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Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e

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Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2016, 11:19
5
44
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

34% (02:23) correct 66% (02:33) wrong based on 1162 sessions

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Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in time of ruthless government and civil discrimination, and finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court; possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially; the most patriotic, yet falling the victim of wile; but finally now living his life respected by mankind

A. Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in time of ruthless government and civil discrimination, and finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court; possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially; the most patriotic, yet falling the victim of wile; but finally now living his life respected by mankind

B Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthless government and civil discrimination finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribing politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet fallen the victim of wile, but finally now living his life respected by mankind

C. Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthless government and civil discrimination, finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court; possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribing politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet the fallen victim of wile, but finally now living his life respected by mankind

D. Nelson Mandela was and is both the most unfortunate of men and yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthlessness and civil discrimination, finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet fallen the victim of wile, and finally now living his life respected by mankind

E. Nelson Mandela was most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthless government and civil discrimination, finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court, possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet fallen the victim of wile, but finally now living his life respected by mankind
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Re: Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2016, 13:45
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1
Let’s first decide what is being tested here.
1. Whether ‘was’ or ‘is’
2. This is a list parallelism question; therefore, whether the rules of parallelism have been adhered to
3. Whether semicolon can be used to separate the various arms of a list?
Now point by point
1. Is or was?
Mandela, his woes and his endurance are all outdated. (He died in 2013). Hence ‘was’ is more appropriate. Eliminate A, B and C.
D has two visible problems. One is to say that M was and is both. We must be clear that intrusion of the present tense is incongruous.
Second fault is the use of a go- straight conjunction ‘and’ while using a contrast conjunction such as ‘yet’ or ‘but’ is a compulsion of the context.

E is of course, uses the correct tense ‘was’ and uses the contrasting conjunctions ‘yet’ and ‘but’ as per the intent of the original.

Of course, this much might suffice in the test hall. However, to know a little more: a. A is not obedient to the rules of list //ism. It uses ‘and’ between the first and the second factors. In addition, it uses the semicolon between all the items except between the first and the second. We can ,of course, use semicolons to separate the different arms of a list, but must be steadfast in using them for all the choices.
B and C end up with the awful mistake of using a present participle ‘proscribing’ as if it was NM who was proscribing.
Hope this helps in tackling this seemingly intimidating topic.
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Re: Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2016, 03:29
1
kanigmat011 wrote:
Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in time of ruthless government and civil discrimination, and finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court; possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially; the most patriotic, yet falling the victim of wile; but finally now living his life respected by mankind

A. Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in time of ruthless government and civil discrimination, and finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court; possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially; the most patriotic, yet falling the victim of wile; but finally now living his life respected by mankind

B Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthless government and civil discrimination finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribing politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet fallen the victim of wile, but finally now living his life respected by mankind

C. Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthless government and civil discrimination, finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court; possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribing politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet the fallen victim of wile, but finally now living his life respected by mankind

D. Nelson Mandela was and is both the most unfortunate of men and yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthlessness and civil discrimination, finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet fallen the victim of wile, and finally now living his life respected by mankind

E. Nelson Mandela was most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthless government and civil discrimination, finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court, possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet fallen the victim of wile, but finally now living his life respected by mankind


clearly hard question.
in A,
embodiment precribe, and the ending phrase " the most pooetric...." is not paralel with any previous phrase. no sense.
in B
embodiment have no verb. ungrammatical
in C.
embodiment have no verb.
in D.
was and is. this phrase is incorrect

E is best.

to solve this long underlined question, we need an ability to realize grammatical role of each phrase quickly. when we read newyorktimes, try to realize grammatical role of each phrase. grammatical role of a phrase in a sentence is the reference of that phrase. in other words, we have to realize the phrase that a phrase is modifying.

when we read a long sentences, we need to realize the grammatical role of each phrase, if we do not realize grammatical role , the phrase is wrong. if we see grammatical role make no sense, the phrase is wrong
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Re: Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2016, 09:39
1
1
Since the option E say "was most unfortunate", its correct. The last sentence "now finally living" complements it. All the other options use "is most unfortunate" and thus is not in sync with final part.
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Re: Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2016, 13:29
3
daagh wrote:
Let’s first decide what is being tested here.
1. Whether ‘was’ or ‘is’
2. This is a list parallelism question; therefore, whether the rules of parallelism have been adhered to
3. Whether semicolon can be used to separate the various arms of a list?
Now point by point
1. Is or was?
Mandela, his woes and his endurance are all outdated. (He died in 2013). Hence ‘was’ is more appropriate. Eliminate A, B and C.
D has two visible problems. One is to say that M was and is both. We must be clear that intrusion of the present tense is incongruous.
Second fault is the use of a go- straight conjunction ‘and’ while using a contrast conjunction such as ‘yet’ or ‘but’ is a compulsion of the context.

E is of course, uses the correct tense ‘was’ and uses the contrasting conjunctions ‘yet’ and ‘but’ as per the intent of the original.

