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Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos

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Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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A
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Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.


(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization



Verbal Question of The Day: Day 61: Sentence Correction


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https://www.nytimes.com/1996/02/06/arts/the-arts-are-again-invited-to-the-budget-dance.html

This time, in the face of an estimated $2.75 billion city budget gap over the next year and a half, the Mayor has proposed a reduction of nearly 17 percent from last year in the amount spent to maintain New York's major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups. The preliminary budget announced by the Mayor last week sought about $65 million for the major groups and $7 million for the smaller ones for those purposes in the fiscal year 1997, which begins July 1, compared with $84 million in the current budget. Other cultural appropriations bring the total to $98.1 million.

Originally posted by eyunni on 24 Oct 2007, 10:26.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Nov 2018, 02:10, edited 8 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 11:20
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This is one of my favorite, nasty GMAT parallelism questions. We discussed it in last Wednesday’s verbal chat (Vyshak ’s always-awesome transcript is available here), but it’s worth repeating this one for a QOTD, since it really gets into the meat of what parallelism really is.

Quote:
(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

Something has to be parallel to the phrase “to subsidize”, since that’s what follows the parallelism trigger “and.” We really only have one candidate: “to maintain.”

So we have: “… the city’s mayor proposed a… reduction in the amount allocated the previous year…

    1) to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions
    and 2) to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups

And that makes sense. Let’s keep (A).

Quote:
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

I don’t like the parallelism as much here. The phrase “for subsidizing” follows the parallelism trigger “and”, and I’m not sure what’s parallel to “for subsidizing.” I guess “to maintain”? They’re both prepositional phrases, but the parallelism seems much better in (A).

Plus, we have a pronoun problem. “It” needs to refer to a singular noun, and we don’t have a lot of options. “City’s” is possessive, and as far as I can tell, a non-possessive pronoun can’t refer back to a possessive antecedent (more on this in a recent YouTube webinar on GMAT pronouns). “It” can’t refer to the mayor, either. So I guess the “it” refers to the “budget gap”? That doesn’t make sense. (B) is out.

Quote:
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

This looks parallel, right? “To subsidize” is parallel with “to reduce.” That sounds fine.

But wait: that really doesn’t work. “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed…

    1) to reduce… the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions
    and 2) to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups

Nope, that can’t be right. Look at #2 again: “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed… to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.” No, s/he probably didn’t. It’s grammatically parallel, but it’s also illogical. As we said in our long-winded Beginner’s Guide to SC, meaning can be pretty darned important. (C) is gone.

Quote:
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(D) has the same pronoun problem as (B). And “to subsidize” isn’t really parallel to anything at all. (D) can be eliminated.

Quote:
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

“They” has no antecedent, and “for the subsidization” is awfully messy. (E) is out, and (A) is the last answer standing.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2007, 13:43
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eyunni wrote:
290. Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

Please explain your answers. Also, is 'allocated for' not idiomatic?


It's A.

B and C violate parallelism: "to maintain"/"for subsidizing" or "for the maintenance"/"to subsidize."

D and E contain unclear pronouns: "it" in D and "they" in E both lack clear antecedents.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2007, 10:49
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[quote="eyunni"]290. Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

IMO C
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2010, 04:28
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The catch is between A and C.

A is correct but the reason why C is wrong is that C changes the intended meaning.

1. Use of 'from' is wrong
2. If proposed to reduce....to subsidize are considered parallel, then it means that the mayor is proposing two things- reduce the amount for maintenance and subsidize the local arts group.
Subsidizing will actually increase the budget gap. Thus it can not be the intended meaning,

:-D Even I marked it C while practicing. But A is correct.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2013, 16:30
1
The question reads - Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city's mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city's major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

This is the correct answer - A is the correct choice.

Here 'proposed' is the verb in the clause 'faced with .....mayor proposed...'

My question is since 'proposed' is a command subjunctive verb, why isn't it being used in the format 'mayor proposed that ....'?

Any help in understanding command subjunctive better is much appreciated.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2013, 08:11
2
abm03 wrote:
The question reads - Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city's mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city's major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

This is the correct answer - A is the correct choice.

Here 'proposed' is the verb in the clause 'faced with .....mayor proposed...'

My question is since 'proposed' is a command subjunctive verb, why isn't it being used in the format 'mayor proposed that ....'?

Any help in understanding command subjunctive better is much appreciated.


Hi abm03,

Please note that there is no verb in the part of the sentence after “proposed”.

    • Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city's mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year
      o to maintain the city's major cultural institutions and
      o to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

allocated” in the highlighted entity is a verb-ed modifier. Since allocated is not a verb, it cannot be written in subjunctive form.

Since allocated is not in subjunctive form, the above sentence stands correct even without the usage of “that”.

Also note that “propose” is not the subjunctive verb. “propose” requires a subjunctive verb after it i.e. the next verb should be in subjunctive form.

