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# In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of

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Director
Joined: 01 Feb 2003
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In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2005, 17:50
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(N/A)

Question Stats:

70% (00:57) correct 30% (01:13) wrong based on 586 sessions

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In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the cityâ€™s beaches.
A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B) with its cargo of its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C) and its cargo of its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting

Explanations please - I think the OA is not correct!
Director
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25 Apr 2005, 18:14
I guess there is repitition of words in answer choices. I have corrected it.

Vithal wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the cityâ€™s beaches.
A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B) with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C) and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting
Director
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25 Apr 2005, 18:16
1
(C):"polluting.." Participle phrase correctly modifies the whole process of leaking,

(A): wrong usage of while
(B): "it polluted.." Here "it" refers to oil barge. Oil Barge did not pollute beaches. Its cargo's leaking polluted.
(D): wrong usage of while
(E): wrong usage of "so that"
Director
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25 Apr 2005, 18:19
Quick question vithal, are there typos in choices B and C?

Nonetheless, i think it's between A and C, i will pick C though.
Manager
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25 Apr 2005, 18:30
C provided typos are present.

and if no typos then A.
VP
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25 Apr 2005, 18:54
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the cityâ€™s beaches.
A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B) with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C) and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting

Explanations please - I think the OA is not correct! Ok guys i have updated on behalf of vithal.

let me aswer first. i go with C because it is parallel and use polluting as PP to modify the result of the action.
Director
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25 Apr 2005, 21:44
I guess there are typos, but if we got time, we can correct it and answer!

MA, jpv - thanks much for updating the question (infact I answered it incorrectly because of the typos)
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04 May 2005, 01:17
MA wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the cityâ€™s beaches.
A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B) with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C) and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting

Go with C.

it's more parallel, and absolute phrase modify the whole sentence.

A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
what is the eliminated subject?

B) with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted

pronoun is ambiguous.

C) and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting

D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of

barge caused the pollution, wrong!

E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting

strange speaking
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22 Oct 2011, 10:28
jpv wrote:
I guess there is repitition of words in answer choices. I have corrected it.

Vithal wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the cityâ€™s beaches.
A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B) with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C) and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting

(A) Incorrect - "while" provides a contrast, which is not needed here.
(B) Incorrect - not || and awkward.
(C) Correct - "and" suggests continuation, and "polluting" shows the result of leakage.
(D) Incorrect - same reason as (A)
(E) Incorrect - "they" is ambigous

(C) wins
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29 Oct 2011, 05:45
Vithal wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the cityâ€™s beaches.
A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B) with its cargo of its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C) and its cargo of its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting

Explanations please - I think the OA is not correct!

C wins. Present participle in the successive clause correctly refers back to the subject.
Manager
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2012, 13:25
I got the wrong answer at first, but after reading the OA as C, this is why I think C is the right answer:

A) leaking its cargo- implies as of it is leaking its cargo on purpose of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B) with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted- not parallel
C) and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D) while it leaked its cargo- same as A, it did not leak its cargo on purpose of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E) so that its- same as A cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2012, 15:15
it's C. not sure why, but it just feels right.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2012, 19:40
+1 for C.

A uses while in an incorrect manner.

Crick
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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12 May 2013, 07:01
Why is the option A wrong here?

"leaking oil...... while polluting the coasts" flip the cause effect relationship right? Or is it that the verb tense itself is at fault?
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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12 May 2013, 07:15
anilisanil wrote:
Why is the option A wrong here?

"leaking oil...... while polluting the coasts" flip the cause effect relationship right? Or is it that the verb tense itself is at fault?

In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.

While expreses contrast, cannot be used in this case. "causing the pollution of the beaches" doesn't sound too good.
But if we focus on A vs C, it easier to see which is the best one:

oil barge ran
A)leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
C) and its cargo of its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting

C mantais the past tense to express the actions that happened in January 1994, and uses "polluting = COMMA + ING" to express the consequences of the action.
This is clear and coinsice, C is a better option.

I would not say that A "flips the cause effect relationship ", the verbs of A [PAST & ING (for the facts of Jan), ING(for the consequences)] are at fault compared to those of C [ PAST & PAST (for the facts of Jan), ING (for the consequences) ]

Hope this helps
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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12 May 2013, 09:02
Zarrolou wrote:
anilisanil wrote:
Why is the option A wrong here?

"leaking oil...... while polluting the coasts" flip the cause effect relationship right? Or is it that the verb tense itself is at fault?

While expreses contrast, cannot be used in this case. "causing the pollution of the beaches" doesn't sound too good.
But if we focus on A vs C, it easier to see which is the best one:

I would not say that A "flips the cause effect relationship ", the verbs of A [PAST & ING (for the facts of Jan), ING(for the consequences)] are at fault compared to those of C [ PAST & PAST (for the facts of Jan), ING (for the consequences) ]

Hope this helps

I have no issues with C. But I am trying to understand why A is wrong!

Does while always express contrast?

while can also mean "at the same time as" right?

So the A states "In 1994 ship ran aground, leaking oil, while polluting the coasts" What is wrong with this construct?

The only issue I see is that usage of "while" makes "leaking oil" and "polluting" two parallel independent events
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2013, 13:26
The correct answer is because, in answer choice "A" the sentence structure is IC,DC but there is no subordinate conjunction to connect these 2. In answer choice "C" the sentence structure is IC,"FANBOYS IC and leaking appropriately modifiying the preceeding IC which is correct.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2013, 10:17
gsgunturu wrote:
The correct answer is because, in answer choice "A" the sentence structure is IC,DC but there is no subordinate conjunction to connect these 2

This does not seem to be correct. "while" is subordinate conjunction.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2013, 11:58
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Just to add some clarification to the "while" discussion here.

"While" is typically used as a stand-in for either "although," "but," or "during." The takeaway for this problem is that you typically only set "while" off with a comma when using it to express contrasts. Consider the following sentences:

(1) While John doesn't usually like to exercise, he has been running more often since his sister gave him an MP3 player.
(2) John prefers classical music, while his sister prefers jazz.
(3) He listens to dubstep while running.

For the original problem, the phrase following while does not express a contrast, so it is incorrectly punctuated. Even if it were expressing duration, it would be incorrect.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2015, 20:33
WillEconomistGMAT wrote:
Just to add some clarification to the "while" discussion here.

"While" is typically used as a stand-in for either "although," "but," or "during." The takeaway for this problem is that you typically only set "while" off with a comma when using it to express contrasts. Consider the following sentences:

(1) While John doesn't usually like to exercise, he has been running more often since his sister gave him an MP3 player.
(2) John prefers classical music, while his sister prefers jazz.
(3) He listens to dubstep while running.

For the original problem, the phrase following while does not express a contrast, so it is incorrectly punctuated. Even if it were expressing duration, it would be incorrect.

"while" is not alway used to show a contrast. it can be used to show a time during which another action happen.

the key to this problem is understanding the meaning relation between main clause and "comma +doing". only if we know this relation, we can get full explanation for the problem.

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jun 2015, 20:33

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