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# The psychologist William James believed that facial

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The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2008, 05:30
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The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
OG Verbal Review 2.0 SC Q:46

ldiom; Grammatical construction

This sentence should depend on the correlative construction not only . . . but also y, where x and y are paraIlel. However, the faulty construction in the original sentence does not properly include the second element, but also, and so produces a sentence fragment. James says that facial expressions have two effects: they provide a sign of emotion and they contribute to emotion. Thus, in this sentence, not only should be followed by (x) provide a visible sign of an emotion, and but also should be followed by (y) actually contribute to the feeling itself.

(A) the not only. . . but also construction is violated, creating a sentence fragment.
(B) But also actually contributing is not parallel to not only provide; because contributing is a participle and not a verb, the result is a sentence fragment.
(C) Correct. The not anly . . . but also construction is parallel, resulting in a complete sentence.
(D) The not only construction needs to be completed with but also and should not be interrupted by a semicolon. The feeling of it is awkward and wordy.
(E) Use of the semicolon in the not only . . . but also construction is not correct; the passive voice is also actually contributed to is awkward and not parallel to provide.

The correct answer is C.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: SC 1000- 811/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2008, 07:25
Not only and But also was good however for elimination of B and keeping C I will give following reason

(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself -> This is not parallel with un-underlined part following not only.
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself -> This is parallel with un-underlined part following not only.
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Re: SC 1000- 811/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2008, 10:10
I agree with abhijit_sen, not only X but also Y + || (not only provide || but also actually contribute)
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Re: SC 1000- 811/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2008, 09:52
not only ...verb /adj / noun ....but also verb/ adj /verb
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Re: SC 1000- 811/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2008, 17:04
C - provide is not parallel with contributing. Not only... but also construction is needed.
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Re: SC 1000- 811/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2009, 23:11
I would choose C for

not only X but also Y and parallelism
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Re: SC 1000- 811/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2011, 10:02
Idiom-- not only X buy also y-----C
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Re: SC 1000- 811/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2011, 08:22
C. not only .. but also is the correct idiom
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Re: SC 1000- 811/1000- Clarification [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2011, 19:06
prasannar wrote:
The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

I got this right, please let me know my method of elimination is correct

not only...but also.. is the construction thus, A,D,E are straight out

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself->

(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself-> -ing form is awkward in the sentence thus eliminate it

(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself-> proper construction, sounds good

(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it

(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them

It's C -- as it satisfies the idiom not only -- but also.
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24 Sep 2011, 09:16
Hi,
Please tell me "itself" is referring to which word in the following sentence-

The psychologist William James believed that facial expression not only provide a visible sign of an emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself.

Source- OG VR SC Question 46
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Test Description_______Date____Total___Quant_____ Verbal
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GMAX online test 1____29.07.2011__540_____43________19
MGMAT CAT 1_________03.09.2011__580____42________28
MGMAT CAT 2_________02.10.2011__690____48________36
GMAX online test 2_____16.10.2011__640____48________32
MGMAT CAT 3_________23.11.2011__670____47________34
Veritas free CAT______ 31.10.2011___630___ 46________33
MGMAT CAT 4_________06.11.2011__690____48________36
MGMAT CAT 5_________13.11.2011__660____46________34
MGMAT CAT 6_________19.11.2011__680____51________33
GMAT PREP2__________23.11.2011__680
GMAT Exam___________24.11.2011__690____50________34

Last edited by akbism on 24 Sep 2011, 10:04, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: ITSELF reference [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2011, 09:38
akbism wrote:
Hi,
Please tell me "itself" is referring to which word in the following sentence-

The psychologist William James believed that facial expression not only provide a visible sign of an emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself.

Source- QG VR SC Question 46

i would say IT, is used in the 'placeholder' sense here? But I could be wrong... essentially it could be referring to "emotion" ... but it seems that maybe the sentence could be wrong, since it does not actually state an emotion.

Of course if a GMAT instructor has anything to add or clarify, i would be interested as well! lol
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Re: SC 811/1000- Psychologist William James [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2011, 03:03
Is C parallel? Doesn’t the word ‘actually’ intrude into the co-relative conjunction // ism; no doubt C is the only clause resulting in a complete sentence. Or is this what GMAT means by saying that it will give preference to meaning rather than grammar?
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Re: SC 811/1000- Psychologist William James [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2011, 10:42
daagh wrote:
Is C parallel? Doesn’t the word ‘actually’ intrude into the co-relative conjunction // ism; no doubt C is the only clause resulting in a complete sentence. Or is this what GMAT means by saying that it will give preference to meaning rather than grammar?

