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# Baker's Dozen

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08 Mar 2012, 12:27
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I'm posting the next set of medium/hard PS questions. I'll post OA's with detailed explanations after some discussion. Please, post your solutions along with the answers. Good luck!

1. A password on Mr. Wallace's briefcase consists of 5 digits. What is the probability that the password contains exactly three digit 6?

A. 860/90,000
B. 810/100,000
C. 858/100,000
D. 860/100,000
E. 1530/100,000

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057502

2. If $$y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}$$, then y is NOT divisible by which of the following?
A. 6^4
B. 62^2
C. 65^2
D. 15^4
E. 52^4

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057503

3. For the past k days the average (arithmetic mean) cupcakes per day that Liv baked was 55. Today Bibi joined and together with Liv they baked 100 cupcakes, which raises the average to 60 cupcakes per day. What is the value of k?
A. 6
B. 8
C. 9
D. 10
E. 12

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057504

4. What is the smallest positive integer $$k$$ such that $$126*\sqrt{k}$$ is the square of a positive integer?
A. 14
B. 36
C. 144
D. 196
E. 441

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057505

5. There are 7 red and 5 blue marbles in a jar. In how many ways 8 marbles can be selected from the jar so that at least one red marble and at least one blue marble to remain in the jar?
A. 460
B. 490
C. 493
D. 455
E. 445

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057507

6. A pool has two water pumps A and B and one drain C. Pump A alone can fill the whole pool in x hours, and pump B alone can fill the whole pool in y hours. The drain can empty the whole pool in z hours, where z>x. With pumps A and B both running and the drain C unstopped till the pool is filled, which of the following represents the amount of water in terms of the fraction of the pool which pump A pumped into the pool?
A. $$\frac{yz}{x+y+z}$$

B. $$\frac{yz}{yz+xz-xy}$$

C. $$\frac{yz}{yz+xz+xy}$$

D. $$\frac{xyz}{yz+xz-xy}$$

E. $$\frac{yz+xz-xy}{yz}$$

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057508

7. Metropolis Corporation has 4 shareholders: Fritz, Luis, Alfred and Werner. Number of shares that Fritz owns is 2/3 rd of number of the shares of the other three shareholders, number of the shares that Luis owns is 3/7 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders and number of the shares that Alfred owns is 4/11 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders. If dividends of $3,600,000 were distributed among the 4 shareholders, how much of this amount did Werner receive? A.$60,000
B. $90,000 C.$100,000
D. $120,000 E.$180,000

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057509

8. A set A consists of 7 consecutive odd integers. If the sum of 5 largest integers of set A is -185 what is the sum of the 5 smallest integers of set A?
A. -165
B. -175
C. -195
D. -205
E. -215

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057512

9. If x and y are negative numbers, what is the value of $$\frac{\sqrt{x^2}}{x}-\sqrt{-y*|y|}$$?
A. 1+y
B. 1-y
C. -1-y
D. y-1
E. x-y

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057514

10. If x^2<81 and y^2<25, what is the largest prime number that can be equal to x-2y?
A. 7
B. 11
C. 13
D. 17
E. 19

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-20.html#p1057515

11. In an infinite sequence 1, 3, 9, 27, ... each term after the first is three times the previous term. What is the difference between the sum of 13th and 15th terms and the sum of 12th and 14th terms of the sequence?
A. 10*3^11
B. 20*3^11
C. 10*3^12
D. 40*3^11
E. 20*3^12

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-40.html#p1057517

12. x, y and z are positive integers such that when x is divided by y the remainder is 3 and when y is divided by z the remainder is 8. What is the smallest possible value of x+y+z?
A. 12
B. 20
C. 24
D. 29
E. 33

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-40.html#p1057519

13. If $$x=\frac{(8!)^{10}-(8!)^6}{(8!)^{5}-(8!)^3}$$, what is the product of the tens and the units digits of $$\frac{x}{(8!)^3}-39$$?
A. 0
B. 6
C. 7
D. 12
E. 14

Solution: baker-s-dozen-128782-40.html#p1057520
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11 Jan 2016, 23:27
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solitaryreaper wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTIONS:

1. A password on Mr. Wallace's briefcase consists of 5 digits. What is the probability that the password contains exactly three digit 6?

