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In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu

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In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.

(A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of

(B) with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted

(C) and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting

(D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of

(E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
In option C, is "leaked" a verb or an adjective? If it is a verb, which thing is performing the action of leaking? the oil barge or the 750000 gallons? In my opinion, the oil barge leaks the gallons, therefore option C should be "and its cargo of 750000 gallons WERE leaked into the ocean, polluting...". C is wrong.
Please your comments.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 21 Oct 2017, 22:56, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2010, 05:18
metallicafan wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.
A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.

In option C, is "leaked" a verb or an adjective? If it is a verb, which thing is performing the action of leaking? the oil barge or the 750000 gallons? In my opinion, the oil barge leaks the gallons, therefore option C should be "and its cargo of 750000 gallons WERE leaked into the ocean, polluting...". C is wrong.
Please your comments.


The cargo leaked into the ocean polluting city beaches.

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2010, 05:43
metallicafan wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.
A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.

In option C, is "leaked" a verb or an adjective? If it is a verb, which thing is performing the action of leaking? the oil barge or the 750000 gallons? In my opinion, the oil barge leaks the gallons, therefore option C should be "and its cargo of 750000 gallons WERE leaked into the ocean, polluting...". C is wrong.
Please your comments.


IMO C is correct. C maintains the correct tense i.e. simple past. Moreover the meaning in C is more coherent, as it means that oils was leaked after the barge ran aground. Whereas A means it hit the coast while leaking!

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2010, 08:16
C for me

A is awkward because the three phrases have the same subject and lose the logic connection.

"Barge leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while barge caused the pollution of......" it is weird.

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2010, 09:55
C for me.

"Cargo of......leaked into the......, polluting the beaches"

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2011, 02:15
we are talking about CARGO which was leaked, hence should be cargo was leaked.
Because you can assume this part of sentence already in Past tence, WAS isnt required. Therefore,C is Correct

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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I think causing and polluting appearing in the same sentence is redundancy.
Hence A and D are out.

B is wrong since it mentions" the ship ....ran aground with its cargo leaking" awkward Ship will always run aground with something either fuel or cargo, the original sentence is very lengthy.

E is wrong as the use of " so that " in the sentence call for an uncessary cause and effect..it means ship ran agroung so that...........it sounds weird.

Hence the best answers is D the qord POLLUTION is correctly used in participial form to describe the preceding event.

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.
A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
Simplified form : an oil barge ran aground, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of ...
Subject of the preceding clause can not intentionally leak its cargo, therefor use of -ing modifier leaking is incorrect.

B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
Prepositional phrase modifying the verb of preceding clause:: an oil barge ran aground with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
There is no clear antecedent of it, further contextually it is referring to entire incident happened in preceding clause thus we need much better construction.

C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting :: an oil barge clear antecedent for its (subject parallelism), -ing modifier is doing the right job here expressing the result of preceding clause.

D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of :: a barge didn't leak its cargo intentionally. meaning error.

E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting. :: so that is wrong nothing is intentionally done.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.

A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of - cargo is not leaked by the barge itself -INCORRECT

B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted - improper placement of 'and' shifts focus from the leakage of gallons causing the pollution - Incorrect

C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of - use of while incorrect
E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting. - use of 'so that' incorrect

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2015, 22:02
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2015, 04:33
Thanks for the explanation .... C is right choice !

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2015, 05:15
I agree with many... the answer cannot be C. 100%.

The reason being:--- the 'Comma' is not underlined.

If the common is underlined then the subject Oil barge is can work for 'ran aground' and 'leaking its cargo'

If you have comma before And, you MUST repeat the subject or at least take of the comma.


Guys, How many high fives for this reasoning


metallicafan wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.
A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.

In option C, is "leaked" a verb or an adjective? If it is a verb, which thing is performing the action of leaking? the oil barge or the 750000 gallons? In my opinion, the oil barge leaks the gallons, therefore option C should be "and its cargo of 750000 gallons WERE leaked into the ocean, polluting...". C is wrong.
Please your comments.

