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The steel industry has changed radically over the last two

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Joined: 09 Jan 2015
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Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2016, 23:23
daagh wrote:
Quote:
The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades, as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel once conducted operations from mining at one end of the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down altogether.


Reason why ‘that’ is required:

Let’s now split the sentence into the components.

1. The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades

2. as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel once conducted operations from mining at one end of the process to shipping at the other ---subordinate clause one.
3. have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down altogether. This clause is now dangling without proper conjugation with the subordinate clause.
Now we can see that the subject large integrated companies has two verbs namely, which is grammatically incorrect. This fault is fixed by turning the first subordinate clause into a relative noun and noun modifier, rendering ‘have ….” as the working verb for the subordinate clause. Without the 'that' , the subordinate clause will turn out to bea double - verbed fragment.



I don't see the subject 'large integrated companies' has two verbs... Why can't "conducted operations from mining at one......the other" works as past participle noun modifier modifyin the subject 'integrated companies...? Please help. Thanks. :)

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Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2016, 00:41
atletikos wrote:
The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades, as large, integrated
companies such as Bethlehem Steel once conducted operations from mining at one end of
the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down
altogether.

A. as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel
B. as large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
C. with large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
D. while large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
E. and large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel


one of meaing error is meaning is not close. in an answer choice, the ideas are not closely related. choice E show this case. if choice e stand alone, it maybe be correct. but in this context, the meaning in b is close and is correct.
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Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2016, 09:07
Simply Superb.The sentences you provided completes removes my doubt.
I don't think I will ever get confused between as and with. 8-)

Regards,
Abhishek

kinjiGC wrote:
gmatgrl wrote:
mvictor wrote:
"AS" = presents how (can be substituted with because) the industry has changed

I am finding it slightly difficult to understand the meaning of the sentence, if I substitute "as" with "because" here:(.

The steel industry has changed radically, because large companies have greatly downsized.

I feel there is no direct cause and effect relationship here. My interpretation is that the downsizing of the large companies is just a symptom of the radical change of the steel industry.


I want to get in to Harvard because Harvard presents the best possible opportunities post MBA

I want to get in to Harvard as Harvard presents the best possible opportunities post MBA

Both are identical.

The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades ? Why

As integrated industries have greatly downsized.

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Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2016, 11:15
The OA is added and explanation provided in the thread appears sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button.

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Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 00:19
This is an EP1 question
Someone add that to the source

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Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two   [#permalink] 17 Aug 2017, 00:19

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