GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 23 May 2019, 08:14

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 29 Dec 2017
Posts: 384
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 630 Q44 V33
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 3: 710 Q50 V37
GPA: 3.25
WE: Marketing (Telecommunications)
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2018, 13:23
GMATNinja wrote:
But if we don't have the word "that," there's no need for the subjunctive. It's perfectly acceptable to have "proposed" + "noun," as we do in the OA here. These, for example, are totally fine:

  • Tim proposed an equitable solution to the problem.
  • Governor Hickenlooper proposed groundbreaking legislation that would offer free carne asada burritos to GMAT tutors in Colorado.

I hope that helps!


Hi GMATNinja,
Thanks for your response. It became clearer now. Yet I have 2 questions:

1. Does "bossy verb" + "noun" formula work with any verb from the list: demand, suggest, request, recommend, stipulate, mandate, insist, and dictate?

2. In some cases, such as "report suggests that the Earth was..." or " we don't use subjunctive. How to recognize the pattern in which "that" exists, but subjunctive is not required? Any other verbs from the list above can follow the pattern?

Regards
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2488
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2018, 15:14
2
Hero8888 wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
But if we don't have the word "that," there's no need for the subjunctive. It's perfectly acceptable to have "proposed" + "noun," as we do in the OA here. These, for example, are totally fine:

  • Tim proposed an equitable solution to the problem.
  • Governor Hickenlooper proposed groundbreaking legislation that would offer free carne asada burritos to GMAT tutors in Colorado.

I hope that helps!


Hi GMATNinja,
Thanks for your response. It became clearer now. Yet I have 2 questions:

1. Does "bossy verb" + "noun" formula work with any verb from the list: demand, suggest, request, recommend, stipulate, mandate, insist, and dictate?

2. In some cases, such as "report suggests that the Earth was..." or " we don't use subjunctive. How to recognize the pattern in which "that" exists, but subjunctive is not required? Any other verbs from the list above can follow the pattern?

Regards


1. For the most part, yes: you can use most of those verbs with just a noun. Here, have some more examples:

    "The teacher demanded silence."
    "I recommend the avocado tuna roll with just a hint of wasabi." (Mmm... avocado tuna rolls.)

I suppose there are also some situations in which you'd need a preposition before the noun:

    "Tim insisted on the purple drapes."

The broader point is that English is incredibly flexible and complicated - all of the verbs in that list can be used in ways other than to introduce the subjunctive mood.

2. "Suggest" has multiple meanings. It could be used to mean "recommend," or "propose", and in those situations, "suggest" may introduce the subjunctive the same way another "bossy verb" might. But it could also be used to mean "express" or "implies," in which case, it wouldn't be so bossy anymore, and the subjunctive wouldn't be called for.

But there's no reason to devote much brain space to absorbing this idea. Consider a similar example to the one you offered: "The report suggests that the Earth was unusually hot last year." Surely it doesn't make any sense to write, "The report suggests that the Earth be unusually hot..." The report isn't telling the Earth what to do!

Put another way, we can't just go on autopilot, scan the sentence, and look for words that necessitate the use of the subjunctive. We have to understand the meaning of the sentence and use context clues to determine what construction is best. That may not be a terribly satisfying answer, but it's true.

Here's the bigger takeaway: I insist that you be careful about relying too much on rote memorization! (See what I did there?) The subjunctive shows up occasionally on the GMAT, but it's relatively rare. If you were to try to memorize a list of bossy verbs, then attempt to internalize all the exceptions for when the subjunctive shouldn't be used, and repeat this process for every issue you could possibly encounter on an SC question, your head is going to explode. (At least mine would.) The better approach is to use logic and context, coupled with a limited collection of truly essential grammar concepts, to determine what construction works best.

I hope this helps!
_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Aug 2009
Posts: 65
Reviews Badge
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2018, 14:51
GMATNinja: in choice C>> "proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated". Doesn't it mean>> "to reduce the amount from the previous year" and can be eliminated so do other choices as well based on the same reasoning. Please confirm if this is correct interpretation.
_________________
Retaking gmat for second time, any re-takers please feel free to connect.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2488
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Aug 2018, 06:54
ravikumarmishra wrote:
GMATNinja: in choice C>> "proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated". Doesn't it mean>> "to reduce the amount from the previous year" and can be eliminated so do other choices as well based on the same reasoning. Please confirm if this is correct interpretation.

Sadly, I'm not sure what you're asking, but I'll give it a shot. (C) is wrong because the parallel construction creates an illogical meaning.

Quote:
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed to reduce by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

According to this version of the sentence, the city's mayor is proposing to do two things:

    1) He's proposing to reduce the amount of money allocated for maintenance of cultural institutions.
    2) He's proposing to subsidize the local arts groups.

In what kind of fantasy world would the mayor respond to a budget gap by proposing to give money to arts groups? (A magical one, one where the children all have tap shoes and the streets are paved in sheet music from Gershwin musicals.) (C) is wrong because it makes no sense.

Contrast this with (A):

Quote:
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

Now the mayor is proposing two things:

    1) A reduction in the amount of money allocated to maintain cultural institutions
    2) A reduction in the amount of money allocated to subsidize local arts groups.

Reducing money to local arts groups is a far more coherent response to a budget gap, albeit a depressing one. (A) is correct because it's the more logical construction.

I hope that helps!
_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Aug 2009
Posts: 65
Reviews Badge
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Aug 2018, 07:22
GMATNinja wrote:
ravikumarmishra wrote:
GMATNinja: in choice C>> "proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated". Doesn't it mean>> "to reduce the amount from the previous year" and can be eliminated so do other choices as well based on the same reasoning. Please confirm if this is correct interpretation.