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2016, 13:31
Can someone explain me why A is incorrect?

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2016, 22:39
I see C.

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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Here is the notes that I got from Thrursday's with Ron session on March, 26 2015 The use of AND

See the video from 12:15 to 29:30 below


Analysis:
- 3 actions here ..
Action (1). oil barge ran aground
Action (2). leaking
Action (3). polluting
- Action (1) can happen without Action (2) i.e., leaking. But, Action(3) polluting is a instantaneous result of Action (2)

Option (A) is wrong for following reason ... Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo ...
- Use of ", leaking" is wrong in option (A) because Action(1) and Action (2) did not happen in same time frame.

Usage of ", _ING" Example's:
Correct: The pedestrian was struck by a runaway taxicab, dying instantly ... (Use of ,-ING is correct for immediate action)
Wrong: The pedestrian was struck by a runaway taxicab, dying twenty minutes later in the hospital ...(Use of ,-ING is wrong for delayed action)

- In option (C) use of ",polluting" is correct .. Action (2) and Action (3) happens instantly (in same time frame)


Answer: (C)

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 10:19
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.

*The intended meaning of the sentence is to point out 2 different events:

1st event = Ran aground off the coast
2nd event = leaked into the ocean

So any choices that indicate these 2 events are RELATED TO each other are WRONG (A)

*The 2nd event leads to reasonable consequence = polluting the city’s beaches

So any choices that fail to signify this RELATIONSHIP are WRONG (B,D, and E)

A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of

WRONG – (A) indicates that “RUNNING OFF THE COAST” leads to “LEAKING INTO THE OCEAN”

B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted

WRONG – The use of “AND” shows that “LEAKING” and “POLLUTING” are INDEPENDENT

C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting

RIGHT – Clearly indicates the INTENDED MEANING/REALTIONSHIP among events

D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of

WRONG – Like (B)

E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.

WRONG – Like (B)

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 20:37
Imo C
Its in a is ambiguous and the
sentence does not make sense.
B has it pronoun ambiguity.
D does not make sense as it tells that barge leaked it's oil
E again does not make sense

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu [#permalink]

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metallicafan wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.
A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.

In option C, is "leaked" a verb or an adjective? If it is a verb, which thing is performing the action of leaking? the oil barge or the 750000 gallons? In my opinion, the oil barge leaks the gallons, therefore option C should be "and its cargo of 750000 gallons WERE leaked into the ocean, polluting...". C is wrong.
Please your comments.


I think this question is hard though basic. so, it is beautiful. I dont know whether I can analyse this way in the test room

normally , a complex sentence present two actions. the meaning relation between the actions is made clear by subordinate conjucntion. we need to properly understand the meaning relation conveyed by these conjuctions.

while: is used to show two separate actions happening at the same time but two actions are separate
so that: is used to show an purpose of a preceding action
and : is used to show two separate actions which are independently regarding time
comma+ doing: this is a hard relation. this doing is used to show another aspect of the action in main clause. doing dose not show another action. in other words, two actions here are not separate but integrated.

"with+noun+noun modifier" when attached to the main clause, show many meaning relation with the action in the main clause , such as: effect of main clause, reason of main clause, and context of main clause. These relation can be shown by using " so that", because", "given that" respectively.

5 choices give us 5 meaning relations. which meaning relation is logic.
polluting is not separate from "run aground" and "leaked". polluting can be considered an aspect of two actions, "running aground" and "leaking". so, choice C is correct.

in E, Leak can not be purpose of running aground
in D, the ship can not run aground while it leak. not logic
in B, with+noun, here, leaking can not be an effect, cause, or context of running aground
in A, pullution and running aground can not be separate actions.

my god. I hope I am right.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu   [#permalink] 08 Jun 2017, 00:00

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