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Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su

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Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Jan 2019, 04:47
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Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year—they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises—heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.


(A) Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year

(B) Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

(C) Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year

(D) Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

(E) Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

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Originally posted by macjas on 12 May 2012, 23:49.
Last edited by Bunuel on 25 Jan 2019, 04:47, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2012, 15:10
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Received a PM for this one :)

To the original poster: this question is very confusingly transcribed. Unlike the Official Guide, which uses an em-dash (the big dashy looking thing) to separate the parenthetical phrase beginning '...they are often green', your question uses an em-dash (which you interpreted as a hyphen) to separate two independent clauses, a grammatical nicety that would lead straight to answer is (D). The answer was (B) however, and my head was spinning trying to figure out how that could be the case. Surely, joining a dependent clause to an independent clause is verboten. What I did not see was the hyphen hidden, without any intervening spaces, between bruises and heirlooms.

Only after I hunted down question #132 in the OG did I realize that the sentence was very different from the one transcribed here. There are two distinct em-dashes, as I've faithfully recapitulated below :) :

Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year--they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises--heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

(A) Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
(B) Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
(C) Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the pervious year
(D) Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
(E) Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

Explanation:

A good way to attack this question is to ignore the parenthetical phrase, "they are often green and striped...". Instead we need to focus on the two parts of the sentence, i.e. the part that comes before the first dash and the part that comes after the second dash. Notice the subordinating conjunction, 'although...' This suggests that the first clause needs to be a dependent clause that connects grammatically to the independent clause, "heirlooms are more flavorful..."

(A) Here is an attempt to make the underlined part a combination of a dependent clause ("Although appearing...") and an independent clauses ("heirloom tomatoes). However 'heirloom tomatoes' an independent clause does not make.

(B) "Although...appear less appetizing..." is a dependent clause. This matches up well with the independent clause following the second dash (the non-underlined part). The Answer.

(C) Same problem as (A).

(D) This answer choice forms an independent clause. Two independent clauses cannot be joined by a parenthetical comment (regardless of whether that comment is separated by em-dashes--as seen here--commas, or even parentheses). On the other hand, you can use just one em-dash to separate independent clauses (which is how I originally interpreted the question, and was thus drawn to (D)).

(E) Sounds awkward by placing 'heirloom tomatoes' before the although.

Hope that helps!
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2012, 21:48
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Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year--they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises--heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

This Questions becomes very easy if 2 things are known - sentence structure & focus on meaning.
The intended meaning: It presents a contrast. Although heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than their supermarket cousins (fact), they are more flavorful & in increasing demand (is the contrast).

Splitting the sentence:
1. Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year. SV error. No verb for subject Heirloom tomatoes.
2. they are often green and striped, or (they) have plenty of bumps and bruises. SV pair looks ok.
3. heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand. SV pair in agreement.
Pronoun "they" logically refers to noun heirloom tomatoes, because author is presenting a fact/contrast about heirloom tomatoes.

POE:
(A) Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year. No verb for this clause.
(B) Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins. Correct choice with proper SV Pair.
(C) Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the pervious year. No verb for noun heirloom tomatoes
(D) Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins. This sentence seems grammatically correct (other than usage of ; ) but loses the contrast per original sentence..
(E) Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins. This seems again IC and Heirloom tomatoes has no verb
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2012, 00:59
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This passage is testing sentence structure, construction and style

A. Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year-------In this simple sentence, introduced by a participial modifier, the modified subject heirloom tomatoes is repeated twice and hence redundant.

B Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins—avoids mentioning heirloom tomatoes in the underlined portions and thus escapes redundancy ------ correct choice

C Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year- same redundancy as in A

D Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins. ---------- The two ICs forming the compound sentence are not conjugated with the conjunction and hence is a run-on

E Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins---In this complex sentence with an early subordinate clause and a following major clause , redundancy of heirloom tomatoes is a problem as in A and C
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2012, 01:54
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Please read the sentence in full- both the underlined and non-underlined portion put together. Choice B is a complex sentence, with the following structure. A subordinate clause followed by a major clause appearing in the non-underlined part. The first heirloom tomatoes is the subject of the subordinate clause with its own verb appear and the second heirloom is the subject of the major clause with its verb are more flavorful. Therefore an unnecessary, extra use of the phrase heirloom has been avoided in the underlined portion by properly using phrase heirloom.

You have to decide wht that phrase heirloom tomatoes stands for in the given context. If it stands for the subject of a clause within the underlined portion, then it is ok. On the contrary, if it stands for the subject of the major clause, then it turns dangling and redundant, since the major clause is already having a subject.
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2016, 06:58
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MeghaP wrote:
Could you please elaborate as to why option D is incorrect? Also how do we decide on the usage of em dash?

Hi Megha, with D, the sentence would be:

Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins – they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises-heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

The portion between the dash is called parenthetical: It interrupts the core sentence, to make a point. So, to expose the core of the sentence, we can look at the sentence without the parenthetical. So, the core of the sentence is:

Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

Now it becomes clearer. There are two two Independent clauses here:

i) Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
ii) Heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand

The issue is that this is (what is called) a run-on sentence. Basically, two Independent clauses have to be connected by a conjunction or a semicolon. We cannot just have a blank or a comma connecting two Independent clauses.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses run-on sentences, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 22:01
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grsm wrote:
EducationAisle wrote:
MeghaP wrote:
Could you please elaborate as to why option D is incorrect? Also how do we decide on the usage of em dash?

Hi Megha, with D, the sentence would be:

Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins – they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises-heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

The portion between the dash is called parenthetical: It interrupts the core sentence, to make a point. So, to expose the core of the sentence, we can look at the sentence without the parenthetical. So, the core of the sentence is:

Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

Now it becomes clearer. There are two two Independent clauses here:

i) Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
ii) Heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand

The issue is that this is (what is called) a run-on sentence. Basically, two Independent clauses have to be connected by a conjunction or a semicolon. We cannot just have a blank or a comma connecting two Independent clauses.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses run-on sentences, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.




Dear Experts,
Just so that i understand this correctly, —they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises— is a modifier modifying Heirloom tomatoes ...... does it not need to be close to the noun it modifies?
Here it's kinda spaced very far and there are other possible (but less probable) subjects such as supermarket cousins which this modifier could still potentially point to.


Dear grsm,

I'm not an expert here, but more than happy to respond on this issue of use of dash(-).
The dash (—) is a flexible punctuation mark that you would encounter on GMAT occasionally.
It is flexible because of multiple reasons:

Quote:
1. You can use dash in place of an emphatic comma, semi colon or colon.
For e.g. By January 2,2000, the so-called "Y2K problem" was already widely considered a joke— although the reason for the non-event was the huge corporate and governmental investment in prior countermeasures.
Either a comma or a dash is fine in the sentence above.

Quote:
2. You can use dash to explain or restate an earlier part of the sentence. Unlike colon the dash doesn't need to be immediately preceded by the part needing explanation.
For e.g. 1. Post-MBA compensation for investment bankers tends to surge far ahead of that for management consultants— by tens, if not hundreds, of thou­ sands of dollars a year.
2. Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins—they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises—heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.
So in the sentence under consideration the information in the dash undoubtably modifies the heirloom tomatoes and not red supermarket cousins that immediately precedes the dash

Reference: Manhattan GMAT Sentence Correction.
I hope this helps.
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2012, 05:56
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Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year – they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises-heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

A Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year Sentence fragment as there is nothing with heirloom tomatoes to complete the sentence.

B Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

Correctly indicates the contrast pet the actual meaning.

C Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year Sentence fragment as there is nothing with heirloom tomatoes to complete the sentence

D Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
The contrast is missing.
E Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins Blank out the highlighted portion, Sentence fragment
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 14:40
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Sahil01 wrote:
Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year – they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises – heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

(A) Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year - "heirloom tomatoes" wrongly placed

(B) Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins - CORRECT

(C) Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year - "they" refers to what, is not clear + "heirloom tomatoes" wrongly placed

(D) Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins - "heirloom tomatoes" wrongly placed

(E) Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins - what is "they" referring to us unclear



Hello Sahil01,


Although you arrived at the correct answer choice for this rather official question, you reasons to reject incorrect answer choices is not correct.

Following are the errors in the incorrect answer choices.:

Choice A: Incorrect because there is no verb for the subject heirloom tomatoes.

Choice B: Correct Answer.

Choice C: Incorrect because there is no verb for the subject heirloom tomatoes.

Choice D: Incorrect.
1. There is no contrast word in this choice. So the intended contrast between the two types of tomatoes is missing per this choice.
2. There is no connector to join two independent clauses are heirloom tomatoes appear... and they are often green and striped....

Choice E: Incorrect because there is no verb for the subject heirloom tomatoes.


Hope this helps. :-)
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2012, 11:27
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Concept tested: Pronouns, Run on sentences, Fragment.
Difficulty level: High
Illustration: The most important takeaway of this problem is that “ambiguity in pronouns is a flexible rule in the GMAT.” Now with that in mind, let us look at the options.
A and C use “heirloom tomatoes” twice causing construction errors and redundancy.
D is a clear run-on sentence which violates construction rule.
E misuses the construction for phrases with “although” which should be used as:
Although (independent clause), Independent clause

For e.g: Although he did not study hard, Harry topped his class.
B is correct (This tells us the GMAT is indeed flexible with logical albeit a little ambiguous pronouns)
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2012, 07:19
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souvik101990 wrote:
Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year – they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises-heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

A Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
B Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
C Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
D Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
E Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

This Questions becomes very easy if 2 things are known - sentence structure & focus on meaning.
The intended meaning: It presents a contrast. Although heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than their supermarket cousins (fact), they are more flavorful & in increasing demand (is the contrast).

Splitting the sentence:
1. Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year. SV error. No verb for subject Heirloom tomatoes.
2. they are often green and striped, or (they) have plenty of bumps and bruises. SV pair looks ok.
3. heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand. SV pair in agreement.
Pronoun "they" logically refers to noun heirloom tomatoes, because author is presenting a fact/contrast about heirloom tomatoes.

POE:
(A) Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year. No verb for this clause.
(B) Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins. Correct choice with proper SV Pair.
(C) Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the pervious year. No verb for noun heirloom tomatoes
(D) Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins. This sentence seems grammatically correct (other than usage of ; ) but loses the contrast per original sentence..
(E) Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins. This seems again IC and Heirloom tomatoes has no verb
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2013, 02:39
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gmatter0913 wrote:
Blueseas, I just want to confirm with you that D is wrong because of the missing conjunction. Is it so?

Will D be correct , had the option D been - "Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins -- they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises -- and are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand."


if this is not the answer choice and we have just to check that your sentence is gramatically correct then YES...it is correct GRAMATICALLY correct.

ERRORS IN OPTION D:
Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins – they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises-heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

WRONG.
-According to original sentence intended meaning we need a contrast so contrasting word such as ALTHOUGH is required.
-yes there is no conjunction to connect 2 ICs.
-moreover the modifier "Grown from seeds saved during the previous year"==>this modifier before the heirloom tomatoes brings the intended meaning that because heirloom tomatoes are grown from seeds saved during the previous year==>heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing==>which is not the intended meaning. ==>so you can see how the placement of modifier changes the meaning .

so lastly i will say your rephrased optioin is gramatically correct but not meaningwise.

hope it helps
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2014, 00:51
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I think it's equally helpful, if u can break the sentence part by part...

Main sentence
Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year – they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises-heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand

Now, let's see who is modifying what..