Sadly, I'm not sure what you're asking, but I'll give it a shot. (C) is wrong because the parallel construction creates an illogical meaning.

Quote:
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed to reduce by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

According to this version of the sentence, the city's mayor is proposing to do two things:

    1) He's proposing to reduce the amount of money allocated for maintenance of cultural institutions.
    2) He's proposing to subsidize the local arts groups.

In what kind of fantasy world would the mayor respond to a budget gap by proposing to give money to arts groups? (A magical one, one where the children all have tap shoes and the streets are paved in sheet music from Gershwin musicals.) (C) is wrong because it makes no sense.

Contrast this with (A):

Quote:
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

Now the mayor is proposing two things:

    1) A reduction in the amount of money allocated to maintain cultural institutions
    2) A reduction in the amount of money allocated to subsidize local arts groups.

Reducing money to local arts groups is a far more coherent response to a budget gap, albeit a depressing one. (A) is correct because it's the more logical construction.

I hope that helps!


Thanks a lot GMATNinja for your elaborate response and I apologize for not clearly asking what I intended. Let me try again, here is my interpretation of the answer choices:

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

The highlighted part does not make sense to me. To me, the highlighted means>> reduction of a certain percentage of Amount from an Year

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous yearthat was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize.

The highlighted part does not make sense to me. To me, the highlighted means>> Reduce some percentage of Amount from an Year.

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

Same interpretation as for choice B above.

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization.

Same interpretation as for choice C above.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize.

The highlighted part here makes perfect sense as it clearly mentions>> Reduction in amount

Could you please confirm if this is correct interpretation of the answer choices.
_________________
Retaking gmat for second time, any re-takers please feel free to connect.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Dec 2018
Posts: 4
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Mar 2019, 02:54
Dear Expert,
I have a question regarding the none underline part: why not "in the previous year"?
It seems strange "amount allocated the previous year", since "the previous year" is a noun and follows the verb "allocated"

thanks in advance!
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 22 Dec 2018
Posts: 21
Location: India
Schools: HBS '21, ISB '21
Reviews Badge
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2019, 05:48
2
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.


(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing (previous year’s amount?)

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize (previous year’s amount?)

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize (previous year’s amount?)


(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization (previous year’s amount?)



GMATNinja daagh KyleWiddison

Hi experts,
Is the highlighted part a case of wrong comparison. Should it not be "previous year's amount" rather than previous year.

Using this i eliminated BCDE but i could not find this in any of the explanations.
Kindly help
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4763
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2019, 09:51
Top Contributor
Connor wrote

Quote:
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

GMATNinja daagh KyleWiddison

Hi experts,
Is the highlighted part a case of wrong comparison. Should it not be "previous year's amount" rather than the previous year.

Using this I eliminated BCDE but i could not find this in any of the explanations.
Kindly help


Let's just deal with your pointed issue choice by choice.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize-- The phrase 'Reduction in the amount' makes it clear that it is the amount that is being reduced and not the year.

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing (previous year’s amount?) -- A reduction from the previous year is illogical Can anyone reduce a year. The comparison has somehow failed to mention the word 'amount.'

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize (previous year’s amount?) -- But C makes it clear that it is the amount that is being reduced. Please read it slowly. The word 'the amount ' is popping out in front. How could you miss that? Therefore C is wrong not for the reason of comparison parallelism but for other reasons such as lack of parallelism between" for the maintenance and to subsidize"


(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize (previous year’s amount?) I agree with you. "A reduction from the previous year" is illogical Add to the parallelism issue we discussed in C.

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization (previous year’s amount?) I agree with you in this case too. In addition, a proposal does not entail a subjunctive mood. It is just a proposal and further has to go through some rounds of voting and in the end; the proposal may even be dropped. Then, what does the word 'they' refer to? GOK!

Therefore, you may now see that wherever the word 'amount' is mentioned, we cannot find fault with it.

However, do you have to struggle this much to solve this? IMO. That approach is not required as far as this GMAT SC question is concerned. One can simply look at parallelism and rule out in a single stroke all the other choices but A.

A -- to maintain and to subsidize-- Parallelism is ok.
B -- To maintain and for subsidizing -- Parallelism is not ok.
C-- for the maintenance and to subsidize-- Parallelism is not ok
D-- for maintaining, and to subsidize -- Parallelism is not Ok
E. -- for maintaining and for the subsidization -- Parallelism is not ok


Connor, this is just a suggestion.

Thanks for your nice query. You deserve a Kudos
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Dec 2016
Posts: 22
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2019, 18:26
GMATNinja

I could see that it is mentioned 'to maintain' and 'for subsidising' are parallel as both are prepositional phrases.

But to maintain is an infinitive which cannot be parallel to prepositional phrase.

Please provide a clear explanation for this, as i am following all your videos and i don't want any gaps.

Thanks for your help.
CEO
CEO
User avatar
V
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 2633
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V169
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2019, 23:12
mahi816 wrote:
GMATNinja

I could see that it is mentioned 'to maintain' and 'for subsidising' are parallel as both are prepositional phrases.

But to maintain is an infinitive which cannot be parallel to prepositional phrase.

Please provide a clear explanation for this, as i am following all your videos and i don't want any gaps.

Thanks for your help.
In the correct option, to maintain is parallel to to subsidize.

As for to maintain and for subsidizing, you are correct: they are not very parallel, and that's a good reason to remove the second option.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2019, 23:12

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 30 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.