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The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b

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The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. Their origin is uncertain, but archaeologists hypothesize that they were Canaanites. In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris, the Hyksos capital in Egypt, have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon, a major city of Canaan at the time of the Hyksos invasion.

In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether there were some artifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C.

(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C.

(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan

(D) Whether Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris

(E) Whether many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion

GMATPrep Code : VCR005074

Originally posted by ksung84 on 14 Aug 2013, 11:07.
Last edited by ksung84 on 14 Aug 2013, 19:57, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2014, 23:22
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jlgdr wrote:
ksung84 wrote:
The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. Their origin is uncertain, but archaeologists hypothesize that they were Canaanites. In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris, the Hyksos capital in Egypt, have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon, a major city of Canaan at the time of the Hyksos invasion.

In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether there were some afritifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C.
(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C.
(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan
(D) Wheter Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris
(E) Wheter many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion.


+1 if you like the question :-D


I went with E but POE but I don't really get how it connects to the conclusion. Is it cause we need to know if those artifacts were dated before the invasion and refute the option of having them settled there after the invasion thereby weakening the evidence given in the passage?

Would someone kindly explain this one?
Kudos will be given

Cheers


We are told that Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. The hypothesis is that 'Hyksos were Canaanites'. We would like to evaluate the force of the evidence for this hypothesis.
What is the evidence? It is that "large numbers of artifacts identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon (city of Canaan) have been found in Avaris (city of Egypt)"

Can we be sure that these artifacts found in Egypt came with the Hyksos? What if these Canaanite artifacts were present in Egypt long before Hyksos invaded and ruled Egypt. Say if many of these artifacts were dated to 2000 BC, it means Hyksos did not bring them and hence our evidence fails. Hyksos may not have been Canaanites. If these artifacts are in fact dated to 1650 BC and later, it strengthens our evidence that Hyksos were Canaanites.

Since you have already used POE successfully, I will not take up the other options.
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2014, 22:16
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The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. Their origin is uncertain, but archaeologists hypothesize that they were Canaanites. In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris, the Hyksos capital in Egypt, have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon, a major city of Canaan at the time of the Hyksos invasion.

In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether there were some afritifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C.
(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C.
(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan
(D) Wheter Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris
(E) Wheter many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion.


Lets evaluate the answer choices:

A) Some in the answer choice is specific and don't help us to get holistic picture of the event. So irrelevant answer choice.
B) Whether "Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C" is not relevant to the discussion here as we are only concerned about the whether Hyksos are Canaanites or not.
C) It also don't bear any relevance as distance doesn't matter for that relationship to take place.
D) In case of this, lets apply extreme test. If Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris then it strengthen the claim . However, if we take the opposite effect, then also the conclusion doesn't break.
E) Now lets apply the extreme test here, "Wheter many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion.". Here if the answer is YES, then the conclusion weakens. Conversely, if it's NO, the conclusion strengthens. So this is the CORRECT answer choice.
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2013, 11:46
E

(A) Whether there were some afritifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C. - Doesnt rule out the hypothesis
(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C. Out of Scope
(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan. Out of Scope
(D) Wheter Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris Doesnt rule out the hypothesis
(E) Wheter many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion..Hmm ..maybe


Telllllll meeeee the oa plzzzzzz :oops:
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2013, 14:33
E for me as it then rules out the fact linking them to Hyksos invasion and their connection with Ashkelon/Canaan
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2013, 18:27
It got to be E. yes supports the conclusion and No shatters the conclusion.
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2014, 09:35
ksung84 wrote:
The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. Their origin is uncertain, but archaeologists hypothesize that they were Canaanites. In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris, the Hyksos capital in Egypt, have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon, a major city of Canaan at the time of the Hyksos invasion.

In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether there were some afritifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C.
(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C.
(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan
(D) Wheter Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris
(E) Wheter many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion.


+1 if you like the question :-D


I went with E but POE but I don't really get how it connects to the conclusion. Is it cause we need to know if those artifacts were dated before the invasion and refute the option of having them settled there after the invasion thereby weakening the evidence given in the passage?

