GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Apr 2019, 06:08

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1100
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 14 Apr 2019, 00:38
8
32
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

77% (01:08) correct 23% (01:10) wrong based on 898 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.


(A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of

(B) with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted

(C) and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting

(D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of

(E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.


In option C, is "leaked" a verb or an adjective? If it is a verb, which thing is performing the action of leaking? the oil barge or the 750000 gallons? In my opinion, the oil barge leaks the gallons, therefore option C should be "and its cargo of 750000 gallons WERE leaked into the ocean, polluting...". C is wrong.
Please your comments.

_________________
"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Originally posted by metallicafan on 29 Jul 2010, 21:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 14 Apr 2019, 00:38, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Community Reply
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 750
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Apr 2014, 15:17
18
9
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.
A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
Simplified form : an oil barge ran aground, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of ...
Subject of the preceding clause can not intentionally leak its cargo, therefor use of -ing modifier leaking is incorrect.

B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
Prepositional phrase modifying the verb of preceding clause:: an oil barge ran aground with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
There is no clear antecedent of it, further contextually it is referring to entire incident happened in preceding clause thus we need much better construction.

C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting :: an oil barge clear antecedent for its (subject parallelism), -ing modifier is doing the right job here expressing the result of preceding clause.

D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of :: a barge didn't leak its cargo intentionally. meaning error.

E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting. :: so that is wrong nothing is intentionally done.
_________________
Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos :)
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".
General Discussion
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 864
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Nov 2012, 12:24
1
I think causing and polluting appearing in the same sentence is redundancy.
Hence A and D are out.

B is wrong since it mentions" the ship ....ran aground with its cargo leaking" awkward Ship will always run aground with something either fuel or cargo, the original sentence is very lengthy.

E is wrong as the use of " so that " in the sentence call for an uncessary cause and effect..it means ship ran agroung so that...........it sounds weird.

Hence the best answers is D the qord POLLUTION is correctly used in participial form to describe the preceding event.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Aug 2006
Posts: 85
Location: United States
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 May 2013, 07:01
Why is the option A wrong here?

"leaking oil...... while polluting the coasts" flip the cause effect relationship right? Or is it that the verb tense itself is at fault?
VP
VP
User avatar
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1052
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 May 2013, 07:15
anilisanil wrote:
Why is the option A wrong here?

"leaking oil...... while polluting the coasts" flip the cause effect relationship right? Or is it that the verb tense itself is at fault?


In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.

While expreses contrast, cannot be used in this case. "causing the pollution of the beaches" doesn't sound too good.
But if we focus on A vs C, it easier to see which is the best one:

oil barge ran
A)leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
C) and its cargo of its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting

C mantais the past tense to express the actions that happened in January 1994, and uses "polluting = COMMA + ING" to express the consequences of the action.
This is clear and coinsice, C is a better option.

I would not say that A "flips the cause effect relationship ", the verbs of A [PAST & ING (for the facts of Jan), ING(for the consequences)] are at fault compared to those of C [ PAST & PAST (for the facts of Jan), ING (for the consequences) ]

Hope this helps
_________________
It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.
Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]
Economist GMAT Tutor Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 69
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Nov 2013, 11:58
4
Just to add some clarification to the "while" discussion here.

"While" is typically used as a stand-in for either "although," "but," or "during." The takeaway for this problem is that you typically only set "while" off with a comma when using it to express contrasts. Consider the following sentences:

(1) While John doesn't usually like to exercise, he has been running more often since his sister gave him an MP3 player.
(2) John prefers classical music, while his sister prefers jazz.
(3) He listens to dubstep while running.

For the original problem, the phrase following while does not express a contrast, so it is incorrectly punctuated. Even if it were expressing duration, it would be incorrect.
_________________
Economist GMAT Tutor
http://econgm.at/econgmat
(866) 292-0660
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 04 Jul 2013
Posts: 22
Schools: ISB '16
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Apr 2014, 20:42
1
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.

A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of - cargo is not leaked by the barge itself -INCORRECT

B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted - improper placement of 'and' shifts focus from the leakage of gallons causing the pollution - Incorrect

C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of - use of while incorrect
E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting. - use of 'so that' incorrect
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2015
Posts: 34
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Aug 2016, 11:27
3
5
Here is the notes that I got from Thrursday's with Ron session on March, 26 2015 The use of AND

See the video from 12:15 to 29:30 below


Analysis:
- 3 actions here ..
Action (1). oil barge ran aground
Action (2). leaking
Action (3). polluting
- Action (1) can happen without Action (2) i.e., leaking. But, Action(3) polluting is a instantaneous result of Action (2)

Option (A) is wrong for following reason ... Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo ...
- Use of ", leaking" is wrong in option (A) because Action(1) and Action (2) did not happen in same time frame.