A. 860/90,000
B. 810/100,000
C. 858/100,000
D. 860/100,000
E. 1530/100,000

Total # of 5 digit codes is 10^5, notice that it's not 9*10^4, since in a code we can have zero as the first digit.

# of passwords with three digit 6 is $$9*9*C^3_5=810$$: each out of two other digits (not 6) has 9 choices, thus we have 9*9 and $$C^3_5$$ is ways to choose which 3 digits will be 6's out of 5 digits we have.

$$P=\frac{favorable}{total}=\frac{810}{10^5}$$

Hi Bunuel,

I have a doubt in 5C3 part in this problem.
I solved something like this:

Code will be something like this

6,6,6,A,B

this is like arranging 5 letters where 3 are exactly similar. It would give:

5! / 3! which is not equal to 5C3 .
Therefore I am getting a wrong answer.

Please correct my mistake (and why we are using Combination here while it looks like a case of Permutation).

Now I am having a hard time to grasp how combination is giving the same answer. Can you please help me with the combination approach(how the problem translates to combination which is equivalent to the one the we got via permutation) ?

Moreover , how to decide when to use Permutation or Combination (and one that would lead to the solution in lesser time)

SR

Responding to a pm:

This is a question that haunts many - how do I know when to use permutation and when to use combination?
There is a simple solution - never use the permutation formula. The permutation formula finds very little direct use but leads to too many complications.

Always think in terms of selecting and arranging. For selecting r distinct elements out of n distinct elements, use nCr formula. Then arrange depending on whether the r elements selected need to be all distinct (r!) or some need to be same (a!/b!*c!) etc

Here, out of 9 digits you can select 2 in 9C2 ways and get a case such as 666AB. This will be arranged in 5!/3! ways.
Or you can select 1 digit out of 9 in 9C1 ways and get a case such as 666AA. This will be arranged in 5!/2!*3! ways.

9C2*5!/3! + 9C1*5!/2!*3! = 9*5!/3! * 9/2 = 810

Probability = 810/10^5

Note that you are using the Combinations formula only in this method too.

The other method using the combination formula just shows a different way of thinking.

