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# Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers

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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2014, 04:03
See the above posts for further explanations
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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2014, 22:52
What is the difficulty level of these Questions ?
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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2015, 15:04
Kudos, tough questions. Question 13 I don't get 'giving rise' seems illogical
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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2016, 01:51
I think 12 c has a poopy explanation...i dont think theres anything wrong with saying the earth formed the moon..I get that the Earth isn't a living thing to form sth...but imo it's not a wrong thing to say..if so, then why is it right to say the moon was formed by the earth? Huh?
I think the real reason is that "perhaps" seems to be awkwardly misplaced (0_o)..
Any thoughts, you guys?

Also Souvik ty ty ty for this post and many others learning a lot
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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2017, 00:05
Hi! Souvik

Great collection, just one doubt in ques 7 we have a list of two things joined with a comma (more resources on smaller, more carefully selected members) shouldn't these two be joined by and, or i am missing something?

Thanks!

+1 from me
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Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2017, 10:13
souvik101990 wrote:
POSTED THE OEs man!
Let me know if there are some mistakes!

Hi souvik101990

QUESTION 9
although option C is preferable, option A confused me. I remember we can modify the second noun alone same as structure like original sentence

The pioneering research of Lewis Latimer and Thomas Edison, who became known for his invention of the light bulb, accelerated the development of the first power plant, which opened in New York City in 1882.

am I wrong?
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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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29 May 2018, 12:05
souvik101990 wrote:
Marcab wrote:
Hii Souvik.
In #4, c)
Since "of earth's earliest days" is a prepositional phrase, don't you feel that "which" is modifying the "underground remnant"?
In the OE, its given that "which" is modifying "earth's earliest days". How can it be?
The box of nails, which is kept on the table, is black in colour.
Here which is modifying "box" not "nails".

Well, two things. I ll address them but let me copy paste the entire question first.

Geologists once thought that the molten rock known as lava was an underground remnant of
Earth's earliest days, sporadically erupting through volcanoes, but they now know that it is
continuously created by the heat of the radioactivity deep inside the planet.

• was an underground remnant of Earth's earliest days, sporadically erupting
• had been an underground remnant of Earth's earliest days and sporadically erupted
• was an underground remnant of Earth's earliest days, which sporadically erupted
• would be an underground remnant of Earth's earliest days that sporadically erupted
• was an underground remnant of Earth's earliest days, having sporadically erupted

• If you consider simple past, it has a slight meaning distortion. Its very difficult to write it out but if you get the solution of This official question then you will be able to realize it. Its similar to the following exmaples
I won the all you can eat competition, devoured no less than fifty kebabs and ten mighty tandooris. WRONG
I won the all you can eat competition, devouring no less than fifty kebabs and ten mighty tandooris. RIGHT
The second one is correct because the simple past wrongly means that there are no connections between the stuffs before and after comma.
• I get the touch rule is often violated. But it is for VERY small phrases like to X, of Y, from Z etc. If you look closely which is modifying remnant, though it should modify "lava" or rather the entire preceding clause which is nicely done by the ING

Hi souvik101990,
the explanation about eat competition is clear, however I do not see how it is applicable here.
"Molten rock known as lava was underground remnant"; it means that molten rock=lava=remnant. In answer choice C which modifies remnant. which in turn modifies molten rock, making C grammatically correct.
What am I missing or confusing?
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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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29 May 2018, 12:08
Hi Folks,
could you explain why in 5th question answer choice C is incorrect? Isn't Chesapeake Bay already imply area, making answer choice A (Chesapeake Bay area) wordy?

5. Disease, pollution, and overfishing have devastated the bountiful oyster harvests that once
sustained the residents of the Chesapeake Bay area.

• of the Chesapeake Bay area
• in and around the Chesapeake Bay
• of the Chesapeake Bay
• around the vicinity of the Chesapeake Bay
• living in and around the Chesapeake Bay area
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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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30 May 2018, 10:26
1
Top Contributor
No, The Bay means the bay itself and NOT the area around it as a whole.

When we talk about an economic ecosystem, we are referring to it at large.

Think about this analogy: during the 80's years a new music movement arose in Frisco, it was called (and still is identified) as the Bay Area Trash metal, which means ALL the metal bands and ALL the economic system (concerts, releases, demo-tapes, labels, recordings) related to them at large.

I do think this question is great.

Regards
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Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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30 May 2018, 11:39
carcass wrote:
No, The Bay means the bay itself and NOT the area around it as a whole.

When we talk about an economic ecosystem, we are referring to it at large.