1. "grown from seeds" > heirloom tomatoes
2. "saved during the previous year" > seeds
3. "— they are often green and striped" > heirloom tomatoes (here dash (-) is used instead of comma)
4. "— heirloom are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand." (here dash (-) is used instead of semicolon)

Now, for our simplicity, let's give a short name for each long clauses.

1. most of their round and red supermarket cousins > X
2. often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises > "actually Y"
3. are more flavorful and thus increasing in demand. > "do Z"

Eliminate the modifier "grown from seeds saved during the previous year" which is unnecessary


Now rephrase each answer choices with including nonunderlined portion of main sentence, try to find out the inconsistencies of each sentence.
1. Although appearing less appeatizing than X, Heirloom tomatoes they are actually Y; Heirlooms do Z. (Redundant)
2. Although heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than X, they are actually Y; Heirlooms do Z.
3. Although they appear less appetizing than X, Heiloom tomatoes, they are actually Y; Heirlooms do Z. (Redundant)
4. Heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than X, they are actually Y; Heirlooms do Z (conjunction missing; two independent clauses cannot be connected without conjunction or semicolon or dash)
5. Heirloom tomatoes, although they appear less appetizing than X, they are actually Y; Heilooms do Z. (Redundant)

Hope, it helps a lot.
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2016, 13:30
1
macjas wrote:
OG16 SC118

Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year--they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises--heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

A Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
B Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
C Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
D Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
E Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

Hi sayantanc2k,
You said: 2 modifier can't modify the same thing (heirloom tomatoes) in a row. Now, I'm going to cross out some of the option of the question by this method.
Here,
part 1: " Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins"
Part 2: "heirloom tomatoes"
Part 3: " grown from seeds saved during the previous year"
In A: part 1 modify part 2. also, part 3 modify part 2...>cross out
In C: part 1 modify part 2. also, part 3 modify part 2...>cross out
In E: part 3 modify part 2. also, part 1 modify part 2....>cross out
Is it the wrong?
Thanks...
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2016, 03:57
1
iMyself wrote:
macjas wrote:
OG16 SC118

Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year--they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises--heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

A Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
B Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
C Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
D Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
E Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

Hi sayantanc2k,
You said: 2 modifier can't modify the same thing (heirloom tomatoes) in a row. Now, I'm going to cross out some of the option of the question by this method.
Here,
part 1: " Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins"
Part 2: "heirloom tomatoes"
Part 3: " grown from seeds saved during the previous year"
In A: part 1 modify part 2. also, part 3 modify part 2...>cross out
In C: part 1 modify part 2. also, part 3 modify part 2...>cross out
In E: part 3 modify part 2. also, part 1 modify part 2....>cross out
Is it the wrong?
Thanks...


You have a misunderstanding it seems:

You are right that part 1 and part 3 are modifiers for part 2. But these 2 modifiers DO NOT come in a row one after the other - part 2 comes in between. Hence you cannot eliminate these choices based on modifier issue.
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2016, 09:10
1
sayantanc2k wrote:
iMyself wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
You have a misunderstanding it seems:

You are right that part 1 and part 3 are modifiers for part 2. But these 2 modifiers DO NOT come in a row one after the other - part 2 comes in between. Hence you cannot eliminate these choices based on modifier issue.

Okay. I get it. But, still query for E. Here, In E: Part 1, and part 3 come in a row one after other. So, may I eliminate choice E based on modifier issue?
Thanks...


Yes, your understanding is correct.

But, If I say:
I've a sister who can solve difficult math and whose friend can easily make clear verbal part.
In this example,
''who can solve difficult math'' modify "sister"
"whose friend can easily make clear verbal part" also modify "sister"
Here, I see, Both the modifier modify the same noun (sister) in a row.
Thanks brother...
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2016, 02:20
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iMyself wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
iMyself wrote:
But, If I say:
I've a sister who can solve difficult math and whose friend can easily make clear verbal part.
In this example,
''who can solve difficult math'' modify "sister"
"whose friend can easily make clear verbal part" also modify "sister"
Here, I see, Both the modifier modify the same noun (sister) in a row.
Thanks brother...


