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# Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor

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Director
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Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2007, 11:26
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Question Stats:

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Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Please explain your answers. Also, is 'allocated for' not idiomatic?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 06 Jun 2017, 23:08, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2007, 11:49
[quote="eyunni"]290. Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

IMO C
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2007, 14:43
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eyunni wrote:
290. Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

Please explain your answers. Also, is 'allocated for' not idiomatic?

It's A.

B and C violate parallelism: "to maintain"/"for subsidizing" or "for the maintenance"/"to subsidize."

D and E contain unclear pronouns: "it" in D and "they" in E both lack clear antecedents.
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2007, 17:32
OA is A
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2008, 20:23
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i don't get why its to maintain and to subsidize...

i thought we should be comparing propose and subsidize
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2010, 23:41
Even I selected C first but when I rechecked it should be A.

Clues:
1. "allocated to" is the correct usage.
2. || b/w "to maintain" and "to subsidize"
3. Mayor proposed to reduce the amount for this year, in comparison to the amount which was allocated last year.

So, close contenders are A and C. C is out as the meaning of sentence is changed and also C is not following above three clues.

I hope this helps.
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2010, 14:03
OA is A.
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2010, 06:32
(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
CORRECT ANSWER: to maintain and to subsidize (parallel, both infinitive forms)

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
to maintaining and for subsidizing (not parallel)

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
for maintenance and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
for maintaining and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization
incorrect.

Also, as per my understanding "allocated to" is the right usage.
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2010, 23:23
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here, mayor proposing one solution for two reasons..
proposal is " a reduction of..."
And two reasons are..
1) to maintain..
2) to stabilize...
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2010, 13:54
eyunni wrote:
290. Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.
(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

the idiom is allocate to.. only A and B have that.
but in B, to maintain and for subsidizing are not ||.
A maintains the ||ism allocated to maintain ...to subsidized ...

A is correct
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2010, 17:57
My approach was
I ruled out D and E because proposed to was correct here.

Then I ruled A out thinking its verbose (reduction of etc) and selected C. I missed || between to maintain and to subsidize
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2010, 00:05
the city's mayor proposed to reduce...and to subsidize

C is right.

In A - to maintain is not the main verb. The mayor proposed to reduce the amount that was used to maintain.
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2010, 05:28
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The catch is between A and C.

A is correct but the reason why C is wrong is that C changes the intended meaning.

1. Use of 'from' is wrong
2. If proposed to reduce....to subsidize are considered parallel, then it means that the mayor is proposing two things- reduce the amount for maintenance and subsidize the local arts group.
Subsidizing will actually increase the budget gap. Thus it can not be the intended meaning,

Even I marked it C while practicing. But A is correct.
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2010, 19:43
A

I came across this question while going through OG verbal 2nd edition.

I answered C at first, but A is clearly the answer as C distorts the meaning.

It is a nice question.
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2010, 02:29
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+1 for A
Rephrase like below
proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to X and to Y
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2011, 06:28
nageshshiv wrote:
+1 for A
Rephrase like below
proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to X and to Y

I initially thought it was C. But I think this is correct!
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2011, 04:18
Nice one, tricky too. Thanks for explanation guys!
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2011, 16:18
Thanks for the explanation guys. I picked A, but I danced around with C as well.
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2012, 23:29
I agree with answer choice A(love gurpreetsingh's explanation)......but csn someone tell me why .....'nearly 17% reduction' is not wtrong....'nearly' is an adver that should modify a verb....which verb is it modifying here????
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2012, 05:55
For an answer to this topic , I will not even look beyond one step. A is the only one that maintains infinitive parallelism
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Re: Faced with an estimated \$2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor   [#permalink] 18 Apr 2012, 05:55

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