Of course, this much might suffice in the test hall. However, to know a little more: a. A is not obedient to the rules of list //ism. It uses ‘and’ between the first and the second factors. In addition, it uses the semicolon between all the items except between the first and the second. We can ,of course, use semicolons to separate the different arms of a list, but must be steadfast in using them for all the choices.
B and C end up with the awful mistake of using a present participle ‘proscribing’ as if it was NM who was proscribing.
Hope this helps in tackling this seemingly intimidating topic.



I would say reason for using "was" is because the paragraph stayed he is now living a better life, not because he is dead ( of course he is dead but we dont know when this paragraph was written)
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Re: Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2016, 01:44
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It may be noted from the top of the thread that this para was written on Jan 20, 2016, some three years later than he was dead.
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Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 06:23
1
daagh wrote:
Let’s first decide what is being tested here.
1. Whether ‘was’ or ‘is’
2. This is a list parallelism question; therefore, whether the rules of parallelism have been adhered to
3. Whether semicolon can be used to separate the various arms of a list?
Now point by point
1. Is or was?
Mandela, his woes and his endurance are all outdated. (He died in 2013). Hence ‘was’ is more appropriate. Eliminate A, B and C.
D has two visible problems. One is to say that M was and is both. We must be clear that intrusion of the present tense is incongruous.
Second fault is the use of a go- straight conjunction ‘and’ while using a contrast conjunction such as ‘yet’ or ‘but’ is a compulsion of the context.

E is of course, uses the correct tense ‘was’ and uses the contrasting conjunctions ‘yet’ and ‘but’ as per the intent of the original.

Of course, this much might suffice in the test hall. However, to know a little more: a. A is not obedient to the rules of list //ism. It uses ‘and’ between the first and the second factors. In addition, it uses the semicolon between all the items except between the first and the second. We can ,of course, use semicolons to separate the different arms of a list, but must be steadfast in using them for all the choices.
B and C end up with the awful mistake of using a present participle ‘proscribing’ as if it was NM who was proscribing.
Hope this helps in tackling this seemingly intimidating topic.


Sir,
For someone who died in 2013 how can we use the phrase " But now living a life respected by mankind "?

I think the sentence means to talk more about his problems in the past rather than his life in the past.
Also is it expected that everyone who takes the test know a little about outside general knowledge and current affairs. As to the date when somebody died?
How do we know that when the sentence was written , whether Mr. Mandela ( God rest his soul ) was alive or not. We just know the date the question was posted in GC not the date the question was written.
Hence to decide between " was " and " is " on this factor , is it appropriate?
Thank you.
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Re: Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 07:48
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stne
Obviously the question itself is wrong if we do not reconcile to the phrase but now living … because it is there present in all the five choices. The comfort is that at least his problems belonged to the past although one cannot describe him a living at the moment.
Therefore, at least the past tense is ok for his problems, although A, B, and C use the incongruous 'is' and D uses a mixture of both 'is' and 'was'.
That aside, however, the crux is that if there is some take away even from this faulty structure, let's take it by choosing the best among the bads and keep going.
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Re: Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2018, 02:28
daagh wrote:
It may be noted from the top of the thread that this para was written on Jan 20, 2016, some three years later than he was dead.

someone may not know who he is so how would they know if hes alive or dead? there must be some other reason for was
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Re: Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2018, 11:12
There are excellent explanations give above, yet I would like to add how I worked the POI.(what if the test taker does not know about Nelson Mandela and if that is true how would he distinguish between 'is' and 'was'? )

Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in time of ruthless government and civil discrimination, and finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court; possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially; the most patriotic, yet falling the victim of wile; but finally now living his life respected by mankind



A. Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in time of ruthless government and civil discrimination, and finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court; possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially; the most patriotic, yet falling the victim of wile; but finally now living his life respected by mankind

Semicolen is not used correctly.

B Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthless government and civil discrimination finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribing politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet fallen the victim of wile, but finally now living his life respected by mankind

Modifier without comma..? can be used but the sentence formation is faulty and changes the meaning.

C. Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthless government and civil discrimination, finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court; possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribing politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet the fallen victim of wile, but finally now living his life respected by mankind
same error as A

D. Nelson Mandela was and is both the most unfortunate of men and yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthlessness and civil discrimination, finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet fallen the victim of wile, and finally now living his life respected by mankind

was and is..? is this the correct intended meaning of the sentence.i mean it does convey the meaning but does not make sense..because adding to the claim that he was and still is.

E. Nelson Mandela was most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of endurance: extant in times of ruthless government and civil discrimination, finding himself cast on the tender mercies of a corrupt court, possessing a high order of compliance and compromise, still proscribed politically and socially, the most patriotic, yet fallen the victim of wile, but finally now living his life respected by mankind
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Re: Nelson Mandela is the most unfortunate of men, yet the embodiment of e &nbs [#permalink] 12 Sep 2018, 11:12
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