No brother, there is "and" in between. You may join two modifiers with a conjunction. The following would be incorrect:
I've a sister who can solve difficult math, whose friend can easily make clear verbal part.... wrong.
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2016, 11:18
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iMyself wrote:

---------------------------
Hi sayantanc2k,
I got a sentence correction today where the ''consecutive modifiers'' can modify the same noun.
here is given that SC.

Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, is finding uses in medicine, archaeology, and criminology.

(A) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,

(B) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, having the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, a technique called proton induced x-ray emission

(C) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,

(D) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying it,

(E) A technique that was originally developed for detecting air pollutants and has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying the substance, called proton-induced x-ray emission,
Here, A is the correct answer.
in A, two consecutive modifiers modify the same noun ('A technique')
two consecutive modifiers are:
1/ ''called proton-induced x-ray emission''
2/ ''which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it''
Am I correct?
Thanks for your help.


The above post by RzS4v explains your query well. The noun phrase “a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission” is the subject - "technique" is the noun and "called proton-induced x-ray emission" is an adjectival phrase. The modifier "which can quickly analyze ..." modifies the complete noun phrase (noun+noun modifier).

Nonetheless your observation is valid. Technically there ARE two consecutive modifiers referring to the same noun. This is actually an exception to the modifier touch rule (ideally "which can quickly..." should refer to "emission") - the following excerpt from Manhattan SC guide explains this exception:


In general, noun modifiers must touch their nouns. However, there are a few exceptions to the Touch Rule.
1. A “mission-critical” modifier falls between. This modifier is often an of phrase that defines the noun. The less important modifier refers to the noun plus the first modifier.
Right: He had a wav OF DODGING OPPONENTS that impressed the scouts.
Here, the “mission-critical” modifier of dodging opponents defines the noun way.
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2017, 20:34
1
macjas wrote:
OG16 SC118
OG17 SC784

Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year—they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises—heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

(A) Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
(B) Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
(C) Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
(D) Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
(E) Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins


First Glance

The underline is long, with multiple commas, and the sentence even includes dashes. Look for Structure, Meaning, Modifier, or Parallelism issues.

Issues

The core of the sentence is heirloom tomatoes & heirlooms are.

The core of this sentence would be equivalent to "Bob Anne are in town," as opposed to "Bob and Anne are in town." In other words, there are two subjects without any kind of connecting word in between - illegal move! Eliminate answer (A).

Scan the other answers to see whether any repeat this error.

(B) Although W, grown from X, appear Y, heirlooms are Z ...
(C) Although W, heirloom tomatoes, grown from X, heirlooms are Z
(D) Grown from X, heirloom tomatoes appear Y, heirlooms are Z ...
(E) Heirloom tomatoes, grown from X, although W, heirlooms are Z ...

While answer (D) does not repeat the exact error, it does introduce a different structural error. The core here is heirloom tomatoes appear Y heirlooms are Z. This is the equivalent of saying "Bob appears happy Bob is tall." This is a run-on sentence. Eliminate answer (D).

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) changes the sentence structure by placing heirloom tomatoes in the subordinate clause, leaving the later heirlooms as the sole subject of the sentence:

Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds, appear less appetizing - they are often green - heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 14:30
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leanhdung wrote:
Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous yearthey are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises – heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

(A) Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year
--> lack of main verb for subordinate clause.

(B) Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
--> correct.

(C) Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year

(D) Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
--> lack of conjunction.

(E) Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
--> lack of conjunction.



Hello leanhdung,

You have analyzed this official sentence quite nicely.

I would just like to say that Choice E is incorrect because there is no verb for the subject heirloom tomatoes in this choice.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red su   [#permalink] 05 Sep 2017, 14:30

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