Would someone kindly explain this one?
Kudos will be given

Cheers
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2014, 01:06
IMO E.

In evaluate arguments ALWYS question the evidence.in reponse to the correct answer it might be YES or NO which incase might undermine or strengthen the conclusion.

Coming to this question again.All choices A,B,C and D are out of scope for me.

E is correct.
If you consider this choice as correct(YES) it undermines and if not(NO) then strengthens the conclusion.This choice actually challenges the evidence.Hope it helps

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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 02:31
If the answer to E is yes, is the conclusion really weakened? Identical artifacts were found in Avaris (already mentioned in the hypothesis), if they were dated long ago before the invasion, it means someone else brought them to Avaris. But does it prove that Hyksos is not from Ashkelon/Canaan? Hyksos might have brought nothing with him during invasion, no new artifact came during his rule, someone else brought them long before Hyksos, so premise stays.
So for YES to E, you get 2 kinds of results :/
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 21:30
oishik wrote:
If the answer to E is yes, is the conclusion really weakened? Identical artifacts were found in Avaris (already mentioned in the hypothesis), if they were dated long ago before the invasion, it means someone else brought them to Avaris. But does it prove that Hyksos is not from Ashkelon/Canaan? Hyksos might have brought nothing with him during invasion, no new artifact came during his rule, someone else brought them long before Hyksos, so premise stays.
So for YES to E, you get 2 kinds of results :/



Note the question stem:

"In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence..."

You have to evaluate the strength of the archaeologist's evidence. What is the archaeologist's evidence?
It is -> "In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon"

The archaeologist is using the similarity of the artefacts as evidence. What if these artefacts were present already in Egypt (as implied by 'yes' to E)? Then the evidence goes for a toss. Then, there is nothing linking Hyksos to Canaan. Hyksos could still be from Canaan but the evidence cited has failed. That is what the question asked.
Hence (E) is correct.
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2016, 08:08
The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos.
Their origin is uncertain, but archaeologists hypothesize that they were Canaanites.
In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris, the Hyksos capital in Egypt, have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon, a major city of Canaan at the time of the Hyksos invasion.

In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether there were some artifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C..............1700 BC is before 1650 BC i.e., year of invasion and finding things in their seeming absence unlike those in Ashkelon does not give any strong information.

(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C.........whether they ruled Nile delta or not is our concern. their rule in other parts does not matter to our evaluation.

(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan................if city is nearest then there is possibility of migration or invasion but if it is not nearest and is nearer still it is possible for invasion.

(D) Wheter Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris................what someone did after 1550 BC indicates that there is a chance of imitation/inspiration or cannons presence. This cannot evaluate the conclusion.

(E) Whether many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion.............if yes, then Hyksos cannot be Canaanites and if no, then Hyksos can be Canaanites.
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2016, 08:50
The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. Their origin is uncertain, but archaeologists hypothesize that they were Canaanites. In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris, the Hyksos capital in Egypt, have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon, a major city of Canaan at the time of the Hyksos invasion.

In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether there were some afritifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C.:
INCORRECT as we are not talikng about the artifacts those are unlike those produced in Ashkelon (OUT OF SCOPE)

(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C.
INCORRECT ( OUT OF SCOPE)
(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan
INCORRECT ( OUT OF SCOPE)
(D) Wheter Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris
INCORRECT Doesn't matter if the production continued or not coz the hypothesis tells about the source / origin. Not about the after math.
(E) Whether many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion.
CORRECT If Yes thn Hypothesis is wrong coz the similar artifacts were produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion. SO we cant relate the artifacts to the origin of Hyksos. SO Hypothesis is invalid
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2017, 12:49
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
jlgdr wrote:
ksung84 wrote:
The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. Their origin is uncertain, but archaeologists hypothesize that they were Canaanites. In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris, the Hyksos capital in Egypt, have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon, a major city of Canaan at the time of the Hyksos invasion.

