let's see which options handle this correctly, and rule out those that don't:

(A) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking

(B) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked

(C) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking

(D) a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightened the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked

(E) a large storm in the magnetic field surrounding Earth was recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightening the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked

We can rule out options D & E because they don't put the modifier next to what it's modifying.

Now that we're left with only 3 options, let's move on to #2 on our list: parallelism. There are two things that happened as a result of the large storm in Earth's magnetic field: the Northern Lights were brighter, and it possibly knocked out a communications satellite. These two need to be written using parallel structure! Let's see which ones do, and rule out those that don't:

(A) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking --> NOT PARALLEL

(B) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked --> NOT PARALLEL

(C) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking --> PARALLEL

There you go - option C is the correct choice! It places the modifier next to what it's modifying, and it uses parallel structure for both effects at the end!


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.




Hi There,

Apologies in advance but I'm still unsure how we determined that the scientists were monitoring the cloud. I understand from the question that "an expanding cloud..." was placed after the first comma which lends itself nicely to this being the case...but is that the reason why we chose this? Furthermore, how do we determine what brightened the northern lights / possibly knocked out the satellites? If we sub in "an expanding cloud", this can make sense (i.e. it may be possible that a cloud of energized particles recently ejected from the sun brightened the northern lights and knocked out satellites)... but the storm cloud also makes sense in this case as well.

Overall just unsure. I initially picked C, then picked D and have all the regrets!

Thanks
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 04:29
YB101 wrote:
I initially picked C, then picked D and have all the regrets!

D would be incorrect for the following reasons:

i) Option D just completely forgoes the phrase ejected from the sun

ii) The use of it (in it possibly knocked) is at best redundant. The sentence could as well have been:

a large storm..brightened and possibly knocked..
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 08:18
YB101 wrote:
Apologies in advance but I'm still unsure how we determined that the scientists were monitoring the cloud. I understand from the question that "an expanding cloud..." was placed after the first comma which lends itself nicely to this being the case...but is that the reason why we chose this? Furthermore, how do we determine what brightened the northern lights / possibly knocked out the satellites? If we sub in "an expanding cloud", this can make sense (i.e. it may be possible that a cloud of energized particles recently ejected from the sun brightened the northern lights and knocked out satellites)... but the storm cloud also makes sense in this case as well.

Overall just unsure. I initially picked C, then picked D and have all the regrets!

Thanks[/color][/b]

I am also confused. Were scientists monitoring the path of the cloud or the storm? Very confusing :?

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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2019, 22:22
GMATGuruNY wrote:
D and E: According to scientists who monitored its path, a large storm
Here, its seems to refer to a large storm, conveying that scientists monitored the path of A LARGE STORM.
Since the logical meaning of the original sentence is not retained, eliminate D and E.

Thanks GMATGuruNY. The thing is that to me, a "storm" is more logical to have a "path" (that can be monitored) than an "expanding cloud" (the cloud is just expanding, so what path can it have :? ).

That's what confused me.
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2019, 16:40
What are the scientists monitoring 1) an expanding cloud or 2) a large storm? An expanding cloud, which triggered the magnetic field, was monitored by the scientists.

(A) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking- Earth did not brighten the Northern Lights

(B) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked - It is ambiguous

(C) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking - Correct

(D) a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightened the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked- a large storm was not monitored

(E) a large storm in the magnetic field surrounding Earth was recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightening the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked - a large storm was not monitored
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2019, 16:27
According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking out a communications satellite.


(A) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking( Which referring to earth.Wrong)

(B) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked( 1. was what recently: wordy and it?? Again It refers to ?) so wrong

(C) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking( Correct Answer)

(D) a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightened the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked( It refer to particles or lights Not Sure)So wrong.

(E) a large storm in the magnetic field surrounding Earth was recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightening the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked( It refer to particles or lights Not Sure)So wrong.
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2019, 07:04
carcass wrote:
Tough call

whenever you see such complex questions AND a modifier is at the beginning of the same, the first thing to think is twofold: attack even aggressive the question and try to figure out the subject of the sentence, what is the critical point of the same. Moreover, is important to figure out the first words of the underlined part at the beginning or at the end to see a split (even the most difficult question have a split, even a single word, no matter what)

Now, we start with According to scientists who monitored its path: to make things simple i see a path, a path of who or whom VS a path of that or which; here the subject is a cloud VS a storm, bot are possible in this scenario in terms of path

D and E ant the end have and it but here i do not see something in terms of antecedent of it: both particles and Lights do not agree, so out.

