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The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the inn

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The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the inn  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Aug 2019, 04:16
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The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the innate moral superiority of women were fundamental to the cult of female domesticity in the nineteenth-century United States. Ironically, this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres and to enter prisons, hospitals, battlefields, and slums. By following this path, some women came to wield considerable authority in the distribution of resources and services in their communities.

The sentimentalized concept of female benevolence bore little resemblance to women's actual work, which was decidedly unsentimental and businesslike, in that it involved chartering societies, raising money, and paying salaries. Moreover, in the face of legal limitations on their right to control money and property, women had to find ingenious legal ways to run and finance organized philanthropy. In contrast to the day-to-day reality of this work, the idealized image of female benevolence lent a sentimental and gracious aura of altruism to the very real authority and privilege that some women commanded—which explains why some women activists clung tenaciously to this ideology. But clinging to this ideology also prevented these women from even attempting to gain true political power because it implied a moral purity that precluded participation in the messy world of partisan politics.


1. According to the passage, the ideology of female benevolence was consistent with women taking part in each of the following spheres of activity EXCEPT

(A) organized philanthropy

(B) domestic life

(C) electoral politics

(D) fund-raising for worthy causes

(E) social work



2. Information in the passage suggests that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements concerning the cult of female domesticity?

(A) The cult of female domesticity developed independently of the concept of female benevolence.

(B) The cult of female domesticity was incompatible with women's participation in social activism.

(C) The cult of female domesticity incorporated ideological elements that actually helped some women to escape from their traditional domestic roles.

(D) The original motivation behind the promotion of the cult of female domesticity was to exclude women from partisan politics.

(E) The growth of organized philanthropy in the nineteenth-century United States is ultimately attributable to the cult of female domesticity.



3. Which of the following best summarizes the main point of the passage?

(A) The identification of femininity with morality promoted the notion of women's moral purity while excluding women from positions of authority in their communities.

(B) The belief in women's innate moral superiority allowed women to exercise political power without participating in partisan politics.

(C) The cult of female domesticity helped some women to gain power and privilege but kept most women confined to the domestic sphere.

(D) The ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism but placed limits on their direct political power.

(E) The idealization of female altruism enabled women to engage in philanthropic activities but prevented them from managing money and property.



4. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes which of the following about women’s relationship to politics in the nineteenth-century United States?

(A) social activism was the best path to political power for women.

(B) had women wished to seek true political power they would have had to abandon the ideology of female benevolence.

(C) women’s desire for true political power was the primary cause of their eventual abandonment of the ideology of female benevolence.

(D) only women in positions of authority in their communities exercised political influence indirectly through men.

(E) most men believed that they were protecting women by excluding them from politics.


Originally posted by AN225 on 19 Apr 2011, 13:13.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 17 Aug 2019, 04:16, edited 6 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (173).
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Re: The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the inn  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Aug 2014, 21:34
2

Time taken 9 mins.
=====================================
1. According to the passage, the ideology of female benevolence was consistent with women taking part in each of the following spheres of activity EXCEPT
C. electoral politics
"clinging to this ideology also prevented these women from even attempting to gain true political power because it implied a moral purity that precluded participation in the messy world of partisan politics."

2. Information in the passage suggests that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements concerning the cult of female domesticity?
C. The cult of female domesticity incorporated ideological elements that actually helped some women to escape from their traditional domestic roles.
"this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres and to enter prisons, hospitals, battlefields, and slums"

3. Which of the following best summarizes the main point of the passage?
D. The ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism but placed limits on their direct political power.
"this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres and to enter prisons, hospitals, battlefields, and slums...
blah
blah
But clinging to this ideology also prevented these women from even attempting to gain true political power because it implied a moral purity that precluded participation in the messy world of partisan politics.
"

Originally posted by JarvisR on 13 Aug 2014, 02:21.
Last edited by PiyushK on 13 Aug 2014, 21:34, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the inn  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2014, 02:30
1. According to the passage, the ideology of female benevolence was consistent with women taking part in each of the following spheres of activity EXCEPT
A. organized philanthropy
B. domestic life
C. electoral politics--Correct
D. fund-raising for worthy causes
E. social work

The least sentence of the paragraph provides the information- "But clinging to this ideology also prevented these women from even attempting to gain true political power"

2. Information in the passage suggests that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements concerning the cult of female domesticity?
A. The cult of female domesticity developed independently of the concept of female benevolence.
B. The cult of female domesticity was incompatible with women's participation in social activism.
C. The cult of female domesticity incorporated ideological elements that actually helped some women to escape from their traditional domestic roles.--Correct
D. The original motivation behind the promotion of the cult of female domesticity was to exclude women from partisan politics.
E. The growth of organized philanthropy in the nineteenth-century United States is ultimately attributable to the cult of female domesticity.

moral superiority of women were fundamental to the cult of female domesticity in the nineteenth-century United States. Ironically, this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres
This line in the sentence helps relate the cult of female domesticity--and the escape from traditional domestic sphere.

3. Which of the following best summarizes the main point of the passage?
A. The identification of femininity with morality promoted the notion of women's moral purity while excluding women from positions of authority in their communities.--last line of 1st para mentions opposing point.
B. The belief in women's innate moral superiority allowed women to exercise political power without participating in partisan politics.--3rd but last line in 2nd para clarifies that women were prevented from having political authority.
C. The cult of female domesticity helped some women to gain power and privilege but kept most women confined to the domestic sphere.--cult of female domesticity-was actually reason for women to escape from traditional domesticity.
D. The ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism but placed limits on their direct political power.-- Correct
E. The idealization of female altruism enabled women to engage in philanthropic activities but prevented them from managing money and property.--though there were limitations to manage money and property, but women were not prevented to manage so.

I just noted these points and it helped me to bring out the the right 'idea'.--just an alternative. :)

Please let me know the correct answers.
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Re: The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the inn  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2016, 01:41
2
Took 7 mins , including 2 mins 10 seconds to read
-The author does not provide an opinion
- The author merely states facts on how the cult of female domesticity led to women having an influence on non domestic spheres as well
-The only realm that was out of reach for women was partisan politics

1
"enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres and to enter prisons, hospitals, battlefields, and slums."
and "chartering societies, raising money, and paying salaries."
Answer C

2.
"ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres"
Answer C

3.
the author wants to illustrate that women started to gain power socially but did not enter the realm of politics. Hence option (D) is the right answer.
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Re: The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the inn  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2018, 03:37
Hi,
Can someone please explain me the difference between B and C in Q4?
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Re: The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the inn  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2018, 20:35
Shivikaa wrote:
Hi,
Can someone please explain me the difference between B and C in Q4?

Quote:
4. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes which of the following about women’s relationship to politics in the nineteenth-century United States?

(A) social activism was the best path to political power for women.

(B) had women wished to seek true political power they would have had to abandon the ideology of female benevolence.

(C) women’s desire for true political power was the primary cause of their eventual abandonment of the ideology of female benevolence.

(D) only women in positions of authority in their communities exercised political influence indirectly through men.

(E) most men believed that they were protecting women by excluding them from politics.

Choice (C) implies that the women DID abandon the idealogy of female benevolence.

On the other hand, choice (B) describes a hypothetical situation: IF the women had wanted to seek true political power, then they would have needed to abandon the idealogy. Choice (B) does not suggest that they ACTUALLY abandoned the ideology.
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Re: The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the inn  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2019, 11:15
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Re: The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the inn   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2019, 11:15
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