You have 5 spots: _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

You choose any two spots out of these 5 in 5C2 ways.
For the first spot you choose, select a digit in 9 ways. For the second spot, select a digit in 9 ways.
In all remaining spots, just put 6.
This 5C2*9*9 directly gives you the total number of ways.
Note that 5C2 is the same as 5C3 (either you choose 2 spots for non 6 digits or you choose 3 spots for 6).
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Kudos [?]: 18504 [1], given: 237 Director Joined: 21 Mar 2016 Posts: 549 Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 99 Re: Baker's Dozen [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Jul 2016, 08:28 Bunuel wrote: SOLUTIONS: 1. A password on Mr. Wallace's briefcase consists of 5 digits. What is the probability that the password contains exactly three digit 6? A. 860/90,000 B. 810/100,000 C. 858/100,000 D. 860/100,000 E. 1530/100,000 Total # of 5 digit codes is 10^5, notice that it's not 9*10^4, since in a code we can have zero as the first digit. # of passwords with three digit 6 is $$9*9*C^3_5=810$$: each out of two other digits (not 6) has 9 choices, thus we have 9*9 and $$C^3_5$$ is ways to choose which 3 digits will be 6's out of 5 digits we have. $$P=\frac{favorable}{total}=\frac{810}{10^5}$$ Answer: B. Bunuel why cant we use 5p3 instead of 5c3 for the selection of the three 6s Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 99 Manager Joined: 02 Jun 2015 Posts: 190 Kudos [?]: 327 [0], given: 407 Location: Ghana Baker's Dozen [#permalink] ### Show Tags 13 Mar 2017, 08:01 7. Metropolis Corporation has 4 shareholders: Fritz, Luis, Alfred and Werner. Number of shares that Fritz owns is 2/3 rd of number of the shares of the other three shareholders, number of the shares that Luis owns is 3/7 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders and number of the shares that Alfred owns is 4/11 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders. If dividends of$3,600,000 were distributed among the 4 shareholders, how much of this amount did Werner receive?
A. $60,000 B.$90,000
C. $100,000 D.$120,000
E. $180,000 Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/baker-s-dozen ... l#p1057509 Let F represents Fritz, L for Luis, A for Alfred and W for Werner Fritz owns 2/3rd of the shares of the other three shareholders --> F = 2/3 (3,600,000 - F) ---> 3F = 7,200,000 - 2F ---> F = 1,440,000 Luis owns 3/7th of the shares of the other three shareholders --> L = 3/7 (3,600,000 - L) ---> 7L = 10,800,000 - 3L ---> L = 1,080,000 Alfred owns 4/11th of the shares of the other three shareholders --> A = 4/11 (3,600,000 - A) ---> 11A = 14,400,000 - 4A ---> A = 960,000 W= 3,600,000 -(F + L + A) ---> 3,600,000 - (1,440,000 + 1,080,000 + 960,000) = 120,000 Answer: D _________________ Kindly press kudos if you find my post helpful Kudos [?]: 327 [0], given: 407 Senior Manager Status: Professional GMAT Tutor Affiliations: AB, cum laude, Harvard University (Class of '02) Joined: 10 Jul 2015 Posts: 479 Kudos [?]: 584 [0], given: 63 Location: United States (CA) Age: 38 GMAT 1: 770 Q47 V48 GMAT 2: 730 Q44 V47 GMAT 3: 750 Q50 V42 GRE 1: 337 Q168 V169 WE: Education (Education) Re: Baker's Dozen [#permalink] ### Show Tags 27 Mar 2017, 17:07 Top Contributor Here's my solution for #2 (see visual below). It helps to use brackets! Attachments Screen Shot 2017-03-27 at 6.07.16 PM.png [ 182.8 KiB | Viewed 683 times ] _________________ Harvard grad and 770 GMAT scorer, offering high-quality private GMAT tutoring, both in-person and online via Skype, since 2002. GMAT Action Plan - McElroy Tutoring Kudos [?]: 584 [0], given: 63 Director Joined: 02 Sep 2016 Posts: 784 Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 275 Re: Baker's Dozen [#permalink] ### Show Tags 11 Jul 2017, 06:02 I attempted 10 questions and tried to solve without any time limit. Got only 5 correct. _________________ Help me make my explanation better by providing a logical feedback. If you liked the post, HIT KUDOS !! Don't quit.............Do it. Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 275 Intern Joined: 04 Nov 2015 Posts: 2 Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0 Re: Baker's Dozen [#permalink] ### Show Tags 16 Aug 2017, 06:29 Regarding Question # 5: 5. There are 7 red and 5 blue marbles in a jar. In how many ways 8 marbles can be selected from the jar so that at least one red marble and at least one blue marble to remain in the jar? A. 460 B. 490 C. 493 D. 455 E. 445 I find this question weird because it assumes the balls are unique. For example, if we are asked to pick 3 out of 7 (identical) Blue Balls, there is just one way to do it. There are no 7C3 ways to select here because all the selections are same and we can't differentiate one selection from another. Can someone help me refute my understanding? Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0 Intern Joined: 05 Feb 2017 Posts: 1 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 85 Re: Baker's Dozen [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Sep 2017, 03:29 Bunuel wrote: 7. Metropolis Corporation has 4 shareholders: Fritz, Luis, Alfred and Werner. Number of shares that Fritz owns is 2/3 rd of number of the shares of the other three shareholders, number of the shares that Luis owns is 3/7 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders and number of the shares that Alfred owns is 4/11 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders. If dividends of$3,600,000 were distributed among the 4 shareholders, how much of this amount did Werner receive?
A. $60,000 B.$90,000
C. $100,000 D.$120,000
E. $180,000 Fritz owns is $$\frac{2}{3}$$rd of the shares of the other three shareholders --> Fritz owns $$\frac{2}{2+3}=\frac{2}{5}$$th of all shares; Luis owns is $$\frac{3}{7}$$th of the shares of the other three shareholders --> Luis owns $$\frac{3}{3+7}=\frac{3}{10}$$th of all shares; Alfred owns is $$\frac{4}{11}$$th of the shares of the other three shareholders --> Alfred owns $$\frac{4}{4+11}=\frac{4}{15}$$th of all shares; Together those three own $$\frac{2}{5}+\frac{3}{10}+\frac{4}{15}=\frac{29}{30}$$th of all shares, which means that Werner owns $$1-\frac{29}{30}=\frac{1}{30}$$. Hence from$3,600,000 Werner gets $$3,600,000*\frac{1}{30}=120,000$$.