Usage of ", _ING" Example's:
Correct: The pedestrian was struck by a runaway taxicab, dying instantly ... (Use of ,-ING is correct for immediate action)
Wrong: The pedestrian was struck by a runaway taxicab, dying twenty minutes later in the hospital ...(Use of ,-ING is wrong for delayed action)

- In option (C) use of ",polluting" is correct .. Action (2) and Action (3) happens instantly (in same time frame)


Answer: (C)
Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 789
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jun 2017, 01:00
2
1
metallicafan wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.
A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.

In option C, is "leaked" a verb or an adjective? If it is a verb, which thing is performing the action of leaking? the oil barge or the 750000 gallons? In my opinion, the oil barge leaks the gallons, therefore option C should be "and its cargo of 750000 gallons WERE leaked into the ocean, polluting...". C is wrong.
Please your comments.


I think this question is hard though basic. so, it is beautiful. I dont know whether I can analyse this way in the test room

normally , a complex sentence present two actions. the meaning relation between the actions is made clear by subordinate conjucntion. we need to properly understand the meaning relation conveyed by these conjuctions.

while: is used to show two separate actions happening at the same time but two actions are separate
so that: is used to show an purpose of a preceding action
and : is used to show two separate actions which are independently regarding time
comma+ doing: this is a hard relation. this doing is used to show another aspect of the action in main clause. doing dose not show another action. in other words, two actions here are not separate but integrated.

"with+noun+noun modifier" when attached to the main clause, show many meaning relation with the action in the main clause , such as: effect of main clause, reason of main clause, and context of main clause. These relation can be shown by using " so that", because", "given that" respectively.

5 choices give us 5 meaning relations. which meaning relation is logic.
polluting is not separate from "run aground" and "leaked". polluting can be considered an aspect of two actions, "running aground" and "leaking". so, choice C is correct.

in E, Leak can not be purpose of running aground
in D, the ship can not run aground while it leak. not logic
in B, with+noun, here, leaking can not be an effect, cause, or context of running aground
in A, pullution and running aground can not be separate actions.

my god. I hope I am right.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4690
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jun 2017, 10:31
1
Top Contributor
In January 1994, an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.


A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of --- running aground and leaking are separate independent actions. Leaking may not always be the result of running around. Therefore, the usage of the present participle 'leaking' is not a misplaced modifier but a misused modifier.

B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted --- it has no referent

C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting -- the correct choice

D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of -- the subject is oil barge and it is wrong to say that the barge caused the pollution but the leakage did it.

E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting. -- 'so that' indicates intention, which is not the case here.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 07 Jun 2017
Posts: 100
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2017, 02:47
I was so confused.. B sounds very right to me.
I was even 90% sure I am right..
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4690
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2017, 03:39
Top Contributor
pclawong
In B, what does the pronoun 'it' refer to? Is it the barge, cargo or ocean? It is the event of 'leaking' that polluted the beaches. But there is no leaking in the form of a noun or gerund. The leaking that there is only an adverbial prsent participle.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Status: Aiming MBA!!
Joined: 19 Aug 2017
Posts: 105
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
GPA: 3.75
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Reviews Badge
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Nov 2017, 23:56
metallicafan wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.

(A) leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of

(B) with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted

(C) and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting

(D) while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of

(E) so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.


Option A uses the verb+ing construction (leaking). In order to correctly use this type of construction, we need to keep in mind the following:
1. The subject of the preceding (main) clause must be the subject of the verb+ing modifier. According to this answer choice, the oil barge intentionally leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

2. The action taking place in the verb+ing modifier and the action in the main clause must happen in the same time frame. Option A says that action 1 (oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan) happened in the same time frame as action 2 (leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean). This is not the intended meaning of the sentence. Imagine the oil barge start to leak and run aground off the coast at the same time. Non-sense.

3. While is used to show two separate actions happening at the same time but two actions are separate. The action of “leaking” and “causing pollution” are not separate.


Option B
'and' is used to show two separate actions which are independent regarding time. The action of “leaking” and “causing pollution” are not separate.
With + noun construction repeats the error 2 in Option A. “oil barge ran aground off the coast” and “its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean” did not happen at the same time.
The pronoun “it” cannot be used to denote action.


Option C
The acting taking place in the verb+ing modifier and the action in the main clause must happen in the same time frame. “750000 gallons leaked into the ocean” and “polluting” happened in the same time frame. Correct usage.
'and' is used to show two separate actions which are independently regarding time. “ oil barge ran aground off the coast” and “its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean” are two separate actions. Correct usage.


Option D
While is used to show two separate actions happening at the same time but two actions are separate. Incorrect usage.
'and' is used to show two separate actions which are independently regarding time. Incorrect usage.

Option E
so that: is used to show an purpose of a preceding action. Incorrect usage. The oil barge did not run aground in order to leak its cargo
and is used to show two separate actions which are independently regarding time. Incorrect usage
“They “ is ambiguous.
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 4076
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Apr 2019, 00:41
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu   [#permalink] 14 Apr 2019, 00:41
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Pu

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.