Note that the following is an example of subjunctive usage.

a. The parliament members demanded that the President resign immediately.

In this sentence “resign” is the verb in subjunctive form.

Notice that there is no verb after “proposed” in the OG sentence you presented. So the noun phrase “a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount” is the object to the verb “proposed”.
“allocated…” is the verbed modifier, adding more information about the “amount”.

Hope this helps! :)

Regards,
Krishna
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2014, 08:00
The subjunctive can be a bit tricky.

No, we do not have to use 'that' after 'propose' in all cases. The word 'propose' by itself is not a subjunctive mood verb, but it can trigger the subjunctive mood in subordinate clauses immediately following 'propose' (starting with 'that'). If we don't have a subordinate clause, we don't use 'that' and we haven't triggered the subjunctive mood.

Not subjunctive:
I propose charging new customers a setup fee.

Subjunctive:
I propose that we charge new customers a setup fee.

You will notice that in the first sentence I am just proposing a fee - there is just a noun after the word 'propose', so there isn't another clause with a verb to put in the subjunctive mood. In the second sentence, I have another clause that starts with 'that' and includes a verb ('charge') that is in the subjunctive mood.

In the example you provided, there is just a noun following propose, so we don't have a clause, we don't use 'that', and we don't have the subjunctive mood.

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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2015, 06:00
(a) has correct parallelism.
the words that APPEAR parallel in (c) are not words that are supposed to be parallel in the first place, so that "decoy parallelism" is irrelevant.

if you are interpreting “reduce” and “maintain” as parallel elements, then that means you aren't thinking about the meaning of the sentence.

not considering the meaning of sentences in SC is a huge, huge mistake, since so many things (parallel elements, usage of modifiers, verb tenses, etc.) necessarily flow from the meaning of the sentence! if you don't consider what the sentence means -- i.e., if you simply analyze it from the standpoint of grammar alone -- then you are shutting yourself out of reliably being able to find any of these mistakes.
when you read the prompt of an SC problem, READ FOR MEANING FIRST!
don't worry about being able to pick out mistakes in the prompt -- you'll find the mistakes when you compare the answer choices to each other.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2016, 08:46
eyunni wrote:
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.


(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

Maintains the parallelism ----- to maintain AND to subsidize
Well constructed and every word is placed in right order so no modification issue in this part ---- “A nearly 17% reduction in the amount allocated the previous year”


(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
parallelism issue ---- for the maintenance AND to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2017, 08:20
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

Issue: Parallelism | Construction

Analysis:
1. The non-underlined portion of the sentence shows that the mayor was faced with the budget gap and that gap prompted him to propose a reduction. These two actions should be parallel. The temporal relationship is implied here by the construction, "Faced with ... budget gap, the mayor proposed..."
2. In the underlined portion of the sentence, the reduction is in the amount allocated to maintain ... and to subsidize... The two allocation actions should be parallel.

Faced with budget gap ---> the mayor proposed a reduction in budget
                                                              |
                                                           allocated_____________
                                                          /                      \
                                                    to maintain...   (and)    to subsidize...

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
- "reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount" - is wordy.
- "to maintain" and "for subsidizing" - parallelism issue


(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
- "for the maintenance" and "to subsidize" - parallelism issue

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
- "has proposed" - changes meaning
- "for maintaining" and "to subsidize" - parallelism issue


(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization
- "was proposing" - changes meaning
- "maintaining" and "subsidization" - parallelism issue


Answer: (A)
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 11:36
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Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize. CORRECT

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing -Incorrect. (pronoun error)

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize -Incorrect. Changes the intended meaning of the original sentence. The intended meaning is that the mayor wants to reduce the budget by 17% so that he can continue supporting institutions and art groups. However, this option says that the mayor wants to reduce the amount that was allocated to the institutions and art groups.

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize -Incorrect. (reduction in the amount is correct idiom)

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization -Incorrect. (past continuous is not required)

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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Oct 2017, 21:18
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Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

I do not think one needs to stretch beyond the infinitive parallelism in this topic. Only A sticks to the infinitive to parallelism while all the rest falter on that.

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Originally posted by daagh on 24 Jul 2017, 22:56.
Last edited by daagh on 03 Oct 2017, 21:18, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 23:16
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Notwithstanding what is just in front of the relative pronouns, the ultimate decider is the logic behind such references. This has been made abundantly clear by GMAT as seen from the OG topic below.

Quote:
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.

A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
B) that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.
C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

OA is 'A' and 'that' is preceded by a prepositional phrase, but the true referent of 'that' is the 'reactions', beyond the prepositional phrase
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2018, 03:55
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

This looks parallel, right? “To subsidize” is parallel with “to reduce.” That sounds fine.