As far as I know, an adjective or an adverb can intrude without affecting the parallelism...
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MGMAT CAT 2_________02.10.2011__690____48________36
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Veritas free CAT______ 31.10.2011___630___ 46________33
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MGMAT CAT 6_________19.11.2011__680____51________33
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Re: SC 811/1000- Psychologist William James [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2011, 20:16
prasannar wrote:
The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
OG Verbal Review 2.0 SC Q:46

ldiom; Grammatical construction

This sentence should depend on the correlative construction not only . . . but also y, where x and y are paraIlel. However, the faulty construction in the original sentence does not properly include the second element, but also, and so produces a sentence fragment. James says that facial expressions have two effects: they provide a sign of emotion and they contribute to emotion. Thus, in this sentence, not only should be followed by (x) provide a visible sign of an emotion, and but also should be followed by (y) actually contribute to the feeling itself.

(A) the not only. . . but also construction is violated, creating a sentence fragment.
(B) But also actually contributing is not parallel to not only provide; because contributing is a participle and not a verb, the result is a sentence fragment.
(C) Correct. The not anly . . . but also construction is parallel, resulting in a complete sentence.
(D) The not only construction needs to be completed with but also and should not be interrupted by a semicolon. The feeling of it is awkward and wordy.
(E) Use of the semicolon in the not only . . . but also construction is not correct; the passive voice is also actually contributed to is awkward and not parallel to provide.

The correct answer is C.

||ism and idiom
1. Idiom - Not only X but also Y
2. ||ism - X should be || to Y
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2011, 22:40
c ..NOT ONLY ....BUT ALSO+ LLISM.
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2014, 02:54
The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself - Not only...But also is correct. 'Contributing' is present participle and not parallel to verb 'Provide'.
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself - Contributing' is present participle and not parallel to verb 'Provide'.

(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself - Correct
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it - Semicolon is wrong as it makes both sentences ICs. 'But also' is required. It is ambiguous.
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them - Semicolon is wrong as it makes both sentences ICs. 'But also' is required. Them is ambiguous. PAssive construction.

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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2016, 14:52
answer is straight forward option C
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2017, 21:30
The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself - Not only X But also Y idiom - Verb phrase and Verb-ing phrase are not parallel
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself - Parallelism - Contributing and provide
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it - Not only X But also Y idiom
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them - Not only X But also Y idiom . Usage of passive voice changes emphasis

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The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2017, 23:53
prasannar wrote:
The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
OG Verbal Review 2.0 SC Q:46

ldiom; Grammatical construction

This sentence should depend on the correlative construction not only . . . but also y, where x and y are paraIlel. However, the faulty construction in the original sentence does not properly include the second element, but also, and so produces a sentence fragment. James says that facial expressions have two effects: they provide a sign of emotion and they contribute to emotion. Thus, in this sentence, not only should be followed by (x) provide a visible sign of an emotion, and but also should be followed by (y) actually contribute to the feeling itself.

(A) the not only. . . but also construction is violated, creating a sentence fragment.
(B) But also actually contributing is not parallel to not only provide; because contributing is a participle and not a verb, the result is a sentence fragment.
(C) Correct. The not anly . . . but also construction is parallel, resulting in a complete sentence.
(D) The not only construction needs to be completed with but also and should not be interrupted by a semicolon. The feeling of it is awkward and wordy.
(E) Use of the semicolon in the not only . . . but also construction is not correct; the passive voice is also actually contributed to is awkward and not parallel to provide.

The correct answer is C.

"Not only" should be followed by "but also"

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself (Out)
(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself. (Out) "provide" is not parallel to "contributing"
(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself. "provide" & "contribute"
(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it (Out) Semi colon is wrong here
(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them(Out) "Them" is doubtful
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Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2017, 17:01
The psychologist William James believed that facial expressions not only provide a visible sign of an emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself.

Issue: Idiom

Analysis:
1. The correct idiom is "not only X but also Y"
- X and Y should be comparable objects i.e. noun, verb or clause
- X and Y should have similar connotation and can not be opposites

(A) emotion, actually contributing to the feeling itself
- Unidiomatic
- Not parallel

(B) emotion but also actually contributing to the feeling itself
- Not parallel

(C) emotion but also actually contribute to the feeling itself

(D) emotion; they also actually contribute to the feeling of it
- Unidiomatic

(E) emotion; the feeling itself is also actually contributed to by them
- Unidiomatic

Re: The psychologist William James believed that facial   [#permalink] 19 Feb 2017, 17:01
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