Hi, I didn't get how 2/2+3=2/5 is done. Can anyone please brief a little?

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17 Sep 2017, 03:34
nakuldhand wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
7. Metropolis Corporation has 4 shareholders: Fritz, Luis, Alfred and Werner. Number of shares that Fritz owns is 2/3 rd of number of the shares of the other three shareholders, number of the shares that Luis owns is 3/7 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders and number of the shares that Alfred owns is 4/11 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders. If dividends of $3,600,000 were distributed among the 4 shareholders, how much of this amount did Werner receive? A.$60,000
B. $90,000 C.$100,000
D. $120,000 E.$180,000

Fritz owns is $$\frac{2}{3}$$rd of the shares of the other three shareholders --> Fritz owns $$\frac{2}{2+3}=\frac{2}{5}$$th of all shares;
Luis owns is $$\frac{3}{7}$$th of the shares of the other three shareholders --> Luis owns $$\frac{3}{3+7}=\frac{3}{10}$$th of all shares;
Alfred owns is $$\frac{4}{11}$$th of the shares of the other three shareholders --> Alfred owns $$\frac{4}{4+11}=\frac{4}{15}$$th of all shares;

Together those three own $$\frac{2}{5}+\frac{3}{10}+\frac{4}{15}=\frac{29}{30}$$th of all shares, which means that Werner owns $$1-\frac{29}{30}=\frac{1}{30}$$. Hence from \$3,600,000 Werner gets $$3,600,000*\frac{1}{30}=120,000$$.

Hi, I didn't get how 2/2+3=2/5 is done. Can anyone please brief a little?

Check here: http://gmatclub.com/forum/baker-s-dozen ... l#p1059585
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14 Oct 2017, 07:27
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTIONS:

1. A password on Mr. Wallace's briefcase consists of 5 digits. What is the probability that the password contains exactly three digit 6?

A. 860/90,000
B. 810/100,000
C. 858/100,000
D. 860/100,000
E. 1530/100,000

Total # of 5 digit codes is 10^5, notice that it's not 9*10^4, since in a code we can have zero as the first digit.

# of passwords with three digit 6 is $$9*9*C^3_5=810$$: each out of two other digits (not 6) has 9 choices, thus we have 9*9 and $$C^3_5$$ is ways to choose which 3 digits will be 6's out of 5 digits we have.

$$P=\frac{favorable}{total}=\frac{810}{10^5}$$

Hi Bunuel,

Why isn't each out of other two digits has 10 choices (0-9) ? What am i missing here ? Please explain.

Thanks
Amaresh

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15 Oct 2017, 22:20
Bunuel wrote:
2. If $$y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}$$, then y is NOT divisible by which of the following?
A. 6^4
B. 62^2
C. 65^2
D. 15^4
E. 52^4

$$y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}=(3^5-3^2)^2*(5^7-5^4)^2=3^4*(3^3-1)^2*5^8*(5^3-1)^2=3^4*26^2*5^8*124^2=2^6*3^4*5^8*13^2*31^2$$.

Now, if you analyze each option you'll see that only $$52^4=2^8*13^4$$ is not a factor of $$y$$, since the power of 13 in it is higher than the power of 13 in $$y$$.

Hi Bunuel,

Please tel me how did you common out 3^4 and 5^8. I am confused about that part. Thanks in advance

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15 Oct 2017, 22:24
gauthamvm wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
2. If $$y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}$$, then y is NOT divisible by which of the following?
A. 6^4
B. 62^2
C. 65^2
D. 15^4
E. 52^4

$$y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}=(3^5-3^2)^2*(5^7-5^4)^2=3^4*(3^3-1)^2*5^8*(5^3-1)^2=3^4*26^2*5^8*124^2=2^6*3^4*5^8*13^2*31^2$$.