Think about this analogy: during the 80's years a new music movement arose in Frisco, it was called (and still is identified) as the Bay Area Trash metal, which means ALL the metal bands and ALL the economic system (concerts, releases, demo-tapes, labels, recordings) related to them at large.

I do think this question is great.

Regards

thank you for the explanation.
for some reason in my perception the Name+bay implied a certain area, rather than purely geographical name of bay.
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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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30 May 2018, 11:55
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Guys, give kudo when something really helps you.
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Re: Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2019, 03:48
1
souvik101990 carcass
For#3, take a look at the OE for option C (incorrect)
Quote:
After being declared a Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations in 1985, the Spanish government began renovations on the Roman aqueduct of Segovia, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier.

Apart from the obvious fact that the first modifier incorrectly modifies the Spanish Government - Error 1
It says,
Quote:
modifying phrase “which had been deteriorating…” incorrectly modifies the
immediately preceding noun, “Segovia.” Again, it was not “Segovia” that had been
deteriorating, but rather the “Roman aqueduct.”
- Error 2
I think because the option says the "The Roman Aqueduct of Segovia" which clearly refers to the Aqueduct itself. The usage of 'of' can be an exception to the touch rule sometimes, I presume, according to one of daagh 's explanations for a similar sentence structure in another question.
So for this reason (Error 2) the option isn't wrong.
Correct me if I've mistaken it.

Calling the experts too
egmat GMATNinja generis GMATNinjaTwo hazelnut
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Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2019, 16:55
Quote:
Nearly 2000 years after its initial construction, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating.

A) Nearly 2000 years after its initial construction, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating.

B) Since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier, the Roman aqueduct of Segovia had been deteriorating, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations after the United Nations declared the aqueduct to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985.

C) After being declared a Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations in 1985, the Spanish government began renovations on the Roman aqueduct of Segovia, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier.

D) In 1985, the United Nations declared the Roman Aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity and prompted the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier.

E) In 1985, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia a Heritage of Humanity, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier.

sharathnair14 wrote:
souvik101990 carcass
For#3, take a look at the OE for option C (incorrect)
Quote:
After being declared a Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations in 1985, the Spanish government began renovations on the Roman aqueduct of Segovia, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier.

Apart from the obvious fact that the first modifier incorrectly modifies the Spanish Government - Error 1
It says,
Quote:
modifying phrase “which had been deteriorating…” incorrectly modifies the
immediately preceding noun, “Segovia.” Again, it was not “Segovia” that had been
deteriorating, but rather the “Roman aqueduct.”
- Error 2
I think because the option says the "The Roman Aqueduct of Segovia" which clearly refers to the Aqueduct itself. The usage of 'of' can be an exception to the touch rule sometimes, I presume, according to one of daagh 's explanations for a similar sentence structure in another question.
So for this reason (Error 2) the option isn't wrong.
Correct me if I've mistaken it.

Calling the experts too
egmat GMATNinja generis GMATNinjaTwo hazelnut

sharathnair14 , you are correct. The relative pronoun which correctly refers to aqueduct.
As you point out, option C is incorrect because the introductory phrase modifies the wrong noun.
The United Nations did not declare the Spanish government a Heritage of Humanity.

This source typically has excellent writers. Call the second part of the OE for option C a blooper.

Generally, which modifies the immediately preceding noun. Generally.

On the other hand, if a noun is followed by a prepositional phrase and then comma + which, the modifier which is allowed to "reach back" over prepositional phrases to get to its noun.

In many instances, a prepositional phrase such as "of Segovia" follows the noun.
That prepositional phrase is an essential modifier.
Essential modifiers trump nonessential modifiers such as [comma + which].
Goth of Segovia and which had been deteriorating modify aqueduct, but the modifiers cannot be in the same place at the same time.

The essential modifier comes first. The nonessential modifier follows and is allowed to "reach back" over the prepositional phrase to get to the main noun that it modifies.

Quite a few correct official answers use C's [comma + which] structure.
(The noun followed by a prepositional phrase is also followed by comma + which, and which correctly modifies the main or "head" noun in the noun phrase.)

Three official questions immediately come to mind. There are many.

Spoiler alert: Opening the links to the questions will reveal which options in three important official questions are incorrect.

Links to those questions are beneath the spoiler.

HERE (effects of crack cocaine)
HERE (area of high pressure)
HERE (Dickinson's letters to)

Nice catch.
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Meaning/clarity 1. American Heart Association researchers   [#permalink] 04 Aug 2019, 16:55

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