It is currently 24 Mar 2018, 08:47

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Retired Moderator
Joined: 27 Aug 2012
Posts: 1168
Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2013, 23:36
5
KUDOS
16
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:12) correct 37% (01:17) wrong based on 763 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.

(A) Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.

(B) In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of the discovery by his team of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton.

(C) Writing the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson chronicled the discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton by his team.

(D) The discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton was chronicled in the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, being written by the archaeologist Donald Johanson.

(E) In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Last edited by hazelnut on 21 Nov 2017, 18:20, edited 2 times in total.
Underlined
Retired Moderator
Joined: 27 Aug 2012
Posts: 1168
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2013, 23:38
Hi Verbal Experts,
Please share you analysis on this question...!
_________________
VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1336
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2013, 23:53
7
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
bagdbmba wrote:
1.Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.

A.Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.

B.In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of the discovery by his team of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton.

C.Writing the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson chronicled the discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton by his team.

D.The discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton was chronicled in the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, being written by the archaeologist Donald Johanson.

E.In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton.

A.Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.
This choice illogically suggests that the discovery took place in the book.

B.In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of the discovery by his team of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton.
Team of 3.2 million skeleton. Try to place prep. phrases close to the known it modifies.

C.Writing the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson chronicled the discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton by his team.
writings and chronicle provide the same meaning and hence provide a case of redundancy.

D.The discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton was chronicled in the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, being written by the archaeologist Donald Johanson.
The same error is present here also. Moreover, this choice also uses passive, which generally should be avoided.

E is correct. All the issues have been resolved.

Good question.
_________________
Retired Moderator
Joined: 27 Aug 2012
Posts: 1168
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Sep 2013, 00:17
Thanks marcab but I'm not able to understand why A is wrong as it is in the form of X of Y - 'wrote of discovery of a skeleton..in the book...'!! Heence it basically means wrote of his team's discovery in the book I guess...!

@ e-GMAT - Could you please explain this question and you've a PM on this..!
_________________
Director
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 821
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Sep 2013, 01:05
bagdbmba wrote:
Thanks marcab but I'm not able to understand why A is wrong as it is in the form of X of Y - 'wrote of discovery of a skeleton..in the book...'!! Heence it basically means wrote of his team's discovery in the book I guess...!

IMO option A is wrong because of modifier placement error(as said by MARCAB)

Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.

IT SEEMS THAT SKELETON was in his award winning book=>this is illogical.
moreover i can say that in the absence of option E this could be the best choice.
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...

learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment

Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 251
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Sep 2013, 01:32
It is clear that the pattern in E is better than that in A.

but remember, this pattern in A is inferior, not incorrect. This means the pattern in A can appear in the official answer in other sc problems when there is no better choice.

this situation is called correct but not prefered
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Director
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 939
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2014, 09:00
1
KUDOS
A similar Official question is : the-nephew-of-pliny-the-elder-wrote-the-only-eyewitness-85872.html

Verbal 2nd Edition Question # 109.

The rule which I am following is "in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind." should modify the verb - "wrote " so it should be an adverbial modifier and should come before and should make sense with the verb wrote.

Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.

A.Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind. - It is incorrect because of the above reason

B.In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of the discovery by his team of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton.
Not concise

C.Writing the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson chronicled the discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton by his team.
Writing sounds as if DJ is writing the book now.

D.The discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton was chronicled in the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, being written by the archaeologist Donald Johanson.
DJ is not writing the book as we speak.

E.In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton - Correct.
_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal

My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961

Intern
Joined: 12 Jul 2014
Posts: 28
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2014, 10:28
A looks good.
Archaeologist DJ wrote of X in his Y
B seems wordy. Writing the Y, archaeologist DJ "chronicled" the discovery of X.
C changes the meaning I think. DJ is writing the book and chronicled the discovery? As opposed to "wrote" that is used in other choices.
Eliminate D because there are better ways to send meaning without using "being"
Looking at E, I notice B is wordy because it uses "of the discovery by his team of..." as opposed to "of his team's discovery..." in E.