Now, if you analyze each option you'll see that only $$52^4=2^8*13^4$$ is not a factor of $$y$$, since the power of 13 in it is higher than the power of 13 in $$y$$.

Hi Bunuel,

Please tel me how did you common out 3^4 and 5^8. I am confused about that part. Thanks in advance

You can find an answer to this and many other questions on previous pages: https://gmatclub.com/forum/baker-s-doze ... l#p1118268

Hope it helps.
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26 Oct 2017, 00:36
Bunuel wrote:
5. There are 7 red and 5 blue marbles in a jar. In how many ways 8 marbles can be selected from the jar so that at least one red marble and at least one blue marble to remain in the jar?
A. 460
B. 490
C. 493
D. 455
E. 445

Total ways to select 8 marbles out of 7+5=12 is $$C^8_{12}$$;
Ways to select 8 marbles so that zero red marbles is left in the jar is $$C^7_7*C^1_5$$;
Ways to select 8 marbles so that zero blue marbles is left in the jar is $$C^5_5*C^3_7$$;

Hence ways to select 8 marbles so that at least one red marble and at least one blue marble to remain the jar is $$C^8_{12}-(C^7_7*C^1_5+C^5_5*C^3_7)=495-(5+35)=455$$.

Quick question: if all the marbles were identical, would the answer be 256-4=252?
I was thinking total ways of choosing 8 marbles would be 2^8.
And no red marbles case=1 and no blue marbles=3. Thus total=4.
Hence at least one red marble and at least one blue marble to remain the jar =256-6=252.

could you please tell me if my reasoning is correct?
Thanks a lot.

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07 Nov 2017, 17:12
Bunuel wrote:
12. x, y and z are positive integers such that when x is divided by y the remainder is 3 and when y is divided by z the remainder is 8. What is the smallest possible value of x+y+z?
A. 12
B. 20
C. 24
D. 29
E. 33

Given $$x=qy+3$$, where $$q$$ is a quotient, an integer $$\geq0$$. Which means that the least value of $$x$$ is when $$q=0$$, in that case $$x=3$$. This basically means that $$x$$ is less than $$y$$. For example 3 divided by 4 yields remainder of 3.

Thus we have that:
$$x$$ is divided by $$y$$ the remainder is 3 --> minimum value of $$x$$ is 3;
$$y$$ is divided by $$z$$ the remainder is 8 --> minimum value of $$y$$ is 8 and minimum value of $$z$$ is one more than 8, so 9 (8 divided by 9 yields the remainder of 8);

So, the smallest possible value of $$x+y+z$$ is 3+8+9=20.

Hi Bunel,
x=ny+3
y=mz+8

x+y+z=nmz+mz+z+8n+11

to find out minimum of lefthandside I take m,n=0&z=1,I get answer 12.

Posted from my mobile device

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07 Nov 2017, 22:14
saifulbio wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
12. x, y and z are positive integers such that when x is divided by y the remainder is 3 and when y is divided by z the remainder is 8. What is the smallest possible value of x+y+z?
A. 12
B. 20
C. 24
D. 29
E. 33

Given $$x=qy+3$$, where $$q$$ is a quotient, an integer $$\geq0$$. Which means that the least value of $$x$$ is when $$q=0$$, in that case $$x=3$$. This basically means that $$x$$ is less than $$y$$. For example 3 divided by 4 yields remainder of 3.

Thus we have that:
$$x$$ is divided by $$y$$ the remainder is 3 --> minimum value of $$x$$ is 3;
$$y$$ is divided by $$z$$ the remainder is 8 --> minimum value of $$y$$ is 8 and minimum value of $$z$$ is one more than 8, so 9 (8 divided by 9 yields the remainder of 8);

So, the smallest possible value of $$x+y+z$$ is 3+8+9=20.

Hi Bunel,
x=ny+3
y=mz+8

x+y+z=nmz+mz+z+8n+11

to find out minimum of lefthandside I take m,n=0&z=1,I get answer 12.

Posted from my mobile device

Let me ask you: what are x, y and z in this case and do they satisfy the conditions from the stem?
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29 Nov 2017, 18:28
8. A set A consists of 7 consecutive odd integers. If the sum of 5 largest integers of set A is -185 what is the sum of the 5 smallest integers of set A?
A. -165
B. -175
C. -195
D. -205
E. -215

Major flaw in the wording of this question IMO.

