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# Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made

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Re: Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made [#permalink]
The question premise says "While these kinds of assertions may make him popular with the public, they also demonstrate that he is not an introspective person." and the question stem asks for the assumption in the argument presented in the question premise.

Answer Choice (A) "Introspective people do not make assertions with utter certainty and confidence" fits perfectly and hence is the answer.
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Re: Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made [#permalink]
The question premise says "While these kinds of assertions may make him popular with the public, they also demonstrate that he is not an introspective person." and the question stem asks for the assumption in the argument presented in the question premise.

Answer Choice (A) "Introspective people do not make assertions with utter certainty and confidence" fits perfectly and hence is the answer.
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Re: Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made [#permalink]
Hi Sangeeta2018,

A & D are same just written differently.

A, says - Introspective people do not make assertions with utter certainty and confidence,(or in other way it can be said that Introspective people have these qualities).

D, says - People whose assertions are uncertain and lack confidence are introspective,(in other way is highlighting some qualities which makes a person introspective, or leads to introspection).

Then D is also considerable.

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Re: Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made [#permalink]
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rocky620 wrote:
Hi Sangeeta2018,

A & D are same just written differently.

A, says - Introspective people do not make assertions with utter certainty and confidence,(or in other way it can be said that Introspective people have these qualities).

D, says - People whose assertions are uncertain and lack confidence are introspective,(in other way is highlighting some qualities which makes a person introspective, or leads to introspection).

Then D is also considerable.

(D) is actually stating the opposite or a mistaken negation.
Here is the condition: Utter Certainty & Confidence -> Not Introspective
Contra positive: Introspective -> Utter certainty & confidence

(D) states: Not utter certainty & confidence -> Introspective.
This negates the original statement. It's not the right way to do it in formal logic.

A->B
not B -> not A
Incorrect: Not A -> not B
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Re: Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made [#permalink]
Sangeeta2018 wrote:
This questions tests us on 'Sufficient and Necessary Condition' technique of CR.

Technique says: if A-> B holds true then also it holds true Not B -> Not A. This technique is named as CONTRAPOSITIVE as per POWERSCORE CR BIBLE.

A:Correct.
Creativity and Confidence -> Not Introspective
Therefore, Introspective -> Not Creative and Confident.

B: Wrong.
Repeats the Premise.

C: Wrong.
Doesnt justify the conclusion of Not Introspective politicians

D:Wrong.

Technique also says, if A ->B holds true,doesnt mean Not A-> Not B holds true. This technique is named as MISTAKEN NEGATION as per POWERSCORE CR BIBLE.

Creativity and Confidence -> Not Introspective
Doesnt mean, Not Creative and Confident -> Not Creative and Confident.

E.Wrong.
Doesnt touch the Conclusion--Not Introspective Politicians

I disagree with your thought on (B). (B) did not repeat the premise. Its error lies on the ground that the argument demonstrate a "may be" situation, while (B) makes it certain.
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Re: Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made [#permalink]
Certain and Confident = Not Introspective
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Re: Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made [#permalink]
ganand wrote:
Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made with utter certainty and confidence. While these kinds of assertions may make him popular with the public, they also demonstrate that he is not an introspective person.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the journalist's argument?

(A) Introspective people do not make assertions with utter certainty and confidence.

(B) Politicians who make assertions with utter certainty and confidence are popular with the public.

(C) People who are bold make public assertions with utter certainty and confidence.

(D) People whose assertions are uncertain and lack confidence are introspective.

(E) Politicians who are not bold are unpopular with the public.

Source: LSAT

Conclusion- Mayor is not an introspective person.
Premise- Mayor is bold.
Premise- Asser with utter certainty and confidence.

The gap in the conclusion and the premise is the link between an introspective person and a bold man. Therefore, the gap is the assumption here is that an introspective person can not be bold (and hence can not make assertions with utter certainty and confidence). Clearly mentioned in option A.
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Re: Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made [#permalink]
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Re: Journalist: The new mayor is undeniably bold. His assertions are made [#permalink]
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