In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether there were some afritifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C.
(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C.
(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan
(D) Wheter Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris
(E) Wheter many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion.


+1 if you like the question :-D


I went with E but POE but I don't really get how it connects to the conclusion. Is it cause we need to know if those artifacts were dated before the invasion and refute the option of having them settled there after the invasion thereby weakening the evidence given in the passage?

Would someone kindly explain this one?
Kudos will be given

Cheers


We are told that Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. The hypothesis is that 'Hyksos were Canaanites'. We would like to evaluate the force of the evidence for this hypothesis.
What is the evidence? It is that "large numbers of artifacts identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon (city of Canaan) have been found in Avaris (city of Egypt)"

Can we be sure that these artifacts found in Egypt came with the Hyksos? What if these Canaanite artifacts were present in Egypt long before Hyksos invaded and ruled Egypt. Say if many of these artifacts were dated to 2000 BC, it means Hyksos did not bring them and hence our evidence fails. Hyksos may not have been Canaanites. If these artifacts are in fact dated to 1650 BC and later, it strengthens our evidence that Hyksos were Canaanites.

Since you have already used POE successfully, I will not take up the other options.


that makes sense :)

The official explanation on the other hand doesn't make sense :(
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2017, 23:24
ksung84 wrote:
The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. Their origin is uncertain, but archaeologists hypothesize that they were Canaanites. In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris, the Hyksos capital in Egypt, have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon, a major city of Canaan at the time of the Hyksos invasion.

In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether there were some artifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C.

(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C.

(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan

(D) Whether Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris

(E) Whether many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion

GMATPrep Code : VCR005074


The correct answer should be E.

(A) Whether there were some artifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C. - Here the argument is not concerned whether the artifacts found Ashkelon were unlike those in Avaris

(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C. - Ruling doesn't help in evaluating the argument of whether artifacts were produced during the duration or not.

(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan - Again this is out of scope.

(D) Whether Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris - We want validate whether Hykos ruled between 1550 to 1650 BC, hence again this not supportive.

(E) Whether many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion - Yes because if such artifacts were produced before the time period i.e. 1550 BC to 1650 BC that would not help us in deciding whether it were the said duration or not. Hence this is the correct Answer
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2017, 03:16
E looks a good option.

But how can we eliminate A & B easily? I was stuck on them as well..
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2018, 17:25
ksung84 wrote:
The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. by a people called Hyksos. Their origin is uncertain, but archaeologists hypothesize that they were Canaanites. In support of this hypothesis, the archaeologists point out that excavations of Avaris, the Hyksos capital in Egypt, have uncovered large numbers of artifacts virtually identical to artifacts produced in Ashkelon, a major city of Canaan at the time of the Hyksos invasion.

In order to evaluate the force of the archaeologists' evidence, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether there were some artifacts found at Avaris that were unlike those produced in Ashkelon but that date to before 1700 B.C.

(B) Whether the Hyksos ruled any other part of Egypt besides the Nile Delta in the period from 1650 to 1550 B.C.

(C) Whether Avaris was the nearest Hyksos city in Egypt to Canaan

(D) Whether Ashkelon after 1550 B.C. continued to produce artifacts similar to those found at Avaris

(E) Whether many of the artifacts found at Avaris that are similar to artifacts produced in Ashkelon date to well before the Hyksos invasion

GMATPrep Code : VCR005074


A) UNLIKE ...irrelevent
B) Yes Hyksos ruled other parts of Egypt or No they didn't ruled other part of Egypt. ..It is not gonna affect argument.
C) Yes/No, how does it affect argument.
D) We are talking about period 1650 to 1550. Anyways answer to E option is not gonna affect our argument.
E) Yes those artifacts date well before Hyksos invasion--It means Hyksos might not be Canaanites...Weakens the argument and it is correct answer.
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Re: The Nile Delta of Egypt was invaded and ruled from 1650 to 1550 B.C. b &nbs [#permalink] 19 Jul 2018, 17:25
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