"Bigger means farther away from zero.
Smaller means closer to zero."

Asking for the "5 smallest integers" would be asking for the sum of -37, -35, -33, -31, -29

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29 Nov 2017, 19:40
mattkaye3 wrote:
8. A set A consists of 7 consecutive odd integers. If the sum of 5 largest integers of set A is -185 what is the sum of the 5 smallest integers of set A?
A. -165
B. -175
C. -195
D. -205
E. -215

Major flaw in the wording of this question IMO.

"Bigger means farther away from zero.
Smaller means closer to zero."

Asking for the "5 smallest integers" would be asking for the sum of -37, -35, -33, -31, -29

That's wrong. Which is smallest -100 or -1? The correct answer is D. Check here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/baker-s-doze ... l#p1057512
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29 Nov 2017, 19:54
Bunuel wrote:
mattkaye3 wrote:
8. A set A consists of 7 consecutive odd integers. If the sum of 5 largest integers of set A is -185 what is the sum of the 5 smallest integers of set A?
A. -165
B. -175
C. -195
D. -205
E. -215

Major flaw in the wording of this question IMO.

"Bigger means farther away from zero.
Smaller means closer to zero."

Asking for the "5 smallest integers" would be asking for the sum of -37, -35, -33, -31, -29

That's wrong. Which is smallest -100 or -1? The correct answer is D.

Thanks for the quick response, the source I read online was poorly incorporating absolutely value into their definition. This is clear

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18 Dec 2017, 22:51
Bunuel niks18

Quote:
If x and y are negative numbers, what is the value of $$\frac{\sqrt{x^2}}{x}-\sqrt{-y*|y|}$$
A. 1+y
B. 1-y
C. -1-y
D. y-1
E. x-y

To confirm: |x| is always a positive value.

Quote:
Note that $$\sqrt{a^2}=|a|$$. Next, since $$x<0$$ and $$y<0$$ then $$|x|=-x$$ and $$|y|=-y$$.

Although it seems that RHS in above equation is negative, since in Q stem it is given that
x and y are negative integers, effectively my RHS is positive . eg - (-1) = 1

Hope my understanding is correct.
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19 Dec 2017, 02:51
Bunuel niks18

Quote:
A set A consists of 7 consecutive odd integers. If the sum of 5 largest integers of set A is -185 what is the sum of the 5 smallest integers of set A?
A. -165
B. -175
C. -195
D. -205
E. -215

Quote:
Say 7 consecutive odd integers are: $$x$$, $$x+2$$, $$x+4$$, $$x+6$$, $$x+8$$, $$x+10$$, $$x+12$$.

I solved the same problem taking hint from number theory that a consecutive odd number is represented by:

2x+1 , 2x+3

My approach had slightly complex calculations but it ensured that my first no in series is always odd.

Is this understanding correct? Or can I still take a random integer x as start and then add +2 (to get consecutive ones)
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19 Dec 2017, 03:03
Bunuel niks18

Quote:
A set A consists of 7 consecutive odd integers. If the sum of 5 largest integers of set A is -185 what is the sum of the 5 smallest integers of set A?
A. -165
B. -175
C. -195
D. -205
E. -215

Quote:
Say 7 consecutive odd integers are: $$x$$, $$x+2$$, $$x+4$$, $$x+6$$, $$x+8$$, $$x+10$$, $$x+12$$.

I solved the same problem taking hint from number theory that a consecutive odd number is represented by:

2x+1 , 2x+3

My approach had slightly complex calculations but it ensured that my first no in series is always odd.

Is this understanding correct? Or can I still take a random integer x as start and then add +2 (to get consecutive ones)

In this question, as shown, you can take 7 consecutive odd integers to be $$x$$, $$x+2$$, $$x+4$$, $$x+6$$, $$x+8$$, $$x+10$$, and $$x+12$$. For some number properties questions, you should represent odd integers, as 2k + 1, 2k + 3, ... Here you can also take the integers, to be 2k + 1, 2k + 3, ... but it's not necessary.
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Re: Baker's Dozen   [#permalink] 19 Dec 2017, 03:03

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