But wait: that really doesn’t work. “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed…

    1) to reduce… the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions
    and 2) to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups

Nope, that can’t be right. Look at #2 again: “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed… to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.” No, s/he probably didn’t. It’s grammatically parallel, but it’s also illogical.As we said in our long-winded Beginner’s Guide to SC, meaning can be pretty darned important. (C) is gone.



Hi experts,
Any one can clarify “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed… to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.” No, s/he probably didn’t. It’s grammatically parallel, but it’s also illogical.
The mayor can propose to reduce something, why it is illogical that (s)he proposed to subsidize something?

Thanks in advance
Have a nice day
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2018, 04:30
2
zoezhuyan wrote:
Hi experts,
Any one can clarify “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed… to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.” No, s/he probably didn’t. It’s grammatically parallel, but it’s also illogical.
The mayor can propose to reduce something, why it is illogical that (s)he proposed to subsidize something?

Thanks in advance
Have a nice day
>_~



Hey zoezhuyan ,

Understanding the meaning of the original sentence is very important here.

Original meaning is Mayor proposed to reduce some amount that is used to maintain XYZ and subsidize PQR.

But option C is saying Mayor proposed to reduce some amount AND to subsidize something.

Do you see the change in meaning?

In the first case, we are reducing amount that is used to do 2 things.

While in the 2nd case, we are doing two things - 1)Reducing amounts 2) Subsidizing something.

Hence, C is wrong. Meaning change is not allowed if we have a grammatically and logically correct answer choice.

By illogical, GMATNinja Sir meant, I believe, meaning change as it can be inferred from his statement "As we said in our long-winded Beginner’s Guide to SC, meaning can be pretty darned important."

Does that make sense?
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2018, 05:19
abhimahna wrote:
zoezhuyan wrote:
Hi experts,
Any one can clarify “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed… to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.” No, s/he probably didn’t. It’s grammatically parallel, but it’s also illogical.
The mayor can propose to reduce something, why it is illogical that (s)he proposed to subsidize something?

Thanks in advance
Have a nice day
>_~



Hey zoezhuyan ,

Understanding the meaning of the original sentence is very important here.

Original meaning is Mayor proposed to reduce some amount that is used to maintain XYZ and subsidize PQR.

But option C is saying Mayor proposed to reduce some amount AND to subsidize something.

Do you see the change in meaning?

In the first case, we are reducing amount that is used to do 2 things.

While in the 2nd case, we are doing two things - 1)Reducing amounts 2) Subsidizing something.

Hence, C is wrong. Meaning change is not allowed if we have a grammatically and logically correct answer choice.

By illogical, GMATNinja Sir meant, I believe, meaning change as it can be inferred from his statement "As we said in our long-winded Beginner’s Guide to SC, meaning can be pretty darned important."

Does that make sense?


Thanks so much for your quick answer, abhimahna

I totally understand meaning is the key, and i try to approach SC by meaning
at first, i picked up C because i thought it is logical to say a mayer prosed to reduce something and (proposed) to subsidize something, that's why i haven't gotten that it is illogic to say “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed… to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.” No, s/he probably didn’t. It’s grammatically parallel, but it’s also illogical.

I think i must miss something, would you please clarify further?

Thanks in advance
Have a nice day

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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 05:55
1
zoezhuyan wrote:
Thanks so much for your quick answer, abhimahna

I totally understand meaning is the key, and i try to approach SC by meaning
at first, i picked up C because i thought it is logical to say a mayer prosed to reduce something and (proposed) to subsidize something, that's why i haven't gotten that it is illogic to say “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed… to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.” No, s/he probably didn’t. It’s grammatically parallel, but it’s also illogical.

I think i must miss something, would you please clarify further?

Thanks in advance
Have a nice day

>_~


Hey zoezhuyan ,

By illogical, we meant change in meaning. C is simply changing the meaning.

Please note that meaning change is NOT ALLOWED when you have the correct option that is maintaining the original meaning AND is both grammatically and logically correct.

Since I have A in place, I won't even look bother much about C.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 19:05
Shouldn't "proposed" require subjunctive mood here: proposed + that + be?
In what cases can we ommit this rule? Thanks
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2018, 10:55
Hero8888 wrote:
Shouldn't "proposed" require subjunctive mood here: proposed + that + be?
In what cases can we ommit this rule? Thanks

You're thinking of one particular trigger for the subjunctive mood: "bossy verb" + "that." Examples might include "recommended that" or "required that" or "demanded that." All of these would require the use of subjunctive.

But if we don't have the word "that," there's no need for the subjunctive. It's perfectly acceptable to have "proposed" + "noun," as we do in the OA here. These, for example, are totally fine:

  • Tim proposed an equitable solution to the problem.
  • Governor Hickenlooper proposed groundbreaking legislation that would offer free carne asada burritos to GMAT tutors in Colorado.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor propos &nbs [#permalink] 27 Jun 2018, 10:55

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