So A and E left.
I guess E is preferable for the reasons you guys stated.
Board of Directors
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2754
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Sep 2014, 12:56
but isn't E ambiguous?

In his (whose) award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson (this might be something from the book, and Donald Johanson is a character who is an archaeologist) wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton
Intern
Joined: 09 Nov 2015
Posts: 38
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V29
GMAT 2: 720 Q50 V38
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Feb 2017, 11:12
He wrote X in Y. Why is (A) wrong?
Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3275
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Feb 2017, 14:36
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
ravi19012015 wrote:
He wrote X in Y. Why is (A) wrong?

A prepositional phrase may be used as a noun modifier or a verb modifier. As a noun modifier, it refers to the noun it touches, and as a verb modifier, it refers to the verb of the associated clause (placement of a verb modifier is flexible - it may be placed at the beginning, at the end or in the middle of the clause). In order to avoid ambiguity, when such a prepositional phrase is used a verb modifier, it is preferable to shift the modifier away from any noun that it may refer to.

In option A the prepositional phrase modifier "in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind" is used as verb modifier to refer to the verb "wrote". So it is preferable to shift it away from the noun "skeleton". Otherwise an ambiguity may arise whether it refers to the verb " wrote" or to the noun " skeleton" (the latter wrongly implying that the skeleton is in the book).
Intern
Joined: 09 Nov 2015
Posts: 38
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V29
GMAT 2: 720 Q50 V38
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Feb 2017, 19:49
sayantanc2k wrote:
ravi19012015 wrote:
He wrote X in Y. Why is (A) wrong?

A prepositional phrase may be used as a noun modifier or a verb modifier. As a noun modifier, it refers to the noun it touches, and as a verb modifier, it refers to the verb of the associated clause (placement of a verb modifier is flexible - it may be placed at the beginning, at the end or in the middle of the clause). In order to avoid ambiguity, when such a prepositional phrase is used a verb modifier, it is preferable to shift the modifier away from any noun that it may refer to.

In option A the prepositional phrase modifier "in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind" is used as verb modifier to refer to the verb "wrote". So it is preferable to shift it away from the noun "skeleton". Otherwise an ambiguity may arise whether it refers to the verb " wrote" or to the noun " skeleton" (the latter wrongly implying that the skeleton is in the book).

This one is important. Can result into silly mistakes. I learnt it earlier, but while hastily solving the questions, I miss this point.
Important to focus on Meaning of the sentence.
Thanks
Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2015
Posts: 221
GMAT 1: 700 Q47 V39
GPA: 3
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Feb 2017, 16:33
sayantanc2k wrote:
ravi19012015 wrote:
He wrote X in Y. Why is (A) wrong?

A prepositional phrase may be used as a noun modifier or a verb modifier. As a noun modifier, it refers to the noun it touches, and as a verb modifier, it refers to the verb of the associated clause (placement of a verb modifier is flexible - it may be placed at the beginning, at the end or in the middle of the clause). In order to avoid ambiguity, when such a prepositional phrase is used a verb modifier, it is preferable to shift the modifier away from any noun that it may refer to.

In option A the prepositional phrase modifier "in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind" is used as verb modifier to refer to the verb "wrote". So it is preferable to shift it away from the noun "skeleton". Otherwise an ambiguity may arise whether it refers to the verb " wrote" or to the noun " skeleton" (the latter wrongly implying that the skeleton is in the book).

Hi Sayant,
May I ask, what is the best way to perform an error analysis when reading a sentence while fatigued. Often the brain doesn't pick up on these subtle clues since we're accustomed to making sense of whatever we are told. Are there are signals for noun vs verb modifiers.

For instance parallelism markers are: And, or, either or etc... Are there words that help us spot these modifiers quickly and help differentiate between verb vs noun modifiers. Sorry brain very tired! Would appreciate some insight
_________________

Winners dont make excuses.