A B C

an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking

here which is incorrect because it refers to earth but this is impossible that brightened the Northern Lights: has no logical sense. The tenses are not parallel too

an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked

Both bold parts are clearly wrong

we have now C

an expanding cloud (subject) of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered (verb) a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking (the right subordinated clause)

This is more or less the process to tackle the most difficult SC. No matter what. The patterns followed by the exam are not infinite.

Regards. +1 nice question, really.


Hi carcass,
For D and E why can't the it refer to a large storm?
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2019, 07:32
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Because large storm is simply too far in the economy of the sentence.

Clearly "it " (love IT) refers to light.

This is a basic rule. the pronoun must be as close as possible to which "it" refers to.

Regards

PS: as a general rule. Then we do have scenarios in which, like in this sentence, "it" is far BUT the context leaves no doubt for the reference.
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2019, 03:47
726. According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking out a communications satellite.

Ans1:We need to understand here:Path is referring to cloud of energized particles or the STOME. To be honest its very confusing.

So if we will read it carefully the magnetic field that surrounds Earth: So the particle cloud will be get attracted to the magnetic power. Not the STOME.

So starting the sentence with an expanding cloud is correct.

(A) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking

Which is referring to EARTH, Which is wrong. (So This opt is WRONG)

(B) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked

It is ambiguous So WRONG

(C) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking

This is the Correct One

(D) a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightened the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked

As per Ans1—> This opt is WRONG

(E) a large storm in the magnetic field surrounding Earth was recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightening the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked

As per Ans1—> This opt is WRONG
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2019, 02:19
egmat

Could you please confirm my understanding.

The "which" in the first option is illogically referring to Earth because the term Earth can be placed alternatively in the sentence but the author has decided to use it where he has and in that position it illogically refers to the Earth?

Am i thinking on the right lines?
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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2019, 11:56
as per the context of the mentioned sentence, it is not the cloud, which both brightened the northern lights and knocked out the communication satellite, but the storm triggered by the cloud. As per the concept regarding the verb-ing modifier, the doer of the action in both the main clause and the ing- clause shall be the same. I think that choice C is incorrect in terms of meaning as the doer in both the clauses is the expanding cloud, which doesn't make any sense. I also understand the fact that option C is the only option with correct grammatical construction. However, I am still not convinced considering the meaning error that I just mentioned.

Kindly correct me if I'm wrong..[/quote]

Hi there,
Please note that here action is the triggering of the storm and result is the brightening of the northern lights and knocking out a communication satellite. Both brightening and knocking are structurally parallel. Here triggered is the modified action whose subject is "an expanding cloud of energized particles" which is the doer of this modified action. "brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking" is the modifier action, which modifies the preceding clause and gets associated with the subject of the preceding clause i.e "an expanding cloud of energized particles". So, in this way doer of both the modifier action and modified action is the same and hence conveys the intended meaning of the sentence. Hope it helps!

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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2019, 04:13
betterscore wrote:
According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking out a communications satellite.



Quote:
(A) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, which brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocking


Incorrect usage of 'which' as it points to the nearest noun 'Earth'. Also, the verbs tense is not parallel in 'brightened' and 'knocking out'. Incorrect

Quote:
(B) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun was what recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, and it brightened the Northern Lights and also possibly knocked


Usage of 'was what' makes the choice more verbose when removing it won't have any impact on the statement. Antecedent of 'it' is ambiguous, can be either 'large storm' or 'expanding cloud of energized particles'. So incorrect.

Quote:
(C) an expanding cloud of energized particles ejected from the Sun recently triggered a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, brightening the Northern Lights and possibly knocking


Correct usage of the modifier 'brightening' which shows the result of the action of 'triggering of a large storm' in the preceding clause, with the doer (subject) being 'an expanding cloud of energized particles'. 'Brightening' is also parallel to 'knocking'. Correct

Quote:
(D) a large storm in the magnetic field that surrounds Earth, recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightened the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked


Again antecedent of 'it' is ambiguous, also the statement changes the action of 'triggering of a large storm' into non essential modifier. Incorrect

Quote:
(E) a large storm in the magnetic field surrounding Earth was recently triggered by an expanding cloud of energized particles, brightening the Northern Lights and it possibly knocked


Incorrect usage of the modifier 'brightening' changes the intended meaning. Also, 'brightening' and 'knocked out' are not parallel. Incorrect


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Re: According to scientists who monitored its path, an expanding cloud   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2019, 04:13

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