350--> 700

https://gmatclub.com/forum/700-q47-v39-ir-7-awa-246682.html

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3275
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Feb 2017, 07:01
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
jkolachi wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
ravi19012015 wrote:
He wrote X in Y. Why is (A) wrong?

A prepositional phrase may be used as a noun modifier or a verb modifier. As a noun modifier, it refers to the noun it touches, and as a verb modifier, it refers to the verb of the associated clause (placement of a verb modifier is flexible - it may be placed at the beginning, at the end or in the middle of the clause). In order to avoid ambiguity, when such a prepositional phrase is used a verb modifier, it is preferable to shift the modifier away from any noun that it may refer to.

In option A the prepositional phrase modifier "in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind" is used as verb modifier to refer to the verb "wrote". So it is preferable to shift it away from the noun "skeleton". Otherwise an ambiguity may arise whether it refers to the verb " wrote" or to the noun " skeleton" (the latter wrongly implying that the skeleton is in the book).

Hi Sayant,
May I ask, what is the best way to perform an error analysis when reading a sentence while fatigued. Often the brain doesn't pick up on these subtle clues since we're accustomed to making sense of whatever we are told. Are there are signals for noun vs verb modifiers.

For instance parallelism markers are: And, or, either or etc... Are there words that help us spot these modifiers quickly and help differentiate between verb vs noun modifiers. Sorry brain very tired! Would appreciate some insight

First let me tell you my understanding: Unlike the muscles of our body, the brain does not get fatigued (though the eyes may). Actually the resistance of the mind to continue with the work gives us the illusion of brain-tiredness. Training the mind may help overcome this issue to some extent. (Consider a teenager playing hours of computer games (requiring very high levels of brain work) without feeling tired, but when asked to do maths, he gets tired quite early.)

Coming to your query, all verb modifiers act as adverbs (i.e. they say something more about the action), and all noun modifiers act as adjectives (i.e. they say something more about the person or thing). If you can identify an adverb and an adjective, you should be able identify a verb modifier and a noun modifier as well - the concept is the same.
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4301
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Feb 2017, 10:50
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Top Contributor
Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.

A. Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind. ….. The misplaced word order leads to the absurd meaning that the discovery happened just in the said book.

B. In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of the discovery by his team of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton. -- The team is described as something of a skeleton.

C. Writing the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson chronicled the discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton by his team… The word 'chronicled' implies a sequential timeline, but the text talks about only dating the discovery. This is a gross altered intent.

D. The discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton was chronicled in the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, being written by the archaeologist Donald Johanson. ---- Same error as in C.

E. In his award-winning, book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton.--- The correct answer. The introductory adverbial modifier correctly modifies the following clause in its entirety namely -- the archeologist's action of writing -- as Sayantan has abundantly made clear.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

SVP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1945
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Nov 2017, 18:59
B is an important pattern in gmat b/c in B, the long phrase distorts the original meaning of the sentence.
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4301
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Nov 2017, 01:42
Expert's post
Top Contributor
Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.
1. Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.

A. Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton in his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind.

B.In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of the discovery by his team of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton.

C.Writing the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson chronicled the discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton by his team.

D.The discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton was chronicled in the award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, being written by the archaeologist Donald Johanson.

E.In his award-winning book Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind, archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 million-year-old skeleton.
I wish to withdraw my comment about this post a little above; this topic is debatable, I feel.

1. The thumb rule for the use of a colon is that there is should be an independent clause that is complete in its meaning before the use of a colon. However, in choices B, C, and E (E is the official answer), there are only phrases.
2. A is wrong because of the misplacement of the skeleton before the award-winning book, giving a twist that the skeleton was discovered in his book.
3. D is wrong for using the participle 'being written' as if the book is just being written now and is yet to be published.

Any clarifications?
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Re: Archaeologist Donald Johanson wrote of his team's discovery of a 3.2 m   [#permalink] 22 Nov 2017, 01:42
Display posts from previous: Sort by